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Cheshunt
Cheshunt
(/ˈtʃɛzənt/ CHEZ-ənt) is a town in the Borough of Broxbourne, Hertfordshire, lying entirely within the London Metropolitan Area and Greater London
London
Urban Area. It is 12 miles (19 km) north of central London
London
and has a population of around 52,000 according to the United Kingdom's 2001 Census.[1]

Contents

1 History and geography 2 Industry 3 Notable people 4 Education 5 Town centre 6 Music 7 Sport 8 Transport

8.1 Rail 8.2 Road 8.3 Bus 8.4 Cycle

8.4.1 Paul Cully Bridge

9 Town twinning 10 References 11 External links

History and geography[edit] The Prime Meridian
Prime Meridian
passes to the east of Cheshunt. The town name comes from the Old English
Old English
name (as recorded in the Domesday Book) for the area, Cestrehunt, which probably refers to a "castle, erected by the Romans", the word cestre (along with the form ceastre), or even its modern forms, chester and caster being derived from the Latin
Latin
castrum meaning "fort".[2][3] This is commemorated in the arms of the former Cheshunt
Cheshunt
urban district council. Cheshunt
Cheshunt
was a settlement on Ermine Street, the main Roman road leading north from London. This origin was investigated by the television archaeology programme Time Team. Before the Norman Conquest, the manor of Cheshunt
Cheshunt
was held by Eddeva the Fair, but William I granted it to Alan of Brittany. The parish church of St Mary the Virgin was first recorded in a charter of 1146, but was entirely rebuilt between 1418 and 1448 with a three-stage tower topped by an octagonal turret.[4] As Princess Elizabeth, Queen Elizabeth I
Queen Elizabeth I
lived at Cheshunt
Cheshunt
in the care of Sir Anthony Denny, after she left Queen Catherine Parr's household in 1548.[5] Richard Cromwell, Lord Protector of the Commonwealth, died here in 1712. In 1825, Cheshunt
Cheshunt
was also the location of the Cheshunt Railway. Running from the town's High Street
High Street
to the River Lea
River Lea
near the present-day Cheshunt
Cheshunt
railway station, this 0.75 mi (1.21 km) horse-drawn line was the first passenger-carrying monorail and the first railway line to be built in Hertfordshire.[6][7] The town's Bury Green neighbourhood was once the home of singer Cliff Richard. Lotus Cars
Lotus Cars
as well as the nationally famous Debenhams
Debenhams
were also formerly located in Cheshunt, and the headquarters of Tesco, the UK's largest and most profitable supermarket chain, was located here until 2016. In 2002, Cheshunt
Cheshunt
hosted the only officially licensed European BotCon
BotCon
convention to date. In 1957, a review of how London
London
was governed was undertaken by government and led by Sir Edwin Herbert, who was appointed to create the new county of London
London
or Greater London
London
as it is known today. Initially, Cheshunt
Cheshunt
was planned to be merged in with the London Borough of Enfield; however, the plan was eventually dropped and Cheshunt
Cheshunt
remained part of Hertfordshire. [8] The Metropolitan Police Service
Metropolitan Police Service
served Cheshunt
Cheshunt
until 2000, when policing was taken over by Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
Constabulary.[9] Services in Cheshunt
Cheshunt
include the Brookfield Centre, which includes Next, Boots, Argos, River Island
River Island
and Marks & Spencer stores, as well as a large Tesco
Tesco
Extra store. There is a Marriott Hotel
Marriott Hotel
nearby, and the town centre includes a wide variety of smaller shops. Being located in the Lea Valley, Cheshunt
Cheshunt
has access to the Lee Valley Park. The park is accessible at many points, one being extremely close to the town's railway station at Windmill Lane. At 8:00 am on 12 August 1944, a Consolidated B-24 Liberator bomber from the United States Army Air Forces
United States Army Air Forces
392nd Bombardment Group (Heavy), based at RAF Wendling, crashed next to Maxwells Farm, near Cheshunt, killing all ten crew.[10][11] The B198 which runs near the crash site has been renamed Lieutenant Ellis Way, after the pilot, who managed to avoid crashing into the nearby town. One of the firemen who attended the scene secured funding in 2010 for a permanent memorial at the scene.[12] Up until 2004, Temple Bar stood in Theobalds Park, having been moved from London
London
at the turn of the 19th century. The gateway has since been re-erected in London
London
at Paternoster Square
Paternoster Square
on the north side of St Paul's Cathedral. Cedars Park, Broxbourne, on the site of the historic Theobalds Palace, is a public park that covers 19 hectares (47 acres) of parkland and includes a lake, turf play maze, bocce court, play mound (Venusberg), pet's corner, flint arch and historic walls, tea room and arts centre. The park received a Green Flag award in 2013. Industry[edit]

Tesco
Tesco
House, the Tesco
Tesco
head office, in Cheshunt

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Cheshunt's best-known employer is Tesco, whose head office has been in Cheshunt
Cheshunt
for many years. A small store has been in the town centre for many years and is still open today, together with "Home 'n' Wear" store (now closed) which was situated across the Old Pond in College Road.[13] In 1983 a new out-of-town Tesco
Tesco
store located to the north of the town opened, named "Brookfield Farm". It later expanded, and a branch of Marks & Spencer built next door, the entire estate renamed "The Brookfield Centre". On 8 January 2015, Tesco
Tesco
announced among other major cost cutting measures that its headquarters were to move from Cheshunt
Cheshunt
to Welwyn
Welwyn
Garden City.[14] In 1959, Colin Chapman
Colin Chapman
moved his fledgling Lotus group of companies, including Lotus Cars
Lotus Cars
and Team Lotus, from its outgrown premises at Hornsey
Hornsey
to a purpose-built facility on Delamare Road. Racing cars from here won the first two of its seven constructor championships in (1963 and 1965) before moving to Hethel, Norfolk, in 1966.

North Met Pit, flooded gravel workings

Until the late 1960s the main land use around Cheshunt
Cheshunt
was for its nursery industry, and many new techniques for growing under glass were developed here. Thomas Rochford had a large concern here, although now almost all the glasshouses have been redeveloped into housing estates. This is often reflected in the names of the roads or estates, such as Rosedale or Thomas Rochford Way. A small amount of nursery trade survives to the west of the town. The neighbouring town of Goffs Oak still has a large number of nurseries as well as a large garden centre. The River Lee Navigation
River Lee Navigation
passes through Cheshunt
Cheshunt
and was used for the transport of flowers and crops to the London
London
markets for many years until road transport became more viable. A wharf existed just east of the railway on the site now occupied by Herts Young Mariners Base. The Youth Hostel
Youth Hostel
was built on the site of the derelict open-air swimming pool.[15] Photos of the pool are exhibited at the hostel. " Cheshunt
Cheshunt
Compound", a fungicide developed at the Cheshunt
Cheshunt
Research Station was widely used by amateur and professional gardeners but has been withdrawn from sale in the UK since November 2010 and it is no longer legal to use it.[16] It was a mixture of copper sulphate and ammonium carbonate.[17] From the end of World War II
World War II
a large area of the River Lea
River Lea
flood plain was used for sand and gravel extraction which resulted in the creation of the now mature lakes which are popular with anglers, birdwatchers and naturalists. The area now forms part of the 1,000 acres (400 ha) River Lee Country Park
River Lee Country Park
and the Turnford and Cheshunt Pits SSSI. Notable people[edit]

Cliff Richard
Cliff Richard
performing in Sydney, Australia.

Cliff Richard, singer, musician and actor Laura Kenny, quadruple Olympic Gold Medal Cyclist Queen Elizabeth I
Queen Elizabeth I
- as Princess Elizabeth, lived here in her younger life Victoria Beckham, singer, fashion designer attended school at St Mary's High School, Cheshunt. Michael Birch, founder of Bebo Cardinal Wolsey
Cardinal Wolsey
- was given land in Cheshunt
Cheshunt
by King Henry VIII. A small park at Goffs Lane 51°42′26″N 0°03′16″W / 51.7071°N 0.0544°W / 51.7071; -0.0544 contains ruins of his manor - Cheshunt
Cheshunt
Great House.[18] Wolsey Hall [19] a community centre is named after this ancestral resident. The Who
The Who
once played at Wolsey Hall along with many other popular bands on 11 October 1964 under their then alter ego of The High Numbers.[20] David Bentley
David Bentley
- premiership football player with Arsenal and later Tottenham
Tottenham
Hotspur attended Goffs School. Richard Cromwell, died in Cheshunt Michael Dobbs, writer and politician Linda Lusardi
Linda Lusardi
- former glamour model and actress - longtime Cheshunt resident Ryan Mason
Ryan Mason
- premiership football player attended Cheshunt
Cheshunt
School

Laura Kenny
Laura Kenny
is the first British woman to win four Olympic Gold Medals.

Ralph Creed Meredith - Chaplain to George VI
George VI
and Elizabeth II Billy Joe Saunders, boxer

Education[edit] Cheshunt
Cheshunt
has four secondary schools: Cheshunt
Cheshunt
School; Haileybury Turnford; Goffs School; and St Mary's Church of England
England
High School. The non-conformist theological college Cheshunt
Cheshunt
College, moved to Cheshunt
Cheshunt
in the 1790s from Trevecca, Brecknockshire. It moved to Cambridge in 1905. Between 1909 and 1968 the buildings were occupied by the Church of England's Bishop's College.[21] Since 1972 they have been council offices and formerly a music and business school (typing and accountancy), which had to be demolished due to it being unsafe. In the 80s parts of the building were so unsafe it was closed and demolished. The main problem was the floors had begun to disintegrate. A new council office was built on the site of the old school. The council chamber and registry office are now in the same building that contains the "Huntingdon Rooms". Town centre[edit] The Old Pond area is located in the centre of Cheshunt
Cheshunt
and is home to many local businesses. With roads leading to the M25, A10 and towards Broxbourne. Before the 2012 London
London
Olympics the Olympic Torch
Olympic Torch
was carried close to the Old Pond by selected and nominated local residents. After the Olympics, gold medal winner Laura Kenny
Laura Kenny
had two postboxes painted gold in her honour, one at the Old Pond.[22] Music[edit] Cheshunt's best-known son is the pop singer and actor Cliff Richard and the town was also home to the band Unit 4 + 2 whose song Concrete and Clay topped the UK charts in 1965. UFO drummer Andy Parker was born in the town in the 1950s. The popular underground band Neils Children, originate from the town. Sport[edit] Cheshunt
Cheshunt
has its own football Club in Cheshunt F.C.
Cheshunt F.C.
who play in the Isthmian League Division One North. Founded in 1946, their most famous player was Iain Dowie who played for them in the 1980s. The town also has long-established rugby and cricket clubs and a publicly owned 18-hole golf course.[23] Tottenham
Tottenham
Hotspur football club, most notably, have held training grounds in Cheshunt
Cheshunt
over the years. Formerly Grundy Park Leisure Centre, the Laura Trott Leisure Centre was renamed after £4m redevelopment to honour the Olympic gold medallist. Trott attended the launch on the morning before competing in stage four of the first Women's Tour from Cheshunt
Cheshunt
to Welwyn
Welwyn
Garden City.[24] Transport[edit] Rail[edit] Cheshunt
Cheshunt
Station is located in Travelcard Zone 8. Nearby stations include Theobalds Grove, Waltham Cross, Turkey Street, and Loughton (Central Line). The station is on both the standard National Rail
National Rail
network and the London
London
Overground network. Services run southbound to Liverpool Street via Tottenham
Tottenham
Hale or Seven Sisters and Stratford and northbound to Hertford
Hertford
East, Bishop's Stortford and Cambridge.[25] Crossrail 2
Crossrail 2
will connect north-east London
London
to south-west London
London
when constructed and is proposed to stop at Cheshunt
Cheshunt
station.[26]

Preceding station National Rail Following station

Tottenham
Tottenham
Hale or Waltham Cross   Abellio Greater Anglia West Anglia Main Line   Broxbourne

Waltham Cross
Waltham Cross
or Edmonton Green   Abellio Greater Anglia Lea Valley Lines   Broxbourne

Tottenham
Tottenham
Hale   Abellio Greater Anglia Stansted Express   Stansted Airport

London
London
Overground

Theobalds Grove   Lea Valley Lines Cheshunt
Cheshunt
line   Terminus

  Future Development  

Preceding station   Crossrail   Following station

Waltham Cross towards Hampton Court or Shepperton or Chessington South or Epsom

Crossrail Line 2

Broxbourne Terminus

Road[edit] Cheshunt
Cheshunt
is located on the A10 trunk road (also known locally as the Great Cambridge Road) which provides links to Junction 25 of the M25 London
London
Orbital Motorway, Central London
London
and Cambridge. Bus[edit] Cheshunt
Cheshunt
has a mixture of commercial and Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
County Council contract services. Most buses operate to Waltham Cross
Waltham Cross
(where there are links to north London
London
and Essex), Hoddesdon
Hoddesdon
and Broxbourne. The towns of Hertford, Harlow, Potters Bar, and Waltham Abbey are also linked to Cheshunt. Buses are operated by Arriva, Centrebus, Metroline or Sullivan Buses. Cycle[edit] The Sustrans
Sustrans
National Cycle Route 1
National Cycle Route 1
passes through Cheshunt
Cheshunt
as part of its route connecting Dover
Dover
to Shetland. The Lee Valley Country Park is a cycle-friendly route that runs along the River Lea, connecting both cyclists and pedestrians to Ware, Hoddesdon, Waltham Abbey, Tottenham and Stratford. Paul Cully Bridge[edit]

Paul Cully Bridge

Route of the cycle link and new bridge location.

Location Hertfordshire

Proposer Sustrans

Cost estimate £1.7 million

Geometry KML

As part of the Connect2 project a new cycle link over the A10 was proposed in 2007.[27] The scheme involved the building of a new cycle bridge over the A10 and connecting paths to link Theobalds Lane with Lieutenant Ellis Way. The bridge was opened in 2010 as the "Paul Cully Bridge" after a late local civil servant.[28] £500,000 of this cost is funded by the Big Lottery Fund via the Connect2 project.[29] Town twinning[edit]

Stains, Île-de-France, France; north of Paris.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Cheshunt.

References[edit]

^ http://www.statistics.gov.uk/census2001/greater_london_urban_area.asp statistics.gov.uk ^ Tompkins, Herbert Winckworth (2008) Hertfordshire; illustrated by Edmund H. New; large print ed. BiblioBazaar, LLC ISBN 1-4375-3234-9, ISBN 978-1-4375-3234-0, 196 pages, page 190 https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=9bxP3iowDuAC ^ The Gentleman's Magazine. London: F. Jefferies, 1821; v. 91 pt. 1 Original from the University of Michigan; digitized 2 Aug 2005, page 521 https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=M_S10M8ze9MC ^ "Parishes: Cheshunt".  ^ http://www.oxfordinstitutepress.com/files/Oxford_Midas_Press_Release.pdf[permanent dead link] ^ Finchley Society (26 June 1997). "Finchley Society Annual General Meeting Minutes" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 December 2008. Retrieved 3 April 2009.  ^ Today in Science History. "June 25 - Today in Science History". Retrieved 2009-04-03.  ^ "The Herbert Commission: Here are the 52 London
London
boroughs that could have been CityMetric". www.citymetric.com. Retrieved 2018-02-09.  ^ "Metropolitan Police District".. 2017-04-04.  ^ Lowewood Museum - B24 Liberator crash 1944 ^ Rooke. P (1989) Cheshunt
Cheshunt
at War 1939-1945 ASIN: B003X2IH34 ^ "Ernie wins battle to honour US war heroes who saved Cheshunt". Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
Mercury. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011.  ^ Tesco
Tesco
Home 'N' Wear Retrieved 19 April 2011 ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-30712762 " Tesco
Tesco
to close 43 stores across UK" [BBC News] 8 January 2015 retrieved 8 January 2015 ^ Herts Young Mariners Archived 14 May 2010 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 5 April 2010 ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 3 July 2012. Retrieved 3 June 2012.  ^ Coutts, J, Edwards, A, Osborn, A, & Preston, GH, The Complete Book of Gardening, p. 533, Ward Lock, London
London
(1954) ^ British listed buildings Retrieved 8 August 2012 ^ Wolsey Hall Archived 18 November 2012 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 24 July 2012 ^ The High Numbers
The High Numbers
Retrieved 1 June 2012 ^ Article marking the centenary of the opening of Bishop's College, parish website http://www.cheshuntteamministry.org.uk/cms/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=21&Itemid=14[permanent dead link] ^ " Cheshunt
Cheshunt
gets its second gold postbox". Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
Mercury. Retrieved 2015-11-27.  ^ " Cheshunt
Cheshunt
Park Golf Centre". Archived from the original on 8 August 2014.  ^ "Cheshunt's Grundy Park Leisure Centre renamed after Laura Trott ahead of Women's Tour stage four – SLIDESHOW". Hertfordshire Mercury. [permanent dead link] ^ " National Rail
National Rail
Enquiries".  ^ " London
London
Crossrail 2
Crossrail 2
Webpage". Archived from the original on 15 March 2015.  ^ "Cheshunt, crossing the A10 to reach the Lee Valley". Sustrans. Archived from the original on 19 October 2007. Retrieved 2009-07-23.  ^ "Bridge Opening". Where we can walk. November 2010. Retrieved 2012-05-01.  ^ " Borough of Broxbourne
Borough of Broxbourne
Minutes" (PDF). Broxbourne
Broxbourne
Borough Council. 22 July 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 23 July 2009. 

External links[edit]

Additional Information about Cheshunt Lee Valley Park Cheshunt
Cheshunt
History Broxbourne
Broxbourne
Borough Council Lowewood Museum

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Civil parishes of Hertfordshire

Broxbourne

Unparished areas

Cheshunt Hoddesdon

Dacorum

Parishes

Aldbury Berkhamsted Bovingdon Chipperfield Flamstead Flaunden Great Gaddesden Kings Langley Little Gaddesden Markyate Nash Mills Nettleden
Nettleden
with Potten End Northchurch Tring Tring
Tring
Rural Wigginton

Unparished areas

Hemel Hempstead

East Hertfordshire

Albury Anstey Ardeley Aspenden Aston Bayford Bengeo Rural Benington Bishop's Stortford Bramfield Braughing Brent Pelham
Brent Pelham
and Meesden Brickendon
Brickendon
Liberty Buckland and Chipping Buntingford Cottered Datchworth Eastwick and Gilston Furneux Pelham Great Amwell Great Munden Hertford Hertford
Hertford
Heath Hertingfordbury High Wych Hormead Hunsdon Little Berkhamsted Little Hadham Little Munden Much Hadham Sawbridgeworth Standon Stanstead Abbots Stanstead St Margarets Stapleford Stocking Pelham Tewin Thorley Thundridge Walkern Ware Wareside Watton-at-Stone Westmill Widford Wyddial

Hertsmere

Parishes

Aldenham Elstree and Borehamwood Ridge Shenley South Mimms

Unparished areas

Bushey Potters Bar

North Hertfordshire

Parishes

Ashwell Barkway Barley Bygrave Caldecote and Newnham Clothall
Clothall
and Luffenhall Codicote Graveley Great Ashby Hexton Hinxworth Holwell Ickleford Kelshall Kimpton King's Walden Knebworth Langley Lilley Nuthampstead Offley Pirton Preston Radwell Reed Royston Rushden and Wallington Sandon St Ippolyts St Paul's Walden Therfield Weston Wymondley

Unparished areas

Baldock Hitchin Letchworth
Letchworth
Garden City

St Albans

Parishes

Colney Heath Harpenden Harpenden
Harpenden
Rural London
London
Colney Redbourn Sandridge St Michael St Stephen Wheathampstead

Unparished areas

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Three Rivers

Parishes

Abbots Langley Chorleywood Croxley Green Sarratt Watford
Watford
Rural

Unparished areas

Rickmansworth

Welwyn
Welwyn
Hatfield

Parishes

Ayot St Lawrence Ayot St Peter Essendon Hatfield North Mymms Northaw and Cuffley Welwyn Woolmer Green

Unparished areas

Welwyn
Welwyn
Garden City

Unparished boroughs

Stevenage Watford

See also

List of places in Hertfordshire

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 166241

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