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Chilliwack
Chilliwack
/ˈtʃɪləwæk/ is the 7th largest city in British Columbia, Canada. Historically an agricultural community, most of its 83,788 residents are now city-dwellers. Chilliwack
Chilliwack
is the seat of the Fraser Valley Regional District
Fraser Valley Regional District
and its second largest city. This city is surrounded by mountains and recreational areas such as Cultus Lake and Chilliwack
Chilliwack
Lake Provincial Parks. It is located 102 kilometres (63 miles) southeast of Vancouver. There are many outdoor activities in the area, including hiking, horseback riding, biking, camping, fishing, and golf.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 History 3 Geography 4 Geology 5 Cityscape

5.1 Neighbourhoods

5.1.1 Neighbourhoods on the north side 5.1.2 Neighbourhoods on the south side

5.2 Parks

6 Arts and culture

6.1 Music 6.2 Performing arts 6.3 Festivals 6.4 Museums

7 Notable people 8 Media

8.1 Newspapers 8.2 Radio 8.3 Television

9 Sports 10 Climate 11 Demographics 12 Economy 13 Canadian Forces Base Chilliwack

13.1 Second World War 13.2 1945–1997 13.3 Legacy

14 Transportation

14.1 Airports 14.2 Bicycle lanes 14.3 Highways 14.4 Mass transit 14.5 Rail

15 Education

15.1 Post-secondary 15.2 Private 15.3 Public

16 See also 17 References 18 External links

Etymology[edit] In Halq'eméylem, the language of the Stó:lō communities around Chilliwack
Chilliwack
and Sardis, Tcil'Qe'uk means "valley of many streams".[1] It also lends its name to the Chilliwack
Chilliwack
River, and group of aboriginal people, the Ts’elxweyeqw.[2] The spelling of Chilliwack is sometimes a matter of confusion. Prior to the amalgamation of the City of Chilliwack
Chilliwack
and the Municipality of Chilliwhack, there were two different spellings. Upon amalgamation, the current spelling of the city was adopted.[3] Anglicized spellings include "Chilliwhyeuk" and other versions closer to the original Halq'eméylem. History[edit]

Yale Road Chilliwack
Chilliwack
circa 1908 Site of City Hall museum

The archeological record shows evidence of Stó:lō people in the Fraser Valley, or S'ólh Téméxw, 10,000 years ago. Permanent structures in the Chilliwack
Chilliwack
area date from around 5,000 years ago.[4] At the time of the first contact with Europeans it is estimated that there were as many as 40,000 people living within Stó:lō territory. In 1857, gold was discovered in the Fraser Canyon. By 1859, over 40,000 gold miners had trekked to the goldfields, most travelling through the Chilliwack
Chilliwack
area. By the mid-1860s, several farms had grown up around the steamboat landings on the Fraser River
Fraser River
called Miller's Landing, Minto Landing, Sumas Landing and Chilliwack
Chilliwack
Landing. The Township of Chilliwack
Chilliwack
was incorporated in 1873, the third municipality in British Columbia. Initial settlement was along the Fraser River
Fraser River
at Chilliwack
Chilliwack
Landing. Steamboats were the main mode of transportation, carrying goods and passengers between Chilliwack
Chilliwack
and New Westminster. After the construction of the Canadian Pacific Railway in 1885, many residents began to cross the Fraser River
Fraser River
at Minto Landing to catch the train at Harrison Mills. With little room for expansion along the river, the commercial area of the town moved south to the junction of the New Westminster-Yale Wagon Road, Wellington Avenue and Young Road, called "Five Corners". A large subdivision called Centreville was built in 1881. The name "Centreville" was replaced In 1887 by the more popular "Chilliwhack." The area was incorporated in 1908 as a separate municipality, the City of Chilliwack. The city and the township co-existed for 72 years. In 1980, they merged to form the District of Chilliwack. The District of Chilliwack
Chilliwack
became the City of Chilliwack
Chilliwack
in early 1999.[5] Geography[edit]

Vedder River
Vedder River
Campground near Cultus Lake, located just south of Chilliwack

Vedder River

Chilliwack
Chilliwack
is located in the Upper Fraser Valley, 100 kilometres (60 mi) east of Vancouver
Vancouver
on the Trans- Canada
Canada
Highway. The city is bounded on the north by the Fraser River, and on the south by the Canada- United States
United States
border. Chilliwack
Chilliwack
is surrounded by tall mountain peaks, such as Mount Cheam and Slesse Mountain, and large rivers (the Fraser and Vedder). The city, once a small agricultural town, "has become an example of sprawling suburbia and bad city planning." Efforts to revitalize the languishing downtown, and to curb the spread of housing subdivisions into valuable farmland, have proved challenging. Geology[edit] The Chilliwack
Chilliwack
Batholith
Batholith
is a large batholith that forms much of the North Cascades
North Cascades
in southwestern British Columbia, Canada
Canada
and the U.S. state of Washington. The geological structure is primarily named after the City of Chilliwack, where it is the most notable geological feature. The Chilliwack
Chilliwack
Batholith
Batholith
is part of the Pemberton Volcanic Belt
Pemberton Volcanic Belt
and is the largest mass of exposed intrusive rock in the Cascade Volcanic Arc. The age of the Chilliwack
Chilliwack
batholith ranges from 26 to 29 million years old. In 2013, Maclean's reported that, with an average annual temperature of 10.5 °C, Chilliwack
Chilliwack
is the warmest city in Canada.[6] Cityscape[edit]

Bridal Veil Falls near the Village of Popkum

The city is made up of several amalgamated villages and communities. The urban core has a decidedly north-south axis bisected by the Trans- Canada
Canada
Highway. The city is bounded in north by the Fraser River, in the east by the Eastern Hillsides, in the south by the Canada–US border, and in the west by the Vedder Canal. With 939 farms on approximately 17,322 hectares (42,800 acres) of dedicated farmland, farming is essential to the city's identity.[7] Neighbourhoods[edit] Main article: Neighbourhoods in Chilliwack Neighbourhoods on the north side[edit] Also referred to as " Chilliwack
Chilliwack
Proper Village West", the north side covers the area from the Trans- Canada
Canada
Highway in the south, to the Fraser River
Fraser River
in the north, and includes the communities of Camp River, Chilliwack
Chilliwack
Mountain, Downtown Chilliwack, East Chilliwack, Fairfield Island, Rosedale and Popkum. Downtown Chilliwack
Chilliwack
is the historical urban centre of the city. Several cultural attractions, such as the Prospera Centre, Chilliwack Cultural Centre and the Eagle Landing Shopping Centre are located there, as well as key government buildings, such as city hall, FVRD offices, and the Provincial Court of British Columbia. Neighbourhoods on the south side[edit] The south side includes the communities of Atchelitz, Cultus Lake Park, Greendale, Ryder Lake, Sardis, Promontory Heights, Vedder Crossing, and Yarrow. Sardis is the urban core of the south side and is a popular shopping destination. Parks[edit]

Bridal Veil Falls Provincial Park Cheam Wetlands Regional Park Chilliwack
Chilliwack
Heritage Park Chilliwack
Chilliwack
Lake Provincial Park Cultus Lake Provincial Park Fairfield Park Great Blue Heron Nature Reserve Gwynne Vaughn Park Island 22 Salish Park Sardis Park Townsend Park

Arts and culture[edit]

Front view of the newly constructed City of Chilliwack
Chilliwack
City Hall, 1912

Chilliwack
Chilliwack
is known for its locally-grown corn. From June until September the farmers take advantage of the sunny weather and produce up to two crops of corn for both human consumption as well as for cattle feed. The Book Man used bookstore is the second-largest in the Province of British Columbia. Music[edit] Chilliwack
Chilliwack
has an active rock music scene, centering mostly around young ska and punk rock bands. Bands originating in Chilliwack include: These Kids Wear Crowns, Mystery Machine, and The Darkest of the Hillside Thickets. Chilliwack
Chilliwack
also has a thriving classical music community, featuring the Chilliwack
Chilliwack
Symphony Orchestra and the Chilliwack
Chilliwack
Metropolitan Orchestra. The drumline from Sardis Secondary School
Sardis Secondary School
played at several venues during the 2010 Winter Olympics
2010 Winter Olympics
in Vancouver. Chilliwack
Chilliwack
also offers many other community events and classes throughout the year. The Downtown Chilliwack
Chilliwack
Business Improvement Association hosts free concerts and activities in the downtown core each Friday evening during the months of July and August, called "Party in the Park". "Music and More" is another free summer event that takes place each Wednesday throughout July and August, with kids' activities at noon and concerts in the evening. This event is presented by numerous local arts groups working together, and the Chilliwack
Chilliwack
Community Arts Council. Another annual event that is a corn maze, where the public are invited to roam in the farmers' fields when the crops of corn are at their highest. Despite their name, the band Chilliwack
Chilliwack
actually formed, and is based, in nearby Vancouver. Performing arts[edit] The Chilliwack Cultural Centre is a performing arts venue located in downtown Chilliwack. The building is home to the Chilliwack
Chilliwack
Players' Guild (the resident theatre company), as well as the Chilliwack Academy of Music. The UFV Theatre is a 206-seat thrust stage venue belonging to the University of the Fraser Valley
Fraser Valley
(UFV) Theatre Department. UFV produces three or four mainstage shows each year, as well as the annual Directors' Festival featuring student directors and performers from UFV, Capilano University, Thompson Rivers University, University of Victoria, UBC and Douglas College.[8] The Chilliwack
Chilliwack
School of Performing Arts provides pre-professional training in acting, singing and dancing to children ages 3–18 at the North Campus of the University of the Fraser Valley. The mainstage show performs a two-week run every January at the Chilliwack
Chilliwack
Cultural Centre, and a Spring Festival featuring performances from many age groups at the UFV Theatre in late May. Programs at the Chilliwack Performing Arts can be registered for at [9]. Many different programs are available, including a Junior Musical Theatre and Summer Break Camps. Festivals[edit] Annual events and festivals include:

Chilliwack
Chilliwack
Bluegrass Festival (ended in 2013) Christmas Craft Market Chilliwack
Chilliwack
Art of Wine Festival Fraser Valley
Fraser Valley
Culture and Craft Beer Festival Fraser Valley
Fraser Valley
Women's Expo

Museums[edit]

Chilliwack
Chilliwack
Sports Hall of Fame Canadian Military Education Centre[10] Chilliwack
Chilliwack
Museum and Archives, located in the 1912 former city hall on Spadina Avenue, is a National Historic Site of Canada.[11] The Chilliwack
Chilliwack
Museum and Archives are a non-profit organization operated by the Chilliwack
Chilliwack
Museum and Historical Society which began in 1958 by brothers Oliver and Casey Wells.[12]

Notable people[edit] See also: Category:People from Chilliwack.

Piper James C. Richardson was awarded the Victoria Cross
Victoria Cross
for gallantry at the Battle of the Somme

Former lieutenant-governor, Steven Point, hails from Chilliwack

Academics

Rita Steblin, Ph.D., musicologist in Vancouver
Vancouver
and Vienna, Austria Homer Thompson, Ph.D., classical archaeologist. Grew up in Chilliwack on a dairy farm. Wayne Smith, M.Econ, Chief Statistician of Canada Allan Brooks
Allan Brooks
DSO, Ornithologist and distinguished wildlife artist

Activists

Betty Fox, cancer research activist, mother of Terry Fox.[13] Tony Clarke, activist, who graduated from Chilliwack
Chilliwack
Senior Secondary.

Arts and entertainment

Patrick Gallagher, actor from Glee, True Blood and Night At The Museum. Graduated from Chilliwack
Chilliwack
Senior Secondary. Tasha Tilberg, Covergirl model. Born in Chilliwack
Chilliwack
on July 23, 1979. Appeared on the covers of magazines such as Vogue, Harper's Bazaar and Marie Claire. Jim Vallance, OC, musician, songwriter, composer, arranger and producer Bernie Herms, Grammy Award-winning artist[14] Bria Skonberg, jazz musician, Juno Award winner for Vocal Jazz Album of the Year in 2017

Athletes

Dave Archibald, former professional hockey player with the Minnesota North Stars and Ottawa Senators. Rick Klassen, former professional football player with the BC Lions and Saskatchewan Roughriders. Amber Allen, former professional soccer player with the Vancouver Whitecaps. Jordyn Huitema, soccer player in the Vancouver
Vancouver
Whitecaps system

Journalists

Jack McGaw, journalist and radio operator. Diana Swain, television journalist. Graduated from Chilliwack
Chilliwack
High School in 1983.

Justices

William H. Davies QC, Supreme Court Justice and Chair of the Davies Commission Inquiry

Politicians

Barry Penner
Barry Penner
QC, former Attorney General Chuck Strahl, former member of Parliament and cabinet minister Dorothy Kostrzewa, first Chinese-Canadian
Chinese-Canadian
woman elected to political office in Canada Steven Point, OBC, first aboriginal Lieutenant-Governor of British Columbia.

Writers

Allan Fotheringham, columnist. Worked for The Chilliwack
Chilliwack
Progress as a student. W.P. Kinsella, OC OBC, author of Shoeless Joe, lived in Chilliwack.[15] Gayle Friesen, novelist

Others

Piper James C. Richardson †, recipient of the Victoria Cross

Media[edit] Main article: Media in the Fraser Valley Newspapers[edit]

Chilliwack
Chilliwack
Progress - British Columbia's oldest community newspaper, published continuously with the same name in the same community since April 1891

Chilliwack
Chilliwack
Times published its final edition on December 28, 2016.[16] Radio[edit]

89.5 The Drive 91.7 CBC Radio One 98.3 Star FM 99.9 CBC Radio Two 102.1 Première Chaine (French) 107.5 Kiss Radio 88.1 Tourist information 106.5 Praise radio

Television[edit]

Channel 11 CHAN-TV-1 Global

Sports[edit] See also: Category:Sport in Chilliwack.

Team League Sport Venue Established

Chilliwack
Chilliwack
Chiefs BCHL Ice hockey Prospera Centre 2011

Chilliwack
Chilliwack
Huskers CJFL Football Exhibition Stadium 1999

Chilliwack
Chilliwack
Crusaders RFC Third Division Rugby union Yarrow Sports Field 2012

Sports clubs in Chilliwack

The British Columbia
British Columbia
Hockey League's Chilliwack
Chilliwack
Chiefs, play at Prospera Centre. The team used to be the Quesnel Millionaires. The franchise was purchased and moved to Chilliwack
Chilliwack
by the Chiefs Development group. They started in the BCHL's Interior Conference for the 2011/2012 BCHL Season. While the original Junior "A" team, the Chilliwack
Chilliwack
Chiefs, plays in Langley, British Columbia, as the Langley Rivermen (the Chiefs Development Group sold their interest in the Langley Chiefs
Langley Chiefs
but retained the 'Chiefs' name and history). The Western Hockey League's Chilliwack Bruins
Chilliwack Bruins
used to play at the Prospera Centre. The expansion franchise began play in 2006 and ended when the team was sold at the end of the 2011 season. It became the Victoria Royals WHL hockey team in 2011. Community sports include hockey, lacrosse, softball, soccer, football, baseball, fieldhockey and swimming. The Canadian
The Canadian
Junior Football League's Chilliwack Huskers
Chilliwack Huskers
play at Exhibition Stadium. Chilliwack
Chilliwack
Turbo Fastball club won the 1997 Canadian Jr. Men's National Championships. In 2013 the team was an inaugural induction into the Chilliwack
Chilliwack
Sports Hall of Fame. Chilliwack's minor baseball Cougars were the 2006 Western Canadian tier 2 champions. Chilliwack
Chilliwack
hosted the 2007-2008 Synchronized Skating Canadian Championships at the Prospera Centre. Chilliwack
Chilliwack
Minor Hockey Association was organized in 1958 with the opening of the Chilliwack
Chilliwack
Coliseum. Climate[edit] Chilliwack's mild climate with limited extremes provides excellent growing conditions for a wide variety of crops and agricultural products. In fact, when averaged from 1981 to 2010, Chilliwack
Chilliwack
had the warmest mean temperature for any city in Canada.[17] The highest temperature recorded in Chilliwack
Chilliwack
was 38.2 °C (100.8 °F) on July 29, 2009, and the lowest recorded temperature was −21.7 °C (−7.1 °F) in 1968. Precipitation
Precipitation
falls mostly as rain, with snow limited to the surrounding mountains, except for two or three weeks per year generally in December or January. In 2013, Maclean's reported that, with an average annual temperature of 10.5 °C, Chilliwack
Chilliwack
is the warmest city in Canada.[18] Chilliwack
Chilliwack
receives nearly the same number of days of precipitation (184.6 days at greater than 0.2 mm) as comparable local communities nearer Vancouver
Vancouver
such as Maple Ridge (185.8 days) and the City of Mission (186.0 days) (Environment Canada
Canada
Statistics). Summers in Chilliwack
Chilliwack
are usually sunny and warm, with long days (light out until well after 10pm in June with dusk that lasts for hours) and with occasionally stretches of heat where temperatures rise above 30 °C (86 °F). Due to its location at the eastern end of the Fraser Valley, there has been some debate about preserving Chilliwack's air quality. However, the 2011 World Health Organization's study of air quality shows that Chilliwack
Chilliwack
enjoys air quality among the best in the world. For PM10 (10 µm) size particulates, Canada
Canada
averaged third best in the world (along with Australia) at an average of 13 micrograms per cubic metre. The City of Chilliwack
Chilliwack
and the Greater Vancouver
Vancouver
Regional District were tied at a low 8.0 MPCM. For smaller particulate of 2.5 µm size (PM2.5), "the City of Chilliwack
Chilliwack
averaged 4.9 micrograms per cubic metre. Vancouver
Vancouver
also had 4.9, Calgary had 5.6, Winnipeg had 5.6, Toronto had 7.9, Montreal had 11.2 and Sarnia had 12.7."

Climate data for Chilliwack
Chilliwack
Airport

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 18.3 (64.9) 20.6 (69.1) 24.5 (76.1) 32.2 (90) 34.5 (94.1) 36.7 (98.1) 38.0 (100.4) 36.1 (97) 36.5 (97.7) 27.8 (82) 21.1 (70) 19.0 (66.2) 38.0 (100.4)

Average high °C (°F) 6.1 (43) 8.8 (47.8) 11.8 (53.2) 15.8 (60.4) 19.1 (66.4) 21.7 (71.1) 25.0 (77) 25.3 (77.5) 22.3 (72.1) 15.3 (59.5) 9.3 (48.7) 6.0 (42.8) 15.5 (59.9)

Daily mean °C (°F) 3.3 (37.9) 4.9 (40.8) 7.3 (45.1) 10.5 (50.9) 13.7 (56.7) 16.4 (61.5) 18.8 (65.8) 18.7 (65.7) 15.7 (60.3) 10.8 (51.4) 6.2 (43.2) 3.3 (37.9) 10.8 (51.4)

Average low °C (°F) 0.4 (32.7) 1.0 (33.8) 2.8 (37) 5.2 (41.4) 8.2 (46.8) 11.0 (51.8) 12.5 (54.5) 12.1 (53.8) 9.1 (48.4) 6.4 (43.5) 3.1 (37.6) 0.5 (32.9) 6.0 (42.8)

Record low °C (°F) −20.6 (−5.1) −16.7 (1.9) −14.4 (6.1) −6.1 (21) −1.7 (28.9) 1.1 (34) 3.3 (37.9) 2.8 (37) −2.8 (27) −7.2 (19) −14.4 (6.1) −21.7 (−7.1) −21.7 (−7.1)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 233.5 (9.193) 125.8 (4.953) 154.7 (6.091) 116.3 (4.579) 93.1 (3.665) 91.7 (3.61) 48.1 (1.894) 56.7 (2.232) 75.2 (2.961) 178.5 (7.028) 283.8 (11.173) 210.1 (8.272) 1,667.5 (65.65)

Average rainfall mm (inches) 206.9 (8.146) 114.7 (4.516) 143.7 (5.657) 115.2 (4.535) 93.1 (3.665) 91.7 (3.61) 48.1 (1.894) 56.7 (2.232) 75.2 (2.961) 178.4 (7.024) 272.7 (10.736) 185.8 (7.315) 1,582.2 (62.291)

Average snowfall cm (inches) 26.6 (10.47) 11.2 (4.41) 11.0 (4.33) 1.1 (0.43) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.1 (0.04) 11.2 (4.41) 24.3 (9.57) 85.3 (33.58)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 20.6 15.9 19.7 17.5 15.8 14.6 8.7 8.5 9.9 17.1 21.5 20.1 189.9

Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 18.6 14.6 19.2 17.5 15.8 14.6 8.7 8.5 9.9 17.1 20.9 18.4 183.8

Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 5.0 2.9 1.9 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 2.0 4.8 16.8

Source: [19]

Demographics[edit] (according to Statistics Canada
Canada
2016 census)

Population: 83,788 Growth Rate (2011–2016): 7.5% Total Private Dwellings: 34,038 Area: 261.65 km². Density: 320.2 people per km².

Ethnic origin (2011 census) Population % of Total Population

Visible minority population South Asian 715 6999900000000000000♠0.9%

Chinese 530 6999700000000000000♠0.7%

Black 325 6999400000000000000♠0.4%

Filipino 560 6999700000000000000♠0.7%

Latin
Latin
American 370 6999500000000000000♠0.5%

Arab 45 6999100000000000000♠0.1%

Southeast Asian 295 6999400000000000000♠0.4%

West Asian 30 5000000000000000000♠0%

Korean 410 6999500000000000000♠0.5%

Japanese 160 6999200000000000000♠0.2%

Other visible minority 120 6999200000000000000♠0.2%

Mixed visible minority 125 6999200000000000000♠0.2%

Total visible minority population 3,685 7000480000000000000♠4.8%

Not a visible minority 73,235 7001952000000000000♠95.2%

North American Aboriginal origins First Nations
First Nations
(North American Indian) 4,345 7000560000000099999♠5.6%

Métis 2,120 7000280000000099999♠2.8%

Inuit 10 6999100000000000000♠0.1%

Total Aboriginal population 6,225 7000810000000000000♠8.1%

European origins 62,110 7001807000000000000♠80.7%

Total population (2011) 76,930 100%

Economy[edit] Chilliwack
Chilliwack
is part of the Lower Mainland-Southwest economic region. Chilliwack’s service and retail sectors account for approximately 50% of GDP. Other growing industries include manufacturing accounting for 13%, construction at 8% and agriculture and forestry at 5% of Chilliwack’s GDP.[20]

Construction
Construction
is about 8% of Chilliwack's economy

Industry Est. % of GDP

Agriculture & Forestry 5%

Construction 8%

Education 6%

Finance, Insurance
Insurance
& Real Estate 11%

Health 6%

Manufacturing 13%

Public Administration 9%

Retail/ Wholesale
Wholesale
Trade 12%

Technology 6%

Tourism 9%

Other 15%

Canadian Forces Base Chilliwack[edit]

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Main article: CFB Chilliwack Second World War[edit] CFB Chilliwack was established in 1941 as Camp Chilliwack
Chilliwack
following Canada's entry into the Second World War
Second World War
in 1939. After the outbreak of the Pacific War
Pacific War
the camp was expanded to garrison Canadian Army units for the defense of Canada's West Coast. The base was also a training facility: 112 Canadian Army
Canadian Army
Basic Training Centre, and A6 Canadian Engineering Training Centre were housed at Chilliwack
Chilliwack
until the war's end in 1945. 1945–1997[edit] During the Cold War, the base was used as a permanent training facility and the garrison for the Canadian Army
Canadian Army
units of British Columbia. The base housed the Royal Canadian School of Military Engineering, formerly A6 Canadian Engineering Training Centre and 58 Field Engineer Squadron which was transferred from CFB Esquimalt
CFB Esquimalt
on Vancouver
Vancouver
Island. Following the unification of the Canadian forces in 1968, the base was renamed Canadian Forces Base Chilliwack
Chilliwack
(CFB Chilliwack). The base housed the following units:

Canadian Forces School of Military Engineering (CFSME—formerly Royal Canadian School of Military Engineering) Canadian Forces Officer Candidate School (CFOCS) (transferred in 1971 to CFB Chilliwack) First Combat Engineer Regiment (1CER—formerly 58 Field Engineer Squadron)

In 1994, the Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry
Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry
3rd Battalion (3PPCLI) was transferred from CFB Esquimalt
CFB Esquimalt
to CFB Chilliwack, the last unit to be transferred to the base. Due to Department of National Defence cutbacks at the end of the Cold War, the base was closed in 1997. CFOCS was transferred to Area Support Unit St-Jean in Quebec (ASU St-Jean), CFSME transferred to CFB Gagetown, 3PPCLI and 1CER were transferred to CFB Edmonton. Legacy[edit] Part of CFB Chilliwack became a residential subdivision known as Garrison
Garrison
Crossing, and its training facilities became the Canada Education Park, a campus for a number of post-secondary schools. The Chilcotin Training Area, better known as Area C, is still operational and is part of Western Area Training Centre (WATC). Area C is used by the Primary Reserves
Primary Reserves
units of British Columbia
British Columbia
for field training and for the use of its firing ranges. The ASU is also used by Cadets for field training. The ASU also houses supply depots for the Canadian Army units of 39 Canadian Brigade Group, and the cadet units of BC. The old quartermaster warehouse is now the Canadian Military Education Centre Museum.[10] Transportation[edit] Airports[edit] Vancouver
Vancouver
International Airport is located about 113 km (70 mi) from downtown Chilliwack
Chilliwack
and has non-stop flights daily to Asia, Europe, Oceania, the United States, and Mexico, and other airports within Canada. Abbotsford International Airport
Abbotsford International Airport
is located about 42 km (26 mi) west of Downtown Chilliwack
Chilliwack
and offers scheduled service to Calgary, Edmonton, Toronto and Victoria, where passengers can connect to anywhere.

Chilliwack
Chilliwack
Airport

Chilliwack Airport
Chilliwack Airport
is a small regional airport located in Downtown Chilliwack. It has 1,219 m (3,999 ft) of paved and lit runway that includes a parallel taxiway. Approximately 70% of the estimated 60,000 annual air traffic movements are itinerant traffic that consists of both pilot training and recreational flights from all around BC and south of the border. Bicycle lanes[edit] There are about 175 km (109 mi) of bike lanes throughout the city with additional lanes being added every year.[21] Highways[edit]

Trans- Canada
Canada
Highway at dawn in Chilliwack

A four-lane to six lane expressway from Horseshoe Bay to Hope runs through Chilliwack
Chilliwack
on the Lower Mainland
Lower Mainland
section of the Trans-Canada Highway. The Agassiz-Rosedale Highway is a north-south route in the eastern part of Chilliwack
Chilliwack
that acts as the last connection between Highways 1 and 7 eastbound before Hope, and is the main access to the resort village of Harrison Hot Springs. The highway first opened in 1953, originally going between Yale Road in Rosedale and Highway 7, with a ferry across the Fraser River. A bridge replaced the ferry in 1956. When the section of Highway 1 east of Chilliwack
Chilliwack
opened in 1961, Highway 9 was extended south to a junction with the new Highway 1 alignment, which replaced Yale Road as the main route between Chilliwack
Chilliwack
and Hope. Mass transit[edit] Main article: Chilliwack/Agassiz-Harrison Transit System

Until the railway and road access were built most travel to Chilliwack was done via paddlewheelers

Chilliwack
Chilliwack
Transit System consists of a fleet of 9 buses that operate along regularly scheduled routes throughout the metropolitan area. Rail[edit] Main article: Chilliwack
Chilliwack
railway station This section is transcluded from Chilliwack
Chilliwack
railway station. (edit history) Chilliwack
Chilliwack
Railway Station consists solely of a signpost and paved low-level platform located on the north side of the CN Railway tracks at Nowell Street. The station is served by Via Rail's The Canadian three times per week (two in winter) as a flag stop (48 hours advance notice required).[22] The station is only served by the westbound train to Abbotsford and Vancouver. Eastbound trains call at the Agassiz railway station
Agassiz railway station
located on the north side of the Fraser River on the CP Railway tracks. The reason for the splitting of service is that between Abbotsford and Kamloops, CN and CP use each other's tracks for directional running through the Fraser Canyon
Fraser Canyon
on long stretches of single track. Education[edit]

UFV Campus at Canada
Canada
Education Park

Post-secondary[edit] Canada
Canada
Education Park (CEP) is an 86-acre (35 ha) campus in the Vedder Crossing neighbourhood on the south side of Chilliwack
Chilliwack
that houses several post-secondary institutions, including the University of the Fraser Valley, the RCMP Pacific Region Training Centre, and the Justice Institute of British Columbia. The University of the Fraser Valley
Fraser Valley
(UFV) is the largest post-secondary school in Chilliwack, and the seventh largest in British Columbia
British Columbia
in terms of full-time enrollment. It offers master's degrees, bachelor's degrees, associate degrees, diplomas, certificates and citations across a range of programs in fine arts, humanities, science, social sciences, applied communication, business, nursing, as well as technical and trade programs. Its campuses are located in Abbotsford, Chilliwack, Hope and Mission. Private[edit]

Independent schools in Chilliwack

School Level Grades

Saint Mary's Elementary K-7

Unity Christian School Elementary-Secondary K-12

John Calvin School Elementary K-7

Timothy Christian School Elementary-Secondary K-12

Highroad Academy Elementary-Secondary K-12

Mount Cheam Christian School Elementary-Secondary K-12

Chilliwack
Chilliwack
Adventist Christian School Elementary-Junior secondary K-7

Cascade Christian School Elementary-Junior secondary K-9

Public[edit] Main article: School District 33 Chilliwack

Public schools in Chilliwack

School Level Grades

Bernard Elementary Elementary K-6

Central Elementary Community School Elementary K-6

Cheam Elementary Elementary K-6

Cultus Lake Elementary Elementary K-6

East Chilliwack
Chilliwack
Elementary Elementary K-6

Evans Elementary Elementary K-6

F.G. Leary Fine Arts Elementary Elementary K-6

Greendale Community Elementary Elementary K-6

Little Mountain Elementary Elementary K-6

McCammon Traditional Elementary Elementary K-6

Promontory Heights Elementary Elementary K-6

Robertson Elementary Elementary K-6

Rosedale Traditional Community Elementary K-6

Sardis Elementary Elementary K-6

Strathcona Elementary Elementary K-6

Tyson Elementary Elementary K-6

Unsworth Elementary Elementary K-6

Vedder Elementary Elementary K-6

Watson Elementary Elementary K-6

Yarrow Community Elementary Elementary K-6

A.D. Rundle Middle Middle 7-9

Chilliwack
Chilliwack
Middle Middle 7-9

G.W. Graham Middle-Secondary Middle-Secondary 7-12

Mt. Slesse Middle Middle 7-9

Rosedale Traditional Community Middle 7-9

Vedder Middle Middle 7-9

Chilliwack
Chilliwack
Secondary Secondary 10-12

Sardis Secondary Secondary 10-12

CHANCE Alternate Alternative SU

Education Centre Alternative 8-12

Fraser Valley
Fraser Valley
Distance Education Alternative K-12

Shxwetetilthet: Sto:Lo Alternate

The Conseil scolaire francophone de la Colombie-Britannique operates one Francophone school: école La Vérendrye primary school.[23] See also[edit]

British Columbia
British Columbia
portal

Chilliwack
Chilliwack
City Council Chilliwack-Fraser Canyon Chilliwack-Hope Neighbourhoods in Chilliwack Chilliwack
Chilliwack
(band)

References[edit]

^ " Chilliwack
Chilliwack
River". BC Geographical Names.  ^ Chilliwack
Chilliwack
Museum and Archives ^ "History of Chilliwack". gov.chilliwack.bc.ca. City of Chilliwack. Retrieved 9 March 2014.  ^ Carlson, Keith Thor (ed.) (2001). A Stó:lō-Coast Salish Historical Atlas. Vancouver, BC: Douglas & McIntyre. pp. 18–20. ISBN 1-55054-812-3. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) ^ "Community of Villages". chilliwackmuseum.ca. Chilliwack
Chilliwack
Museum and Archives. Retrieved 9 March 2014.  ^ http://www.macleans.ca/society/life/10-reigning-weather-cities/ ^ "Agriculture". chilliwackeconomicpartners.com. Chilliwack
Chilliwack
Economic Partners. Retrieved 9 March 2014.  ^ "Directors' Theatre Festival". UFV.ca. Retrieved 3 March 2014.  ^ http://csopa.ca/csopa-programs/ ^ a b "CMEC Museum". cmedcentre.ca. Chilliwack
Chilliwack
Military Educations Center Museum. Retrieved 9 March 2014.  ^ Chilliwack
Chilliwack
City Hall. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 29 October 2011. ^ " Chilliwack
Chilliwack
Museum and Archives". chilliwackmuseum.ca. Chilliwack Museum and Historical Society. Retrieved 9 March 2014.  ^ Lazaruk, Susan (2011-06-25). "'Moving, simple and beautiful' services held for Betty Fox, 73". Postmedia News. Windsor Star. Retrieved 2011-06-27.  ^ " Chilliwack
Chilliwack
secondary grad from 1990 wins golden Grammy". Black Press. Chiliwack Progress. Retrieved 19 March 2017.  ^ People from Chilliwack, British Columbia. ^ http://www.chilliwacktimes.com/news/408552725.html ^ David Phillips (2010). "WeatherStats: Weather Winners". Environment Canada.  ^ http://www.macleans.ca/society/life/10-reigning-weather-cities/ ^ "Canadian Climate Normals 1981-2010 Station Data". Environment Canada. Retrieved May 26, 2016.  ^ "Local economy". chilliwackeconomicpartners.com. Cepco. Retrieved 9 March 2014.  ^ "Bike lanes". chilliwack.com. City of Chilliwack. Retrieved 9 March 2014.  ^ " Chilliwack
Chilliwack
Train Station". viarail.ca. VIA Rail Canada. Retrieved 9 March 2014.  ^ "Carte des écoles." Conseil scolaire francophone de la Colombie-Britanique. Retrieved on 22 January 2015.

External links[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Chilliwack.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chilliwack, British Columbia.

City of Chilliwack
Chilliwack
- www.chilliwack.com Tourism
Tourism
Chilliwack
Chilliwack
- www.tourismchilliwack.com Chilliwack
Chilliwack
Museum and Archives - www.chilliwackmuseum.ca

Places adjacent to Chilliwack

Deroche, Dewdney District of Kent (Including Agassiz)

Abbotsford

Chilliwack

Hope

Cultus Lake, Whatcom County, USA

v t e

Subdivisions of British Columbia

Subdivisions

Regions Regional districts Forest regions and districts Ministry of Environment regions School districts Land districts Health regions Counties (court system)

Communities

Municipalities Cities District municipalities Indian government districts Island municipalities Mountain resort municipalities Regional municipalities Resort municipalities Towns Villages Ghost towns Indian reserves

Metro areas and agglomerations

Abbotsford–Mission Kelowna Vancouver Victoria Census agglomerations

Cities

Abbotsford Armstrong Burnaby Campbell River Castlegar Chilliwack Colwood Coquitlam Courtenay Cranbrook Dawson Creek Duncan Enderby Fernie Fort St. John Grand Forks Greenwood Kamloops Kelowna Kimberley Kitimat Langford Langley Merritt Nanaimo Nelson New Westminster North Vancouver Parksville Penticton Pitt Meadows Port Alberni Port Coquitlam Port Moody Powell River Prince George Prince Rupert Quesnel Revelstoke Richmond Rossland Salmon Arm Surrey Terrace Trail Vancouver Vernon Victoria White Rock Williams Lake

Category:British Columbia Portal:British Columbia WikiProject:British Columbia

v t e

Neighbourhoods in Chilliwack, British Columbia

North side

Camp River Chilliwack
Chilliwack
Mountain Downtown Chilliwack East Chilliwack Fairfield Island Little Mountain Rosedale Popkum Bridal Falls

South side

Atchelitz Chilliwack River
Chilliwack River
Valley Columbia Valley Cultus Lake Garrison
Garrison
Crossing Greendale Promontory Heights Ryder Lake Sardis Unsworth Vedder Crossing Yarrow

.