The China Railways JF3 (解放3, Jiěfàng, "liberation") class steam locomotive was a class of 2-8-2 steam locomotives operated by the China Railway, built by the Škoda Works in Czechoslovakia in 1927–1930.


These locomotives were originally built for the Qike Railway, the Huhai Railway, and the Sitao Railway.[1] After the Japanese established the puppet state of Manchukuo, these and other privately owned railways in the territory of Manchukuo were nationalised to create the Manchukuo National Railway, which designated these the Mikani (ミカニ) class.[1] In 1938 they were reclassified Mikasa (ミカサ) class.

After the end of the Pacific War, these locomotives were passed on to the Republic of China Railway. After the establishment of the People's Republic of China, China Railways designated them ㄇㄎ3 (MK3) class in 1951, and subsequently 解放3 (JF3) class in 1959.[1]


The last of these locomotives were retired in 1990,[1] and one, JF3 2558, is preserved at the Shenyang Steam Locomotive Museum.[2]

See also


  1. ^ a b c d 解放型蒸汽机车的解放3型
  2. ^ JF3 2551 to JF3 2700 _Railography: Chinese Locomotive Lists.