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CHHATRAPATI ( Devanagari
Devanagari
: छत्रपति) is an Indian royal title. It is often taken to be the equivalent of king or emperor , and was used by the Marathas . The word ‘Chhatrapati’ is a tatpurusha Sanskrit
Sanskrit
compound of chhatra (parasol or umbrella) and pati (master/lord/ruler). The parasol was considered a symbol of absolute, or even universal, sovereignty and consecrated kingship, and has been used by Buddhist monarchies outside of India, as well. The title indicates a person who is a sovereign ruler over other princes , and not a vassal .

In contrast, the Indian titles of Maharaja
Maharaja
or Raja
Raja
, Yuvraj , Rajkumar or Kumar , Senapati , and Sardar
Sardar
most can reflect a range of European equivalent meanings, from King
King
, Crown Prince
Prince
, and Prince
Prince
, to Duke
Duke
, Count
Count
, or Lord
Lord
. Shivaji
Shivaji
adopted it since other titles were bestowed by other lieges and paramount rulers, like the Adilshahi or Mughals .

CONTENTS

* 1 The House of Bhosle

* 1.1 The Chhatrapatis of Satara * 1.2 Rajas of Kolhapur
Kolhapur

* 2 See also * 3 Notes * 4 References

THE HOUSE OF BHOSLE

Statue of Shivaji
Shivaji
at Raigad fort, Maharashtra

The following list details the Chhatrapatis of the House of Bhosle . The title was held by his successors, although the ascent of the Peshwas and later Maratha
Maratha
generals reduced it to a nominal position. The Grand Princes of Satara were generally considered the inheritors of the title, although the Rajas of Kohlapur did have a claim by descent, as their position began as a subsidiary title of Shivaji
Shivaji
II due to location of his court. His mother, the Regent Tarabai
Tarabai
, established a rival regime in Kohlapur , challenging both the power of the Peshwas and the Mughal-backed claims of Shahu .

PORTRAIT CHHATRAPATI BIRTH REIGN DEATH

Shivaji
Shivaji
c. April 1627 / 19 February 1630 1674 - 1680 3 April 1680

Sambhaji
Sambhaji
14 May 1657 20 July 1680 - 11 March 1689 11 March 1689

Rajaram 24 February 1670 1689 – 1700 3 March 1700

Shivaji
Shivaji
II 9 June 1696 1700 – 1708 14 March 1726

Shahu 18 May 1682 1708 – 1748 15 December 1749

THE CHHATRAPATIS OF SATARA

The following is the list of the Chhatrapatis of Satara . After 1848 they became pensioners of the East India
India
Company .

* Shahu (1708–1748) * Ramraja (1749–1777) -Grandson of Rajaram and his senior wife, Tarabai
Tarabai
. * Shahu II of Satara (1777–1808) * Pratapsingh (1808–1839) * Shahaji II of Satara (1839–1848)

RAJAS OF KOLHAPUR

This section's FACTUAL ACCURACY IS DISPUTED . Relevant discussion may be found on Talk: Chhatrapati
Chhatrapati
. Please help to ensure that disputed statements are reliably sourced . (February 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message )

The following is the list of the claimants from Kolhapur
Kolhapur
:

* Tarablai as a regent of Shivaji
Shivaji
II (1700–1708) * Shivaji
Shivaji
II (1700–1712) - son of Rajaram and his senior wife, Tarabai. * Sambhaji
Sambhaji
II (1712–1760) - son of Rajaram and his junior wife, Rajasbai. * Shivaji
Shivaji
III (1760–1812) - * Shambhu (1812–1821) * Shahaji (1821–1838) * Shivaji
Shivaji
V (1838–1866) * Rajaram II (1866–1870) * Shivaji
Shivaji
VI (1871–1883) * Shahu I also known as Rajarshi Shahu(1874–1922) (adopted from the ruling Ghatge family of Kagal ) * Rajaram III (1922–1940) * Shivaji
Shivaji
VII (1941–1946) * Shahoji II as titular Prince
Prince
(1971–1983) * Shahu II as titular Maharaja
Maharaja
(1983–present) (adopted from Bhosale family of Nagpur)

SEE ALSO

* Maratha
Maratha
* Maratha
Maratha
titles

NOTES

* ^ Sailendra., Sen, (2013-01-01). Textbook of medieval indian history. Primus Books. ISBN 9789380607344 . OCLC
OCLC
822894456 . * ^ Indu Ramchandani, ed. (2000). Student’s Britannica: India (Set of 7 Vols.) 39. Popular Prakashan. p. 8. ISBN 978-0-85229-760-5 .

* ^ A B Maheshwari, K.K. ;background:none transparent;border:none;-moz-box-shadow:none;-webkit-box-shadow:none;box-shadow:none;">v

* t * e

Maratha
Maratha
Empire

RULERS

* Shivaji
Shivaji
* Sambhaji
Sambhaji
* Rajaram * Tarabai
Tarabai
* Shahu * Rajaram II * Shahu II

PESHWAS

* Moro Pant Trimbak Pingle * Moreshvar Pingale * Ramchandra Pant Amatya * Bahiroji Pingale
Bahiroji Pingale
* Parashuram Trimbak Kulkarni * Balaji Vishwanath
Balaji Vishwanath
* Bajirao I
Bajirao I
* Balaji Baji Rao
Balaji Baji Rao
* Madhavrao Ballal * Narayanrao * Raghunathrao
Raghunathrao
* Sawai Madhavrao * Baji Rao II * Amrut Rao * Nana Sahib
Nana Sahib
* Bhat family
Bhat family

WOMEN

* Ahilyabai Holkar
Ahilyabai Holkar
* Anandibai
Anandibai
* Gopikabai * Jankibai * Jijabai
Jijabai
* Kashibai * Mastani * Muddupalani
Muddupalani
* Parvatibai * Putalabai * Radhikabai * Ramabai
Ramabai
* Saibai * Sakvarbai * Soyarabai * Umabai Dabhade * Yesubai * Tulsi Bai Holkar

MARATHA CONFEDERACY

* Bhonsle
Bhonsle
of Nagpur * Gaekwad of Baroda * Scindia
Scindia
of Gwalior * Holkar
Holkar
of Indore (subsidiary or feudatory states)

BATTLES

* Pratapgarh * Kolhapur
Kolhapur
* Pavan Khind * Chakan *