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Chipping Warden
Chipping Warden
is a village in Northamptonshire, England
England
about 6 miles (10 km) northeast of the Oxfordshire
Oxfordshire
town of Banbury. The parish is bounded to the east and south by the River Cherwell, to the west by the boundary with Oxfordshire
Oxfordshire
and to the north by field boundaries. The 2001 Census recorded a parish population of 529[1] in 234 households, increasing to 537 in the civil parish of Chipping Warden and Edgcote
Edgcote
at the 2011 census.[2]

Contents

1 Archaeology 2 Geology 3 Manor 4 Parish church 5 Social and economic history 6 Amenities 7 References 8 Further reading 9 External links

Archaeology[edit] Just south of Chipping Warden
Chipping Warden
village is Arbury Banks, the remains of an Iron Age hill fort. It is about 200 yards (180 m) in diameter[3] and has been heavily damaged by centuries of ploughing.[4] At Blackgrounds about 3⁄4 mile (1.2 km) east of the village are the remains of a Roman villa
Roman villa
beside the River Cherwell.[3] An investigation in 1849 found a Roman bathhouse 36 feet (11 m) long by 18 feet (5.5 m) wide, and four human burials have been found that may be related to the settlement.[3] Roman coins found at the site indicate that it was inhabited in the 3rd and 4th centuries AD.[3] English Heritage
English Heritage
has placed the villa on its Heritage at Risk Register, citing threats from ploughing and a risk of collapse.[5] Geology[edit] 2 miles (3 km) east of the village is Upper Cherwell at Trafford House at the confluence of the river Cherwell and Eydon Brook, which is designated as a SSSI
SSSI
due to its importance in the development of the theory of underfit streams.[6] Manor[edit] The Domesday Book
Domesday Book
records that in 1086 the manor of Chipping Warden was the caput of the estates of Guy de Raimbeaucourt
Raimbeaucourt
(or Reimbercourt,[7] Reinbuedcurth[8] or Reinbuedcurt), a baron from Raimbeaucourt
Raimbeaucourt
in northern France. There was also a Hundred of Chipping Warden that administered the southern part of Northamptonshire. Guy was succeeded by his son Richard de Raimbeaucourt
Raimbeaucourt
(circa 1093–1120).[9] Richard left no male heir so the barony of Chipping Warden passed via his daughter Margaret (born 1121) to his son-in-law Robert Foliot
Robert Foliot
(circa 1118–1172),[10] to whom Henry II conceded the barony of Chipping Warden
Chipping Warden
in the middle of the 12th century.[11] As Robert had a wife and son, presumably he is not the Robert Foliot
Robert Foliot
who was Archdeacon of Oxford and later Bishop of Hereford. The toponym "Chipping" is derived from the Old English
Old English
cēping meaning "market". In 1238 Robert Grosseteste, Bishop of Lincoln
Bishop of Lincoln
obtained royal letters from Henry III revoking Chipping Warden's right to hold a market.[12] This was because the Bishops of Lincoln controlled the market at Banbury
Banbury
and earned tolls from it, and Grosseteste feared that Chipping Warden
Chipping Warden
was drawing trade away from Banbury.[12] Parish church[edit] In the Church of England
England
parish church of St. Peter and St. Paul the north wall of the chancel contains two blocked-up Norman arches that suggest the building may date from about 1200.[13] The chancel contains a window that pre-dates 1300, but is probably not in its original position.[14] Other features from the Decorated Gothic period include the windows of the south aisle[14] and the east window of a room to the north of the chancel.[3] The east window of the chancel and the four-bay arcades between the nave and the north and south aisles are from the early part of the Perpendicular Gothic period.[14] The bell tower is also Perpendicular Gothic.[14] The parish is now part of the Church of England
England
benefice of Culworth
Culworth
with Sulgrave
Sulgrave
and Thorpe Mandeville
Thorpe Mandeville
and Chipping Warden
Chipping Warden
with Edgcote
Edgcote
and Moreton Pinkney.[15] Social and economic history[edit] An open field system of farming prevailed in the parish until an Act of Parliament was passed in May 1733 enabling Chipping Warden's common lands to be enclosed.[16] In May 1744 a bill was moved in the House of Lords
House of Lords
to dissolve the marriage between Henry Scudamore, 3rd Duke of Beaufort
Henry Scudamore, 3rd Duke of Beaufort
and Frances Scudamore.[17] Among witnesses who testified under oath before their Lordships was John Pargiter, a farmer of Chipping Warden, who stated:

"That, in the Beginning of June, 1741, he observed a Man (whom he described), and afterwards found it was Lord Talbot, to meet the Dutchess as she was walking alone in the Fields near that Place; and thereupon mentioned adulterous Familiarities which passed between them."[17]

Witnesses William Douglas and Thomas Bonham corroborated Pargiter's evidence.[17] The Journal of the House of Lords
House of Lords
delicately omits the details of the "adulterous Familiarities" but records that subsequent witnesses testified "as to the sending for a Midwise to the Dutchess; her being delivered or brought to Bed of a Daughter".[17] After hearing this and evidence of the Duchess's further adultery with Lord Talbot, their Lordships passed the Bill for the Duke and Duchess to be divorced.[17] RAF Chipping Warden, just northwest of the village, was built during the Second World War
Second World War
and commissioned in either 1941[18] or 1943[19][20] as a Bomber Command Operational Training Unit. It was decommissioned in 1946.[18][19] Its buildings are now an industrial estate. Amenities[edit] Chipping Warden
Chipping Warden
has a public house, The Griffin. The village has a primary school.[21] References[edit]

^ a b "Area selected: South Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
(Non-Metropolitan District)". Neighbourhood Statistics: Full Dataset View. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 11 July 2011.  ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 30 June 2016.  ^ a b c d e Pevsner & Cherry, 1973, page 149 ^ English Heritage: Arbury Banks, Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
(NMR 21405/25) ^ English Heritage: Heritage at Risk: Roman villa, Chipping Warden, South Northamptonshire, Northamptonshire[permanent dead link] ^ Natural England
England
Citation for Upper Cherwell at Trafford House Archived 27 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Wright & Lewis, 1983, pages 223-224 ^ Salzman, 1939, pages 373-395 ^ Ancestors of Bob & Robyn Bray: Richard de Raimbeaucourt
Raimbeaucourt
Archived 24 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Ancestors of Bob & Robyn Bray: Robert Foliot
Robert Foliot
Archived 24 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Mason, 1988, pages 93-107 ^ a b Crossley, 1972, pages 49-71 ^ Pevsner & Cherry, 1973, pages 148-149 ^ a b c d Pevsner & Cherry, 1973, page 148 ^ Archbishops' Council (2011). "Benefice of Culworth
Culworth
with Sulgrave
Sulgrave
and Thorpe Mandeville
Thorpe Mandeville
and Chipping Warden
Chipping Warden
with Edgcote
Edgcote
and Moreton Pinkney". A Church Near You. Church of England. Retrieved 11 July 2011.  ^ Journal of the House of Lords, 24, pages 267-273 ^ a b c d e Journal of the House of Lords, 26, pages 286-287 ^ a b The Wartime Memories Project - RAF Chipping Warden ^ a b Control Towers – RAF Chipping Warden ^ Old Airfields: The Disused Airfields of Eastern England
England
And other military installations: Northamptonshire. RAF Chipping Warden[permanent dead link] ^ Chipping Warden
Chipping Warden
School

Further reading[edit]

Crossley, Alan (ed.); Colvin, Christina; Cooper, Janet; Cooper, N.H.; Harvey, P.D.A.; Hollings, Marjory; Hook, Judith; Jessup, Mary; Lobel, Mary D.; Mason, J.F.A.; Trinder, B.S.; Turner, Hilary (1972). A History of the County of Oxford, Volume 10. Victoria County History. pp. 49–71. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) Mason, Emma (ed.); Bray, Jennifer (1988). "Westminster Abbey Charters, 1066-c.1214". London
London
Record Society. 25: 93–107. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) Pevsner, Nikolaus; Cherry, Bridget (1973) [1961]. Northamptonshire. The Buildings of England
England
(revised ed.). Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. pp. 148–149. ISBN 0-14-071022-1.  Salzman, L.F., ed. (1939). A History of the County of Oxford: Volume 1. Victoria County History. pp. 373–395.  Wright, A.P.M.; Lewis, C.P. (1989). A History of the County of Cambridge and the Isle of Ely: Volume 9: Chesterton, Northstowe, and Papworth Hundreds. Victoria County History. pp. 223–224. 

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Chipping Warden
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