HOME
The Info List - Chicago, Burlington And Quincy Railroad


--- Advertisement ---



(i) (i) (i) (i) (i)

The CHICAGO, BURLINGTON AND QUINCY RAILROAD (reporting mark CBQ) was a railroad that operated in the Midwestern United States . Commonly referred to as the BURLINGTON or as the Q, the BURLINGTON ROUTE served a large area, including extensive trackage in the states of Colorado
Colorado
, Illinois
Illinois
, Iowa
Iowa
, Kansas
Kansas
, Kentucky
Kentucky
, Missouri
Missouri
, Montana
Montana
, Nebraska
Nebraska
, Wisconsin
Wisconsin
, Wyoming
Wyoming
, and also in New Mexico
New Mexico
and Texas through subsidiaries Colorado
Colorado
and Southern Railway , Fort Worth and Denver Railway , and Burlington-Rock Island Railroad . Its primary connections included Chicago, Minneapolis-St. Paul, St. Louis, Kansas City and Denver. Because of this extensive trackage in the midwest and mountain states, the railroad used the advertising slogans "Everywhere West", "Way of the Zephyrs", and "The Way West". It merged into Burlington Northern
Burlington Northern
in 1970.

In 1967, it reported 19,565 million net ton-miles of revenue freight and 723 million passenger miles; corresponding totals for C&S were 1,100 and 10 and for FW&D were 1,466 and 13. At the end of the year CB&Q operated 8,538 route-miles, C&S operated 708 and FW"> The charter was obtained by citizens of Aurora and Batavia, Illinois
Illinois
, who were concerned that the Galena and Chicago Union Railroad would bypass their towns in favor of West Chicago on its route; at the time, that was the only line running west from Chicago. The Aurora Branch was built from Aurora, through Batavia, to Turner Junction in what is now West Chicago. The line was built with old strap rail and minimal, if any, grading. Using a leased locomotive and cars, the Aurora Branch ran passenger and freight trains from Aurora to Chicago via its own line from Aurora to Turner Junction and one of the G&CU's two tracks east from there to Chicago. The G as a result, in the mid-1850s, surveys were ordered to determine the best route for a railroad line to Chicago.

The line from Aurora to Chicago was built through the fledgling towns of Naperville , Lisle , Downers Grove , Hinsdale , Berwyn , and the west side of Chicago. It was opened in 1864, and passenger and freight service began. Regular commuter train service started in 1864 and remains operational to this day, making it the oldest surviving regular passenger service in Chicago. Both the original Chicago line, and to a much lesser extent, the old Aurora Branch right of way, are still in regular use today by the Burlington's present successor BNSF Railway .

With a steady acquisition of locomotives, cars, equipment, and trackage, the Burlington Route was able to enter the trade markets in 1862. From that year to date, the railroad and its successors have paid dividends continuously, and never run into debt or defaulted on a loan—the only Class I U.S. railroad for which this is true.

After extensive trackwork was planned, the Aurora Branch changed its name to the Chicago and Aurora Railroad in June 1852, and to Chicago, Burlington, and Quincy Railroad in 1856, and shortly reached its two other namesake cities, Burlington, Iowa
Iowa
and Quincy, Illinois
Illinois
. In 1868 CB&Q completed bridges over the Mississippi River
Mississippi River
both at Burlington, Iowa
Iowa
, and Quincy, Illinois
Illinois
giving the railroad through connections with the Burlington and Missouri
Missouri
River Railroad (B&MR) in Iowa
Iowa
and the Hannibal & St. Joseph Railroad (H&StJ) in Missouri. The first Railway Post Office was inaugurated on the H&StJ to sort mail on the trains way across Missouri, passing the mail to the Pony Express
Pony Express
upon reaching the Missouri
Missouri
River at St. Joseph, Missouri
Missouri
.

The B&MR continued building west into Nebraska
Nebraska
as a separate company, the BURLINGTON & MISSOURI RIVER RAIL ROAD, founded in 1869. During the summer of 1870 it reached Lincoln , the newly designated capital of Nebraska
Nebraska
and by 1872 it reached Kearney, Nebraska
Nebraska
. That same year the B&MR across Iowa
Iowa
was absorbed by the CB&Q. By the time the Missouri River bridge at Plattsmouth, Nebraska
Nebraska
was completed the B&MR in Nebraska
Nebraska
was well on its way to the Mile High city of Denver, Colorado . That same year, the Nebraska
Nebraska
B&MR was purchased by the CB"> Burlington Route system map, 1892. Burlington lines are black; connecting railroads are red.

Ultimately, Perkins believed the Burlington Railroad must be included into a powerful transcontinental system. Though the railroad as far west as Denver and Billings, Montana
Montana
, it had failed to reach the Pacific Coast during the 1880s and 1890s, when construction was less expensive. Though approached by E. H. Harriman of the Union Pacific Railroad , Perkins felt his railroad was a more natural fit with James J. Hill 's Great Northern Railway . With its river line to the Twin Cities , the Burlington Route formed a natural connection between Hill's home town (and headquarters) of St. Paul, Minnesota , and the railroad hub of Chicago. Moreover, Hill was willing to meet Perkins' $200-a-share asking price for the Burlington's stock. By 1900, Hill's Great Northern, in conjunction with the Northern Pacific Railway
Northern Pacific Railway
, held nearly 100 percent of Burlington's stock.

In 1901 a rebuffed Harriman tried to gain an indirect influence over the Burlington by launching a stock raid on the Northern Pacific. Though Hill managed to fend off this attack on his nascent system, it led to the creation of the Northern Securities Company , and later, the Northern Securities Co. v. United States ruling by the U.S. Supreme Court .

1901–1945

Chicago Burlington and Quincy Railroad steam locomotive #5633 built 1940 at West Burlington, Iowa
Iowa
, in service until 1956, on display since 1962 in Douglas, Wyoming
Wyoming

Following the purchase of the Burlington by GN and NP, expansion continued. In 1908, the CB&Q purchased both the Colorado
Colorado
& Southern and Fort Worth "> It also extended its reach south in the Mississippi Valley region by opening up a new line from Concord, Illinois
Illinois
south to Paducah, Kentucky
Kentucky
. It was during this period that the Burlington was at its largest, exceeding just over 12,000 route miles in 14 states by the 1920s. With the First World War having the same effect on the railroad as on all other railroads, during the 1920s, the Burlington Route had an increasingly heavy amount of equipment flooding the yards. With the advent of the Great Depression
Great Depression
, the CB&Q held a good portion of this for scrap. Despite the decrease of passengers, it was during this time that the railroad introduced the famed Zephyrs.

In 1929, the CB however, there was no diesel engine suitable for that purpose then. A Zephyr arriving at East Dubuque, Illinois
Illinois

Always innovating, the railroad both purchased "doodlebug" gas-electric combine cars from Electro-Motive Corporation and built their own, sending them out to do the jobs of a steam locomotive and a single car. With good success in that field, and after having purchased and tried a pair of General Electric
General Electric
steeple-cab switchers powered by distillate engines, Burlington president Ralph Budd requested of the Winton Engine Company a light, powerful diesel engine that could stand the rigors of continuous, unattended daily service.

The experiences of developing these engines can be summed up shortly by General Motors
General Motors
Research vice-president Charles Kettering
Charles Kettering
: "I do not recall any trouble with the dip stick." Ralph Budd
Ralph Budd
, accused of gambling on diesel power, chirped that "I knew that the GM people were going to see the program through to the very end. Actually, I wasn't taking a gamble at all." The manifestation of this gamble was the eight-cylinder Winton 8-201A diesel, a creature no larger than a small Dumpster
Dumpster
, that powered the Burlington Zephyr (built 1934) on its record run and opened the door for developing the long line of diesel engines that has powered Electro-Motive locomotives for the past seventy years. Burlington locomotive hauling an express freight circa 1967. These locomotives were also used for the Zephyr passenger trains.

1945–1970

After the Second World War, the CB&Q was inundated with the overworked steam locomotives existent in a fleet that was already beginning to dieselize. Having expanded its dieselization program rapidly, steam power was slowly put out to pasture, and on September 28, 1959, the last steam-powered commuter train from Chicago rolled to a stop in Downers Grove , marking the end of steam passenger operations on the railroad. The last steam in regular revenue service was CB&Q Subsidiary C">

THE BURLINGTON ZEPHYRS

The passengers, including "Zeph" the burro, that rode the Zephyr on the "Dawn-to-Dusk Dash" gather for a group photo in front of the train after arriving in Chicago on May 26, 1934. The Alton -Burlington Ozark State Zephyr in 1936.

The railroad operated a number of streamlined passenger trains known as the Zephyrs which were one of the most famous and largest fleets of streamliners in the United States. The Burlington Zephyr, the first American diesel -electric powered streamlined passenger train, made its noted "dawn-to-dusk" run from Denver, Colorado
Colorado
, to Chicago, Illinois
Illinois
, on May 26, 1934. On November 11, 1934, the train was put into regularly scheduled service between Lincoln, Nebraska
Nebraska
, and Kansas
Kansas
City, Missouri
Missouri
. Although the distinctive, articulated stainless steel trains were well known, and the railroad adopted the "Way of the Zephyrs" advertising slogan, they did not attract passengers back to the rails en masse, and the last one was retired from revenue service with the advent of Amtrak
Amtrak
.

The Zephyr fleet included:

* Pioneer Zephyr
Pioneer Zephyr
(Lincoln–Omaha– Kansas
Kansas
City), * Twin Cities Zephyr (Chicago–Minneapolis-St. Paul), * Mark Twain Zephyr (St. Louis–Burlington), * Denver Zephyr (Chicago–Denver), * Nebraska
Nebraska
Zephyr (Chicago–Lincoln), * Sam Houston
Houston
Zephyr (Houston–Dallas-Ft. Worth), * Ozark State Zephyr ( Kansas
Kansas
City–St. Louis), * General Pershing Zephyr
General Pershing Zephyr
( Kansas
Kansas
City–St. Louis), * Silver Streak Zephyr ( Kansas
Kansas
City–Omaha–Lincoln), * Ak-Sar-Ben Zephyr ( Kansas
Kansas
City–Omaha–Lincoln), * Zephyr Rocket (St. Louis–Burlington–Minneapolis-St. Paul), jointly with Rock Island * Texas
Texas
Zephyr (Denver–Dallas-Ft. Worth), * American Royal Zephyr (Chicago– Kansas
Kansas
City), * Kansas
Kansas
City Zephyr (Chicago– Kansas
Kansas
City), * California Zephyr
California Zephyr
(Chicago–Oakland): Chicago–Denver handled by CB Denver–Salt Lake City by Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad
Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad
; Salt Lake City–Oakland by Western Pacific Railroad
Western Pacific Railroad
.

Other named passenger trains which operated on the Burlington included: These trains were operated jointly with Northern Pacific Railway and had a different name when they were east or westbound. The club car of the Chicago Limited and the Denver Limited. The train had an eastbound and westbound name.

* Adventureland ( Kansas
Kansas
City-Billings), * Aristocrat (Chicago–Denver): replaced the Colorado
Colorado
Limited. * Ak-Sar-Ben (Chicago–Lincoln): replaced Nebraska
Nebraska
Limited and replaced by Ak-Sar-Ben Zephyr. * American Royal (Chicago– Kansas
Kansas
City): replaced by the American Royal Zephyr. * Atlantic Express (Seattle-Tacoma-Chicago): jointly with Northern Pacific Railway . * Black Hawk (Chicago–Twin Cities overnight). * Buffalo Bill (Denver-Yellowstone) Seasonal tri-weekly service between Denver, Colorado
Colorado
and Yellowstone National Park via Cody, Wyoming
Wyoming
. * Chicago Limited (Chicago-Denver). * Coloradoan (Chicago–Denver): replaced by the Aristocrat. * Denver Limited (Denver-Chicago). * Exposition Flyer (Chicago–Oakland) in conjunction with D">

INNOVATIONS

The Burlington was a leader in innovation; among its firsts were use of the printing telegraph (1910), train radio communications (1915), streamlined passenger diesel power (1934) and vista-dome coaches (1945). In 1927, the railroad was one of the first to use Centralized Traffic Control (CTC) and by the end of 1957 had equipped 1,500 miles (2,400 km) of its line.

The railroad had one of the first hump classification yards at its Cicero Avenue Yard in Chicago, allowing an operator in a tower to line switches remotely and allowing around-the-clock classification.

CITIES PLATTED BY THE CHICAGO, BURLINGTON AND QUINCY RAILROAD

* Massena, Iowa
Iowa
* Pacific Junction, Iowa
Iowa

SEE ALSO

* Railways portal

* Burlington Refrigerator Express

FOOTNOTES

* ^ "Chicago Burlington & Quincy Station". Rock Island Preservation Society. February 2013. Retrieved September 6, 2015. * ^ "Burlington Court of Appeals of Colorado, May 12, 1902". The American and English Railroad Cases: A Collection of All Cases Affecting Railroads of Every Kind, Decided by the Courts of Appellate Jurisdiction in the United States, England, and Canada. Vol. 27. E. Thompson. 1903. pp. 21–26. Retrieved September 6, 2015. * ^ Dorin (1976) , p. 9. * ^ Dorin (1976) , p. 10. * ^ Schwantes (2003) , p. 187. * ^ Yago (1984) , p. 172. * ^ "The Pioneer Zephyr". ASME. * ^ Dorin (1976) Chapters 2, 4, 5. pp. 14–29, 36–77, 78–90. * ^ A B A Marvelous Vacation in Cool Colorado
Colorado
(ad for the Denver Zephyr). Life Magazine. 19 April 1937. p. 79. Retrieved 26 February 2012. * ^ Mann, Charles F.A. (September 17, 1935). "Most Powerful Diesel Ready for Rail Service". The Meriden Daily Journal. Retrieved 28 March 2012. * ^ The Scenic Way to California (ad for the Exposition Flyer). Life Magazine. 21 April 1941. Retrieved 26 February 2012.

REFERENCES

* Dorin, Patrick C. (1976). Everywhere West: The Burlington Route. Seattle, Wash.: Superior Publishing Company. ISBN 0-87564-523-2 . LCCN 76017317 . OCLC
OCLC
2225153 . * Schwantes, Carlos A. (2003). Going Places: transportation Redefines the Twentieth-century West. Indiana University Press. ISBN 0-253-34202-3 . * Yago, Glenn (1984). The Decline of Transit: Urban Transportation in German and U.S. Cities, 1900–1970. Cambridge University Press
Cambridge University Press
. ISBN 0-521-25633-X .

FURTHER READING

* Bryant, Keith L., Jr., Editor. Encyclopedia of American Business History and Biography, Railroads in the Twentieth Century. New York: Facts on File, 1990. * Frey, Robert L., Editor. Encyclopedia of American Business History and Biography, Railroads in the Nineteenth Century. New York: Facts on File, 1988. * Hidy, Ralph W., et al. The Great Northern Railway, A History. Boston: Harvard Business School Press, 1988. * Klein, Maury. The Life and Legend of E.H. Harriman. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 2000. * Larson, John L. Bonds of Enterprise: John Murray Forbes and Western Development in America's Railway Age, expanded edition. Iowa City: University of Iowa
Iowa
Press, 2001 * Martin, Albro. James J. Hill and the Opening of the Northwest. New York: Oxford University Press, 1976. * Overton, Richard C. Burlington Route, a History of the Burlington Lines. New York: Knopf, 1965

EXTERNAL LINKS

Wikimedia Commons has media related to CHICAGO,

.