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See also: Child Labour

Child Labour in Botswana is defined as the exploitation of children through any form of work which is harmful to their physical, mental, social and moral development.[1] Child Labour in Botswana is characterised by the type of forced work at an associated age, as a result of reasons such as poverty and household-resource allocations.[2] The United States Department of Labour states that due to the gaps in the national frameworks, scarce economy, and lack of initiatives, “children in Botswana engage in the worst forms of child labour”.[3] The International Labour Organization is a body of the United Nations which engages to develop labour policies and promote social justice issues.[4] The International Labour Organization (ILO) in convention 138 states the minimum required age for employment to act as the method for "effective abolition of child labour" through establishing minimum age requirements and policies for countries when ratified.[5] Botswana ratified the Minimum Age Convention in 1995, establishing a national policy allowing children at least fourteen-years old to work in specified conditions. Botswana further ratified the ILO's Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, convention 182, in 2000.[5]

The ILO’s International Programme on the Elimination of Child Labour (IPEC) funded the country in regard to the Towards the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour programme (TECL) in Botswana. In 2004 the Programme Advisory Committee on Child Labour (PACC) was founded to overlook the Towards the Elimination of the Worst Forms of Child Labour (TECL) in Botswana .[6] Some studies have argumentative stances upon the dealing of child labour in Botswana. As stated by Eva Procek in her 2006 Discussion document on Child Labour in Botswana "explicit time-bound strategies to address child labour and worst forms of child labour specifically have not been developed".[6]

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