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Childebert II
Childebert II
(570–595) was the Merovingian
Merovingian
king of Austrasia, which included Provence
Provence
at the time, from 575 until his death in 595, the eldest and succeeding son of Sigebert I, and the king of Burgundy from 592 to his death, as the adopted and succeeding son of his uncle Guntram. Childhood[edit] When his father was assassinated in 575,[1] Childebert was taken from Paris
Paris
by Gundobald, one of his faithful lords, to Metz
Metz
(the Austrasian capital), where he was recognized as sovereign. He was then only five years old, and during his long minority the power was disputed between his mother Brunhilda and the nobles. Chilperic I, king at Paris, and the Burgundian king Guntram, sought an alliance with Childebert, who was adopted by both in turn.[2] Because Guntram
Guntram
was lord of half of Marseille, the district of Provence
Provence
became a centre of a brief dispute between the two. Guntram
Guntram
allied with Dynamius of Provence, who instigated the canons of the Diocese of Uzès
Diocese of Uzès
to elect their deacon Marcela, as bishop in opposition to their already-elected bishop Jovinus, a former governor of Provence. While Jovinus and Theodore, Bishop of Marseille, were travelling to the court of Childebert, Guntram
Guntram
had them arrested. Dynamius, meanwhile, blocked Gundulf, a duke of an important senatorial family and Childebert's former domesticus, from entering Marseille
Marseille
on behalf of Childebert. Eventually he was forced to yield, though he later arrested Theodore again and had him sent to Guntram. Childebert replaced him in Provence
Provence
by Nicetius (585). Despite his revolt, Childebert formally restored Dynamius to favour on 28 November 587. Heir, king and war leader[edit] But with the assassination of Chilperic in 584 and the dangers occasioned to the Frankish monarchy by the expedition of Gundoald in 585, Childebert threw himself unreservedly into the arms of Guntram. By the Treaty of Andelot
Treaty of Andelot
of 587, Childebert was recognised as Guntram's heir, and with his uncle's help he quelled the revolts of the nobles and succeeded in seizing the castle of Woëwre. Many attempts were made on his life by Fredegund, wife of Chilperic, who was anxious to secure Guntram's inheritance for her son Clotaire II. On the death of Guntram
Guntram
in 592, Childebert annexed the kingdom of Burgundy, and even contemplated seizing Clotaire's estates and becoming sole king of the Franks. He died, however, in 595. Childebert II had relations with the Byzantine Empire, and fought on several occasions in the name of the Emperor Maurice, against the Lombards
Lombards
in Italy, with limited success.[3] He had two sons: the older being Theudebert II
Theudebert II
who inherited Austrasia with its capital at Metz, and the younger being Theuderic II who received Guntram's former kingdom of Burgundy, with its capital at Orléans. References[edit]

^ Merovingian
Merovingian
Gaul and the Frankish conquests, Raymond Van Dam, The New Cambridge Medieval History: Volume 1, C.500-c.700, ed. Paul Fouracre, Rosamond Mac Kitterick, (Cambridge University Press, 2005), 204. ^ Merovingian
Merovingian
Gaul and the Frankish conquests, Raymond Van Dam, The New Cambridge Medieval History: Volume 1, C.500-c.700, 204. ^ Ian Wood, The Merovingian
Merovingian
Kingdoms, (Longman, 1994), 167-168.

Childebert II Merovingian
Merovingian
Dynasty Born: 570 Died: 595

Preceded by Sigebert I King of Austrasia 575–595 Succeeded by Theudebert II

Preceded by Guntram King of Burgundy 592–595 Succeeded by Theuderic II

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v t e

Merovingian dynasty
Merovingian dynasty
(400–755 AD)

Childeric I
Childeric I
(457–481) Clovis I
Clovis I
(481–511) Childebert I
Childebert I
(511–558) Chlodomer
Chlodomer
(511–524) Theuderic I (511–533) Theudebert I
Theudebert I
(533–548) Theudebald
Theudebald
(548–555) Chlothar I
Chlothar I
the Old (511–561) Charibert I
Charibert I
(561–567) Guntram
Guntram
(561–592) Sigebert I
Sigebert I
(561–575) Childebert II
Childebert II
(575–595) Theudebert II
Theudebert II
(595–612) Theuderic II (612–613) Sigebert II
Sigebert II
(613) Chilperic I
Chilperic I
(561–584) Chlothar II
Chlothar II
the Great (584–623) Dagobert I
Dagobert I
(623–634) Charibert II
Charibert II
(629–632) Chilperic (632) Sigebert III
Sigebert III
(634–656) Childebert the Adopted
Childebert the Adopted
(656–661) Clovis II
Clovis II
(639–657) Chlothar III
Chlothar III
(657–673) Childeric II
Childeric II
(662–675) Theuderic III
Theuderic III
(675–691) Dagobert II
Dagobert II
(675–679) Clovis IV
Clovis IV
(691–695) Childebert III
Childebert III
the Just (695–711) Dagobert III
Dagobert III
(711–715) Chilperic II
Chilperic II
(715–721) Chlothar IV
Chlothar IV
(717–720) Theuderic IV
Theuderic IV
(721–737) Childeric III
Childeric III
(743–751)

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Christian Pfister (1911). "Childebert". In Chisholm, Hugh. Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 22528

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