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The Chicago
Chicago
Coliseums were three large indoor arenas in Chicago, Illinois, which stood successively from the 1860s to 1982; they served as venues for sports events, large (national-class) conventions and as exhibition halls. The first Coliseum stood at State and Washington streets in Chicago's downtown in the late 1860s.[1] The second, at 63rd Street near Stony Island Avenue in the south side's Woodlawn community, hosted the 1896 Democratic National Convention. The third Chicago
Chicago
Coliseum was located at 15th Street and Wabash Avenue on the near south side; it hosted five consecutive Republican National Conventions, (1904, 1908, 1912, 1916, 1920) and the Progressive Party National Convention in 1912 and 1916. In the 1960s and early 1970s it served as a general admission venue for rock concerts, roller derbys and professional wrestling matches; it closed in 1971 and was demolished in 1982.[2]

Contents

1 History: the first Coliseum 2 The second Coliseum 3 The third Coliseum

3.1 Ice hockey 3.2 Other events 3.3 Refurbishing for the Chicago
Chicago
Zephyrs 3.4 The Syndrome

4 Bibliography 5 References 6 External links

History: the first Coliseum[edit] The first Coliseum hosted horse shows, boxing matches, and circus acts beginning in 1866. Typical of most 19th century cities, Chicago
Chicago
had a flourishing bachelor subculture, which made events at the Coliseum often rowdy affairs. The arena's history is hazy as there are no accurate sources as to when it opened or closed.[1] The second Coliseum[edit]

The second Coliseum

1896 Democratic National Convention

The second Coliseum, in the Woodlawn neighborhood on the city's south side, had a difficult history. Initial construction began early in 1895 on a 14-acre (57,000 m2) site of the World's Columbian Exposition, but on August 22, the incomplete structure collapsed, and builders had to start over.[3] Construction of the 300-by-700 foot building entailed the use of 2.5 million pounds of steel, 3.2 million feet of lumber, and 3 million bricks, and was finally completed in June 1896. The building was impressive in size for its day, twice as large as Madison Square Garden; its interior was supported by 12 massive arches, 100 feet high with a span of 230 feet. The facility housed seven acres of interior floor space. Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show opened the facility, and in July 1896, it hosted the Democratic Party's national convention, which nominated for the presidency William Jennings Bryan; he famously electrified the crowd with his historic "Cross of Gold" speech. In October 1896 the Coliseum hosted the Barnum and Bailey Circus, the largest three-ring circus in the country.[1] College football teams immediately saw the feasibility of playing indoor games in the Coliseum, and four big games took place:

University of Michigan vs. University of Chicago, Thanksgiving Day, November 26, 1896; won by Chicago, 7–6. Carlisle Indian School vs. University of Wisconsin, December 19, 1896; won by Carlisle, 18–8. Carlisle Indian School vs. University of Illinois, November 20, 1897; won by Carlisle, 23–6. University of Michigan vs. University of Chicago, Thanksgiving Day, November 25, 1897; won by Chicago, 21–12.

The Carlisle games represented the first time the Carlisle Indian School played in the Midwest. In 1896, 8,000 fans each attended the Chicago-Michigan and Carlisle-Wisconsin games, and in 1897, 12,000 fans attended the Carlisle- Illinois
Illinois
game and 10,000 showed for the second Michigan- Chicago
Chicago
game. In January 1897, the Coliseum hosted one of the largest trade shows in the country, the annual Bicycle manufacturer's trade show. Another grand trade show took place in October, the Chicago
Chicago
Horse Show. The Coliseum by this time was hailed as a financial success. Besides football games, the facility hosted bicycle races, the Military and Athletic Carnival of the AAU, Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show, horse shows, agricultural exhibitions, and commercial trade shows. But all this would soon come to an end. On December 24, 1897, around 6:00 PM, during the Manufacturers' Carnival and Winter Fair, after many visitors had left the exhibit for supper, a fire caused by faulty electrical wiring broke out and swept through the building. Despite initial reports of numerous deaths, only one fireman died. The building was completely destroyed, primarily when one of the 14 arches supporting the roof fell over to bring down all the other arches like a row of dominoes. The fire consumed the building within 20 minutes. This massive structure, one of the greatest indoor facilities of the 19th century, had a lifespan of only 19 months.[1] The third Coliseum[edit]

Third Coliseum

1904 Republican National Convention

1908 Republican National Convention

1912 Republican National Convention

1912 Progressive National Convention

1916 Republican National Convention

1920 Republican National Convention

Candy manufacturer Charles F. Gunther
Charles F. Gunther
built the third Coliseum on Wabash Avenue, between 14th and 16th Streets, in 1899. He purchased Libby Prison, a structure in Richmond, Virginia, constructed as a warehouse which became a Confederate prison during the Civil War. Gunther had it dismantled, shipped to Chicago
Chicago
on 132 railroad cars, and rebuilt in 1889 as the Libby Prison
Libby Prison
War Museum, which displayed memorabilia from the Civil War. After about a decade the old prison was torn down again, except for a castellated wall that became part of the new Chicago
Chicago
Coliseum.[4] The preserved part of Libby's facade led to the misconception that the Coliseum itself had once housed Union prisoners of war. (In fact, the only penitents to "serve time" within the Coliseum's walls were hockey players sentenced to the penalty box.) In January 1902, the Coliseum Garden Company procured a five-year lease from the Coliseum "to provide music and high class vaudeville entertainments." For the months of June, July, August and September.[5] Until 1908, the Coliseum hosted the notorious First Ward Ball, an annual political fundraiser for the two First Ward aldermen "Bathhouse" John Coughlin and Michael "Hinky Dink" Kenna – Coughlin and Kenna had been known as the "Lords of the Levee". Mayor Fred Busse was finally successful in halting the Ball in 1909. From 1904 through 1920, this Coliseum hosted five consecutive Republican National Conventions, and the Progressive Party convention in 1912 and 1916. During World War II, the army used the structure to house a radio training school which was previously in the nearby Stevens Hotel.[6] Ice hockey[edit] In 1926, the Coliseum built an ice rink at the arena to support professional ice hockey. The Coliseum hosted the Chicago
Chicago
Black Hawks of the National Hockey League
National Hockey League
(NHL) from 1926–1929 with a seating capacity of 6,000. It was also the home of the Chicago
Chicago
Cardinals (later renamed Chicago
Chicago
Americans) of the American Hockey Association (AHA) for the season of 1926–27 and the Chicago
Chicago
Shamrocks of the AHA from 1931–32. In June 1928, fight promoter Paddy Harmon announced plans to construct Chicago
Chicago
Stadium, with the Black Hawks as the marquee tenants. As the 1928–29 NHL season approached, the Stadium was not yet ready, and Blackhawks owner Major Frederic McLaughlin had had a falling-out with Harmon. Consequently, the Blackhawks arranged to continue playing at the Coliseum. However, they could only get ice time through January 1929; they played the remainder of their "home" games in Detroit
Detroit
and in Fort Erie, Ontario, across the Niagara River
Niagara River
from Buffalo. The Blackhawks were back at the Coliseum as the 1929–30 season opened, but negotiations with the Stadium resumed in the fall of 1929 after Harmon was deposed as head of the Chicago
Chicago
Stadium Corporation. In December 1929, the team began play at the Stadium. In 1932, another dispute led the Blackhawks to return temporarily to the Coliseum, for their first three home games of the 1932–33 campaign. On November 21, the Blackhawks defeated the Montreal Canadiens, 2–1, in their final game on Coliseum ice. Canadiens superstar Howie Morenz
Howie Morenz
was the last player to score an NHL goal at the Coliseum, assisted by Aurel Joliat
Aurel Joliat
and Johnny Gagnon, at 7:06 of the second period. Other events[edit] With the Blackhawks gone and the Great Depression
Great Depression
in full swing, use of the arena was limited. In 1935, promoter Leo Seltzer, drawing on the Depression-era popularity of roller skating, conceived the idea of a Roller Derby. In 1935, he staged the world's first Roller Derby
Roller Derby
at the arena. The event drew more than 20,000 people.[7] Over its history, the Coliseum featured a wide variety of other events that included the 1915 Lincoln Jubilee, which celebrated 50-years since the abolition of slavery in the U.S.;[8] sessions of the 28th International Eucharistic Congress
Eucharistic Congress
in June 1926; bowling tournaments;[9] professional wrestling bouts that included stars Gorgeous George
Gorgeous George
and Angelo Poffo;[10] circuses[11] meetings of Black Muslims;[12] Black Panthers[13] and the last convention of the radical antiwar organization Students for a Democratic Society (SDS) in June 1969.[14] Refurbishing for the Chicago
Chicago
Zephyrs[edit] The arena was re-furbished for use by the Chicago
Chicago
Packers, an expansion NBA team. Among the improvements was an increase of the seating capacity to 7,000. After playing their first season in the International Amphitheater, the Packers changed their name to the Zephyrs and moved into the Coliseum in 1962.[15] In 1963 they moved to Baltimore
Baltimore
and once again renamed the team, as the Bullets. (Today they are known as the Washington Wizards). The NBA would return to Chicago with the Bulls expansion team in 1966, but the Bulls opted to use the International Amphitheatre
International Amphitheatre
and then Chicago
Chicago
Stadium as their home courts, so the Coliseum remained without a major tenant. The Syndrome[edit] During the 1960s and early 1970s, many popular bands of the era played The Coliseum, including Cream (twice in 1968), Jethro Tull, The Jimi Hendrix Experience (December 1, 1968) and The Doors.[citation needed] During 1970 and 1971, The Coliseum occasionally saw duty as "The Syndrome", a general-admission venue for rock music concerts. The inaugural concert was staged on Friday, October 16, 1970, featuring Humble Pie, Brethren, Chase, and the headline act, Grand Funk Railroad.[16] Other bands that played The Syndrome included The Grateful Dead, Steppenwolf, New Riders of the Purple Sage, Traffic, Ten Years After, Fleetwood Mac, Mountain, Alice Cooper, Siegel-Schwall Band, Mott The Hoople, and Savoy Brown. On March 8, 1971, riots erupted at both The Chicago
Chicago
Coliseum and Chicago
Chicago
Amphitheater amongst fans attempting to watch a live, closed-circuit television broadcast of the Muhammad Ali – Joe Frazier fight being staged at Madison Square Garden
Madison Square Garden
in New York. When Coliseum projection equipment broke down, management asked an audience of 7,000 to leave just before the fight began. "..A group of youths, angered by the announcement began tearing up ticket counters near the door and throwing them thru [sic] the front windows. Others, who had paid $10 a head to see the fight, began hurtling chairs and bottles from the balcony onto the main floor. An estimated 80 police were rushed to the Coliseum to restore order."[17] As a result of the damage, all scheduled concerts were cancelled with the exception of March 12, 1971, featuring James Taylor
James Taylor
and Carole King. On March 13, 1971, the city shut the building due to fire code violations, and it fell into disuse until it was finally demolished in 1982. Part of the Libby facade was given to the Chicago
Chicago
History Museum. The site is now occupied by the Soka Gakkai USA Culture Center. Coliseum Park, located across Wabash Avenue on the site of the former Haven School[18] at 14th Place and Wabash Avenue, commemorates this historic structure. Bibliography[edit]

Pruter, Robert. "Chicago's Other Coliseum." Chicago
Chicago
History Magazine. Spring 2012, pp. 44–65.

References[edit]

^ a b c d Pruter, Robert (Spring 2012). "Chicago's Other Coliseum". Chicago
Chicago
History Magazine: 44–65.  ^ McCarron, John (December 8, 1981). "Coliseum razing gets green light". Chicago
Chicago
Tribune. Retrieved 2016-02-03.  ^ "Collapse Not Fatal". Chicago
Chicago
Tribune. August 23, 1895. p. 3.  ^ "Action Express". Chicago
Chicago
Tribune. June 14, 1971. p. 1, Section 1A.  ^ Lehr, Jr., Louis A. (March 25, 2014). Arnstein & Lehr, The First 120 Years. Arnstein & Lehr LLP. p. 3. ISBN 978-0615895031.  ^ "Army Expands Radio School to Coliseum Today". Chicago
Chicago
Tribune. August 5, 1942.  ^ Rasmussen, Cecilia (February 21, 1999). "The Man Who Got Roller Derby Rolling Along". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2016-02-10.  ^ "Lincoln Jubilee to Open Today in the Coliseum". Chicago
Chicago
Tribune. August 22, 1915. p. 9.  ^ Lupkins, Paula R. (2005). Places of Assembly. Encyclopedia of Chicago. Chicago
Chicago
Historical Society.  ^ Hornbaker, Tim (March 9, 2010). " Chicago
Chicago
Wrestling Results—1937". Retrieved 2016-02-10.  ^ "Polk Brothers Plans Big Party". Chicago
Chicago
Tribune. January 26, 1965. p. 4, Section 3.  ^ Fitzpatrick, Thomas (February 24, 1965). "Bomb Threat to Muslims!". Chicago
Chicago
Tribune. p. 1.  ^ Enstad, Robert (February 18, 1971). "News Briefs: Panther Leader to Speak Here". Chicago
Chicago
Tribune. p. 3.  ^ Enstad, Robert; Pratt, Steven (June 23, 1969). "Badly Split S.D.S. Ends Its Convention". Chicago
Chicago
Tribune. p. 7.  ^ Hareas, John. "A Colorful Tradition". Washington Wizards. Retrieved 2008-03-19.  ^ Van Matre, Lynn (October 19, 1970). "Syndrome Is On Its Way as New Rock Palace". Chicago
Chicago
Tribune. Retrieved 2016-02-03.  ^ Milbert, Neil (March 9, 1971). "Disorders at 2 T.V. Sites". Chicago Tribune. p. 1, Section 3. Retrieved 2016-02-03.  ^ "Haven School". Chicago
Chicago
Historic Schools. June 6, 2014. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chicago
Chicago
Coliseum.

Chicago
Chicago
Coliseum on ballparks.com Encyclopedia of Chicago
Chicago
entry on political conventions

Events and tenants

Preceded by first arena Home of the Chicago
Chicago
Black Hawks 1926–1929 Succeeded by Chicago
Chicago
Stadium

Preceded by International Amphitheatre Home of the Chicago
Chicago
Zephyrs 1962–1963 Succeeded by Baltimore
Baltimore
Civic Center

v t e

Venues of the Democratic National Convention

The Athenaeum and Warfield's Church (1832) Fourth Presbyterian Church (Baltimore) (1835) The Assembly Rooms (1840) Odd Fellows Hall (1844) Universalist Church (Baltimore) (1848) Maryland Institute (1852) Smith and Nixon's Hall (1856) South Carolina Institute Hall / Front Street Theater (1860) The Amphitheatre (Chicago) (1864) Tammany Hall
Tammany Hall
(1868) Ford's Grand Opera House (1872) Merchants Exchange Building (1876) Cincinnati Music Hall (1880) Interstate Exposition Building (1884) Exposition Building (1888) Wigwam (1892) Chicago
Chicago
Coliseum (1896) Convention Hall
Convention Hall
(1900) St. Louis Coliseum
St. Louis Coliseum
(1904) Denver Auditorium Arena
Denver Auditorium Arena
(1908) Fifth Regiment Armory
Fifth Regiment Armory
(1912) Convention Hall
Convention Hall
(1916) San Francisco Civic Auditorium (1920) Madison Square Garden
Madison Square Garden
(II) (1924) Sam Houston Hall (1928) Chicago
Chicago
Stadium (1932) Philadelphia Convention Hall/ Franklin Field
Franklin Field
(1936) Chicago
Chicago
Stadium (1940) Chicago
Chicago
Stadium (1944) Philadelphia Convention Hall
Convention Hall
(1948) International Amphitheatre
International Amphitheatre
(1952) International Amphitheatre
International Amphitheatre
(1956) Los Angeles Memorial Sports Arena
Los Angeles Memorial Sports Arena
/ Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum (1960) Atlantic City Convention Hall
Convention Hall
(1964) International Amphitheatre
International Amphitheatre
(1968) Miami Beach Convention Center
Miami Beach Convention Center
(1972) Madison Square Garden
Madison Square Garden
(IV) (1976) Madison Square Garden
Madison Square Garden
(IV) (1980) Moscone Center
Moscone Center
(1984) Omni Coliseum
Omni Coliseum
(1988) Madison Square Garden
Madison Square Garden
(IV) (1992) United Center (1996) Staples Center
Staples Center
(2000) FleetCenter (2004) Pepsi Center
Pepsi Center
/ Invesco Field (2008) Time Warner Cable Arena (2012) Wells Fargo Center (2016)

v t e

Venues of the Republican National Convention

Musical Fund Hall
Musical Fund Hall
(1856) Wigwam (1860) Front Street Theater (1864) Crosby's Opera House
Crosby's Opera House
(1868) Academy of Music (1872) Exposition Hall (Cincinnati)
Exposition Hall (Cincinnati)
(1876) Interstate Exposition Building (1880) Exposition Hall (Chicago) (1884) Auditorium (1888) Industrial Exposition Building
Industrial Exposition Building
(1892) St. Louis Exposition and Music Hall
St. Louis Exposition and Music Hall
(1896) Convention Hall
Convention Hall
(1900) Chicago
Chicago
Coliseum (1904) Chicago
Chicago
Coliseum (1908) Chicago
Chicago
Coliseum (1912) Chicago
Chicago
Coliseum (1916) Chicago
Chicago
Coliseum (1920) Public Auditorium
Public Auditorium
(1924) Convention Hall
Convention Hall
(1928) Chicago
Chicago
Stadium (1932) Public Auditorium
Public Auditorium
(1936) Convention Hall
Convention Hall
(1940) Chicago
Chicago
Stadium (1944) Convention Hall
Convention Hall
(1948) International Amphitheatre
International Amphitheatre
(1952) Cow Palace
Cow Palace
(1956) International Amphitheatre
International Amphitheatre
(1960) Cow Palace
Cow Palace
(1964) Miami Beach Convention Center
Miami Beach Convention Center
(1968) Miami Beach Convention Center
Miami Beach Convention Center
(1972) Kemper Arena
Kemper Arena
(1976) Joe Louis Arena
Joe Louis Arena
(1980) Dallas Convention Center
Dallas Convention Center
(1984) Louisiana Superdome (1988) Houston Astrodome
Astrodome
(1992) San Diego Convention Center
San Diego Convention Center
(1996) First Union Center (2000) Madison Square Garden
Madison Square Garden
(2004) Xcel Energy Center
Xcel Energy Center
(2008) Tampa Bay Times Forum (2012) Quicken Loans Arena
Quicken Loans Arena
(2016)

v t e

Music venues of Illinois

Outdoor

Guaranteed Rate Field Hollywood Casino Amphitheatre Huntington Bank Pavilion Jay Pritzker Pavilion Maxwell Street
Maxwell Street
Market Petrillo Music Shell Ravinia Festival Soldier Field Wrigley Field

Theaters and clubs

Aragon Ballroom Arcada Theater Arie Crown Theater Bottom Lounge Buddy Guy's Legends Chicago
Chicago
Theatre Congress Theater Coronado Theatre Double Door Empty Bottle Foellinger Auditorium Genesee Theatre Green Mill House of Blues Jazz Showcase Kingston Mines Krannert Center Lincoln Hall Metro Paramount Theatre Park West Peoria Civic Center
Peoria Civic Center
Theatre Rialto Square Theatre Riviera Theatre Rosemont Theatre Velvet Lounge Vic Theatre Virginia Theatre

Arenas

Allstate Arena Bank of Springfield Center BMO Harris Bank Center Grossinger Motors Arena NIU Convocation Center Peoria Civic Center Sears Centre SIU Arena State Farm Center TaxSlayer Center UIC Pavilion United Center Wharton Field House

Festivals

Chicago
Chicago
Blues Festival Chicago
Chicago
Jazz Festival Grant Park Music Festival Lollapalooza Pitchfork Music Festival Pygmalion Music Festival Riot Fest Summer Camp Music Festival

Historic venues

Checkerboard Lounge Chicago
Chicago
Coliseum Chicago
Chicago
Stadium E2 International Amphitheatre The Limelight/Excalibur and Vision/Castle Lounge Ax Neo Poplar Creek Music Theater The Thirsty Whale Uptown Theatre

v t e

Chicago
Chicago
Blackhawks

Founded in 1926 Based in Chicago, Illinois

Franchise

Team General managers Coaches Players Captains Draft picks Records Award winners Seasons Current season

History

Original Six Records Award winners Retired numbers

Personnel

Owner Wirtz Corporation (Rocky Wirtz, chairman) General manager Stan Bowman Head coach Joel Quenneville Team captain Jonathan Toews Current roster

Arenas

Chicago
Chicago
Coliseum Chicago
Chicago
Stadium United Center

Rivalries

Detroit
Detroit
Red Wings St. Louis Blues

Affiliates

AHL Rockford IceHogs ECHL Indy Fuel

Media

Broadcasters NBC Sports Chicago WGN Sports WGN Radio Hawkvision FSN Chicago

Culture and lore

Ashland Green/Pink Line Station "Chelsea Dagger" Curse of Muldoon Eddie Olczyk Gene Honda "Here Come the Hawks" "Holiday Road" Jim Cornelison The "Madhouse on Madison" Nancy Faust Pat Foley Sudden Death Wayne Messmer 86th Infantry Division The Dilemma 17 seconds 2009 NHL Winter Classic 2014 NHL Stadium Series 2015 NHL Winter Classic 2016 NHL Stadium Series 2017 NHL Winter Classic 2019 NHL Winter Classic

v t e

Washington Wizards

Founded in 1961 Formerly the Chicago
Chicago
Packers (1961–1962), the Chicago
Chicago
Zephyrs (1962–1963), the Baltimore
Baltimore
Bullets (1963–1973), the Capital Bullets (1973–1974), and the Washington Bullets (1974–1997) Based in Washington, D.C.

Franchise

Franchise Expansion Draft All-time roster Draft history Head coaches Seasons Current season

Arenas

International Amphitheatre Chicago
Chicago
Coliseum Baltimore
Baltimore
Civic Center Cole Field House Capital Centre/US Airways Arena Capital One Arena

General Managers

Ferry Nash Unseld Grunfeld

G-League affiliate

Capital City Go-Go
Capital City Go-Go
in 2018

Administration

Ted Leonsis
Ted Leonsis
(Owner) Ernie Grunfeld
Ernie Grunfeld
(President & GM of Basketball Ops.) Scott Brooks
Scott Brooks
(Head Coach)

Retired numbers

10 11 25 41 45

NBA Championships (1)

1978

Eastern Conference Championships (4)

1971 1975 1978 1979

Culture and lore

Wes Unseld 1975 championship upset It ain't over till the fat lady sings The Big E Abe Pollin Earl the Pearl Agent Zero Robin Ficker

Media

TV WDCW NBC Sports Washington Comcast Network Radio WJFK-FM Announcers Steve Buckhantz Phil Chenier Dave Johnson Glenn Consor

Coordinates: 41°51′43″N 87°37′30″W / 41.86194°N 87.62500°W / 4

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