The Info List - Chinese Buddhist Canon

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The Chinese Buddhist Canon refers to the total body of Buddhist literature deemed canonical in Chinese, Japanese, Korean, and Vietnamese Buddhism. The traditional term for the canon (Chinese: 大藏經 Dàzàngjīng; Japanese: 大蔵経 Daizōkyō; Korean: 대장경 Daejanggyeong; Vietnamese: Đại tạng kinh) means the "Great Treasury of Sūtras."


1 Contents 2 Versions 3 Languages 4 Non-collected works 5 Translations 6 Samples 7 See also 8 Notes 9 External links

Contents[edit] The Chinese Buddhist canon
Chinese Buddhist canon
includes Āgama, Vinaya
and Abhidharma texts from Early Buddhist schools, as well as the Mahāyāna sūtras and scriptures from Esoteric Buddhism. Versions[edit] There are many versions of the canon in East Asia
East Asia
in different places and time. An early version is the Fangshan Stone Sutras (房山石經) from the 7th century.[1] The earlier Lung Tripitaka (龍藏), Jiaxing Tripitaka (嘉興藏), and Zhaocheng Jin Tripitaka
Zhaocheng Jin Tripitaka
are still completely extant in printed form. The complete woodblocks are the Tripiṭaka
Koreana and the Chenlong Tripitaka. The Tripiṭaka Koreana or Palman Daejanggyeong was carved between 1236 and 1251, during Korea's Goryeo
Dynasty, onto 81,340 wooden printing blocks with no known errors in the 52,382,960 characters. It is stored at the Haeinsa
temple, South Korea.[2] One of the most used version is Taishō Shinshū Daizōkyō (Taishō Tripiṭaka, 大正新脩大藏經).[3] Named after the Taishō era, a modern standardized edition originally published in Tokyo
between 1924 and 1934 in 100 volumes. It is also one of the most completely punctuated tripitaka.[4] The Xuzangjing (卍續藏) version, which is a supplement of another version of the canon, is often used as a supplement for Buddhist texts not collected in the Taishō Tripiṭaka. The Jiaxing Tripitaka is a supplement for Ming dynasty
Ming dynasty
and Qing dynasty
Qing dynasty
Buddhist texts
Buddhist texts
not collected,[5] and a Dazangjing Bu Bian (大藏經補編) published in 1986 are supplements of them.[6] The Chinese Manuscripts in the Tripitaka Sinica (中華大藏經–漢文部份 Zhonghua Dazangjing: Hanwen bufen), a new collection of canonical texts, was published by Zhonghua Book Company in Beijing
in 1983-97, with 107 volumes of literature, are photocopies of early versions[7][8] and include many newly unearthed scriptures from Dunhuang.[9] There are newer Tripitaka Sinica projects.[10] Languages[edit] Mostly written in Classical Chinese. The Mi Tripitaka (蕃大藏經) is the Tangut canon.[11] Eric Grinstead published a collection of Tangut Buddhist texts
Buddhist texts
under the title The Tangut Tripitaka in 1971 in New Delhi. The Taishō edition contains classical Japanese works. The Dunhuang
edition contains some works in old Western Regions languages.[12] The Tripitaka Sinica mentioned above features a Tibetan section. Non-collected works[edit] Further information: Buddhist apocrypha A number of apocryphal sutras composed in China are excluded in the earlier canons, such as composed stories the Journey to the West
Journey to the West
and Chinese folk religion
Chinese folk religion
texts,[13][14][15][16][17] and High King Avalokiteshvara Sutra. Modern religious and scholarly works are also excluded but they are published in other book series. Translations[edit] See also: Chinese translation theory Samples[edit]

Song Dynasty Chinese printed sutra page

Koreana printed sutra page

See also[edit]

Canon Sanskrit
Buddhist literature Tibetan Buddhist canon


^ 房山石经的拓印与出版 Archived 2010-12-04 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. " Haeinsa
Temple Janggyeong Panjeon, the Depositories for the Tripitaka Koreana Woodblocks" (PDF). whc.unesco.org.  ^ "刊本大藏經之入藏問題初探". ccbs.ntu.edu.tw.  ^ "No.2". www.china.com.cn.  ^ 工具書‧叢書‧大藏經 Archived 2010-09-12 at the Wayback Machine. ^ 张新鹰:《中华大藏经》——一项重大的佛教文化工程 Archived 2009-03-29 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "《金藏》劫波 一部佛经的坎坷路(图)_中国网". www1.china.com.cn.  ^ 說不盡的《趙城金藏》 Archived 2010-06-12 at the Wayback Machine. ^ 略谈《中华大藏经》在汉文大藏经史上的地位 Archived 2011-07-18 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "《中华大藏经(汉文部分).续编》的特点和结构" (PDF).  ^ 国图藏西夏文文献的价值 ^ 怀念北图馆长北大教授王重民先生 Archived 2011-07-23 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "A Research on the Authenticity of the Bhikhuni Seng Fa from Jiangmi 關於江泌女子僧法誦出經" (PDF).  ^ 一些伪经(作者:释观清) Archived 2007-05-15 at Archive.is ^ "助印佛经须知_昌缘居士_新浪博客". blog.sina.com.cn.  ^ "zz关于伪经 - 饮水思源". bbs.sjtu.edu.cn.  ^ 果卿居士《现代因果实录》的不实之处- 般若之门 Archived 2011-07-11 at the Wayback Machine.

External links[edit]


The Chinese Canon (Introduction) WWW Database of Chinese Buddhist texts
Buddhist texts
(Book index) Chinese Buddhist Tripitaka Electronic Text Collection, Taipei Edition Taishō Tripiṭaka, SAT Taishō Tripiṭaka, NTI Buddhist Text Reader East Asian Buddhist Studies: A Reference Guide The TELDAP projects as the base of the Integration of Buddhist Archives -- Buddhist Lexicographical Resources and Tripitaka Catalogs as the example Digital Database of Buddhist Tripitaka Catalogues (in Chinese) 大藏经研究 (Book index) (in Chinese) 佛教《大藏经》34种版本介绍保证网络最全 (Book index) (in Chinese) 電子藏經 Extensive list of online tripitakas (in Chinese) 汉文大藏经刊刻源流表 (Book index) (in Chinese) 汉文大藏经概述[permanent dead link] (Book index) (in Chinese) 近三十年新发现的佛教大藏经及其价值 (Description of rediscovered texts of the Canon) (Book index) (in Chinese) 历代印本汉文大藏经简介[permanent dead link] (Description of existing versions of the Canon) (in Chinese) 汉文佛教大藏经的整理与研究任重道远 (Description of new versions of the Canon)


(in Japanese) Machine-readable text-database of the Taishō Tripitaka (zip files of Taishō Tripitaka vol. 1-85) (in Chinese) CBETA Project (with original text of Taishō Tripitaka vol.1-55, 85; the complete Zokuzokyo/Xuzangjing, and the Jiaxing Tripitaka). (in Chinese) 佛教大藏經 (links to big size pdfs) (in Chinese) 藏经楼--佛教导航 (in Korean) Tripitaka Koreana[permanent dead link] (electronic scans) Numata Center for Buddhist Translation and Research, Berkeley provides some English translations from the Taishō Tripitaka (prints or free pdf) Bibliography of Translations from the Chinese Buddhist Canon into Western Languages accessed 2013-07-16 Alternative Source for CBETA Buddhist Scriptures in Multiple Languages 漢文電子大藏經系列 Chinese Buddhist Canon Series

Non-collected works

(in Chinese) 報佛恩網 (A collection of many modern Buddhist works outside the existing canon versions) (in Chinese) 生死书繁简版 (Another collection of modern Buddhist works) (in Chinese) 戒邪淫网 (Another collection of modern Buddhist works) (in Chinese) 佛學研究基本文獻及工具書 (Book list) (in Chinese) 大藏经 (Book list) (in Chinese) 大藏经 (Book list) (in Chinese) 佛教大学 (Book list) (in Chinese) 中文佛學文獻檢索與利用 (Book list) (in Chinese) 工具書‧叢書‧大藏經 (Book list) (in Chinese) Center for Buddhist Studies 國立臺灣大學佛學研究中心 (Book list) (in Chinese) 佛教研究之近況 (Book list) (in Chinese) 佛書- 佛門網Buddhistdoor - 佛學辭彙- Buddhist Glossary (Book list) (in Chinese) 兩岸佛學研究與佛學教育的回顧與前瞻 (Book list) (in Chinese) 当代台湾的佛学研究 (Book list) (in Chinese) 佛教资料库网站集锦(修订3版) (Book list) 美國佛教會電腦資訊庫功德會「藏經閣」 七葉佛教書舍 Chinese buddhism works 佛缘正见 弘化社,佛教印经,经书流通,净土 佛教书籍网:佛经在线阅读,佛教手机电子书下载,佛学论坛,佛经印刷 妙音文库

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Glossary Index Outline


Three Jewels

Buddha Dharma Sangha

Four Noble Truths Noble Eightfold Path Nirvana Middle Way

The Buddha

Tathāgata Birthday Four sights Physical characteristics Footprint Relics Iconography in Laos and Thailand Films Miracles Family

Suddhodāna (father) Māyā (mother) Mahapajapati Gotamī (aunt, adoptive mother) Yasodhara (wife) Rāhula
(son) Ānanda (cousin) Devadatta

Places where the Buddha stayed Buddha in world religions

Key concepts

Avidyā (Ignorance) Bardo Bodhicitta Bodhisattva Buddha-nature Dhamma theory Dharma Enlightenment Five hindrances Indriya Karma Kleshas Mind Stream Parinirvana Pratītyasamutpāda Rebirth Saṃsāra Saṅkhāra Skandha Śūnyatā Taṇhā
(Craving) Tathātā Ten Fetters Three marks of existence

Impermanence Dukkha Anatta

Two truths doctrine


Ten spiritual realms Six realms

Deva (Buddhism) Human realm Asura realm Hungry Ghost realm Animal realm Hell

Three planes of existence


Bhavana Bodhipakkhiyādhammā Brahmavihara

Mettā Karuṇā Mudita Upekkha

Buddhābhiseka Dāna Devotion Dhyāna Faith Five Strengths Iddhipada Meditation

Mantras Kammaṭṭhāna Recollection Smarana Anapanasati Samatha Vipassanā
(Vipassana movement) Shikantaza Zazen Kōan Mandala Tonglen Tantra Tertön Terma

Merit Mindfulness


Nekkhamma Pāramitā Paritta Puja

Offerings Prostration Chanting

Refuge Satya


Seven Factors of Enlightenment

Sati Dhamma vicaya Pīti Passaddhi


Five Precepts Bodhisattva
vow Prātimokṣa

Threefold Training

Śīla Samadhi Prajñā


Four Right Exertions


Bodhi Bodhisattva Buddhahood Pratyekabuddha Four stages of enlightenment

Sotāpanna Sakadagami Anāgāmi Arhat


Bhikkhu Bhikkhuni Śrāmaṇera Śrāmaṇerī Anagarika Ajahn Sayadaw Zen
master Rōshi Lama Rinpoche Geshe Tulku Householder Upāsaka and Upāsikā Śrāvaka

The ten principal disciples

Shaolin Monastery

Major figures

Gautama Buddha Kaundinya Assaji Sāriputta Mahamoggallāna Mulian Ānanda Mahākassapa Anuruddha Mahākaccana Nanda Subhuti Punna Upali Mahapajapati Gotamī Khema Uppalavanna Asita Channa Yasa Buddhaghoṣa Nagasena Angulimala Bodhidharma Nagarjuna Asanga Vasubandhu Atiśa Padmasambhava Nichiren Songtsen Gampo Emperor Wen of Sui Dalai Lama Panchen Lama Karmapa Shamarpa Naropa Xuanzang Zhiyi


Tripiṭaka Madhyamakālaṃkāra Mahayana
sutras Pāli Canon Chinese Buddhist canon Tibetan Buddhist canon


Theravada Mahayana

Chan Buddhism

Zen Seon Thiền

Pure Land Tiantai Nichiren Madhyamaka Yogachara

Navayana Vajrayana

Tibetan Shingon Dzogchen

Early Buddhist schools Pre-sectarian Buddhism Basic points unifying Theravāda and Mahāyāna


Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan Cambodia China India Indonesia Japan Korea Laos Malaysia Maldives Mongolia Myanmar Nepal Pakistan Philippines Russia

Kalmykia Buryatia

Singapore Sri Lanka Taiwan Thailand Tibet Vietnam Middle East


Western countries

Argentina Australia Brazil France United Kingdom United States Venezuela


Timeline Ashoka Buddhist councils History of Buddhism
in India

Decline of Buddhism
in India

Great Anti-Buddhist Persecution Greco-Buddhism Buddhism
and the Roman world Buddhism
in the West Silk Road transmission of Buddhism Persecution of Buddhists Banishment of Buddhist monks from Nepal Buddhist crisis Sinhalese Buddhist nationalism Buddhist modernism Vipassana movement 969 Movement Women in Buddhism


Abhidharma Atomism Buddhology Creator Economics Eight Consciousnesses Engaged Buddhism Eschatology Ethics Evolution Humanism Logic Reality Secular Buddhism Socialism The unanswered questions



Temple Vihara Wat Stupa Pagoda Candi Dzong architecture Japanese Buddhist architecture Korean Buddhist temples Thai temple art and architecture Tibetan Buddhist architecture



Tree Budai Buddharupa Calendar Cuisine Funeral Holidays

Vesak Uposatha Magha Puja Asalha Puja Vassa

Jaya Sri Maha Bodhi Kasaya Mahabodhi Temple Mantra

Om mani padme hum

Mudra Music Pilgrimage

Lumbini Maya Devi Temple Bodh Gaya Sarnath Kushinagar

Poetry Prayer beads Prayer wheel Symbolism

Dharmachakra Flag Bhavacakra Swastika Thangka

Temple of the Tooth Vegetarianism


Abhijñā Amitābha Avalokiteśvara


Brahmā Dhammapada Dharma
talk Hinayana Kalpa Koliya Lineage Maitreya Māra Ṛddhi Sacred languages

Pali Sanskrit

Siddhi Sutra Vinaya


Bahá'í Faith Christianity

Influences Comparison

East Asian religions Gnosticism Hinduism Jainism Judaism Psychology Science Theosophy Violence Western philosophy


Bodhisattvas Books Buddhas


Buddhists Suttas Temples