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Chhatrapati
Chhatrapati
(Devanagari: छत्रपति) is an Indian royal title. It is often taken to be the equivalent of king or emperor, and was used by the Marathas. The word ‘Chhatrapati’ is a tatpurusha Sanskrit
Sanskrit
compound of chhatra (parasol or umbrella) and pati (master/lord/ruler). The parasol was considered a symbol of absolute, or even universal, sovereignty and consecrated kingship, and has been used by Buddhist monarchies outside of India, as well. The title indicates a person who is a sovereign ruler over other princes, and not a vassal. In contrast, the Indian titles of Maharaja
Maharaja
or Raja, Yuvraj, Rajkumar or Kumar,and Senapati most can reflect a range of European equivalent meanings, from King, Crown Prince, and Prince, to Duke, Count, or Lord. Shivaji
Shivaji
adopted it since other titles were bestowed by other lieges and paramount rulers, like the Adilshahi or Mughals.

Contents

1 The House of Bhosle

1.1 The Chhatrapatis of Satara 1.2 Rajas of Kolhapur

2 See also 3 Notes 4 References

The House of Bhosle[edit]

Statue of Shivaji
Shivaji
at Raigad fort, Maharashtra

The following list details the Chhatrapatis of the House of Bhosle. The title was held by his successors, although the ascent of the Peshwas and later Maratha
Maratha
generals reduced it to a nominal position. The Grand Princes of Satara were generally considered the inheritors of the title, although the Rajas of Kohlapur did have a claim by descent, as their position began as a subsidiary title of Shivaji
Shivaji
II due to location of his court. His mother, the Regent Tarabai, established a rival regime in Kohlapur, challenging both the power of the Peshwas and the Mughal-backed claims of Shahu.[1]

Portrait Chhatrapati Birth Reign Death

Shivaji c. April 1627 / 19 February 1630[2] 1674 - 1680 3 April 1680

Sambhaji 14 May 1657 20 July 1680 - 11 March 1689 11 March 1689

Rajaram 24 February 1670 1689 – 1700 3 March 1700

Shivaji
Shivaji
II 9 June 1696 1700 – 1708 14 March 1726

Shahu 18 May 1682 1708 – 1748 15 December 1749

The Chhatrapatis of Satara[edit] The following is the list of the Chhatrapatis of Satara.[3] After 1848 they became pensioners of the East India
India
Company.

Shahu (1708–1748) Ramraja (1749–1777) -Grandson of Rajaram and his senior wife, Tarabai. Shahu II of Satara (1777–1808) Pratapsingh (1808–1839) Shahaji II
Shahaji II
of Satara (1839–1848) Shahu III of Satara Pratapsinhraje Udayanraje

Rajas of Kolhapur[edit] The following is the list of the claimants from Kolhapur:[3]

Tarabai
Tarabai
as a regent of Shivaji
Shivaji
II (1700–1708) Shivaji
Shivaji
II (1700–1712) - son of Rajaram and his senior wife, Tarabai. Sambhaji
Sambhaji
II (1712–1760) - son of Rajaram and his junior wife, Rajasbai. Shivaji
Shivaji
III (1760–1812) - Sambhaji
Sambhaji
III (1812–1821) Shivaji
Shivaji
IV (1821-1822) Shahaji I (1822–1838) Shivaji
Shivaji
V (1838–1866) Rajaram II (1866–1870) Shivaji
Shivaji
VI (1871–1883) Shahu I
Shahu I
also known as Rajarshi Shahu(1874–1922) (adopted from the ruling Ghatge family of Kagal) Rajaram III (1922–1940) Shivaji
Shivaji
VII (1941–1946) Shahaji II
Shahaji II
(1947-1949) Shahu II as titular Maharaja
Maharaja
(1983–present) (adopted from Bhosale family of Nagpur)

See also[edit]

Maratha Maratha
Maratha
titles

Notes[edit]

^ Sailendra., Sen, (2013-01-01). Textbook of medieval indian history. Primus Books. ISBN 9789380607344. OCLC 822894456.  ^ Indu Ramchandani, ed. (2000). Student’s Britannica: India
India
(Set of 7 Vols.) 39. Popular Prakashan. p. 8. ISBN 978-0-85229-760-5.  ^ a b Maheshwari, K.K. & K.W. Wiggins (1989). Maratha
Maratha
Mints and Coinage, Nashik: Indian Institute of Research in Numismatic Studies, pp.205–6

References[edit]

^ V.S. Kadam, 1993. Maratha
Maratha
Confederacy: A Study in its Origin and Development. Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers, New Delhi. D.B. Kasar, Rigveda to Rajgarh – Making of Shivaji
Shivaji
the Great. Manudevi Prakashan, Mumbai.

v t e

Maratha
Maratha
Empire

Rulers

Shivaji Sambhaji Rajaram I Tarabai Shahu I Rajaram II Shahu II Pratap Singh

Peshwas

Moropant Trimbak Pingle Moreshvar Pingale Ramchandra Pant Amatya Bahiroji Pingale Parashuram Trimbak Kulkarni Balaji Vishwanath Baji Rao I Balaji Baji Rao Madhavrao Ballal Narayan Rao Raghunathrao Sawai Madhavrao Baji Rao II Amrut Rao Nana Sahib Bhat family

Women

Ahilyabai Holkar Anandibai Gopikabai Jankibai Jijabai Kashibai Mastani Muddupalani Parvatibai Putalabai Radhikabai Ramabai Saibai Sakvarbai Soyarabai Umabai Dabhade Tulsi Bai Holkar

Maratha
Maratha
Confederacy

Bhonsle
Bhonsle
of Nagpur Gaekwad of Baroda Scindia
Scindia
of Gwalior Holkar
Holkar
of Indore (subsidiary or feudatory states)

Battles

Pratapgarh Kolhapur Pavan Khind Chakan Surat Purandar Sinhagad Kalyan Bhupalgarh Sangamner Bijapur Raigarh (1689) Jinji Satara Khelna Raigarh Torna Palkhed Mandsaur 1st Delhi Bhopal Vasai Gajendragad 1st Trichinopoly Katwa (1st) 2nd Trichinopoly Katwa (2nd) Invasions of Bengal Burdwan Udgir 2nd Delhi Attock Peshawar 3rd Panipat Alegaon Rakshabhuvan Panchgaon Saunshi Adoni Badami Savanur Bahadur Benda Lalsot Chaksana Patan Kharda Poona 3rd Delhi Assaye Laswari Farrukhabad Bharatpur Khadki Koregaon Mahidpur

Wars

Maratha-Mughal War of 27 years Maratha–Mysore War First Anglo- Maratha
Maratha
War Second Anglo- Maratha
Maratha
War Third Anglo- Maratha
Maratha
War

Adversaries

Adilshahi Nizamshahi Berar Sultanate Bidar Sultanate Qutbshahi Mughal Empire Durrani Empire British Empire Portuguese Empire Nizam of Hyderabad Mysore

Forts

Fort Mangad Panhala Pratapgad Purandar Raigad Rajgad Shaniwar Wada Shivneri Sindhudurg Sinhagad Torna

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