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Submarine
Division Atlantic Torpedo Fleet USS Skipjack (SS-24) Atlantic Submarine
Submarine
Flotilla USS Chicago (CA-14) USS Rigel (AR-11) USS Augusta (CA-31) Bureau of Navigation

Battles/wars

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World War I
World War I
World War II

Battle of the Coral Sea Battle of Midway Solomon Islands campaign Battle of the Philippine Sea Battle of Leyte Gulf Battle of Iwo Jima Battle of Okinawa

Awards Navy Distinguished Service Medal
Navy Distinguished Service Medal
(4) Army Distinguished Service Medal Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
(United Kingdom) Legion of Honor
Legion of Honor
(France) Philippine Medal of Valor

Other work Regent of the University of California

Signature

Chester William Nimitz, Sr. (/ˈnɪmɪts/; February 24, 1885 – February 20, 1966) was a fleet admiral of the United States
United States
Navy. He played a major role in the naval history of World War II
World War II
as Commander in Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet (CinCPac) and Commander in Chief, Pacific Ocean Areas (CinCPOA), commanding Allied air, land, and sea forces during World War II.[2] Nimitz was the leading US Navy authority on submarines. Qualified in submarines during his early years, he later oversaw the conversion of these vessels' propulsion from gasoline to diesel, and then later was key in acquiring approval to build the world's first nuclear-powered submarine, USS Nautilus, whose propulsion system later completely superseded diesel-powered submarines in the US. He also, beginning in 1917, was the Navy's leading developer of underway replenishment techniques, the tool which during the Pacific war would allow the US fleet to operate away from port almost indefinitely. The chief of the Navy's Bureau of Navigation in 1939, Nimitz served as Chief of Naval Operations (CNO) from 1945 until 1947. He was the United States' last surviving officer who served in the rank of fleet admiral.

Contents

1 Early life and education 2 Military career

2.1 Early career 2.2 World War I 2.3 Between the wars 2.4 World War II 2.5 Post war 2.6 Inactive duty as a fleet admiral

3 Personal life 4 Death 5 Dates of rank 6 Decorations and awards

6.1 United States
United States
awards 6.2 Foreign awards

6.2.1 Orders 6.2.2 Decorations 6.2.3 Service medals

7 Memorials and legacy

7.1 Schools

8 See also 9 References 10 Bibliography 11 Further reading 12 External links

Early life and education[edit] Nimitz, a German Texan, was born the son of Anna Josephine (Henke) and Chester Bernhard Nimitz on February 24, 1885, in Fredericksburg, Texas,[3] where his grandfather's hotel is now the Admiral Nimitz State Historic Site. His frail, rheumatic father had died six months earlier, on August 14, 1884.[4] He was significantly influenced by his German-born paternal grandfather, Charles Henry Nimitz, a former seaman in the German Merchant Marine, who taught him, "the sea – like life itself – is a stern taskmaster. The best way to get along with either is to learn all you can, then do your best and don't worry – especially about things over which you have no control."[5] His grandfather became a Texas
Texas
Ranger in the Texas
Texas
Mounted Volunteers in 1851. He then served as captain of the Gillespie Rifles Company in the Confederate States Army
Confederate States Army
during the Civil War.[6] Originally, Nimitz applied to West Point
West Point
in hopes of becoming an Army officer, but no appointments were available. His congressman, James L. Slayden, told him that he had one appointment available for the United States Naval Academy and that he would award it to the best qualified candidate. Nimitz felt that this was his only opportunity for further education and spent extra time studying to earn the appointment. He was appointed to the United States
United States
Naval Academy from Texas's 12th congressional district in 1901, and he graduated with distinction on January 30, 1905, seventh in a class of 114.[7] Military career[edit]

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Early career[edit]

Midshipman
Midshipman
1/C Nimitz, circa 1905

USS Decatur, 1902.

Nimitz joined the battleship Ohio at San Francisco, and cruised on her to the Far East. In September 1906, he was transferred to the cruiser Baltimore; on January 31, 1907, after the two years at sea as a warrant officer then required by law, he was commissioned as an ensign. Remaining on Asiatic Station in 1907, he successively served on the gunboat Panay, destroyer Decatur, and cruiser Denver. The destroyer Decatur ran aground on a mud bank in the Philippines
Philippines
on July 7, 1908 while under the command of Ensign Nimitz. The ship was pulled free the next day, and Nimitz was court-martialed, found guilty of neglect of duty, and issued a letter of reprimand.[8] Nimitz returned to the United States
United States
on board USS Ranger when that vessel was converted to a school ship, and in January 1909, began instruction in the First Submarine
Submarine
Flotilla. In May of that year, he was given command of the flotilla, with additional duty in command of USS Plunger, later renamed A-1. He commanded USS Snapper (later renamed C-5) when that submarine was commissioned on February 2, 1910, and on November 18, 1910 assumed command of USS Narwhal (later renamed D-1).[8] In the latter command, he had additional duty from October 10, 1911 as Commander 3rd Submarine
Submarine
Division Atlantic Torpedo Fleet. In November 1911, he was ordered to the Boston Navy Yard, to assist in fitting out USS Skipjack and assumed command of that submarine, which had been renamed E-1, at her commissioning on February 14, 1912. On the monitor Tonopah on March 20, 1912, he rescued Fireman Second Class W. J. Walsh from drowning, receiving a Silver Lifesaving Medal
Lifesaving Medal
for his action.[8] After commanding the Atlantic Submarine
Submarine
Flotilla from May 1912 to March 1913, he supervised the building of diesel engines for the fleet oil tanker Maumee, under construction at the New London Ship and Engine Company, Groton, Connecticut.[citation needed] World War I[edit] In the summer of 1913, Nimitz (who spoke German) studied engines at the diesel engine plants in Nuremberg, Germany, and Ghent, Belgium. Returning to the New York Navy Yard, he became executive and engineer officer of Maumee at her commissioning on October 23, 1916. After the United States
United States
declared war on Germany in April 1917, Nimitz was Chief Engineer of Maumee while the vessel served as a refueling ship for the first squadron of U.S. Navy destroyers to cross the Atlantic, to take part in the war. Under his supervision, Maumee conducted the first-ever underway refuelings. On August 10, 1917, Nimitz became aide to Rear Admiral Samuel S. Robison, Commander, Submarine
Submarine
Force, U.S. Atlantic Fleet (COMSUBLANT). On February 6, 1918, Nimitz was appointed chief of staff and was awarded a Letter of Commendation for meritorious service as COMSUBLANT's chief of staff. On September 16, he reported to the office of the Chief of Naval Operations, and on October 25 was given additional duty as Senior Member, Board of Submarine
Submarine
Design. Between the wars[edit] From May 1919 to June 1920, he served as executive officer of the battleship South Carolina. He then commanded the cruiser Chicago with additional duty in command of Submarine
Submarine
Division 14, based at Pearl Harbor. Returning to the mainland in the summer of 1922, he studied at the Naval War College, Newport, Rhode Island. In June 1923, he became aide and assistant chief of staff to the Commander, Battle Fleet, and later to the Commander In Chief, U.S. Fleet. In August 1926, he went to the University of California, Berkeley, to establish the Navy's first Naval Reserve Officer Training Corps unit. Nimitz lost part of one finger in an accident with a diesel engine, only saving the rest of it when the machine jammed against his Annapolis
Annapolis
ring.[9] In June 1929, he took command of Submarine
Submarine
Division 20. In June 1931, he assumed command of the destroyer tender Rigel and the destroyers out of commission at San Diego, California. In October 1933, he took command of the cruiser Augusta and deployed to the Far East, where in December, Augusta became the flagship of the Asiatic Fleet. In April 1935, Nimitz returned home for three years as assistant chief of the Bureau of Navigation, before becoming commander, Cruiser Division 2, Battle Force. In September 1938. he took command of Battleship
Battleship
Division 1, Battle Force. On June 15, 1939, he was appointed chief of the Bureau of Navigation. During this time, Nimitz conducted experiments in the underway refueling of large ships which would prove a key element in the Navy's success in the war to come. World War II[edit]

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See also: United States
United States
Navy in World War II
World War II
and Naval history of World War II

Admiral Chester W. Nimitz
Chester W. Nimitz
pins the Navy Cross
Navy Cross
on Doris "Dorie" Miller at ceremony on board USS Enterprise, Pearl Harbor, May 27, 1942.

The surrender of Japan aboard USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay, September 2, 1945: Fleet Admiral Chester Nimitz, representing the United States, signs the instrument of surrender.

Ten days after the attack on Pearl Harbor
Pearl Harbor
on December 7, 1941, he was promoted by Roosevelt to commander-in-chief, United States
United States
Pacific Fleet (CINCPACFLT), with the rank of admiral, effective December 31. He immediately departed Washington for Hawaii and took command in a ceremony on the top deck of the submarine Grayling. The change of command ceremony would normally have taken place aboard a battleship, but every battleship in Pearl Harbor
Pearl Harbor
had been either sunk or damaged during the attack. Assuming command at the most critical period of the war in the Pacific, Admiral Nimitz successfully organized his forces to halt the Japanese advance despite the losses from the attack on Pearl Harbor
Pearl Harbor
and the shortage of ships, planes, and supplies. On March 24, 1942, the newly formed US-British Combined Chiefs of Staff issued a directive designating the Pacific theater an area of American strategic responsibility. Six days later, the US Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) divided the theater into three areas: the Pacific Ocean Areas, the Southwest Pacific Area (commanded by General Douglas MacArthur), and the Southeast Pacific Area. The JCS designated Nimitz as "Commander in Chief, Pacific Ocean Areas", with operational control over all Allied units (air, land, and sea) in that area. As rapidly as ships, men, and materiel became available, Nimitz shifted to the offensive and fought the Japanese navy in the Battle of the Coral Sea – a tactical victory for the Japanese in terms of ships sunk, but a strategic victory for the Allies for several reasons – in the pivotal Battle of Midway, and in the Solomon Islands campaign. The severe losses in carriers at Midway prevented the Japanese from re-attempting to invade Port Moresby
Port Moresby
from the ocean. The Allies took advantage of Japan's resulting strategic vulnerability in the South Pacific and launched the Guadalcanal Campaign
Guadalcanal Campaign
that, along with the New Guinea Campaign, eventually broke Japanese defenses in the South Pacific. In the final phases in the war in the Pacific, Nimitz's forces attacked the Mariana Islands, inflicting a decisive defeat on the Japanese fleet in the Battle of the Philippine Sea, and capturing Saipan, Guam, and Tinian. His Fleet Forces isolated enemy-held bastions of the central and eastern Caroline Islands
Caroline Islands
and secured in quick succession Peleliu, Angaur, and Ulithi. In the Philippines, his ships turned back powerful task forces of the Japanese fleet, a historic victory in the multiphased Battle of Leyte Gulf, October 24 to 26, 1944. Nimitz culminated his long-range strategy by successful amphibious assaults on Iwo Jima
Iwo Jima
and Okinawa. In addition, Nimitz also ordered the United States
United States
Army Air Forces to mine the Japanese ports and waterways by air with B-29 Superfortresses in a successful mission called Operation Starvation, which severely interrupted the Japanese logistics. By Act of Congress, passed on December 14, 1944, the grade of Fleet Admiral — the highest grade in the Navy — was established and the next day President Franklin Roosevelt appointed Nimitz to that rank. Nimitz took the oath of that office on December 19, 1944. In January 1945, Nimitz moved the headquarters of the Pacific Fleet forward from Pearl Harbor
Pearl Harbor
to Guam
Guam
for the remainder of the war. Mrs. Nimitz remained in the continental United States
United States
for the duration of the war, and did not join her husband in Hawaii or Guam. On September 2, 1945, Nimitz signed for the United States
United States
when Japan formally surrendered on board USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay. On October 5, 1945, which had been officially designated as "Nimitz Day" in Washington, D.C., Admiral Nimitz was personally presented a Gold Star for the third award of the Distinguished Service Medal by Harry S. Truman "for exceptionally meritorious service as Commander in Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet and Pacific Ocean Areas, from June 1944 to August 1945." Post war[edit] On November 26, 1945, his nomination as Chief of Naval Operations
Chief of Naval Operations
was confirmed by the U.S. Senate, and on December 15, 1945, he relieved Fleet Admiral Ernest J. King. He had assured the President that he was willing to serve as the CNO for one two-year term, but no longer. He tackled the difficult task of reducing the most powerful navy in the world to a fraction of its war-time strength, while establishing and overseeing active and reserve fleets with the strength and readiness required to support national policy. For the postwar trial of German Grand Admiral
Grand Admiral
Karl Dönitz
Karl Dönitz
at the Nuremberg Trials
Nuremberg Trials
in 1946, Nimitz furnished an affidavit in support of the practice of unrestricted submarine warfare, a practice that he himself had employed throughout the war in the Pacific. This evidence is widely credited as a reason why Dönitz was sentenced to only 10 years of imprisonment.[10] Nimitz endorsed an entirely new course for the U.S. Navy's future by way of supporting then-Captain Hyman G. Rickover's chain-of-command-circumventing proposal in 1947 to build USS Nautilus, the world's first nuclear-powered vessel.[11] As is noted at a display at the Nimitz Museum in Fredericksburg, Texas: "Nimitz's greatest legacy as CNO is arguably his support of Admiral Hyman Rickover's effort to convert the submarine fleet from diesel to nuclear propulsion." From 1949 to 1953, Nimitz served as UN-appointed Plebiscite Administrator for Jammu and Kashmir.[12] His proposed role as administrator was accepted by Pakistan but rejected by India.[13][14] Inactive duty as a fleet admiral[edit] On December 15, 1947, Nimitz retired from office as Chief of Naval Operations and received a third Gold Star in lieu of a fourth Navy Distinguished Service Medal. However, since the rank of fleet admiral is a lifetime appointment, he remained on active duty for the rest of his life, with full pay and benefits. He and his wife, Catherine, moved to Berkeley, California. After he suffered a serious fall in 1964, he and Catherine moved to US Naval quarters on Yerba Buena Island in the San Francisco
San Francisco
Bay. In San Francisco, Nimitz served in the mostly ceremonial post as a special assistant to the Secretary of the Navy in the Western Sea Frontier. He worked to help restore goodwill with Japan after World War II by helping to raise funds for the restoration of the Japanese Imperial Navy battleship Mikasa, Admiral Heihachiro Togo's flagship at the Battle of Tsushima
Battle of Tsushima
in 1905. He was also appointed as the United Nations
United Nations
Plebiscite Administrator for Kashmir, but owing to disagreements between India and Pakistan over demilitarization, that mission did not take place. [15] Nimitz became a member of the Bohemian Club
Bohemian Club
of San Francisco. In 1948, he sponsored a Bohemian dinner in honor of U.S. Army General Mark Clark, known for his campaigns in North Africa and Italy.[16] Nimitz served as a regent of the University of California
California
during 1948–1956, where he had formerly been a faculty member as a professor of naval science for the NROTC program. Nimitz was honored on October 17, 1964, by the University of California
California
on Nimitz Day. Personal life[edit]

Nimitz as he appears at the National Portrait Gallery in Washington, D.C.

Nimitz married Catherine Vance Freeman (March 22, 1892 – February 1, 1979) on April 9, 1913, in Wollaston, Massachusetts.[8] Nimitz and his wife had four children:

Catherine Vance "Kate" (22 February 1914, Brooklyn, NY – 14 January 2015)[17][18] Chester William "Chet", Jr. (1915–2002[17][19]) Anna Elizabeth "Nancy" (1919–2003[20][21]) Mary Manson (1931–2006[22][23])

Catherine Vance graduated from the University of California, Berkeley, in 1934,[24] became a music librarian with the Washington D.C. Public Library,[25] and married U.S. Navy Commander James Thomas Lay (1909–2001[26]), from St. Clair, Missouri, in Chester and Catherine's suite at the Fairfax Hotel in Washington, D.C., on March 9, 1945.[27] She had met Lay in the summer of 1934 while visiting her parents in Southeast Asia.[24] Chester Nimitz, Jr., graduated from the U.S. Naval Academy
U.S. Naval Academy
in 1936 and served as a submariner in the Navy until his retirement in 1957, reaching the (post retirement) rank of rear admiral; he served as chairman of PerkinElmer
PerkinElmer
from 1969–1980. Anna Elizabeth ("Nancy") Nimitz was an expert on the Soviet economy at the RAND Corporation
RAND Corporation
from 1952 until her retirement in the 1980s. Sister Mary Aquinas (Nimitz) became a sister in the Order of Preachers (Dominicans), working at the Dominican University of California. She taught biology for 16 years, and was academic dean for 11 years, acting president for one year, and vice president for institutional research for 13 years before becoming the university's emergency preparedness coordinator. She held this job until her death, due to cancer, on February 27, 2006. Death[edit] In late 1965, Nimitz suffered a stroke, complicated by pneumonia. In January 1966, he left the U.S. Naval Hospital (Oak Knoll) in Oakland to return home to his naval quarters. He died at home at age 80 on the evening of February 20 at Quarters One on Yerba Buena Island
Yerba Buena Island
in San Francisco Bay.[28] His funeral on February 24 was at the chapel of adjacent Naval Station Treasure Island
Naval Station Treasure Island
and Nimitz was buried with full military honors at Golden Gate National Cemetery
Golden Gate National Cemetery
in San Bruno.[29][30][31][32][33] He lies alongside his wife and his long-term friends Admiral Raymond A. Spruance, Admiral Richmond K. Turner, and Admiral Charles A. Lockwood
Charles A. Lockwood
and their wives, an arrangement made by all of them while living.[34] Dates of rank[edit]

United States
United States
Naval Academy Midshipman
Midshipman
– January 1905

Ensign Lieutenant junior grade Lieutenant Lieutenant commander Commander Captain

O-1 O-2 O-3 O-4 O-5 O-6

January 7, 1907 Never held January 31, 1910 August 29, 1916 February 1, 1918 June 2, 1927

Commodore Rear admiral Vice admiral Admiral Fleet admiral

O-7 O-8 O-9 O-10 O-11

Never held June 23, 1938 Never held December 31, 1941 December 19, 1944

Commodore – no longer a rank in the United States
United States
Navy, was previously reserved for wartime use and was not in use at the time of Nimitz's promotion to flag rank. Currently, a captain who is promoted to pay grade O-7
O-7
becomes a rear admiral (lower half) and uses the abbreviated rank designation RDML as opposed to RADM, which designates a rear admiral (upper half), O-8. During Admiral Nimitz's service, the only rank existing among these was rear admiral, without distinction between upper and lower half. Fleet admiral – rank made permanent in the United States
United States
Navy on May 13, 1946, a lifetime appointment.

At the time of Nimitz's promotion to rear admiral, the United States Navy did not maintain a one-star rank (Commodore). Nimitz was thus promoted directly from a captain to rear admiral. By Congressional appointment, he skipped the rank of vice admiral and became an admiral in December 1941. Nimitz also never held the rank of lieutenant junior grade, as he was appointed a full lieutenant after three years of service as an ensign. (For administrative reasons, Nimitz's naval record states that he was promoted to the rank of lieutenant junior grade and lieutenant on the same day.)[citation needed] Decorations and awards[edit] United States
United States
awards[edit]

Submarine
Submarine
Warfare insignia

Navy Distinguished Service Medal
Navy Distinguished Service Medal
with three gold stars

Army Distinguished Service Medal

Silver Lifesaving Medal

World War I
World War I
Victory Medal with Secretary of the Navy Commendation Star

American Defense Service Medal

Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal

World War II
World War II
Victory Medal

National Defense Service Medal
National Defense Service Medal
with service star

Foreign awards[edit] Orders[edit]

United Kingdom – Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath

France – Grand-Officier de la Légion d'honneur

Netherlands – Order of Orange-Nassau with Swords in the Degree of the Knight Grand Cross (Dutch: Ridder Grootkruis in de Orde van Oranje Nassau)

Greece – Grand Cross of the Order of George I

China – Grand Cordon of Pao Ting
Grand Cordon of Pao Ting
(Tripod) Special
Special
Class

Guatemala
Guatemala
– Cross of Military Merit First Class (Spanish: La Cruz de Merito Militar de Primera Clase)

Cuba
Cuba
– Grand Cross of the Order of Carlos Manuel de Cespedes

Argentina
Argentina
Order of the Liberator General San Martín
Order of the Liberator General San Martín
(Spanish: Orden del Libertador San Martin)

Ecuador
Ecuador
Order of Abdon Calderon
Order of Abdon Calderon
(1st Class)

Belgium – Grand Cross Order of the Crown (Belgium)
Order of the Crown (Belgium)
with Palm (French: Grand Croix de l'ordre de la Couronne avec palme)

Italy – Knight of the Grand Cross of the Military Order of Italy (Cavaliere di Gran Croce)

Brazil
Brazil
– Order of Naval Merit (Ordem do Mérito Naval)

Decorations[edit]

Philippines
Philippines
– Philippine Medal of Valor

Belgium – War Cross with Palm (French: Croix de Guerre Avec Palme)

Service medals[edit]

United Kingdom – Pacific Star

Philippines
Philippines
– Liberation Medal with one bronze service star

Memorials and legacy[edit]

USS Nimitz at sea near Victoria, British Columbia.

Nimitz's headstone at Golden Gate National Cemetery.

Besides the honor of a United States
United States
Great Americans series
Great Americans series
50¢ postage stamp, the following institutions and locations have been named in honor of Nimitz:

USS Nimitz, the first of her class of ten nuclear-powered supercarriers, which was commissioned in 1975 and remains in service Nimitz Foundation, established in 1970, which funds the National Museum of the Pacific War
Pacific War
and the Admiral Nimitz Museum, Fredericksburg, Texas The Nimitz Freeway (Interstate 880) – from Oakland to San Jose, California, in the San Francisco
San Francisco
Bay Area Nimitz Glacier
Nimitz Glacier
in Antarctica for his service during Operation Highjump as the CNO Nimitz Boulevard – a major thoroughfare in the Point Loma Neighborhood of San Diego Camp Nimitz, a recruit camp constructed in 1955 at the Naval Training Center, San Diego Nimitz Highway – state route 92 in Honolulu, Hawaii
Honolulu, Hawaii
near the Honolulu airport The Nimitz Library, the main library at the U.S. Naval Academy, Annapolis, Maryland Nimitz Drive, in the Admiral Heights neighborhood of Annapolis, Maryland Callaghan Hall (the Naval and Air Force ROTC building at UC Berkeley) containing the Nimitz Library (was gutted by arson in 1985) The town of Nimitz in Summers County, West Virginia The summit on Guam
Guam
where Chester Nimitz relocated his Pacific Fleet headquarters, and where the current Commander U.S. Naval Forces Marianas (ComNavMar) resides, is called Nimitz Hill Nimitz Park, a recreational area located at United States
United States
Fleet Activities Sasebo, Japan The Nimitz Trail in Tilden Park
Tilden Park
in Berkeley, California The Main Gate at Pearl Harbor
Pearl Harbor
is called Nimitz Gate Admiral Nimitz Circle – located in Fair Park, Dallas, Texas Chester Nimitz Oriental Garden Waltz performed by Austin Lounge Lizards Admiral Nimitz Fanfare composed by John Steven Lasher (2014) Admiral Nimitz March composed by John Steven Lasher (2014) The Nimitz Building, Raytheon
Raytheon
Company site headquarters, Portsmouth, Rhode Island Nimitz Road in Diego Garcia, British Indian Ocean Territory is named in his honor. Nimitz Place part of Havemeyer Park located in Old Greenwich, Connecticut was named in his honor along with many other World War II military personnel. Nimitz Hall is the Officer Candidate School
Officer Candidate School
barracks of Naval Station Newport, Newport, Rhode Island. The barracks was dedicated March 15, 2013. Nimitz-McArthur Building, Headquarters U.S. Pacific Command Nimitz Statue, designed by Armando Hinojosa of Laredo, is located at the entrance to SeaWorld in San Antonio, Texas. Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz
Chester W. Nimitz
Statue, commissioned by the Naval Order of the United States, is situated near the bow of the USS Missouri memorial on Ford Island, facing the USS Arizona memorial. The statue was dedicated September 2, 2013.[35] Nimitz Beach Park, Agat, Guam

Schools[edit]

Nimitz High School, (Harris County, Texas) Nimitz High School, Irving, Texas Nimitz Junior High School, Odessa, Texas Chester W. Nimitz
Chester W. Nimitz
Middle School, Huntington Park, California Nimitz Middle School, San Antonio, Texas Nimitz Elementary School, Sunnyvale, California Chester W. Nimitz
Chester W. Nimitz
Elementary School, Honolulu, Hawaii Nimitz Elementary School, Kerrville, Texas

See also[edit]

Biography portal United States
United States
Navy portal World War I
World War I
portal World War II
World War II
portal

Henry Arnold Karo—see hand-written inscription on photo given to Adm. Karo Admiral of the Navy German American

References[edit]

^ U.S. officers holding five-star rank never retire; they draw full active duty pay for life.Spencer C. Tucker (2011). The Encyclopedia of the Vietnam War: A Political, Social, and Military History. ABC-CLIO. pp. 1685. ISBN 978-1-85109-961-0.  ^ Potter, E. B. (1976). Nimitz. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press. p. 45. ISBN 0-87021-492-6.  ^ Potter, p. 26. ^ Ancestry.com. Retrieved March 17, 2014 ^ John Woolley; Gerhard Peters. "Gerald R. Ford: Remarks at the U.S.S. Nimitz Commissioning Ceremony in Norfolk, Virginia". The American Presidency Project. Retrieved May 10, 2007.  ^ National Park Service Civil War Soldiers and Sailors database. Ancestry.com Index to Compiled Confederate Military Service Records ^ "Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz
Chester W. Nimitz
Biographical Sketch". The National Museum of the Pacific War. Archived from the original on April 24, 2007. Retrieved May 10, 2007.  ^ a b c d "USS Nimitz (CVA(N)-68)". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Naval Historical Center, Department of the Navy. Retrieved May 10, 2007.  ^ Potter, p. 126. ^ Judgement: Dönitz the Avalon Project at the Yale Law School. ^ Wallace, Robert (September 8, 1958), "A Deluge of Honors For An Exasperating Admiral", LIFE, 45, No. 10: 109, ISSN 0024-3019  ^ "Admiral Nimitz Resigns U.N. Position as Plebiscite Administrator for Kashmir". Toledo Blade. Reuters. September 4, 1953. Retrieved July 27, 2016.  ^ Fai, Ghulam Nabi (December 4, 2003). "Kashmir and the United Nations" (PDF): 2–4. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 10, 2017. Retrieved July 27, 2016.  ^ Panigrahi, D. N. (2012). Jammu and Kashmir, the Cold War and the West. Routledge. p. 97. ISBN 978-113-6-51752-5. Retrieved July 27, 2016.  ^ Korbel, Josef (1966) [first published 1954], Danger in Kashmir (second ed.), Princeton University Press, pp. 155–156  ^ Navy Department Library. "Documents relating to Admiral Nimitz's naval career." Retrieved on July 10, 2009. ^ a b Potter. – p. 125. ^ "Catherine Nimitz Lay, 100". Cape Cod Times. Retrieved 9 June 2017.  ^ February 17, 1915 – January 3, 2002 ^ Potter. – p. 131. ^ September 13, 1919 – February 19, 2004. ^ Potter. – p. 150. ^ June 17, 1931 – February 27, 2006 ^ a b Potter. pp. 158–59. ^ Potter. – p. 165. ^ January 6, 1909 – September 13, 2001. ^ Potter. p. 366. ^ "Fleet Adm. Nimitz dies of stroke". Spokesman-Review. (Spokane, Washington). Associated Press. February 21, 1966. p. 1.  ^ "Private funeral held for Nimitz". Eugene Register-Guard. (Oregon). Associated Press. February 24, 1966. p. 1A.  ^ Potter. – p.472. ^ "Nimitz's Funeral Is Held On Coast; Admiral Declined Arlington Burial to Lie With Men". The New York Times. United Press International. February 25, 1966. Retrieved February 10, 2012.  ^ Lembke, Daryl E. (February 25, 1966). "Adm. Nimitz Buried in Simple Rites". Los Angeles Times. p. 4.  access-date= requires url= (help) ^ Chester W. Nimitz
Chester W. Nimitz
at Find a Grave ^ Borneman. Page 465. ^ Moore, Douglas M. (Autumn 2013). "Dedication of the Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz
Chester W. Nimitz
Statue". Naval Order of the United States. 24 (11): 1–2, 10–11. 

This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships.

Bibliography[edit]

Borneman, Walter R. (2012). The Admirals: Nimitz, Halsey, Leahy and King – The Five-Star Admirals Who Won the War at Sea (Hardback)format= requires url= (help). New York: Little, Brown and Company. ISBN 978-0-316-09784-0.  "Some Thoughts to Live By," Chester W. Nimitz
Chester W. Nimitz
with Andrew Hamilton, ISBN 0-686-24072-3, reprinted from Boys' Life
Boys' Life
Magazine, 1966. Potter, E. B. Nimitz. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press, 1976. ISBN 978-0-87021-492-9. Potter, E. B., and Chester W. Nimitz. Sea Power. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1960. ISBN 0-13-796870-1.

Further reading[edit]

Harris, Brayton (2012). Admiral Nimitz: The Commander of the Pacific Ocean Theater. St. Martin's Press. ISBN 0230107656.  Hoyt, Edwin Palmer (1970). How They Won the War in the Pacific: Nimitz and His Admirals. Weybright and Talley. ASIN B0006C5D54.  Moore, Jeffrey M. (2004). Spies for Nimitz: Joint Military Intelligence in the Pacific War. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1591144884. 

External links[edit]

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Mark J. Denger. "Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, A Five Star Submariner". Californians and the Military. California
California
State Military Museum. Archived from the original on October 13, 2003. Retrieved December 3, 2003.  "Fleet Admiral Chester William Nimitz". Frequently Asked Questions. Naval Historical Center, Department of the Navy. Archived from the original on June 4, 2009. Retrieved May 10, 2007.  National Museum of the Pacific War USS Nimitz Association Nimitz-class Navy Ships at Federation of American Scientists Nimitz State Historic Site in Fredericksburg, Texas "The Navy‘s Part in the World War," (26 Nov 1945). A speech by Nimitz from the Commonwealth Club of California
California
Records at the Hoover Institution Archives. Texas
Texas
Navy hosted by The Portal
Portal
to Texas
Texas
History. A survey of the Texas
Texas
Navy during the Texas
Texas
Revolution and the Republic Era. Includes maps, sketches, a list of ships of the Texas
Texas
Navy, and a chronology. Also includes photographs of 20th century U.S. Navy ships named after Texans or Texas
Texas
locations. See photos of Chester Nimitz and the Nimitz hotel. The short film Big Picture: The Admiral Chester Nimitz Story is available for free download at the Internet Archive Guide to the Chester W. Nimitz
Chester W. Nimitz
Papers, 1941–1966 MS 236 held by Special
Special
Collections & Archives, Nimitz Library at the United States Naval Academy Chester W. Nimitz
Chester W. Nimitz
at Find a Grave

Military offices

Preceded by William S. Pye Commander in Chief of the United States
United States
Pacific Fleet 1941–1945 Succeeded by Raymond A. Spruance

Preceded by Ernest J. King United States
United States
Chief of Naval Operations 1945–1947 Succeeded by Louis E. Denfeld

Awards and achievements

Preceded by William Hood Simpson Cover of Time Magazine February 26, 1945 Succeeded by Ibn Saud of Saudi Arabia

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 85805357 LCCN: n86125368 ISNI: 0000 0001 0996 4453 GND: 13811949X SUDOC: 073097810 NDL: 00451

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