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The China
China
National Space Administration (CNSA) is the national space agency of China. It is responsible for the national space program[2] and for planning and development of space activities. CNSA and China Aerospace Corporation (CASC) assumed the authority over space development efforts previously held by the Ministry of Aerospace Industry. It is a subordinate agency of the State Administration for Science, Technology and Industry for National Defence (SASTIND), itself a subordinate agency of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT). The headquarters are in Haidian District, Beijing.

Contents

1 History 2 Function 3 Taikonauts 4 Administrators 5 Departments 6 CNSA logo 7 See also 8 References 9 External links

History[edit] CNSA is a new agency created in 1993 when the Ministry of Aerospace Industry was split into CNSA and the China
China
Aerospace Corporation (CASC). The former was to be responsible for policy, while the latter was to be responsible for execution. This arrangement proved somewhat unsatisfactory, as these two agencies were, in effect, one large agency, sharing both personnel and management.[2] As part of a massive restructuring in 1998, CASC was split into a number of smaller state-owned companies. The intention appeared to have been to create a system similar to that characteristic of Western defense procurement in which entities which are government agencies, setting operational policy, would then contract out their operational requirements to entities which were government-owned, but not government-managed.[2] Function[edit] CNSA was established as a government institution to develop and fulfill China's due international obligations, with the approval by the Eighth National People's Congress
National People's Congress
of China
China
(NPC). The Ninth NPC assigned CNSA as an internal structure of the Commission of Science, Technology and Industry for National Defense (COSTIND). CNSA assumes the following main responsibilities: signing governmental agreements in the space area on behalf of organizations, inter-governmental scientific and technical exchanges; and also being in charge of the enforcement of national space policies and managing the national space science, technology and industry. Up to now, China
China
has signed governmental space cooperation agreements with Brazil, Chile, France, Germany, India, Italy, Pakistan, Russia, Ukraine, the United Kingdom, the United States, and some other countries. Significant achievements have been scored in the bilateral and multilateral and technology exchanges and cooperation.[2] Administrators of CNSA are appointed by the State Council. Taikonauts[edit] Main article: List of Chinese astronauts As of 2013, ten Chinese people have traveled to space (alphabetical order):

Fei Junlong
Fei Junlong
(费俊龙)

Jing Haipeng(景海鹏)

Liu Boming (刘伯明)

Liu Wang
Liu Wang
(刘旺)

Liu Yang (刘洋)

Nie Haisheng (聂海胜)

Yang Liwei
Yang Liwei
(杨利伟)

Zhai Zhigang
Zhai Zhigang
(翟志刚)

Wang Yaping
Wang Yaping
(王亚平) Zhang Xiaoguang(张晓光)

Administrators[edit] The most recent administrator was Tang Dengjie. Wu Yanhua is vice-administrator and Tian Yulong is secretary general.[3]

April 1993: Liu Jiyuan April 1998: Luan Enjie 2004: Sun Laiyan July 2010: Chen Qiufa[4] March 2013: Ma Xingrui[5] December 2013: Xu Dazhe[3] May 2017: Tang Dengjie

Departments[edit] There are four departments under the CNSA:

Department of General Planning Department of System Engineering Department of Science, Technology and Quality Control Department of Foreign Affairs

CNSA logo[edit] CNSA's logo is a similar design to that of China
China
Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation.[6] The arrow in the middle is similar to the Chinese character 人 which means 'human' or 'people', to state that humans are the center of all space exploration. The three concentric ellipses stand for three types of Escape Velocity
Escape Velocity
(minimum speed needed to reach sustainable orbits, to escape the earth system, and to escape the solar system) which are milestones of space exploration. The second ring is drawn with a bold line, to state that China
China
has passed the first stage of exploration (earth system) and is undergoing the second stage exploration (within the solar system). The 人 character stands above the three rings to emphasize humanity's capability to escape and explore. Olive branches were added to state that China's space exploration is peaceful in nature. See also[edit]

China
China
portal Spaceflight portal

Chinese space program Chinese Lunar Exploration Program List of space agencies French space program

References[edit]

^ http://www.atimes.com/atimes/China/KA09Ad01.html ^ a b c d "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 28 February 2008. Retrieved 9 March 2008.  ^ a b Resume of Administrator ^ 陈求发任辽宁省代省长 [ Chen Qiufa appointed acting governor of Liaoning]. People's Daily
People's Daily
(in Chinese). 2015-05-08.  ^ Dr. MA Xingrui was appointed as administrator of China
China
National Space Administration Archived 23 September 2015 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 27 June 2009. Retrieved 14 May 2009. 

External links[edit]

Official website

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Chinese space program

Space programs

BeiDou Navigation Satellite System Chinese anti-satellite missile test Chinese large modular space station CBERS CLEP (Chang'e) Dark Matter Particle Explorer Dongfanghong program Double Star Fanhui Shi Weixing Fengyun Hard X-ray Modulation Telescope Kuafu Kuaizhou Long March Naga-L Project 921-3 Shenlong Shenzhou program Shuguang Space Solar Telescope Tiangong program Tianlian I Tianzhou Yaogan Yinghuo-1

Launch sites

Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center Taiyuan Satellite Launch Center Xichang Satellite Launch Center
Xichang Satellite Launch Center
(including Wenchang Spacecraft Launch Site)

Scientists

Chen Qiufa Du Qinghua Hu Haichang Ma Xingrui Ouyang Ziyuan Qi Faren Qian Xuesen Sun Laiyan Wang Yongzhi Xu Dazhe Ye Peijian Yuan Jiajun Zhao Jiuzhang Zhu Miaolong

Astronauts

Chen Dong Fei Junlong Jing Haipeng Liu Boming Liu Yang Liu Wang Nie Haisheng Yang Liwei Zhai Zhigang Zhang Xiaoguang Wang Yaping

China
China
National Space Administration (CNSA)

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Chinese spacecraft

Earth observation

Fengyun Gaofen FSW HaiYang Jilin Shiyan SMMS TanSat Tansuo Tianhui Yaogan Ziyuan

Communication and engineering

Dong Fang Hong FH-1 Apstar APMT Asiasat ChinaSat ChinaStar HKSTG Sinosat LGSP Tsinghua-1 OlympicSat Xiwang 1

Data relay satellite system

Tianlian I

Tianlian I-01 Tianlian I-02 Tianlian I-03

Tianlian II

Positioning

BeiDou-1 BeiDou-2

Astronomical observation

Double Star (joint with ESA) Dark Matter Particle Explorer
Dark Matter Particle Explorer
(DAMPE) Hard X-ray Modulation Telescope (HXMT) Huanjing Kuafu Space Solar Telescope (SST) Space Variable Objects Monitor (SVOM) Xuntian

Lunar and planetary exploration

Moon: Chinese Lunar Exploration Program

Chang'e 1 Chang'e 2 Chang'e 3

Yutu

Chang'e 5-T1 Chang'e 4 Chang'e 5 Chang'e 6

Mars: Yinghuo-1 Mars Global Remote Sensing Orbiter and Small Rover Asteroid: Chang'e 2

Unknown

Shijian

Microsatellites

Fengniao Xinyan

Future spacecraft in italics.

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Chinese space facilities and organizations

Centers

Space cities

Dongfeng space city Beijing
Beijing
space city Wenchang space city Shanghai space city Yantai space city Guizhou Aerospace Industrial Park

Monitoring and control centers

Beijing
Beijing
Aerospace Command and Control Center Xi'an Satellite Monitor and Control Center China
China
Deep Space Tracking Network Yuanwang-class space tracking ships China
China
Domestic Tracking Stations China
China
Overseas Tracking Stations

Launch sites

Suborbital launch sites

Nanhui Launch Site Base 603

Orbital launch sites

Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center Taiyuan Satellite Launch Center Xichang Satellite Launch Center
Xichang Satellite Launch Center
(including Wenchang Spacecraft Launch Site)

Manned spacecraft landing site

Siziwang Banner

Associated organizations

Universities and institutes

CAS Key Laboratory of high-temperature gas dynamics China
China
Aerodynamics Research & Development Center Beijing
Beijing
University of Aeronautics and Astronautics Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics School of Aeronautics, Harbin Institute of Technology School of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Zhejiang University China's Space Medical Institute

Ministries and agencies

China
China
Ministry of Aerospace Industry China
China
National Space Administration China
China
Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation China
China
Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation China
China
Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology Shanghai Academy of Spaceflight Technology Fifth Academy of the Defence Ministry China
China
Aerospace Corporation

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Public-sector space agencies

Africa

ASAL GSSTC NARRS NASRDA SANSA

Americas

North America

CSA AEM NASA AFSPC

South America

CONAE AEB

DCTA INPE ITA

CCE

ABAE IVIC

Asia

East Asia

CNSA

CALT CAST CCF CGWIC COSTIND

JAXA

ISAS NAL NASDA

NICT USEF NRSC NADA KARI SaTReC NSPO

Southeast Asia

LAPAN MNSA PAGASA SSTA IN.Genius GISTDA

South Asia

SPARRSO ISRO

Antrix Corp DoS

SUPARCO

Southwest Asia

MAKA1 IAIO

ISA SAHA

ISA

NCSR

GORS TÜBİTAK UZAY UAESA

Central Asia

KazCosmos

TNSA

Europe

ASA BSA1 BISA SRTI CSO DTU Space ECSS ESA EUMETSAT EUSC CNES DLR ISARS HSO ASI Luxinnovation SRON NSC CBK ROSA

RKA1

SRI1 VKO

SSP INTA SNSB SSO TÜBİTAK UZAY UKSA SSAU1

Oceania

CSIRO NZSA

World

APSCO COSPAR IAA INTELSAT Interkosmos Intersputnik UNCOPUOS UNOOSA European Space Agency

See also: Timeline of first orbital launches by country 1 Preceded by the Soviet space program

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Transport in China

History Proposed public transport

Government agencies

Ministry of Transport State Railways Administration Civil Aviation Administration China
China
Maritime Safety Administration China
China
National Space Administration

Road

Expressways (NTHS) China
China
National Highways Road numbering Rules (Road safety law) Licence plates AH1 Gallery road Zhongshan Road Automotive industry Driving License

Rail

History

Eastern-Qing South Manchuria Narrow-gauge

Passenger rail China
China
Railway

China
China
Railway High-speed

High-speed

Beijing–Guangzhou–Shenzhen–Hong Kong Beijing–Shanghai Beijing–Harbin Hangzhou–Fuzhou–Shenzhen

Lines

Beijing–Harbin Beijing–Shanghai Beijing–Kowloon Beijing–Guangzhou Lanzhou–Lianyungang Lanzhou–Xinjiang Lhasa–Xigazê Qinghai–Tibet

Locomotives Stations Rapid transit systems Maglev

Water

Ports

Chongqing Dalian Guangzhou Lianyungang Ningbo Qingdao Rizhao Shanghai

Yangshan

Shenzhen Suzhou Tangshan Tianjin Xiamen Yingkou Hong Kong*

Canals

Grand Canal Lingqu Red Flag Canal Zhengguo Canal

Industry

Shipping industry China
China
Shipbuilding Industry Corporation China
China
State Shipbuilding Corporation Ship lifts

Aviation

Major airlines

Air China Cathay Pacific* (Dragonair*) China
China
Southern Airlines China
China
Eastern Airlines Hainan Airlines Shandong Airlines Shanghai Airlines Shenzhen Airlines Sichuan Airlines Xiamen Airlines

Airports

By traffic Major Airports: Beijing
Beijing
Capital Chengdu Shuangliu Guangzhou Baiyun Hong Kong* Shenzhen Bao'an Shanghai Pudong Shanghai Hongqiao

Industry

Aviation Industry Corporation of China China
China
International Aviation & Aerospace Exhibition Comac

Space

Spaceports Space program

Other topics

Transport by province / city Bridges Tunnels Chinese New Year Transit Disasters

Category Economy Communications * in / related to the special administrative regions

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State Council of the People's Republic of China

Incumbent (13th): Li Keqiang
Li Keqiang
Government

State Council (Cabinet) (Plenary meeting) members

Executive meeting

Premier Vice Premiers State Councillors Secretary-General

Ministers of Ministries and Commissions Auditor-General

General Office

Secretary-General Deputy Secretary-General

Cabinet-level departments constituting the State Council

Agriculture and Rural Affairs Audit Civil Affairs Commerce Culture and Tourism Development and Reform Ecology and Environment

Nuclear Safety

Education

Language

Emergency Management Ethnic Affairs Finance Foreign Affairs Health Housing and Urban-Rural Development Human Resources and Social Security Industry and Information Technology

Atomic Energy Space

Justice National Defense Natural Resources

Oceanic

People's Bank Public Security Science and Technology

Foreign Experts Affairs

State Security Transport Veterans Affairs Water Resources

Special
Special
organization

State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council

Organizations

Counselor's Office of the State Council General Administration of Customs International Development Cooperation Agency State Administration of Government Offices National Bureau of Statistics State Administration of Market Regulatory State Administration of Medical Insurance State Administration of Press and Publication State Administration of Radio and Television State Administration for Religious Affairs State Administration of Taxation State General Administration of Sports

Administrative offices

Cyberspace (Internet) Hong Kong
Hong Kong
and Macau Affairs Information Overseas Chinese Affairs Research Taiwan
Taiwan
Affairs

Association for Relations Across the Taiwan
Taiwan
Straits

Institutions

Academy of Engineering Academy of Governance Academy of Sciences Academy of Social Sciences Banking and Insurance Regulatory Commission Central Radio and Television Station Development Research Center Meteorological Administration Securities Regulatory Commission Xinhua News Agency

State administrations/bureaus administrated by Cabinet-level agencies

China
China
Drug Administration Civil Aviation Administration National Administration for the Protection of State Secrets National Energy Administration National Railway Administration State Administration for Science, Technology and Industry for National Defence State Administration of Coal Mine Safety State Administration of Cultural Heritage State Administration of Foreign Exchange State Administration of Grain and Reserves State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine State Archives Administration State Bureau for Letters and Calls State Bureau of Civil Servants State Cryptography Administration State Immigration Administration State Post Bureau State Tobacco Monopoly Administration

China
China
National Tobacco Corporation

State Forestry and Grassland Administration State Intellectual Property Office

Special
Special
Commissions and Steering Committees

State Commission for Public Sector Reform

Commission Office

Commission on Food Safety National Energy Commission National Defense Mobilization Commission Leading Group for the Transformation of the State Council

Other agencies

Liaison Office in Hong Kong
Hong Kong
SAR Liaison Office in Macau SAR

State Council is one in the same as the Central People's Government (constitutionally since 1954)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 129212841 LCCN: n2004152014 ISNI: 0

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