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The Info List - Chief Justice Of India



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The CHIEF JUSTICE OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDIA is the head of the judiciary of India and the Supreme Court of India . The CJI also heads their administrative functions.

As head of the supreme court, the chief justice is responsible for the allocation of cases and appointment of constitutional benches which deal with important matters of law. In accordance with Article 145 of the Constitution of India and the Supreme Court Rules of Procedure of 1966, the Chief Justice allocates all work to the other judges who are bound to refer the matter back to him or her (for re-allocation) in any case where they require it to be looked into by a larger bench of more judges.

On the administrative side, the Chief Justice carries out the following functions: maintenance of the roster; appointment of court officials and general and miscellaneous matters relating to the supervision and functioning of the Supreme Court.

It has been an unbroken convention for decades now, to appoint the senior-most judge of the supreme court as the CJI.

The present CJI is Justice Jagdish Singh Khehar and is the 44th CJI since January 1950, the year the constitution came into effect and the supreme court came into being. He succeeded Justice T. S. Thakur on 4 January 2017 and will remain in office till 28 August 2017, the day he completes 65 years of age.

CONTENTS

* 1 Appointment * 2 Removal * 3 Acting President * 4 List of Chief Justices of India * 5 Remuneration * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 External links

APPOINTMENT

Article 124 of the Constitution of India provides for the manner of appointing judges to the Supreme Court. Though no specific provision exists in the Constitution for appointing the Chief Justice, who, as a result, is appointed like the other judges conventionally, the outgoing CJI recommends the name of the senior-most judge (i.e. by date of appointment to the Supreme Court) for appointment by the President of India , as his successor.

However, this convention has been breached on a few occasions, when during the tenure of prime minister Indira Gandhi, she got Justice A.N. Ray appointed as CJI, superseding three judges senior to him allegedly because he had favoured her government, and when Justice H. R. Khanna was overlooked for the post for upholding the constitution as superior to her government's acts and for curtailing her powers which she had arrogated to herself during the Emergency , a time when her government was becoming increasingly mired in a political and constitutional crisis. The Oath of Office is presided by the President.

REMOVAL

Article 124(4) of Constitution of India lays down the procedure for removal of a Judge of Supreme Court which is applicable to Chief Justice as well. Once appointed, the Chief Justice remains in office until the age of 65 years. He can be removed only through a process of impeachment by Parliament as follows:

A Judge of the Supreme Court shall not be removed from his office except by an order of the President passed after an address by each House of Parliament supported by a majority of the total membership of that House and by a majority of not less than two-thirds of the members of that House present and voting has been presented to the President in the same session for such removal on the ground of proved misbehaviour or incapacity. — Article 124(4), Constitution of India, Source:

ACTING PRESIDENT

The President (Discharge of Functions) Act, 1969 of India provides that the Chief Justice of India (CJI) shall act as the President of India in the event of the offices of both the President and the Vice President being vacant. When President Zakir Hussain died in office, the Vice President V. V. Giri , acted as the President. Later, Mr. Giri resigned as the Vice President. The CJI, Justice Mohammad Hidayatullah then became the acting President of India. The senior-most judge of the Supreme Court became the acting CJI. When the newly elected President took office a month later, Justice Hidayatullah reverted as the Chief Justice of India,

LIST OF CHIEF JUSTICES OF INDIA

NUMBER NAME PERIOD OF OFFICE LENGTH OF TERM (DAYS) BAR APPOINTED BY

1 H. J. Kania 000000001950-01-26-000026 January 1950 000000001951-11-06-00006 November 1951‡‡ 649 Bombay High Court Rajendra Prasad

2 M. Patanjali Sastri 000000001951-11-07-00007 November 1951 000000001954-01-03-00003 January 1954 788 Madras High Court

3 Mehr Chand Mahajan 000000001954-01-04-00004 January 1954 000000001954-12-22-000022 December 1954 352 East Punjab High Court

4 Bijan Kumar Mukherjea 000000001954-12-23-000023 December 1954 000000001956-01-31-000031 January 1956‡ 404 Calcutta High Court

5 Sudhi Ranjan Das 000000001956-02-01-00001 February 1956 000000001959-09-30-000030 September 1959 1337 Calcutta High Court

6 Bhuvaneshwar Prasad Sinha 000000001959-10-01-00001 October 1959 000000001964-01-31-000031 January 1964 1583 Patna High Court

7 Prahlad Balacharya Gajendragadkar 000000001964-02-01-00001 February 1964 000000001966-03-15-000015 March 1966 773 Bombay High Court Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan

8 Amal Kumar Sarkar 000000001966-03-16-000016 March 1966 000000001966-06-29-000029 June 1966 105 Calcutta High Court

9 Koka Subba Rao 000000001966-06-30-000030 June 1966 000000001967-04-11-000011 April 1967‡ 285 Madras High Court

10 Kailas Nath Wanchoo 000000001967-04-12-000012 April 1967 000000001968-02-24-000024 February 1968 318 Allahabad High Court

11 Mohammad Hidayatullah 000000001968-02-25-000025 February 1968 000000001970-12-16-000016 December 1970 1025 Bombay High Court Zakir Hussain

12 Jayantilal Chhotalal Shah 000000001970-12-17-000017 December 1970 000000001971-01-21-000021 January 1971 35 Bombay High Court Varahagiri Venkata Giri

13 Sarv Mittra Sikri 000000001971-01-22-000022 Jan 1971 000000001973-04-25-000025 April 1973 824 Lahore High Court

14 Ajit Nath Ray 000000001973-04-26-000026 April 1973 000000001977-01-27-000027 January 1977 1372 Calcutta High Court

15 Mirza Hameedullah Beg 000000001977-01-28-000028 January 1977 000000001978-02-21-000021 February 1978 389 Allahabad High Court Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed

16 Yeshwant Vishnu Chandrachud 000000001978-02-22-000022 February 1978 000000001985-07-11-000011 July 1985 2696 Bombay High Court Neelam Sanjiva Reddy

17 Prafullachandra Natwarlal Bhagwati 000000001985-07-12-000012 July 1985 000000001986-12-20-000020 December 1986 526 Gujarat High Court Gyani Zail Singh

18 Raghunandan Swarup Pathak 000000001986-12-21-000021 December 1986 000000001989-06-18-000018 June 1989‡ 940 Allahabad High Court

19 Engalaguppe Seetharamiah Venkataramiah 000000001989-06-19-000019 June 1989 000000001989-12-17-000017 December 1989 181 Karnataka High Court Ramaswamy Venkataraman

20 Sabyasachi Mukharji 000000001989-12-18-000018 December 1989 000000001990-09-25-000025 September 1990‡‡ 281 Calcutta High Court

21 Ranganath Misra 000000001990-09-26-000026 September 1990 000000001991-11-24-000024 November 1991 424 Orissa High Court

22 Kamal Narain Singh 000000001991-11-25-000025 November 1991 000000001991-12-12-000012 December 1991 17 Allahabad High Court

23 Madhukar Hiralal Kania 000000001991-12-13-000013 December 1991 000000001992-11-17-000017 November 1992 340 Bombay High Court

24 Lalit Mohan Sharma 000000001992-11-18-000018 November 1992 000000001993-02-11-000011 February 1993 85 Patna High Court Shankar Dayal Sharma

25 Manepalli Narayana Rao Venkatachaliah 000000001993-02-12-000012 February 1993 000000001994-10-24-000024 October 1994 619 Karnataka High Court

26 Aziz Mushabber Ahmadi 000000001994-10-25-000025 October 1994 000000001997-03-24-000024 March 1997 881 Gujarat High Court

27 Jagdish Sharan Verma 000000001997-03-25-000025 March 1997 000000001998-01-17-000017 January 1998 298 Madhya Pradesh High Court

28 Madan Mohan Punchhi 000000001998-01-18-000018 January 1998 000000001998-10-09-00009 October 1998 264 Punjab and Haryana High Court Kocheril Raman Narayanan

29 Adarsh Sein Anand 000000001998-10-10-000010 October 1998 000000002001-01-11-000011 January 2001 824 Jammu and Kashmir High Court

30 Sam Piroj Bharucha 000000002001-01-11-000011 January 2001 000000002002-05-06-00006 May 2002 480 Bombay High Court

31 Bhupinder Nath Kirpal 000000002002-05-06-00006 May 2002 000000002002-11-08-00008 November 2002 186 Delhi High Court

32 Gopal Ballav Pattanaik 000000002002-11-08-00008 November 2002 000000002002-12-19-000019 December 2002 41 Orissa High Court A. P. J. Abdul Kalam

33 V. N. Khare 000000002002-12-19-000019 Dec 2002 000000002004-05-02-00002 May 2004 500 Allahabad High Court

34 S. Rajendra Babu 000000002004-05-02-00002 May 2004 000000002004-06-01-00001 June 2004 30 Karnataka High Court

35 Ramesh Chandra Lahoti 000000002004-06-01-00001 June 2004 000000002005-11-01-00001 November 2005 518 Madhya Pradesh High Court

36 Yogesh Kumar Sabharwal 000000002005-11-01-00001 November 2005 000000002007-01-13-000013 January 2007 438 Delhi High Court

37 K. G. Balakrishnan 000000002007-01-13-000013 January 2007 000000002010-05-11-000011 May 2010 1214 Kerala High Court

38 S. H. Kapadia 000000002010-05-12-000012 May 2010 000000002012-09-28-000028 Sep 2012 870 Bombay High Court Pratibha Patil

39 Altamas Kabir 000000002012-09-29-000029 September 2012 000000002013-07-18-000018 July 2013 292 Calcutta High Court Pranab Mukherjee

40 P. Sathasivam 000000002013-07-19-000019 July 2013 000000002014-04-26-000026 April 2014 281 Madras High Court

41 Rajendra Mal Lodha 000000002014-04-27-000027 April 2014 000000002014-09-27-000027 September 2014 153 Rajasthan High Court

42 H. L. Dattu 000000002014-09-28-000028 September 2014 000000002015-12-02-00002 December 2015 430 Karnataka High Court

43 T. S. Thakur 000000002015-12-03-00003 December 2015 000000002017-01-03-00003 January 2017 397 Jammu and Kashmir High Court

44 J. S. Khehar 000000002017-01-04-00004 January 2017 Incumbent 200 Punjab and Haryana High Court

* ‡ -Date of Resignation * ‡‡ - Date of Death

REMUNERATION

The Constitution of India gives the power of deciding remuneration as well as other conditions of service of the Chief Justice to the Parliament of India . Accordingly, such provisions have been laid down in _The Supreme Court Judges (Salaries and Conditions of Service) Act, 1958_. This remuneration was revised in 2006-2008, after the sixth central pay commission's recommendation.

SEE ALSO

* List of Chief Justices of India

REFERENCES

* ^ " Supreme Court of India - CJI & Sitting Judges". Retrieved 4 July 2015. * ^ " Supreme Court of India Retired Hon\'ble the Chief Justices\' of India". Retrieved 4 July 2015. * ^ Narasimham, R L, Justice (CJ, Orissa H. C.). "Chief Justice Sinha - A Review of Some of His Decisions (page 5 of 8)" (PDF). _Indian Law Institute_. * ^ Saxena, Namit (23 December 2016). "New Captain Of The Ship, Change In Sailing Rules Soon?". _Live Law_. Retrieved 24 December 2016. * ^ Alok (26 November 2010). "How India missed getting its first woman Chief Justice India". _Critical Twenties_. Retrieved 4 September 2016. * ^ _A_ _B_ "Article 124, Constitution of India". Vakilno1.com. Archived from the original on 26 December 2010. Retrieved 11 October 2012. * ^ Venkatesan, J. (4 November 2015). "TS Thakur to succeed HL Dattu as new Chief Justice of India". _Asian Age_. Retrieved 5 November 2015. * ^ "Seniority as the Norm to Appoint India\'s Chief Justice is a Dubious Convention". The WIre. Retrieved 24 December 2016. * ^ http://www.lexsite.com/services/network/scba/history.shtml * ^ Also served as Acting President of India and Vice-President of India . * ^ " Supreme Court of India - LIST OF RETIRED HON\'BLE CHIEF JUSTICES". _supremecourtofindia.nic.in_. Retrieved 14 January 2017. * ^ "The High Court and Supreme Court Judges Salaries and Conditions of Service Amendment Bill 2008" (PDF). PRS India. * ^ "Supreme Court Judges (Salaries and Conditions of Service) Act 1958" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 January 2011. Retrieved 23 July 2012. * ^ http://www.prsindia.org/uploads/media/vikas_doc/docs/1241592662~~1230018357_The_High_Court_and_Supreme_Court_Judges__Salaries_and_Conditions_of_Service__Amendment_Bill__2008.pdf

EXTERNAL LINKS

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