Chichele Professorship
   HOME

TheInfoList



OR:

The Chichele Professorships are
statutory A statute is a formal written enactment of a legislative A legislature is an deliberative assembly, assembly with the authority to make laws for a Polity, political entity such as a Sovereign state, country or city. They are often contraste ...
professorship Professor (commonly abbreviated as Prof.) is an Academy, academic rank at university, universities and other post-secondary education and research institutions in most countries. Literally, ''professor'' derives from Latin as a "person who pr ...
s at the
University of Oxford The University of Oxford is a collegiate university, collegiate research university in Oxford, England. There is evidence of teaching as early as 1096, making it the oldest university in the English-speaking world and the List of oldest universit ...
named in honour of
Henry Chichele Henry Chichele ( , also Checheley; – 12 April 1443) was Archbishop of Canterbury The Archbishop of Canterbury is the senior bishop A bishop is an ordained clergy member who is entrusted with a position of Episcopal polity, authorit ...
(also spelt Chicheley or Checheley, although the spelling of the academic position is consistently "Chichele"), an
Archbishop of Canterbury The Archbishop of Canterbury is the senior bishop A bishop is an ordained clergy member who is entrusted with a position of Episcopal polity, authority and oversight in a religious institution. In Christianity, bishops are normally resp ...
and founder of
All Souls College, Oxford All Souls College (official name: College of the Souls of All the Faithful Departed) is a Colleges of the University of Oxford, constituent college of the University of Oxford in England. Unique to All Souls, all of its members automatically b ...
.
Fellow A fellow is a concept whose exact meaning depends on context. In learned or professional A professional is a member of a profession or any person who works in a specified professional activity. The term also describes the standards of educ ...
ship of that college has accompanied the award of a Chichele
chair A chair is a type of seat, typically designed for one person and consisting of one or more legs, a flat or slightly angled seat and a back-rest. They may be made of wood, metal, or synthetic materials, and may be padded or Upholstery, upholste ...
since 1870. Following the work of the 1850 Commission to examine the organization of the university, All Souls College suppressed ten of its fellowships to create the funds to establish the first two Chichele professorships: The Chichele Professor of International Law and Diplomacy, established in 1859 and first held by Mountague Bernard, and the Chichele Professor of Modern History, first held by Montagu Burrows. The military history chair was originally established in 1909 as the Chichele Professorship of Military History. In 1923, the History Faculty Board first recommended that the name of the chair be changed to the history of war, but this recommendation was not implemented until 1946. Probably the best known former Chichele Professor is
Sir Isaiah Berlin Sir Isaiah Berlin (6 June 1909 – 5 November 1997) was a Russian-British social and political theorist, philosopher, and historian of ideas. Although he became increasingly averse to writing for publication, his improvised lectures and talks ...
. Perhaps the best known former professor of the history of war was Cyril Falls.


Professorships

There are currently Chichele Professorships in five different subjects: * Chichele Professor of Economic History, established 1931 * Chichele Professor of the History of War, established 1909 * Chichele Professor of Public International Law, established 1859 * Chichele Professor of Social and Political Theory, established 1944 * Chichele Professor of Medieval History, established 1862 as Modern History renamed in 1984


Holders


Economic history

*
George Norman Clark Sir George Norman Clark, (27 February 1890 – 6 February 1979) was an English historian, academic and British Army The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain a ...
, 1931 * W. K. Hancock, 1944 *
John Habakkuk Sir Hrothgar John Habakkuk (13 May 1915 – 3 November 2002) was a British economic historian. Biography Habakkuk was born in Barry, Vale of Glamorgan The Vale of Glamorgan ( cy, Bro Morgannwg ), often referred to as The Vale, is a Loca ...
, 1950–1967 *
Peter Mathias Peter Mathias, (10 January 1928 – 1 March 2016) was a British economic historian and the former Chichele Professor of Economic History at the University of Oxford. His research focused on the history of industry, Business history, business, ...
, 1969–1987 *
Charles Feinstein Charles Hilliard Feinstein, Fellow of the British Academy, FBA (18 March 1932 – 27 November 2004) was a noted South African and British economic historian. He was born in Johannesburg, received his early education at Parktown Boys' High School a ...
, 1989– * Avner Offer, 2000–2011 * Kevin O'Rourke, 2011–2019 *
Sheilagh Ogilvie Sheilagh Catheren Ogilvie, FBA (born 7 October 1958) is a Canadian historian, economist, and academic, specialising in economic history Economic history is the academic learning of Economy, economies or economic events of the past. Research is ...
, 2020–


History of war

#
Spenser Wilkinson Henry Spenser Wilkinson (1 May 1853 in Hulme, Manchester – 31 January 1937 in Oxford) was the first Chichele Professor of Military History at Oxford University. While he was an English writer known primarily for his work on military subjects, he ...
, 1909–1923 # Sir Ernest Swinton, 1925–1939 The Chair was vacant from 1939 to 1943 and suspended between 1943 and 1946, when it was renamed from ''of Military History'' # Cyril Falls, 1946–1953 # N. H. Gibbs, 1953–1977 #
Michael Howard Michael Howard, Baron Howard of Lympne (born Michael Hecht; 7 July 1941) is a British politician who served as Leader of the Conservative Party (UK), Leader of the Conservative Party and Leader of the Opposition (United Kingdom), Leader of the ...
, 1977–1980 # Robert O'Neill, 1987–2000 # Sir Hew Strachan, 2001–2015 # Peter H. Wilson, 2015–present


Public international law

* Mountague Bernard, 1859–1870 *
Thomas Erskine Holland Sir Thomas Erskine Holland King's Counsel, KC, Fellow of the British Academy, FBA (17 July 183524 May 1926) was a British jurist. After school at Brighton College and studies at university of Oxford, Oxford, he practiced law as a barrister from ...
, 1874– * Sir Henry Erle Richards, 1911– *
James Leslie Brierly __NOTOC__ James Leslie Brierly (9 September 188120 December 1955) was an English scholar of international law. James Leslie Brierly was born on 9 September 1881 in Huddersfield to Emily Sykes and Sydney Herbert Brierly. Brierly taught at the Un ...
, 1922– * Sir Humphrey Waldock, 1947– * D. P. O'Connell, 1972–1979 *
Ian Brownlie Sir Ian Brownlie (19 September 1932, Liverpool – 3 January 2010, Cairo) was a British barrister and academic, specialising in international law. He was Chichele Professor of Public International Law from 1980 to 1999. Early life and educ ...
, 1980–1999 * Vaughan Lowe, 1999–2012 * Catherine Redgwell, 2012–


Social and political theory

* G. D. H. Cole, 1944–1957 *
Sir Isaiah Berlin Sir Isaiah Berlin (6 June 1909 – 5 November 1997) was a Russian-British social and political theorist, philosopher, and historian of ideas. Although he became increasingly averse to writing for publication, his improvised lectures and talks ...
, 1957–1967 * John Plamenatz, 1967–1975 * Charles Taylor, 1976–1981 * G. A. Cohen, 1985–2008 *
Jeremy Waldron Jeremy Waldron (; born 13 October 1953) is a New Zealand New Zealand ( mi, Aotearoa ) is an island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. It consists of two main landmasses—the North Island () and the South Island ()—and over 700 ...
, 2010–2014 * Amia Srinivasan, 2020–


Modern history

* Montagu Burrows, 1862–1905 * Sir Charles Oman, 1905–1946 *
Keith Feiling Sir Keith Grahame Feiling (7 September 1884 – 16 September 1977) was a British historian, biographer and academic. He was Chichele Professor of Modern History at the University of Oxford, 1946–1950. He was noted for his conservative interpret ...
, 1946–1950 * E. F. Jacob, 1950–1961 * R. W. Southern, 1961–1969 *
Geoffrey Barraclough Geoffrey Barraclough (10 May 1908, Bradford Bradford is a city status in the United Kingdom, city and the administrative centre of the City of Bradford district in West Yorkshire, England. The city is in the Pennines' eastern foothills o ...
, 1970–1973 *
J. M. Wallace-Hadrill John Michael Wallace-Hadrill, (29 September 1916 – 3 November 1985) was a senior academic and one of the foremost historians of the early Merovingian period. Wallace-Hadrill was born on 29 September 1916 in Bromsgrove, where his father w ...
, 1974–1983


Medieval history

* Karl Joseph Leyser, 1984–1988 * George Arthur Holmes, 1989–1995 * Sir Rees Davies, 1995–2005 *
Christopher Wickham Christopher John Wickham, (born 18 May 1950) is a British historian and academic. From 2005 to 2016, he was Chichele Professor of Medieval History at the University of Oxford and Fellow of All Souls College, Oxford: he is now emeritus professor ...
, 2005–2016 * Julia Smith, 2016–


See also

*
List of professorships at the University of Oxford This is a list of professorships at the University of Oxford. During the early history of University of Oxford, the university, the title of professor meant a doctor (title), doctor who taught. From the 16th century, it was used for those holding ...


References

{{Reflist * Owen, Dorothy M. "The Chichele Professorship of Modern History, 1862," ''Historical Research'' (1961) 34#90 pp 217–220, DOI: 10.1111/j.1468-2281.1961.tb02098.x * Soffer, Reba. "Nation, Duty, Character and Confidence: History at Oxford, 1850–1914," ''Historical Journal'' (1987) 30#1 pp. 77–10
in JSTOR
Professorships at the University of Oxford