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Childebert I
Childebert I
(c. 496 – 13 December 558) was a Frankish King
King
of the Merovingian
Merovingian
dynasty, as third of the four sons of Clovis I
Clovis I
who shared the kingdom of the Franks
Franks
upon their father's death in 511. He was one of the sons of Saint Clotilda, born at Reims. He reigned as King
King
of Paris
Paris
from 511 to 558 and Orléans
Orléans
from 524 to 558.

Contents

1 Biography 2 Ancestry 3 Notes 4 Sources

Biography[edit]

The division of the lands of Gaul to the sons of Clovis I
Clovis I
upon his death in 511.

In the partition of the realm, Childebert received as his share the town of Paris, the country to the north as far as the river Somme, to the west as far as the English Channel, and the Armorican peninsula (modern Brittany). His brothers ruled in different lands: Theuderic I in Metz, Chlodomer
Chlodomer
in Orléans, and Clothar I
Clothar I
in Soissons. In 523, Childebert participated with his brothers in a war against Godomar of Burgundy. Chlodomer
Chlodomer
died in the Battle of Vézeronce (524). Thereafter, concerned that the three sons of Chlodomer
Chlodomer
would inherit the kingdom of Orléans, Clothar conspired with Childebert to oust them. They sent a representative to their mother Clotilde, who as the queen mother had authority as the head of the family line. The representative presented a pair of scissors and a sword, offering her the choice to shear the three young boys, thereby depriving them of the long hair considered a symbol of royal power, or to have them killed. She famously replied, "It is better for me to see them dead rather than shorn, if they are not raised to the kingship".[1] After the murder of Chlodomer's two elder children—the third, Clodoald, escaping to a monastic life—Childebert annexed the cities of Chartres
Chartres
and Orléans. He took part in later various expeditions against the kingdom of Burgundy. He besieged Autun
Autun
in 532 and, in 534, having conquered the kingdom along with his brother Clothar and Theuderic's son Theudebert I, received as his share of the spoils of that kingdom the towns of Mâcon, Geneva, and Lyons. When Witiges, the king of the Ostrogoths, ceded Provence
Provence
to the Franks
Franks
in 535, the possession of Arles
Arles
and Marseilles
Marseilles
was guaranteed to Childebert by his brothers. The annexation of that province was completed, with Clotaire's help, in the winter of 536–537. In 531, he received pleas from his sister Chrotilda, wife of King Amalaric
Amalaric
of the Visigoths. The Arian king of Hispania, Chrotilda claimed, was grossly mistreating her, a Catholic. Childebert went down with an army and defeated the Gothic king. Amalaric
Amalaric
retreated to Barcelona, where he was assassinated. Chrotilda died on her return journey to Paris
Paris
of unknown causes. Childebert made other expeditions against the Visigoths. In 542, he took possession of Pamplona
Pamplona
with the help of his brother Clotaire and besieged Zaragoza, but was forced to retreat. From this expedition he brought back to Paris
Paris
a precious relic, the tunic of Saint Vincent, in honour of which he built at the gates of Paris
Paris
the famous monastery of Sainte-Croix-et-Saint-Vincent, known later as St-Germain-des-Prés. He died on 13 December 558, and was buried in the abbey he had founded, where his tomb has been discovered.[2] St-Germain-des-Prés became the royal necropolis for the Neustrian kings until 675.[3] He left no sons, only two daughters, Chrodoberge and Chrodesinde, by his wife Ultragotha. Childebert was an acquisitive monarch. He expanded his domains in more foreign wars than any of his brothers, fighting in Burgundy (more than once), Spain (more than once), Provence, and elsewhere in Gaul. Gregory of Tours, a contemporary Neustrian, cites Childebert as saying: "Velim unquam Arvernam Lemanem quae tantae jocunditatis gratia refulgere dicitur, oculis cernere" ("Would that I could set eyes on the Auvergne Limagne, which is spoken of so highly"). Childbert was also one of the more religious of the sons of Clovis, cooperating with his brothers, rescuing his sister, and constructing the famous monastery of Saint Vincent to house his relics. Ancestry[edit]

Ancestors of Childebert I

16. Clodio
Clodio
(hypothetical)

8. Merovech
Merovech
(hypothetical)

17. Basine

4. Childeric I

2. Clovis I

10. Basin, King
King
of the Thuringii

5. Basina of Thuringia

11. Basina, a Saxon princess

1. Childebert I

24. Gundahar, King
King
of the Burgundians

12. Gondioc, King
King
of the Burgundians

6. Chilperic II, King
King
of the Burgundians

26. Rechila, Suevic King
King
of Galicia

13. The sister of Ricimer
Ricimer
(hypothetical)

3. Clotilde
Clotilde
of the Burgundians

Notes[edit]

^ Grégoire de Tours, Histoire, livre III, 18."online at Fordham University".  ^ See "Nouveaux documents sur le tombeau de Childebert a Saint-Germain-des-Prés" in the Bulletin de la Société des Antiquaires, 1887. ^ Patrick Périn, in Médiévales, 31, 1996, pp.29-36

Sources[edit]

Wikisource
Wikisource
has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Childebert.

Gregory of Tours. The History of the Franks. 2 vol. trans. O. M. Dalton. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1967. Geary, Patrick J. Before France and Germany. Oxford University Press: 1988.

Childebert I Merovingian
Merovingian
Dynasty Born: 496 Died: 558

Preceded by Clovis I King
King
of Paris 511–558 Succeeded by Clotaire I

v t e

Merovingian dynasty
Merovingian dynasty
(400–755 AD)

Childeric I
Childeric I
(457–481) Clovis I
Clovis I
(481–511) Childebert I
Childebert I
(511–558) Chlodomer
Chlodomer
(511–524) Theuderic I (511–533) Theudebert I
Theudebert I
(533–548) Theudebald
Theudebald
(548–555) Chlothar I
Chlothar I
the Old (511–561) Charibert I
Charibert I
(561–567) Guntram
Guntram
(561–592) Sigebert I
Sigebert I
(561–575) Childebert II
Childebert II
(575–595) Theudebert II
Theudebert II
(595–612) Theuderic II (612–613) Sigebert II
Sigebert II
(613) Chilperic I
Chilperic I
(561–584) Chlothar II
Chlothar II
the Great (584–623) Dagobert I
Dagobert I
(623–634) Charibert II
Charibert II
(629–632) Chilperic (632) Sigebert III
Sigebert III
(634–656) Childebert the Adopted
Childebert the Adopted
(656–661) Clovis II
Clovis II
(639–657) Chlothar III
Chlothar III
(657–673) Childeric II
Childeric II
(662–675) Theuderic III
Theuderic III
(675–691) Dagobert II
Dagobert II
(675–679) Clovis IV
Clovis IV
(691–695) Childebert III
Childebert III
the Just (695–711) Dagobert III
Dagobert III
(711–715) Chilperic II
Chilperic II
(715–721) Chlothar IV
Chlothar IV
(717–720) Theuderic IV
Theuderic IV
(721–737) Childeric III
Childeric III
(743–751)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 267206175 ISNI: 0000 0003 8301 3319 GND: 10242716X BNF:

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