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The Chicago
Chicago
metropolitan area, or Chicagoland, is the metropolitan area that includes the city of Chicago, Illinois, and its suburbs. With an estimated MSA population of 9.5 million people and CSA population of 9.9 million people, it is the third largest metropolitan area in the United States.[2] The Chicago
Chicago
metropolitan area is one of the world's largest and most diversified economies, with more than four million employees and generating an annual gross regional product (GRP) of over $561 billion. The region is home to more than 400 major corporate headquarters, including 31 in the Fortune 500.[3] There are several definitions of the area, including the area defined by the United States
United States
Office of Management and Budget
Office of Management and Budget
(OMB) as the Chicago–Joliet–Naperville, IL–IN–WI Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA), and the area under the jurisdiction of the Chicago Metropolitan Agency for Planning (CMAP) (a metropolitan planning organization).

Contents

1 Definitions

1.1 Metropolitan statistical area 1.2 Combined Statistical Area 1.3 United Nations' Chicago
Chicago
urban agglomeration 1.4 Chicagoland 1.5 Chicago
Chicago
Metropolitan Agency for Planning

2 Geography and environment 3 Demographics 4 Population

4.1 Principal municipalities

4.1.1 Over 1,000,000 population 4.1.2 Over 200,000 population 4.1.3 Over 100,000 population 4.1.4 Over 50,000 population

4.2 Urban areas within the Chicago
Chicago
CSA

5 Economy 6 Transportation

6.1 Major airports 6.2 Commercial ports 6.3 Rail and transit systems 6.4 Major highways

6.4.1 Interstates 6.4.2 Other main highways 6.4.3 Major corridors

7 Culture

7.1 Sports 7.2 Cuisine 7.3 Media

8 Education 9 Area codes

9.1 Proposed overlays

10 See also 11 References 12 Further reading 13 External links

Definitions[edit] Metropolitan statistical area[edit] The Chicago
Chicago
Metropolitan Statistical Area
Metropolitan Statistical Area
(MSA) was originally designated by the United States
United States
Census Bureau in 1950. It comprised the Illinois
Illinois
counties of Cook, DuPage, Kane, Lake and Will, along with Lake County in Indiana. As surrounding counties saw an increase in their population densities and the number of their residents employed within Cook County, they met Census criteria to be added to the MSA. The Chicago
Chicago
MSA, now defined as the Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI Metropolitan Statistical Area, is the third largest MSA by population in the United States. The 2015 census estimate for the MSA was 9,532,569, a decline from 9,543,893 in the 2014 census estimate.[4] This loss of population has been attributed to taxes, political issues, and other factors.[5] The Chicago
Chicago
MSA is further subdivided by state boundaries into the Chicago-Naperville-Joliet, IL Metropolitan Division, corresponding roughly to the CMAP region; the Gary, IN Metropolitan Division consisting of the Indiana
Indiana
counties of Lake and Porter, as well as two surrounding counties; and the Lake County-Kenosha County, IL-WI Metropolitan Division. A breakdown of the 2009 estimated populations of the three Metropolitan Divisions of the MSA are as follows:[6]

Chicago-Aurora-Joliet, IL Metropolitan Division (7,998,257)

Cook County (5,287,037) DeKalb County (107,333) DuPage County (932,541) Grundy County (48,421) Kane County (511,892) Kendall County (104,821) McHenry County (320,961) Will County (685,251)

Gary, IN Metropolitan Division (709,265)

Jasper County (IN) (33,520) Lake County (IN) (496,478) Newton County (IN) (14,250) Porter County (IN) (165,017)

Lake County-Kenosha County, IL-WI Metropolitan Division (877,949)

Lake County (IL) (712,567) Kenosha County (WI) (165,382)

Combined Statistical Area[edit] The OMB also defines a slightly larger region as a Combined Statistical Area (CSA). The Chicago–Naperville, IL–IN–WI Combined Statistical Area
Combined Statistical Area
combines the metropolitan areas of Chicago, Michigan
Michigan
City (in Indiana), and Kankakee (in Illinois). This area represents the extent of the labor market pool for the entire region. The CSA has a population of 9,928,312 (2014 estimate).[2] United Nations' Chicago
Chicago
urban agglomeration[edit] The Chicago
Chicago
urban agglomeration, according to the United Nations
United Nations
World Urbanization Prospects report (2011 revision), lists a population of 9,545,000.[7] The term “urban agglomeration” refers to the population contained within the contours of a contiguous territory inhabited at urban density levels. It usually incorporates the population in a city plus that in the surrounding area. Chicagoland[edit]

Chicagoland by county and state.[8]

A map of Chicagoland in relation to the states of Wisconsin, Illinois, and Indiana.

Chicagoland is an informal name for the Chicago
Chicago
metropolitan area. The term Chicagoland has no official definition, and the region is often considered to include areas beyond the corresponding MSA, as well as portions of the greater CSA.[citation needed] Colonel Robert R. McCormick, editor and publisher of the Chicago Tribune, usually gets credit for placing the term in common use.[9][10] McCormick's conception of Chicagoland stretched all the way to nearby parts of four states (Indiana, Wisconsin, Michigan, and Iowa).[9] The first usage was in the Tribune's July 27, 1926 front page headline, "Chicagoland's Shrines: A Tour of Discoveries", for an article by reporter James O'Donnell Bennett.[11] He stated that Chicagoland comprised everything in a 200-mile (320 km) radius in every direction and reported on many different places in the area. The Tribune was the dominant newspaper in a vast area stretching to the west of the city, and that hinterland was closely tied to the metropolis by rail lines and commercial links.[12] Today, the Chicago
Chicago
Tribune's usage includes the city of Chicago, the rest of Cook County, eight nearby Illinois
Illinois
counties (Lake, McHenry, DuPage, Kane, Kendall, Grundy, Will, and Kankakee), and the two Indiana
Indiana
counties of Lake and Porter.[13] Illinois
Illinois
Department of Tourism literature uses Chicagoland for suburbs in Cook, Lake, DuPage, Kane, and Will counties,[14] treating the city separately. The Chicagoland Chamber of Commerce defines it as all of Cook, DuPage, Kane, Lake, McHenry, and Will counties.[15] Differing viewpoints exist, of course. For example, many residents who live in some of the more distant satellite counties nonetheless refer to themselves as being "from Chicago" or "Chicagoans". Until recently[when?], DeKalb County was not considered part of the region proper, but as the highly developed area has continued to expand, it is now commonly defined as the "far suburbs" of the city.[original research?][citation needed] In addition, company marketing programs such as Construction Data Company's[16] " Chicago
Chicago
and Vicinity" region and the Chicago
Chicago
Automobile Trade Association's "Chicagoland and Northwest Indiana" advertising campaign are directed at the MSA itself, as well as LaSalle, Winnebago (Rockford), Boone, and Ogle counties in Illinois, in addition to Jasper, Newton, and La Porte counties in Indiana
Indiana
and Kenosha, Racine, and Walworth counties in Wisconsin, and even as far northeast as Berrien County, Michigan. The region is part of the Great Lakes Megalopolis, containing an estimated 54 million people.[citation needed] Chicago
Chicago
Metropolitan Agency for Planning[edit] Main article: Chicago
Chicago
Metropolitan Agency for Planning Chicago
Chicago
Metropolitan Agency for Planning (CMAP) is an Illinois
Illinois
state agency responsible for transportation infrastructure, land use, and long term economic development planning for the areas under its jurisdiction within Illinois.[17] The planning area has a population of over 8 million, which includes the following locations in Illinois:[18]

Cook County DuPage County Kane County Kendall County Lake County McHenry County Will County

The Chicago
Chicago
skyline

Geography and environment[edit] Further information: Geography of Chicago The city of Chicago
Chicago
lies in the Chicago
Chicago
Plain, a flat and broad area characterized by little topographical relief. The few low hills are sand ridges. North of the Chicago
Chicago
Plain, steep bluffs and ravines run alongside Lake Michigan. Along the southern shore of the Chicago
Chicago
Plain, sand dunes run alongside the lake. The tallest dunes reach up to near 200 feet (61 m) and are found in the Indiana
Indiana
Dunes National Lakeshore. Surrounding the low plain are bands of moraines in the south and west suburbs. These areas are higher and hillier than the Chicago
Chicago
Plain. A continental divide, separating the Mississippi River
Mississippi River
watershed from that of the Great Lakes
Great Lakes
and Saint Lawrence River, runs through the Chicago
Chicago
area. A 2012 survey of the urban trees and forests in the seven county Illinois
Illinois
section of the Chicago
Chicago
area found that 21% of the land is covered by the tree and shrub canopy, made up of about 157,142,000 trees. The five most common tree species are buckthorn, green ash, boxelder, black cherry, and American elm. These resources perform important functions in carbon storage, water recycling, and energy saving.[19][20]

Night aerial view of Chicago
Chicago
and vicinity, from Gary, Indiana, on the right, through Waukegan, Illinois, Kenosha, Wisconsin, Racine, Wisconsin
Wisconsin
and Milwaukee, Wisconsin
Wisconsin
in the distance at upper left.

Demographics[edit]

Airborne view of the dense southern part of Chicago, running alongside Lake Michigan. Downtown Chicago
Chicago
is at the far left by the lake in the photo.

As of the 2010 Census, the metropolitan area had a population of 9,729,825. The population density was 1,318 per square mile. The racial makeup was 52.8% Non-Latino White, 22.1% were Latino, 16.7% were Non-Latino African Americans, and 6.4% were Asian. Other ethnic groups such as Native Americans and Pacific Islanders made up just 2.0% of the population. [21] The suburbs, surrounded by easily annexed flat ground, have been expanding at a tremendous rate since the early 1960s. Aurora, Elgin, Joliet, and Naperville
Naperville
are noteworthy for being four of the few boomburbs outside the Sun Belt, West Coast and Mountain States
Mountain States
regions, and exurban Kendall County ranked as the fastest-growing county (among counties with a population greater than 10,000) in the United States
United States
between the years 2000 and 2007.[22] Settlement patterns in the Chicago
Chicago
metropolitan area tend to follow those in the city proper: the northern suburbs along the shore of Lake Michigan
Michigan
are comparatively affluent, while the southern suburbs (sometimes known as Chicago
Chicago
Southland) are less so, with lower median incomes and a lower cost of living. However, there is a major exception to this. While Chicago's West Side is the poorest section of the city, the western and northwestern suburbs contain many affluent areas. According to the 2000 Census, DuPage County had the highest median household income of any county in the Midwestern United States. According to the 2000 U.S. Census, poverty rates of the largest counties from least poverty to most are as follows: McHenry 3.70%, Dupage 5.9%, Will 6.7%, Lake 6.9%, Kane 7.4%, Cook 14.5%. In an in-depth historical analysis, Keating (2004, 2005) examined the origins of 233 settlements that by 1900 had become suburbs or city neighborhoods of the Chicago
Chicago
metropolitan area. The settlements began as farm centers (41%), industrial towns (30%), residential railroad suburbs (15%), and recreational/institutional centers (13%). Although relations between the different settlement types were at times contentious, there also was cooperation in such undertakings as the construction of high schools. Population[edit] As the Chicago
Chicago
metropolitan area has grown, more counties have been partly or totally assimilated with the taking of each decennial census.

Census Area

2010 Census 2000 Census 1990 Census 1980 Census 1970 Census 1960 Census 1950 Census

Chicago- Naperville- Joliet, IL-IN-WI MSA 9,461,105 9,098,316 8,065,633 7,869,542 7,612,314 6,794,461 5,495,364

Cook County, Illinois MSA 5,194,675 5,376,741 5,105,067 5,253,655 5,492,369 5,129,725 4,508,792

DeKalb County, Illinois MSA 105,160 88,969 77,932 74,624 71,654 51,714 40,781

DuPage County, Illinois MSA 916,924 904,161 781,666 658,835 491,882 313,459 154,599

Grundy County, Illinois MSA 50,063 37,535 32,337 30,582 26,535 22,350 19,217

Kane County, Illinois MSA 515,269 404,119 317,471 278,405 251,005 208,246 150,388

Kendall County, Illinois MSA 114,736 54,544 39,413 37,202 26,374 17,540 12,115

McHenry County, Illinois MSA 308,760 260,077 183,241 147,897 111,555 84,210 50,656

Will County, Illinois MSA 677,560 502,266 357,313 324,460 249,498 191,617 134,336

Jasper County, Indiana MSA 33,478 30,043 24,960 26,138 20,429 18,842 17,031

Lake County, Indiana MSA 496,005 484,564 475,594 522,965 546,253 513,269 368,152

Newton County, Indiana MSA 14,244 14,566 13,551 14,844 11,606 11,502 11,006

Porter County, Indiana MSA 164,343 146,798 128,932 119,816 87,114 60,279 40,076

Lake County, Illinois MSA 703,462 644,356 516,418 440,372 382,638 293,656 179,097

Kenosha County, Wisconsin MSA 166,426 149,577 128,181 123,137 117,917 100,615 75,238

Kankakee County, Illinois CSA 113,449 103,833 96,255 102,926 97,250 92,063 73,524

LaPorte County, Indiana CSA 111,467 110,106 107,066 108,632 105,342 95,111 76,808

Chicago- Naperville- Joliet, IL-IN-WI CSA 9,686,021 9,312,255 8,385,397 8,264,490 8,089,421 7,204,198 5,911,816

Counties highlighted in gray were not included in the MSA for that census. The CSA totals in blue are the totals of all the counties listed above, regardless of whether they were included in the Chicago Combined Statistical Area
Combined Statistical Area
at the time.[23] Principal municipalities[edit] Over 1,000,000 population[edit]

Chicago, Illinois
Illinois
(2,695,598 within the city limits)

Over 200,000 population[edit]

Aurora, Illinois
Illinois
(200,661 within the city limits)

Over 100,000 population[edit]

Elgin, Illinois Joliet, Illinois Kenosha, Wisconsin Naperville, Illinois

Over 50,000 population[edit]

Arlington Heights, Illinois Berwyn, Illinois Bolingbrook, Illinois Cicero, Illinois Des Plaines, Illinois Evanston, Illinois Gary, Indiana Hammond, Indiana Mount Prospect, Illinois Oak Lawn, Illinois Oak Park, Illinois Orland Park, Illinois Palatine, Illinois Schaumburg, Illinois Skokie, Illinois Tinley Park, Illinois Waukegan, Illinois Wheaton, Illinois

View of Chicago
Chicago
greater metropolitan region and the North branch of the Chicago
Chicago
River from the Willis Tower

Urban areas within the Chicago
Chicago
CSA[edit]

This section needs to be updated. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (March 2015)

Within the boundary of the 16-county Chicago
Chicago
Consolidated Statistical Area lies the Chicago
Chicago
urban area, as well as 27 smaller urban areas and clusters. Smallest gap indicates the shortest distance between the given urban area or cluster and the Chicago
Chicago
urban area.[24]

The extent of the 16-county Chicago
Chicago
CSA (in black) and the 16 counties that share a border with the Chicago
Chicago
CSA (in gray), with counties divided into Minor Civil Divisions. In Illinois
Illinois
and Indiana, townships are intermediate between counties and municipalities (with the latter lying within townships and crossing township borders, while in Michigan
Michigan
and Wisconsin, townships are municipal equivalents.

Rank Urban area type Population (2000 census) Land area (km²) Smallest gap (km)

1 Chicago-Aurora-Elgin-Joliet-Waukegan, IL-IN UA 8,307,904 5,498.1 n/a

2 Round Lake Beach-McHenry-Grayslake, IL-WI^ † UA 226,848 344.9 2

3 Kenosha, WI † UA 110,942 109.2 1

4 Michigan
Michigan
City-LaPorte, IN-MI^^ † UA 66,199 86.1 3

5 Kankakee-Bradley-Bourbonnais, IL UA 65,073 71.5 >10

6 DeKalb-Sycamore, IL UA 55,805 46.3 >10

7 Woodstock, IL † UC 20,219 21.1 4

8 Morris, IL UC 13,927 19.3 >10

9 Sandwich, IL^^^ UC 12,248 23.9 >10

10 Braidwood-Coal City, IL UC 11,607 19.5 >10

11 Harvard, IL UC 8,575 13.3 >10

12 Lakes of the Four Seasons, IN † UC 8,450 12.5 4

13 Lowell, IN UC 7,914 15.8 >10

14 Wilmington, IL UC 7,107 20.8 >10

15 Manteno, IL UC 7,106 9.4 >10

16 Marengo, IL UC 6,854 8.6 >10

17 Rensselaer, IN UC 6,096 10.9 >10

18 Plano, IL † UC 5,911 6.5 3

19 Genoa, IL UC 5,137 5.5 >10

20 Genoa City, WI-IL^^^^ † UC 5,126 12.5 >10

21 Westville, IN UC 5,077 4.4 >10

22 Hebron, IN UC 4,150 11.7 >10

23 Momence, IL UC 3,711 9.7 >10

24 Peotone, IL † UC 3,358 3.5 9

25 Wonder Lake, IL † UC 2,798 2.0 5

26 Monee, IL † UC 2,787 3.7 3

27 Union Township, Porter County, IN † UC 2,593 4.9 1

28 Hampshire, IL † UC 2,591 2.0 6

The formerly distinct urban areas of Aurora, Elgin, Joliet, and Waukegan were absorbed into the Chicago
Chicago
UA as of the 2000 census. † These urban areas and urban clusters are expected to be joined to the Chicago
Chicago
Urban Area by the next census in 2010. ^ The Round Lake Beach-McHenry-Grayslake, IL-WI UA extends into Walworth County, WI, which lies in the Milwaukee
Milwaukee
CSA. ^^ The Michigan
Michigan
City-LaPorte, IN-MI UA extends into Berrien County, MI, which lies (for the moment) outside the Chicago
Chicago
CSA. ^^^ The Sandwich, IL UC extends into LaSalle County, IL, which lies (for the moment) outside the Chicago
Chicago
CSA. ^^^^ The Genoa City, WI-IL UC extends into Walworth County, WI, which lies in the Milwaukee
Milwaukee
CSA. Economy[edit]

Westward view from the Willis Tower
Willis Tower
in Chicago

Main article: Economy of Chicago See also: List of companies in the Chicago
Chicago
metropolitan area, Chicagoland Chamber of Commerce, and Economy of Illinois The Chicago
Chicago
metropolitan area is home to the corporate headquarters of 57 Fortune 1000
Fortune 1000
companies, which includes Boeing, McDonald's, Motorola, Discover Financial
Discover Financial
Services, United Continental Holdings, Walgreens, and Aon among others, representing a diverse group of industries.[25] The area is a major global financial center, and Chicago
Chicago
is home to the largest futures exchange in the world, the CME Group ( Chicago
Chicago
Mercantile Exchange). In March 2008, the Chicago Mercantile Exchange announced its acquisition of NYMEX Holdings Inc, the parent company of the New York Mercantile Exchange
New York Mercantile Exchange
and Commodity Exchange. CME'S acquisition of NYMEX was completed in August 2008. A key piece of infrastructure for several generations was the Union Stock Yards of Chicago, which from 1865 until 1971 penned and slaughtered millions of cattle and hogs into standardized cuts of beef and pork. The Chicago
Chicago
area, meanwhile, began to produce significant quantities of telecommunications gear, electronics, steel, crude oil derivatives, automobiles, and industrial capital goods. By the early 2000s, Illinois' economy had moved toward a dependence on high-value-added services, such as financial trading, higher education, logistics, and health care. In some cases, these services clustered around institutions that hearkened back to Illinois's earlier economies. For example, the Chicago
Chicago
Mercantile Exchange, a trading exchange for global derivatives, had begun its life as an agricultural futures market. In 2007, the area ranked first among U.S. metro areas in the number of new and expanded corporate facilities.[26] It ranked third in 2008, behind the Houston–Sugar Land–Baytown and Dallas–Fort Worth metropolitan areas,[27] and ranked second behind the New York metropolitan area in 2009.[28] The Wall Street Journal
The Wall Street Journal
summarized the Chicago
Chicago
area's economy in November 2006 with the comment that " Chicago
Chicago
has survived by repeatedly reinventing itself."[29] Transportation[edit]

O'Hare Airport

Chicago
Chicago
'L' in the Loop

Metra
Metra
surface rail

The Eisenhower Expressway
Eisenhower Expressway
with the Chicago
Chicago
Transit Authority Blue Line train

Main articles: Transportation in Chicago
Chicago
and Roads and freeways in Chicago Major airports[edit]

Chicago
Chicago
O'Hare International Airport
O'Hare International Airport
(ORD) Chicago
Chicago
Midway International Airport (MDW) General Mitchell International Airport
General Mitchell International Airport
(MKE) (located in the adjacent Milwaukee
Milwaukee
metropolitan area) Gary/ Chicago
Chicago
International Airport (GYY) Chicago
Chicago
Rockford International Airport (RFD) (located in the adjacent Rockford metropolitan area)

Commercial ports[edit]

Port of Chicago Port of Indiana-Burns Harbor

Rail and transit systems[edit]

Chicago
Chicago
Transit Authority trains, locally referred to as " the 'L' ", (after "elevated train") serving Chicago
Chicago
and the near suburbs Pace Suburban Bus operates suburban bus and regional vanpool, paratransit and ridematching services in the Chicagoland region. Northeast Illinois
Illinois
Regional Commuter Railroad Corporation, also known as Metra:

4 lines serving southern Cook County and Will County 3 lines serving western Cook County, DuPage County, and Kane County 1 line serving northwestern Cook County and McHenry County 3 lines serving northern Cook County and Lake County, with 1 line extending to Kenosha, Wisconsin

South Shore Line shares the Metra
Metra
electric lines and connects Chicago to Gary, Michigan
Michigan
City, ending at South Bend, Indiana. Amtrak
Amtrak
operates Union Station which is the major Amtrak
Amtrak
passenger rail hub with connections to Metra
Metra
and the within a few blocks of connections to several “el” lines.

Major highways[edit] Interstates[edit]

Interstate 41 (I-41) runs concurrent with Interstate 94 at the northern terminus of the Tri-State Tollway. Interstate 55 (I-55) is the Adlai Stevenson Expy. I-355 is the Veterans Memorial Tollway (formerly North-South Tollway). I-57 is unofficially the "West Leg" of the Dan Ryan Expy. I-65 has no name, whether official or unofficial. I-80 is officially called the Borman Expy (cosigned with I-94), Kingery Expy (cosigned with I-80 for 3 miles), Tri-State Tollway (cosigned with I-294 for 4 miles) and is unofficially called the Moline Expy west of I-294. I-88 is the Ronald Reagan Memorial Tollway (formerly East-West Tollway) I-90 is locally known as Jane Addams Tollway (formerly Northwest Tollway), John F Kennedy Expy (cosigned with I-94), Dan Ryan Expy (cosigned with I-94), and Chicago
Chicago
Skyway Toll Bridge. The Chicago Skyway is disputed since around 2000 if it actually is I-90. Currently it is signed as "To I-90" in both directions. I-190 is the John F Kennedy Expy spur heading into Chicago-O'Hare Int'l Airport. I-290 is the Dwight D Eisenhower Expy. I-94 is Tri-State Tollway in Lake County, Edens Spur, Edens Expy, John F Kennedy Expy (cosigned with I-90), Dan Ryan Expy (cosigned with I-90), Bishop Ford Frwy (formerly Calumet Expy), Kingery Expy (cosigned with I-80) and Borman Expy (cosigned with I-80). I-294 is the Tri-State Tollway.

Other main highways[edit]

US Routes in the Illinois
Illinois
part of the area include: US 6, US 12, US 14, US 20, US 30, US 34, US 41, US 45, and US 52. Illinois
Illinois
Route 53, an arterial north–south state highway running through Grundy, Will, DuPage, Cook and Lake counties Historic US Route 66's eastern terminus is in Chicago.

Major corridors[edit] In addition to the Chicago
Chicago
Loop, the metro area is home to a few important subregional corridors of commercial activities. Among them are:

Illinois
Illinois
Technology and Research Corridor, along the Ronald Reagan Memorial Tollway (Interstate 88) Golden Corridor, along the Jane Addams Memorial Tollway
Jane Addams Memorial Tollway
(Interstate 90)

Culture[edit] Sports[edit] Main article: Sports in Chicago Listing of the professional sports teams in the Chicago
Chicago
metropolitan area Major league professional teams:

Major League Baseball
Major League Baseball
(MLB)

Chicago
Chicago
Cubs Chicago
Chicago
White Sox

National Football League
National Football League
(NFL)

Chicago
Chicago
Bears

National Basketball Association
National Basketball Association
(NBA)

Chicago
Chicago
Bulls

National Hockey League
National Hockey League
(NHL)

Chicago
Chicago
Blackhawks

Major League Soccer
Major League Soccer
(MLS)

Chicago
Chicago
Fire

Other professional teams:

Women's National Basketball Association
National Basketball Association
(WNBA)

Chicago
Chicago
Sky

Minor League Baseball
Minor League Baseball
(MiLB)

Kane County Cougars

American Hockey League
American Hockey League
(AHL)

Chicago
Chicago
Wolves

National Women's Soccer League
National Women's Soccer League
(NWSL)

Chicago
Chicago
Red Stars

Arena Football
Arena Football
(AFL)

Chicago
Chicago
Rush (Operations suspended in 2013, no longer part of the AFL)[30]

National Pro Fastpitch
National Pro Fastpitch
(NPF)

Chicago
Chicago
Bandits

The Chicagoland Speedway
Chicagoland Speedway
oval track has hosted NASCAR Cup Series
NASCAR Cup Series
and IndyCar Series
IndyCar Series
races. The Chicago
Chicago
Marathon is one of the World Marathon Majors. The Western Open
Western Open
and BMW Championship are PGA Tour tournaments that have been held primarily at golf courses near Chicago. NCAA Division 1 College Sports Teams:

Big East Conference

DePaul University Blue Demons

Big Ten Conference

Northwestern University Wildcats (Evanston)

Horizon League

University of Illinois- Chicago
Chicago
Flames Valaparaiso University Crusaders (Valaparaiso, IN)

Mid-American Conference

Northern Illinois
Illinois
University Huskies (DeKalb)

Missouri Valley Conference

Loyola University- Chicago
Chicago
Ramblers

Western Athletic Conference

Chicago
Chicago
State University Cougars

Cuisine[edit] Further information: Chicago
Chicago
§ Cuisine

Chicago-style hot dog Chicago-style pizza Italian beef

Media[edit] Main article: Media in Chicago The two main newspapers are the Chicago
Chicago
Tribune and the Chicago Sun-Times. Local television channels broadcasting to the Chicago market include WBBM-TV
WBBM-TV
2 (CBS), WMAQ-TV
WMAQ-TV
5 (NBC), WLS-TV
WLS-TV
7 (ABC), WGN-TV
WGN-TV
9 (CW), WTTW
WTTW
11 (PBS), WYCC
WYCC
20 (PBS), MeTV
MeTV
23, WCIU 26 (Ind), WFLD
WFLD
32 (FOX), WCPX-TV 38 (Ion), WSNS-TV
WSNS-TV
44 (Telemundo) WPWR-TV
WPWR-TV
50 (MyNetworkTV), and WJYS-TV
WJYS-TV
62 (The Way). CLTV is a 24/7 local news provider available only to cable subscribers. Radio stations serving the area include: WBEZ, WMBI, WLS-AM, and WSCR. Education[edit] Further information: List of school districts in Illinois, List of school districts in Indiana, and List of colleges and universities in Chicago

Whitney M. Young Magnet High School
Whitney M. Young Magnet High School
in Chicago

Elementary and secondary education within the Chicago
Chicago
metropolitan area is provided by dozens of different school districts, of which by far the largest is the Chicago
Chicago
Public Schools with 400,000 students.[31] Numerous private and religious school systems are also found in the region, as well as a growing number of charter schools. Racial inequalities in education in the region remain widespread, often breaking along district boundaries;[32] for instance, educational prospects vary widely for students in the Chicago
Chicago
Public Schools compared to those in some neighboring suburban schools.[33] Historically, the Chicago
Chicago
metropolitan area has been at the center of a number of national educational movements, from the free-flowing Winnetka Plan to the regimented Taylorism
Taylorism
of the Gary Plan.[34] In higher education, University of Chicago
Chicago
founder William Rainey Harper was a leading early advocate of the junior college movement; Joliet Junior College is the nation's oldest continuously-operating junior college today.[35] Later U of C president Robert Maynard Hutchins was central to the Great Books
Great Books
movement, and programs of dialogic education arising from that legacy can be found today at the U of C, at Shimer College,[36] and in the City Colleges of Chicago
Chicago
and Oakton Community College in the Northwest suburbs.[37] Area codes[edit] Main article: List of Illinois
Illinois
area codes From 1947 until 1988, the Illinois
Illinois
portion of the Chicago
Chicago
metro area was served by a single area code, 312, which abutted the 815 area code. In 1988 the 708 area code was introduced and the 312 area code became exclusive to the city of Chicago. It became common to call suburbanites "708'ers", in reference to their area code. The 708 area code was partitioned in 1996 into three area codes, serving different portions of the metro area: 630, 708, and 847. At the same time that the 708 area code was running out of phone numbers, the 312 area code in Chicago
Chicago
was also exhausting its supply of available numbers. As a result, the city of Chicago
Chicago
was divided into two area codes, 312 and 773. Rather than divide the city by a north/south area code, the central business district retained the 312 area code, while the remainder of the city took the new 773 code. In 2002, the 847 area code was supplemented with the overlay area code 224. In February 2007, the 815 area code (serving outlying portions of the metro area) was supplemented with the overlay area code 779. In October 2007, the overlay area code 331 was implemented to supplement the 630 area with additional numbers. Plans are in place for overlay codes in the 708, 773, and 312 regions as those area codes become exhausted in the future.

312 Chicago
Chicago
- City (The Loop and central neighborhoods, e.g. the Near North Side) 773 Chicago
Chicago
- City (Everywhere else within the city limits, excluding central area) 872 Chicago
Chicago
- City (overlay for 312 & 773, effective November 7, 2009) 847/224 (North and Northwest Suburbs) 630/331 (Outer Western Suburbs) 708 (South and Near West Suburbs) 815/779 (Rockford & Joliet: Far Northwest/Southwest Suburbs) 219 (Northwest Indiana) 574 (North-central Indiana) 262 (Southeast Wisconsin
Wisconsin
surrounding Milwaukee
Milwaukee
County)

Proposed overlays[edit]

464 overlay for 708 (no effective date)

See also[edit]

Portals Access related topics

Chicago
Chicago
portal Illinois
Illinois
portal United States
United States
portal

References[edit]

^ a b "Elevations of the 50 Largest Cities". U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved 23 January 2016. Chicago
Chicago
city proper only  ^ a b "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014 - United States
United States
-- Combined Statistical Area; and for Puerto Rico 2014 Population Estimates" (CSV). United States
United States
Census Bureau, Population Division. March 2013. Retrieved April 1, 2013.  ^ "Economy". Worldbusinesschicago.com. Retrieved October 3, 2017.  ^ " Combined statistical area
Combined statistical area
population and estimated components of change: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2016 (CSA-EST2016-alldata)". U.S. Census. Retrieved 2017-07-27.  ^ Eltagouri, Marwa. " Chicago
Chicago
area sees greatest population loss of any major U.S. city, region in 2015". Chicago
Chicago
Tribune. Retrieved 2016-11-27.  ^ "CSA-EST2009-alldata". United States
United States
Census Bureau. July 1, 2009. Archived from the original (csv) on July 8, 2010. Retrieved February 15, 2011. The MSA covers 7,214 sq. mi. of land area and 2,367 sq. mi. of water area. The total area of the MSA is 9,581 sq. mi.  ^ [1] Archived April 17, 2010, at the Wayback Machine. ^ As defined by Construction Data Company. ^ a b Fuller, Jack (2005). "Chicagoland". The Electronic Encyclopedia of Chicago. Chicago
Chicago
Historical Society. Retrieved February 20, 2010.  ^ "The Press: The Colonel's Century". TIME. June 9, 1947. Retrieved 2010-02-20.  ^ O'Donnell Bennett, James (July 27, 1926). "Chicagoland's Shrines: A Tour of Discoveries". Chicago
Chicago
Daily Tribune (1923-1963). Retrieved 2010-02-20.  ^ Cronon (1992); Keating (2005); Keating (2004) ^ "Classifieds map of Chicagoland". Chicagotribune.com. Retrieved 2011-05-30.  ^ [2] Archived November 10, 2006, at the Wayback Machine. ^ "About Chicagoland". Chicagoland Chamber of Commerce. Archived from the original on October 29, 2013. Retrieved October 25, 2013.  ^ "Bidtool Coverage area: Chicago, Indiana, Wisconsin, Colorado, Kentucky project leads". Bidtool.net. Archived from the original on July 15, 2011. Retrieved May 30, 2011.  ^ " Chicago
Chicago
Metropolitan Agency for Planning". Chicagoareaplanning.org. Archived from the original on August 12, 2006. Retrieved May 30, 2011.  ^ "About - CMAP". Cmap.illinois.gov. Retrieved 2015-09-07.  ^ "Urban trees and forests of the Chicago
Chicago
region". Nrs.fs.fed.us. 2013-09-17. Retrieved 2015-09-07.  ^ "Regional Tree Census The Morton Arboretum". Mortonarb.org. Retrieved 2015-09-07.  ^ "Census Findings of Chicago
Chicago
Metropolitan Area" (PDF). The Chicago Community Trust. Retrieved July 1, 2015.  ^ "Kendall County is fastest growing in the nation". Daily Herald. Retrieved May 30, 2011.  ^ "Historical Metropolitan Area Definitions". Census.gov. Retrieved May 30, 2011.  ^ "Alphabetically sorted list of UAs". U.S. Census Bureau. 2000. Retrieved August 6, 2010.  ^ "Fortune 500 2008: States - Illinois". CNN.  ^ RON STARNER. "TOP METROS OF 2007 - Site Selection magazine, March 2008". Siteselection.com. Retrieved May 30, 2011.  ^ RON STARNER (March 9, 2009). "TOP METROS OF 2008 - Site Selection magazine, March 2009". Siteselection.com. Retrieved May 30, 2011.  ^ "TOP METROS OF 2009 - Site Selection Magazine, March 2010". Siteselection.com. Archived from the original on July 2, 2011. Retrieved May 30, 2011.  ^ Brat, Ilan (November 8, 2006). "Tale of a Warehouse Shows How Chicago
Chicago
Weathers a Decline". The Wall Street Journal. p. A1. Retrieved February 20, 2010.  ^ AFL Issues Statement on Rush, Blaze, Chicago
Chicago
Rush Media Relations, ArenaRush.com, September 9, 2013 ^ "About CPS". Chicago
Chicago
Public Schools. Retrieved January 26, 2015.  ^ Moore, Natalie (November 12, 2014). "Why so few white kids land in CPS — and why it matters". WBEZ. Archived from the original on January 17, 2015. Retrieved January 26, 2015.  ^ Bogira, Steve (October 17, 2012). "Two students, two high schools, two divergent paths to college". Chicago
Chicago
Reader.  ^ Thiede, Robert. "Gary Plan". Britannica.com. Retrieved January 16, 2015.  ^ Sydow, Debbie; Alfred, Richard (2012). Re-visioning Community Colleges: Positioning for Innovation. p. 13. ISBN 1442214880.  ^ Ronson, Jon (December 6, 2014). "Shimer College: The Worst School in America?". The Guardian.  ^ " Great Books
Great Books
program". Oakton Community College. Retrieved January 26, 2015. 

Further reading[edit]

Fischer, Paul B. (Lake Forest College) "RACIAL AND LOCATIONAL PATTERNS OF SUBSIDIZED HOUSING IN THE CHICAGO SUBURBS: A REPORT TO THE MACARTHUR FOUNDATION." (Archive) - July 28, 1993 - Report to the MacArthur Foundation Lewinnek, Elaine. The Working Man's Reward: Chicago's Early Suburbs and the Roots of American Sprawl. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 2014.

External links[edit]

Find more about Chicago
Chicago
metropolitan areaat's sister projects

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US Census' Urbanized Area Outline Map (2000) Chicago-Naperville- Michigan
Michigan
City, IL-IN-WI Combined Statistical Area (2003) map U.S. Census Bureau State & County QuickFacts U.S. Census Bureau population estimates Cook County Jail Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas About Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas Historical Metropolitan Area Definitions

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Chicago
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Cities (over 30,000 in 2010)

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Towns and villages (over 30,000 in 2010)

Addison Algonquin Arlington Heights Bartlett Bolingbrook Buffalo Grove Carol Stream Carpentersville Cicero Downers Grove Elk Grove Village Glendale Heights Glenview Gurnee Hanover Park Hoffman Estates Lombard Merrillville Mount Prospect Mundelein Northbrook Oak Lawn Oak Park Orland Park Oswego Palatine Plainfield Romeoville Schaumburg Skokie Streamwood Tinley Park Wheeling Woodridge

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Regions

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Seal of Illinois

Regions

American Bottom Central Illinois Champaign–Urbana metropolitan area Chicago
Chicago
metropolitan area Collar counties Corn Belt Driftless Area Forgottonia Fox Valley Illinois-Indiana-Kentucky tri-state area Metro East Metro Lakeland Mississippi Alluvial Plain North Shore Northern Illinois Northwestern Illinois Peoria metropolitan area Quad Cities River Bend Rockford metropolitan area Southern Illinois Streatorland Wabash Valley

Cities, towns and villages

Alton/Granite City/Edwardsville Arlington Heights/Palatine Aurora/Naperville/Oswego/Plainfield Bartlett/Hanover Park/Streamwood Belleville/East St. Louis/Collinsville/O'Fallon Berwyn/Cicero Bloomington/Normal Bolingbrook/Romeoville Buffalo Grove/Wheeling Calumet City Canton Carbondale Carol Stream/Glendale Heights Centralia Champaign/Urbana Charleston/Mattoon Chicago Chicago
Chicago
Heights Crystal Lake/Algonquin Danville Decatur DeKalb/Sycamore Des Plaines/Mount Prospect/Park Ridge Dixon Downers Grove/Woodridge Effingham Elgin/Carpentersville Elmhurst/Lombard/Addison Evanston/Skokie Freeport Galesburg Glenview/Northbrook Harrisburg Jacksonville Joliet Kankakee/Bradley/Bourbonnais Lincoln Macomb Marion/Herrin Moline/East Moline/Rock Island Mount Vernon Mundelein Oak Lawn Oak Park Orland Park/Tinley Park Ottawa/Streator/LaSalle/Peru Peoria/Pekin/East Peoria/Morton/Washington Pontiac Quincy Rochelle Rockford/Belvidere/Machesney Park/Loves Park St. Charles Schaumburg/Hoffman Estates/Elk Grove Village Springfield Sterling/Rock Falls Taylorville Waukegan/North Chicago/Gurnee Wheaton

Counties

Adams Alexander Bond Boone Brown Bureau Calhoun Carroll Cass Champaign Christian Clark Clay Clinton Coles Cook Crawford Cumberland DeKalb DeWitt Douglas DuPage Edgar Edwards Effingham Fayette Ford Franklin Fulton Gallatin Greene Grundy Hamilton Hancock Hardin Henderson Henry Iroquois Jackson Jasper Jefferson Jersey Jo Daviess Johnson Kane Kankakee Kendall Knox LaSalle Lake Lawrence Lee Livingston Logan Macon Macoupin Madison Marion Marshall Mason Massac McDonough McHenry McLean Menard Mercer Monroe Montgomery Morgan Moultrie Ogle Peoria Perry Piatt Pike Pope Pulaski Putnam Randolph Richland Rock Island Saline Sangamon Schuyler Scott Shelby St. Clair Stark Stephenson Tazewell Union Vermilion Wabash Warren Washington Wayne White Whiteside Will Williamson Winnebago Woodford

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 State of Indiana

Indianapolis
Indianapolis
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Largest towns

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Counties

Adams Allen Bartholomew Benton Blackford Boone Brown Carroll Cass Clark Clay Clinton Crawford Daviess Dearborn Decatur DeKalb Delaware Dubois Elkhart Fayette Floyd Fountain Franklin Fulton Gibson Grant Greene Hamilton Hancock Harrison Hendricks Henry Howard Huntington Jackson Jasper Jay Jefferson Jennings Johnson Knox Kosciusko LaGrange Lake LaPorte Lawrence Madison Marion Marshall Martin Miami Monroe Montgomery Morgan Newton Noble Ohio Orange Owen Parke Perry Pike Porter Posey Pulaski Putnam Randolph Ripley Rush Saint Joseph Scott Shelby Spencer Starke Steuben Sullivan Switzerland Tippecanoe Tipton Union Vanderburgh Vermillion Vigo Wabash Warren Warrick Washington Wayne Wells White Whitley

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Major metropolitan areas (pop. over 500,000)

Chicago
Chicago
metropolitan area Madison metropolitan area Milwaukee
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Largest cities (pop. over 50,000)

Appleton Eau Claire Green Bay Janesville Kenosha La Crosse Madison Milwaukee Oshkosh Racine Waukesha West Allis

Smaller cities (pop. 15,000 to 50,000)

Beaver Dam Beloit Brookfield Cudahy De Pere Fitchburg Fond du Lac Franklin Greenfield Hudson Kaukauna Manitowoc Marshfield Menasha Menomonie Mequon Middleton Muskego Neenah New Berlin Oak Creek Oconomowoc Onalaska River Falls Sheboygan South Milwaukee Stevens Point Sun Prairie Superior Watertown Wausau Wauwatosa West Bend Wisconsin
Wisconsin
Rapids

Largest villages (pop. over 15,000)

Ashwaubenon Caledonia Germantown Howard Menomonee Falls Mount Pleasant Pleasant Prairie

Counties

Adams Ashland Barron Bayfield Brown Buffalo Burnett Calumet Chippewa Clark Columbia Crawford Dane Dodge Door Douglas Dunn Eau Claire Florence Fond du Lac Forest Grant Green Green Lake Iowa Iron Jackson Jefferson Juneau Kenosha Kewaunee La Crosse Lafayette Langlade Lincoln Manitowoc Marathon Marinette Marquette Menominee Milwaukee Monroe Oconto Oneida Outagamie Ozaukee Pepin Pierce Polk Portage Price Racine Richland Rock Rusk Sauk Sawyer Shawano Sheboygan St. Croix Taylor Trempealeau Vernon Vilas Walworth Washburn Washington Waukesha Waupaca Waushara Winnebago Wood

v t e

The 100 most populous metropolitan statistical areas of the United States of America

   

New York, NY Los Angeles, CA Chicago, IL Dallas, TX Houston, TX Washington, DC Philadelphia, PA Miami, FL Atlanta, GA Boston, MA San Francisco, CA Phoenix, AZ Riverside-San Bernardino, CA Detroit, MI Seattle, WA Minneapolis, MN San Diego, CA Tampa, FL Denver, CO St. Louis, MO

Baltimore, MD Charlotte, NC San Juan, PR Orlando, FL San Antonio, TX Portland, OR Pittsburgh, PA Sacramento, CA Cincinnati, OH Las Vegas, NV Kansas City, MO Austin, TX Columbus, OH Cleveland, OH Indianapolis, IN San Jose, CA Nashville, TN Virginia Beach, VA Providence, RI Milwaukee, WI

Jacksonville, FL Memphis, TN Oklahoma City, OK Louisville, KY Richmond, VA New Orleans, LA Hartford, CT Raleigh, NC Birmingham, AL Buffalo, NY Salt Lake City, UT Rochester, NY Grand Rapids, MI Tucson, AZ Honolulu, HI Tulsa, OK Fresno, CA Bridgeport, CT Worcester, MA Albuquerque, NM

Omaha, NE Albany, NY New Haven, CT Bakersfield, CA Knoxville, TN Greenville, SC Oxnard, CA El Paso, TX Allentown, PA Baton Rouge, LA McAllen, TX Dayton, OH Columbia, SC Greensboro, NC Sarasota, FL Little Rock, AR Stockton, CA Akron, OH Charleston, SC Colorado Springs, CO

Syracuse, NY Winston-Salem, NC Cape Coral, FL Boise, ID Wichita, KS Springfield, MA Madison, WI Lakeland, FL Ogden, UT Toledo, OH Deltona, FL Des Moines, IA Jackson, MS Augusta, GA Scranton, PA Youngstown, OH Harrisburg, PA Provo, UT Palm Bay, FL Chattanooga, TN

United States
United States
Census Bureau population estimates for July 1, 2012

Coordinates: 41°54′N 87°39′W / 41.900°N 87.650°W / 41.900; -87.650

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