Chilliwack /ˈtʃɪləwæk/ is the 7th largest city in British
Columbia, Canada. Historically an agricultural community, most of its
83,788 residents are now city-dwellers.
Chilliwack is the seat of the
Fraser Valley Regional District
Fraser Valley Regional District and its second largest city. This city
is surrounded by mountains and recreational areas such as Cultus Lake
Chilliwack Lake Provincial Parks. It is located 102 kilometres (63
miles) southeast of Vancouver. There are many outdoor activities in
the area, including hiking, horseback riding, biking, camping,
fishing, and golf.
5.1.1 Neighbourhoods on the north side
5.1.2 Neighbourhoods on the south side
6 Arts and culture
6.2 Performing arts
7 Notable people
13 Canadian Forces Base Chilliwack
13.1 Second World War
14.2 Bicycle lanes
14.4 Mass transit
16 See also
18 External links
In Halq'eméylem, the language of the Stó:lō communities around
Chilliwack and Sardis, Tcil'Qe'uk means "valley of many streams".
It also lends its name to the
Chilliwack River, and group of
aboriginal people, the Ts’elxweyeqw. The spelling of Chilliwack
is sometimes a matter of confusion. Prior to the amalgamation of the
Chilliwack and the Municipality of Chilliwhack, there were two
different spellings. Upon amalgamation, the current spelling of the
city was adopted. Anglicized spellings include "Chilliwhyeuk" and
other versions closer to the original Halq'eméylem.
Chilliwack circa 1908 Site of City Hall museum
The archeological record shows evidence of Stó:lō people in the
Fraser Valley, or S'ólh Téméxw, 10,000 years ago. Permanent
structures in the
Chilliwack area date from around 5,000 years ago.
At the time of the first contact with Europeans it is estimated that
there were as many as 40,000 people living within Stó:lō territory.
In 1857, gold was discovered in the Fraser Canyon. By 1859, over
40,000 gold miners had trekked to the goldfields, most travelling
Chilliwack area. By the mid-1860s, several farms had grown
up around the steamboat landings on the
Fraser River called Miller's
Landing, Minto Landing, Sumas Landing and
The Township of
Chilliwack was incorporated in 1873, the third
municipality in British Columbia. Initial settlement was along the
Fraser River at
Chilliwack Landing. Steamboats were the main mode of
transportation, carrying goods and passengers between
New Westminster. After the construction of the Canadian Pacific
Railway in 1885, many residents began to cross the
Fraser River at
Minto Landing to catch the train at Harrison Mills.
With little room for expansion along the river, the commercial area of
the town moved south to the junction of the New Westminster-Yale Wagon
Road, Wellington Avenue and Young Road, called "Five Corners". A large
subdivision called Centreville was built in 1881. The name
"Centreville" was replaced In 1887 by the more popular "Chilliwhack."
The area was incorporated in 1908 as a separate municipality, the City
of Chilliwack. The city and the township co-existed for 72 years. In
1980, they merged to form the District of Chilliwack. The District of
Chilliwack became the City of
Chilliwack in early 1999.
Vedder River Campground near Cultus Lake, located just south of
Chilliwack is located in the Upper Fraser Valley, 100 kilometres
(60 mi) east of
Vancouver on the Trans-
Canada Highway. The city
is bounded on the north by the Fraser River, and on the south by the
United States border.
Chilliwack is surrounded by tall mountain peaks, such as Mount Cheam
and Slesse Mountain, and large rivers (the Fraser and Vedder).
The city, once a small agricultural town, "has become an example of
sprawling suburbia and bad city planning." Efforts to revitalize the
languishing downtown, and to curb the spread of housing subdivisions
into valuable farmland, have proved challenging.
Batholith is a large batholith that forms much of the
North Cascades in southwestern British Columbia,
Canada and the U.S.
state of Washington.
The geological structure is primarily named after the City of
Chilliwack, where it is the most notable geological feature.
Batholith is part of the
Pemberton Volcanic Belt
Pemberton Volcanic Belt and is
the largest mass of exposed intrusive rock in the Cascade Volcanic
Arc. The age of the
Chilliwack batholith ranges from 26 to 29 million
Maclean's reported that, with an average annual temperature
of 10.5 °C,
Chilliwack is the warmest city in Canada.
Bridal Veil Falls near the Village of Popkum
The city is made up of several amalgamated villages and communities.
The urban core has a decidedly north-south axis bisected by the
Canada Highway. The city is bounded in north by the Fraser
River, in the east by the Eastern Hillsides, in the south by the
Canada–US border, and in the west by the Vedder Canal. With 939
farms on approximately 17,322 hectares (42,800 acres) of dedicated
farmland, farming is essential to the city's identity.
Main article: Neighbourhoods in Chilliwack
Neighbourhoods on the north side
Also referred to as "
Chilliwack Proper Village West", the north side
covers the area from the Trans-
Canada Highway in the south, to the
Fraser River in the north, and includes the communities of Camp River,
Chilliwack Mountain, Downtown Chilliwack, East Chilliwack, Fairfield
Island, Rosedale and Popkum. Downtown
Chilliwack is the historical
urban centre of the city. Several cultural attractions, such as the
Chilliwack Cultural Centre and the Eagle Landing
Shopping Centre are located there, as well as key government
buildings, such as city hall, FVRD offices, and the Provincial Court
of British Columbia.
Neighbourhoods on the south side
The south side includes the communities of Atchelitz, Cultus Lake
Park, Greendale, Ryder Lake, Sardis, Promontory Heights, Vedder
Crossing, and Yarrow. Sardis is the urban core of the south side and
is a popular shopping destination.
Bridal Veil Falls Provincial Park
Cheam Wetlands Regional Park
Chilliwack Heritage Park
Chilliwack Lake Provincial Park
Cultus Lake Provincial Park
Great Blue Heron Nature Reserve
Gwynne Vaughn Park
Arts and culture
Front view of the newly constructed City of
Chilliwack City Hall, 1912
Chilliwack is known for its locally-grown corn. From June until
September the farmers take advantage of the sunny weather and produce
up to two crops of corn for both human consumption as well as for
The Book Man used bookstore is the second-largest in the Province of
Chilliwack has an active rock music scene, centering mostly around
young ska and punk rock bands. Bands originating in Chilliwack
include: These Kids Wear Crowns, Mystery Machine, and The Darkest of
the Hillside Thickets.
Chilliwack also has a thriving classical music community, featuring
Chilliwack Symphony Orchestra and the
The drumline from
Sardis Secondary School
Sardis Secondary School played at several venues
2010 Winter Olympics
2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver.
Chilliwack also offers many other community events and classes
throughout the year. The Downtown
Chilliwack Business Improvement
Association hosts free concerts and activities in the downtown core
each Friday evening during the months of July and August, called
"Party in the Park". "Music and More" is another free summer event
that takes place each Wednesday throughout July and August, with kids'
activities at noon and concerts in the evening. This event is
presented by numerous local arts groups working together, and the
Chilliwack Community Arts Council. Another annual event that is a corn
maze, where the public are invited to roam in the farmers' fields when
the crops of corn are at their highest.
Despite their name, the band
Chilliwack actually formed, and is based,
in nearby Vancouver.
Chilliwack Cultural Centre is a performing arts venue located in
downtown Chilliwack. The building is home to the
Guild (the resident theatre company), as well as the Chilliwack
Academy of Music.
The UFV Theatre is a 206-seat thrust stage venue belonging to the
University of the
Fraser Valley (UFV) Theatre Department. UFV produces
three or four mainstage shows each year, as well as the annual
Directors' Festival featuring student directors and performers from
UFV, Capilano University, Thompson Rivers University, University of
Victoria, UBC and Douglas College.
Chilliwack School of Performing Arts provides pre-professional
training in acting, singing and dancing to children ages 3–18 at the
North Campus of the University of the Fraser Valley. The mainstage
show performs a two-week run every January at the
Centre, and a Spring Festival featuring performances from many age
groups at the UFV Theatre in late May. Programs at the Chilliwack
Performing Arts can be registered for at . Many different programs
are available, including a Junior Musical Theatre and Summer Break
Annual events and festivals include:
Chilliwack Bluegrass Festival (ended in 2013)
Christmas Craft Market
Chilliwack Art of Wine Festival
Fraser Valley Culture and Craft Beer Festival
Fraser Valley Women's Expo
Chilliwack Sports Hall of Fame
Canadian Military Education Centre
Chilliwack Museum and Archives, located in the 1912 former city hall
on Spadina Avenue, is a National Historic Site of Canada. The
Chilliwack Museum and Archives are a non-profit organization operated
Chilliwack Museum and Historical Society which began in 1958 by
brothers Oliver and Casey Wells.
See also: Category:People from Chilliwack.
Piper James C. Richardson was awarded the
Victoria Cross for gallantry
at the Battle of the Somme
Former lieutenant-governor, Steven Point, hails from Chilliwack
Rita Steblin, Ph.D., musicologist in
Vancouver and Vienna, Austria
Homer Thompson, Ph.D., classical archaeologist. Grew up in Chilliwack
on a dairy farm.
Wayne Smith, M.Econ, Chief Statistician of Canada
Allan Brooks DSO, Ornithologist and distinguished wildlife artist
Betty Fox, cancer research activist, mother of Terry Fox.
Tony Clarke, activist, who graduated from
Chilliwack Senior Secondary.
Arts and entertainment
Patrick Gallagher, actor from Glee, True Blood and Night At The
Museum. Graduated from
Chilliwack Senior Secondary.
Tasha Tilberg, Covergirl model. Born in
Chilliwack on July 23, 1979.
Appeared on the covers of magazines such as Vogue, Harper's Bazaar and
Jim Vallance, OC, musician, songwriter, composer, arranger and
Bernie Herms, Grammy Award-winning artist
Bria Skonberg, jazz musician, Juno Award winner for Vocal Jazz Album
of the Year in 2017
Dave Archibald, former professional hockey player with the Minnesota
North Stars and Ottawa Senators.
Rick Klassen, former professional football player with the BC Lions
and Saskatchewan Roughriders.
Amber Allen, former professional soccer player with the Vancouver
Jordyn Huitema, soccer player in the
Vancouver Whitecaps system
Jack McGaw, journalist and radio operator.
Diana Swain, television journalist. Graduated from
School in 1983.
William H. Davies QC, Supreme Court Justice and Chair of the Davies
Barry Penner QC, former Attorney General
Chuck Strahl, former member of Parliament and cabinet minister
Dorothy Kostrzewa, first
Chinese-Canadian woman elected to political
office in Canada
Steven Point, OBC, first aboriginal Lieutenant-Governor of British
Allan Fotheringham, columnist. Worked for The
Chilliwack Progress as a
W.P. Kinsella, OC OBC, author of Shoeless Joe, lived in
Gayle Friesen, novelist
Piper James C. Richardson †, recipient of the Victoria Cross
Main article: Media in the Fraser Valley
Chilliwack Progress - British Columbia's oldest community newspaper,
published continuously with the same name in the same community since
Chilliwack Times published its final edition on December 28, 2016.
89.5 The Drive
91.7 CBC Radio One
98.3 Star FM
99.9 CBC Radio Two
102.1 Première Chaine (French)
107.5 Kiss Radio
88.1 Tourist information
106.5 Praise radio
Channel 11 CHAN-TV-1 Global
See also: Category:Sport in Chilliwack.
Chilliwack Crusaders RFC
Yarrow Sports Field
Sports clubs in Chilliwack
British Columbia Hockey League's
Chilliwack Chiefs, play at
Prospera Centre. The team used to be the Quesnel Millionaires. The
franchise was purchased and moved to
Chilliwack by the Chiefs
Development group. They started in the BCHL's Interior Conference for
the 2011/2012 BCHL Season. While the original Junior "A" team, the
Chilliwack Chiefs, plays in Langley, British Columbia, as the Langley
Rivermen (the Chiefs Development Group sold their interest in the
Langley Chiefs but retained the 'Chiefs' name and history). The
Western Hockey League's
Chilliwack Bruins used to play at the Prospera
Centre. The expansion franchise began play in 2006 and ended when the
team was sold at the end of the 2011 season. It became the Victoria
Royals WHL hockey team in 2011.
Community sports include hockey, lacrosse, softball, soccer, football,
baseball, fieldhockey and swimming.
The Canadian Junior Football
Chilliwack Huskers play at Exhibition Stadium.
Chilliwack Turbo Fastball club won the 1997 Canadian Jr. Men's
National Championships. In 2013 the team was an inaugural induction
Chilliwack Sports Hall of Fame.
Chilliwack's minor baseball Cougars were the 2006 Western Canadian
tier 2 champions.
Chilliwack hosted the 2007-2008 Synchronized Skating
Canadian Championships at the Prospera Centre.
Chilliwack Minor Hockey Association was organized in 1958 with the
opening of the
Chilliwack's mild climate with limited extremes provides excellent
growing conditions for a wide variety of crops and agricultural
products. In fact, when averaged from 1981 to 2010,
Chilliwack had the
warmest mean temperature for any city in Canada. The highest
temperature recorded in
Chilliwack was 38.2 °C (100.8 °F)
on July 29, 2009, and the lowest recorded temperature was
−21.7 °C (−7.1 °F) in 1968.
Precipitation falls mostly
as rain, with snow limited to the surrounding mountains, except for
two or three weeks per year generally in December or January. In 2013,
Maclean's reported that, with an average annual temperature of
Chilliwack is the warmest city in Canada.
Chilliwack receives nearly the same number of days of precipitation
(184.6 days at greater than 0.2 mm) as comparable local
Vancouver such as Maple Ridge (185.8 days) and the
City of Mission (186.0 days) (Environment
Canada Statistics). Summers
Chilliwack are usually sunny and warm, with long days (light out
until well after 10pm in June with dusk that lasts for hours) and with
occasionally stretches of heat where temperatures rise above
30 °C (86 °F).
Due to its location at the eastern end of the Fraser Valley, there has
been some debate about preserving Chilliwack's air quality. However,
the 2011 World Health Organization's study of air quality shows that
Chilliwack enjoys air quality among the best in the world. For PM10
(10 µm) size particulates,
Canada averaged third best in the
world (along with Australia) at an average of 13 micrograms per cubic
metre. The City of
Chilliwack and the Greater
District were tied at a low 8.0 MPCM. For smaller particulate of
2.5 µm size (PM2.5), "the City of
Chilliwack averaged 4.9
micrograms per cubic metre.
Vancouver also had 4.9, Calgary had 5.6,
Winnipeg had 5.6, Toronto had 7.9, Montreal had 11.2 and Sarnia had
Climate data for
Record high °C (°F)
Average high °C (°F)
Daily mean °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Record low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Average rainfall mm (inches)
Average snowfall cm (inches)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm)
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm)
(according to Statistics
Canada 2016 census)
Growth Rate (2011–2016): 7.5%
Total Private Dwellings: 34,038
Area: 261.65 km².
Density: 320.2 people per km².
Ethnic origin (2011 census)
% of Total Population
Visible minority population
Other visible minority
Mixed visible minority
Total visible minority population
Not a visible minority
North American Aboriginal origins
First Nations (North American Indian)
Total Aboriginal population
Total population (2011)
Chilliwack is part of the Lower Mainland-Southwest economic region.
Chilliwack’s service and retail sectors account for approximately
50% of GDP. Other growing industries include manufacturing accounting
for 13%, construction at 8% and agriculture and forestry at 5% of
Construction is about 8% of Chilliwack's economy
Est. % of GDP
Agriculture & Forestry
Insurance & Real Estate
Canadian Forces Base Chilliwack
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Main article: CFB Chilliwack
Second World War
CFB Chilliwack was established in 1941 as Camp
Canada's entry into the
Second World War
Second World War in 1939. After the outbreak
Pacific War the camp was expanded to garrison Canadian Army
units for the defense of Canada's West Coast. The base was also a
training facility: 112
Canadian Army Basic Training Centre, and A6
Canadian Engineering Training Centre were housed at
the war's end in 1945.
During the Cold War, the base was used as a permanent training
facility and the garrison for the
Canadian Army units of British
Columbia. The base housed the Royal Canadian School of Military
Engineering, formerly A6 Canadian Engineering Training Centre and 58
Field Engineer Squadron which was transferred from
CFB Esquimalt on
Following the unification of the Canadian forces in 1968, the base was
renamed Canadian Forces Base
Chilliwack (CFB Chilliwack). The base
housed the following units:
Canadian Forces School of Military Engineering (CFSME—formerly Royal
Canadian School of Military Engineering)
Canadian Forces Officer Candidate School (CFOCS) (transferred in 1971
to CFB Chilliwack)
First Combat Engineer Regiment (1CER—formerly 58 Field Engineer
In 1994, the
Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry
Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry 3rd Battalion
(3PPCLI) was transferred from
CFB Esquimalt to CFB Chilliwack, the
last unit to be transferred to the base.
Due to Department of National Defence cutbacks at the end of the Cold
War, the base was closed in 1997. CFOCS was transferred to Area
Support Unit St-Jean in Quebec (ASU St-Jean), CFSME transferred to CFB
Gagetown, 3PPCLI and 1CER were transferred to CFB Edmonton.
CFB Chilliwack became a residential subdivision known as
Garrison Crossing, and its training facilities became the Canada
Education Park, a campus for a number of post-secondary schools. The
Chilcotin Training Area, better known as Area C, is still operational
and is part of Western Area Training Centre (WATC). Area C is used by
Primary Reserves units of
British Columbia for field training and
for the use of its firing ranges. The ASU is also used by Cadets for
field training. The ASU also houses supply depots for the Canadian
Army units of 39 Canadian Brigade Group, and the cadet units of BC.
The old quartermaster warehouse is now the Canadian Military Education
Vancouver International Airport is located about 113 km
(70 mi) from downtown
Chilliwack and has non-stop flights daily
to Asia, Europe, Oceania, the United States, and Mexico, and other
airports within Canada.
Abbotsford International Airport
Abbotsford International Airport is located
about 42 km (26 mi) west of Downtown
Chilliwack and offers
scheduled service to Calgary, Edmonton, Toronto and Victoria, where
passengers can connect to anywhere.
Chilliwack Airport is a small regional airport located in Downtown
Chilliwack. It has 1,219 m (3,999 ft) of paved and lit
runway that includes a parallel taxiway. Approximately 70% of the
estimated 60,000 annual air traffic movements are itinerant traffic
that consists of both pilot training and recreational flights from all
around BC and south of the border.
There are about 175 km (109 mi) of bike lanes throughout the
city with additional lanes being added every year.
Canada Highway at dawn in Chilliwack
A four-lane to six lane expressway from Horseshoe Bay to Hope runs
Chilliwack on the
Lower Mainland section of the Trans-Canada
The Agassiz-Rosedale Highway is a north-south route in the eastern
Chilliwack that acts as the last connection between Highways 1
and 7 eastbound before Hope, and is the main access to the resort
village of Harrison Hot Springs. The highway first opened in 1953,
originally going between Yale Road in Rosedale and Highway 7, with a
ferry across the Fraser River. A bridge replaced the ferry in 1956.
When the section of Highway 1 east of
Chilliwack opened in 1961,
Highway 9 was extended south to a junction with the new Highway 1
alignment, which replaced Yale Road as the main route between
Chilliwack and Hope.
Main article: Chilliwack/Agassiz-Harrison Transit System
Until the railway and road access were built most travel to Chilliwack
was done via paddlewheelers
Chilliwack Transit System consists of a fleet of 9 buses that operate
along regularly scheduled routes throughout the metropolitan area.
Chilliwack railway station
This section is transcluded from
Chilliwack railway station. (edit
Chilliwack Railway Station consists solely of a signpost and paved
low-level platform located on the north side of the CN Railway tracks
at Nowell Street. The station is served by Via Rail's The Canadian
three times per week (two in winter) as a flag stop (48 hours advance
notice required). The station is only served by the westbound
train to Abbotsford and Vancouver. Eastbound trains call at the
Agassiz railway station
Agassiz railway station located on the north side of the Fraser River
on the CP Railway tracks. The reason for the splitting of service is
that between Abbotsford and Kamloops, CN and CP use each other's
tracks for directional running through the
Fraser Canyon on long
stretches of single track.
UFV Campus at
Canada Education Park
Canada Education Park (CEP) is an 86-acre (35 ha) campus in the
Vedder Crossing neighbourhood on the south side of
houses several post-secondary institutions, including the University
of the Fraser Valley, the RCMP Pacific Region Training Centre, and the
Justice Institute of British Columbia.
The University of the
Fraser Valley (UFV) is the largest
post-secondary school in Chilliwack, and the seventh largest in
British Columbia in terms of full-time enrollment. It offers master's
degrees, bachelor's degrees, associate degrees, diplomas, certificates
and citations across a range of programs in fine arts, humanities,
science, social sciences, applied communication, business, nursing, as
well as technical and trade programs. Its campuses are located in
Abbotsford, Chilliwack, Hope and Mission.
Independent schools in Chilliwack
Unity Christian School
John Calvin School
Timothy Christian School
Mount Cheam Christian School
Chilliwack Adventist Christian School
Cascade Christian School
Main article: School District 33 Chilliwack
Public schools in Chilliwack
Central Elementary Community School
Cultus Lake Elementary
F.G. Leary Fine Arts Elementary
Greendale Community Elementary
Little Mountain Elementary
McCammon Traditional Elementary
Promontory Heights Elementary
Rosedale Traditional Community
Yarrow Community Elementary
A.D. Rundle Middle
G.W. Graham Middle-Secondary
Mt. Slesse Middle
Rosedale Traditional Community
Fraser Valley Distance Education
Conseil scolaire francophone de la Colombie-Britannique operates
one Francophone school: école La Vérendrye primary school.
British Columbia portal
Chilliwack City Council
Neighbourhoods in Chilliwack
Chilliwack River". BC Geographical Names.
Chilliwack Museum and Archives
^ "History of Chilliwack". gov.chilliwack.bc.ca. City of Chilliwack.
Retrieved 9 March 2014.
^ Carlson, Keith Thor (ed.) (2001). A Stó:lō-Coast Salish Historical
Atlas. Vancouver, BC: Douglas & McIntyre. pp. 18–20.
ISBN 1-55054-812-3. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list
^ "Community of Villages". chilliwackmuseum.ca.
Chilliwack Museum and
Archives. Retrieved 9 March 2014.
^ "Agriculture". chilliwackeconomicpartners.com.
Partners. Retrieved 9 March 2014.
^ "Directors' Theatre Festival". UFV.ca. Retrieved 3 March 2014.
^ a b "CMEC Museum". cmedcentre.ca.
Chilliwack Military Educations
Center Museum. Retrieved 9 March 2014.
Chilliwack City Hall. Canadian Register of Historic Places.
Retrieved 29 October 2011.
Chilliwack Museum and Archives". chilliwackmuseum.ca. Chilliwack
Museum and Historical Society. Retrieved 9 March 2014.
^ Lazaruk, Susan (2011-06-25). "'Moving, simple and beautiful'
services held for Betty Fox, 73". Postmedia News. Windsor Star.
Chilliwack secondary grad from 1990 wins golden Grammy". Black
Press. Chiliwack Progress. Retrieved 19 March 2017.
^ People from Chilliwack, British Columbia.
^ David Phillips (2010). "WeatherStats: Weather Winners". Environment
^ "Canadian Climate Normals 1981-2010 Station Data". Environment
Canada. Retrieved May 26, 2016.
^ "Local economy". chilliwackeconomicpartners.com. Cepco. Retrieved 9
^ "Bike lanes". chilliwack.com. City of Chilliwack. Retrieved 9 March
Chilliwack Train Station". viarail.ca. VIA Rail Canada. Retrieved 9
^ "Carte des écoles." Conseil scolaire francophone de la
Colombie-Britanique. Retrieved on 22 January 2015.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Chilliwack.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chilliwack, British Columbia.
Chilliwack - www.chilliwack.com
Chilliwack - www.tourismchilliwack.com
Chilliwack Museum and Archives - www.chilliwackmuseum.ca
Places adjacent to Chilliwack
District of Kent
Cultus Lake, Whatcom County, USA
Subdivisions of British Columbia
Forest regions and districts
Ministry of Environment regions
Counties (court system)
Indian government districts
Mountain resort municipalities
Metro areas and
Fort St. John
Neighbourhoods in Chilliwack, British Columbia
Chilliwack River Valley