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(i) (i) (i) (i) (i)

A CHERRY is the fruit of many plants of the genus Prunus
Prunus
, and is a fleshy drupe (stone fruit).

The cherry fruits of commerce usually are obtained from a limited number of species such as cultivars of the sweet cherry, Prunus
Prunus
avium . The name 'cherry' also refers to the cherry tree, and is sometimes applied to almonds and visually similar flowering trees in the genus Prunus, as in "ornamental cherry" or "cherry blossom ". WILD CHERRY may refer to any of the cherry species growing outside cultivation, although Prunus avium is often referred to specifically by the name "wild cherry" in the British Isles.

CONTENTS

* 1 Botany

* 2 History

* 2.1 Etymology and antiquity

* 3 Cultivation

* 3.1 Growing season * 3.2 Pests and diseases

* 4 Cultivars

* 5 Production

* 5.1 Middle East * 5.2 Europe * 5.3 North America
North America
* 5.4 Australia

* 6 Nutritional value * 7 Other uses * 8 Species * 9 See also * 10 References * 11 External links

BOTANY

Prunus
Prunus
cerasus

Many cherries are members of the subgenus CERASUS, which is distinguished by having the flowers in small corymbs of several together (not singly, nor in racemes ), and by having smooth fruit with only a weak groove along one side, or no groove. The subgenus is native to the temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere , with two species in America, three in Europe, and the remainder in Asia. Other cherry fruits are members of subgenus Padus .

Most eating cherries are derived from either Prunus avium , the sweet cherry (also called the wild cherry), or from Prunus
Prunus
cerasus , the sour cherry.

HISTORY

ETYMOLOGY AND ANTIQUITY

The English word cherry derives from French cerise, Spanish cereza, all originating from the Latin cerasum, referring to an ancient Greek region near Giresun
Giresun
, Turkey, from which cherries were first thought to be exported to Europe. The indigenous range of the sweet cherry extends through most of Europe, western Asia, and parts of northern Africa, and the fruit has been consumed throughout its range since prehistoric times. A cultivated cherry is recorded as having been brought to Rome by Lucius Licinius Lucullus from northeastern Anatolia , also known as the Pontus region, in 72 BC.

Cherries were introduced into England
England
at Teynham , near Sittingbourne in Kent
Kent
, by order of Henry VIII , who had tasted them in Flanders
Flanders
.

Cherries arrived in North America
North America
early in the settlement of Brooklyn, New York (then called "New Netherland") when the region was under Dutch sovereignty. Trades people leased or purchased land to plant orchards and produce gardens, "Certificate of Corielis van Tienlioven that he had found 12 apple, 40 peach, 73 cherry trees, 26 sage plants.., behind the house sold by Anthony Jansen from Salee to Barent Dirksen ,... ANNO 18th of June 1639."

CULTIVATION

The cultivated forms are of the species sweet cherry (P. avium) to which most cherry cultivars belong, and the sour cherry (P. cerasus), which is used mainly for cooking. Both species originate in Europe and western Asia; they do not cross-pollinate . Some other species, although having edible fruit, are not grown extensively for consumption, except in northern regions where the two main species will not grow. Irrigation, spraying, labor, and their propensity to damage from rain and hail make cherries relatively expensive. Nonetheless, demand is high for the fruit. In commercial production, cherries are harvested by using a mechanized 'shaker'. Hand picking is also widely used to harvest the fruit to avoid damage to both fruit and trees.

Common rootstocks include Mazzard, Mahaleb, Colt, and Gisela Series, a dwarfing rootstock that produces trees significantly smaller than others, only 8 to 10 feet (2.5 to 3 meters) tall. Sour cherries require no pollenizer , while few sweet varieties are self-fertile.

GROWING SEASON

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Ripe cherries of Tehran
Tehran
in the middle of June.

Like most temperate-latitude trees, cherry seeds require exposure to cold to germinate (an adaptation which prevents germination during the autumn, which would then result in the seedling being killed by winter temperatures). The pits are planted in the autumn (after first being chilled) and seedlings emerge in the spring. A cherry tree will take three to four years in the field to produce its first crop of fruit, and seven years to attain full maturity. Because of the cold-weather requirement, none of the Prunus
Prunus
genus can grow in tropical climates.

Cherries have a short growing season and can grow in most temperate latitudes. Cherries blossom in April (in the Northern Hemisphere) and the peak season for the cherry harvest is in the summer. In southern Europe in June, in North America
North America
in June, in England
England
in mid-July, and in southern British Columbia
British Columbia
( Canada
Canada
) in June to mid-August. In many parts of North America, they are among the first tree fruits to flower and ripen in mid-Spring.

In the Southern Hemisphere, cherries are usually at their peak in late December and are widely associated with Christmas
Christmas
. 'Kordia' is an early variety which ripens during the beginning of December, 'Lapins peak' ripens near the end of December, and 'Sweethearts' finish slightly later.

PESTS AND DISEASES

Cherries

Generally, the cherry can be a difficult fruit tree to grow and keep alive. In Europe, the first visible pest in the growing season soon after blossom (in April in western Europe) usually is the black cherry aphid ("cherry blackfly", Myzus cerasi), which causes leaves at the tips of branches to curl, with the blackfly colonies exuding a sticky secretion which promotes fungal growth on the leaves and fruit. At the fruiting stage in June/July (Europe), the cherry fruit fly (Rhagoletis cingulata and Rhagoletis cerasi) lays its eggs in the immature fruit, whereafter its larvae feed on the cherry flesh and exit through a small hole (about 1 mm diameter), which in turn is the entry point for fungal infection of the cherry fruit after rainfall. In addition, cherry trees are susceptible to bacterial canker , cytospora canker, brown rot of the fruit , root rot from overly wet soil, crown rot, and several viruses.

CULTIVARS

The following cultivars have gained the Royal Horticultural Society 's Award of Garden Merit
Award of Garden Merit
:

NAME HEIGHT SPREAD REF.

Accolade 8m 8m

Amanogawa 8m 4m

Autumnalis (P. × subhirtella) 8m 8m

Autumnalis Rosea (P. × subhirtella) 8m 4m

Avium Grandiflora see Plena

Colorata (P. padus) 12m 8m

Grandiflora see Plena

Kanzan 12m 12m+

Kiku-shidare-zakura 4m 4m

Kursar 8m 8m

Morello (P. cerasus) 4m 4m

Okamé (P. × incam) 12m 8m

Pandora 12m 8m

Pendula Rosea 4m 4m

NAME HEIGHT SPREAD REF.

Pendula Rubra 4m 4m

Pink Perfection 8m 8m

Plena (Grandiflora) 12m 8m+

Praecox (P. incisa) 8m 8m

Prunus avium (wild cherry) 12m+ 8m+

Prunus
Prunus
× cistena 1.5m 1.5m

Prunus
Prunus
sargentii (Sargent's cherry) 12m+ 8m+

Prunus
Prunus
serrula (Tibetan cherry) 12m 8m+

Shirofugen 8m 8m

Shirotai 8m 8m

Shōgetsu 8m 8m

Spire 12m 8m

Stella 4m 4m

Ukon 8m 8m+

See cherry blossom and Prunus
Prunus
for ornamental trees.

Top (sweet) cherry producing nations in 2014 (tonnes) RANK COUNTRY PRODUCTION

1 Turkey 445,556

2 United States 329,852

3 Iran 172,000

4 Spain 118,220

5 Italy 110,766

WORLD 2,245,826

SOURCE: UN FOOD & AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION

PRODUCTION

In 2014, world production of sweet cherries was 2.25 million tonnes , with Turkey
Turkey
producing 20% of this total. Other major producers of sweet cherries were the United States and Iran
Iran
. World production of sour cherries in 2014 was 1.36 million tonnes, led by Russia
Russia
, Ukraine and Turkey.

MIDDLE EAST

Major commercial cherry orchards in West Asia are in Turkey
Turkey
(mainly Anatolia
Anatolia
), Iran
Iran
, Syria, Uzbekistan
Uzbekistan
, Lebanon
Lebanon
(Bekaa Valley), and Israel
Israel
(Golan Heights, Gush Eztion and Northern Galilee).

EUROPE

Major commercial cherry orchards in Europe are in Turkey
Turkey
, Italy
Italy
, Spain
Spain
and other Mediterranean regions, and to a smaller extent in the Baltic States and southern Scandinavia
Scandinavia
.

Top sour cherry producing nations in 2014 (tonnes) RANK COUNTRY PRODUCTION

1 Russia 198,000

2 Ukraine 182,880

3 Turkey 182,577

4 Poland 176,545

5 United States 137,983

WORLD 1,362,231

SOURCE: UN FOOD "> Rainier cherries from the state of Washington, USA

In the United States, most sweet cherries are grown in Washington , California
California
, Oregon
Oregon
, Wisconsin
Wisconsin
, and Michigan
Michigan
. Important sweet cherry cultivars include Bing , Ulster , Rainier , Brooks, Tulare, King, and Sweetheart. Both Oregon
Oregon
and Michigan
Michigan
provide light-colored 'Royal Ann' ('Napoleon'; alternately 'Queen Anne') cherries for the maraschino cherry process. Most sour (also called tart) cherries are grown in Michigan, followed by Utah
Utah
, New York , and Washington. Sour cherries include 'Nanking' and \'Evans\' . Traverse City, Michigan claims to be the " Cherry
Cherry
Capital of the World", hosting a National Cherry
Cherry
Festival and making the world's largest cherry pie . The specific region of northern Michigan
Michigan
known for tart cherry production is referred to as the "Traverse Bay" region.

Native and non-native sweet cherries grow well in Canada's provinces of Ontario
Ontario
and British Columbia
British Columbia
where an annual cherry fiesta has been celebrated for seven consecutive decades in the Okanagan Valley town of Osoyoos . In addition to the Okanagan, other British Columbia cherry growing regions are the Similkameen Valley and Kootenay Valley , all three regions together producing 5.5 million kg annually or 60% of total Canadian output. Sweet cherry varieties in British Columbia include Rainier, Van, Chelan, Lapin, Sweetheart, Skeena, Staccato, Christalina and Bing.

AUSTRALIA

In Australia, cherries are grown in all the states except for the Northern Territory. The major producing regions are located in the temperate areas within New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia
South Australia
and Tasmania. Western Australia has limited production in the elevated parts in the southwest of the state. Key production areas include Young , Orange and Bathurst in New South Wales
New South Wales
, Wandin , the Goulburn and Murray valley areas in Victoria , the Adelaide Hills
Adelaide Hills
region in South Australia
South Australia
, and the Huon and Derwent Valleys in Tasmania
Tasmania
.

Key commercial varieties in order of seasonality include 'Empress', 'Merchant', 'Supreme', 'Ron's seedling', 'Chelan', 'Ulster', 'Van', 'Bing', 'Stella', 'Nordwunder', 'Lapins', 'Simone', 'Regina', 'Kordia' and 'Sweetheart'. New varieties are being introduced, including the late season 'Staccato' and early season 'Sequoia'. The Australian Cherry
Cherry
Breeding program is developing a series of new varieties which are under testing evaluation.

The New South Wales
New South Wales
town of Young is called the " Cherry
Cherry
Capital of Australia" and hosts the National Cherry
Cherry
Festival.

NUTRITIONAL VALUE

Cherries, sour, red, raw NUTRITIONAL VALUE PER 100 G (3.5 OZ)

ENERGY 209 kJ (50 kcal)

CARBOHYDRATES 12.2 g

SUGARS 8.5 g

DIETARY FIBER 1.6 g

FAT 0.3 g

PROTEIN 1 g

VITAMINS

VITAMIN A EQUIV. BETA-CAROTENE LUTEIN ZEAXANTHIN (8%) 64 μg (7%) 770 μg 85 μg

THIAMINE (B1) (3%) 0.03 mg

RIBOFLAVIN (B2) (3%) 0.04 mg

NIACIN (B3) (3%) 0.4 mg

PANTOTHENIC ACID (B5) (3%) 0.143 mg

VITAMIN B6 (3%) 0.044 mg

FOLATE (B9) (2%) 8 μg

CHOLINE (1%) 6.1 mg

VITAMIN C (12%) 10 mg

VITAMIN K (2%) 2.1 μg

MINERALS

CALCIUM (2%) 16 mg

IRON (2%) 0.32 mg

MAGNESIUM (3%) 9 mg

MANGANESE (5%) 0.112 mg

PHOSPHORUS (2%) 15 mg

POTASSIUM (4%) 173 mg

SODIUM (0%) 3 mg

ZINC (1%) 0.1 mg

OTHER CONSTITUENTS

WATER 86 g

------------------------- Link to USDA Database entry

* Units * μg = micrograms • mg = milligrams * IU = International units

Percentages are roughly approximated using US recommendations for adults. Source: USDA Nutrient Database

Cherries, sweet, red, raw NUTRITIONAL VALUE PER 100 G (3.5 OZ)

ENERGY 263 kJ (63 kcal)

CARBOHYDRATES 16 g

SUGARS 12.8 g

DIETARY FIBER 2.1 g

FAT 0.2 g

PROTEIN 1.1 g

VITAMINS

VITAMIN A EQUIV. BETA-CAROTENE LUTEIN ZEAXANTHIN (0%) 3 μg (0%) 38 μg 85 μg

THIAMINE (B1) (2%) 0.027 mg

RIBOFLAVIN (B2) (3%) 0.033 mg

NIACIN (B3) (1%) 0.154 mg

PANTOTHENIC ACID (B5) (4%) 0.199 mg

VITAMIN B6 (4%) 0.049 mg

FOLATE (B9) (1%) 4 μg

CHOLINE (1%) 6.1 mg

VITAMIN C (8%) 7 mg

VITAMIN K (2%) 2.1 μg

MINERALS

CALCIUM (1%) 13 mg

IRON (3%) 0.36 mg

MAGNESIUM (3%) 11 mg

MANGANESE (3%) 0.07 mg

PHOSPHORUS (3%) 21 mg

POTASSIUM (5%) 222 mg

SODIUM (0%) 0 mg

ZINC (1%) 0.07 mg

OTHER CONSTITUENTS

WATER 82 g

------------------------- Link to USDA Database entry

* Units * μg = micrograms • mg = milligrams * IU = International units

Percentages are roughly approximated using US recommendations for adults. Source: USDA Nutrient Database

Raw sweet cherries are 82% water, 16% carbohydrates , 1% protein , and negligible in fat (table). As raw fruit, sweet cherries provide little nutrient content per 100 g serving (nutrient table). Dietary fiber and vitamin C are present in moderate content while other vitamins and dietary minerals each supply less than 10% of the Daily Value (DV) per serving, respectively (table).

Compared to sweet cherries, raw sour cherries contain slightly higher content per 100 g of vitamin C (12% DV) and vitamin A (8% DV) (table).

OTHER USES

Cherry
Cherry
wood is valued for its rich color and straight grain in manufacturing fine furniture, particularly desks, tables and chairs.

SPECIES

The list below contains many Prunus
Prunus
species that bear the common name cherry, but they are not necessarily members of the subgenus Cerasus, or bear edible fruit. For a complete list of species, see Prunus
Prunus
. Some common names listed here have historically been used for more than one species, e.g. "rock cherry" is used as an alternative common name for both P. prostrata and P. mahaleb and "wild cherry" is used for several species.

* Prunus
Prunus
apetala (Siebold & Zucc.) Franch. & Sav. – clove cherry * Prunus avium (L.) L. – sweet cherry, wild cherry, mazzard or gean * Prunus
Prunus
campanulata Maxim. – Taiwan cherry, Formosan cherry or bell-flowered cherry * Prunus
Prunus
canescens Bois. – grey-leaf cherry * Prunus
Prunus
caroliniana Aiton – Carolina laurel cherry or laurel cherry * Prunus
Prunus
cerasoides D. Don. – wild Himalayan cherry * Prunus
Prunus
cerasus L. – sour cherry * Prunus
Prunus
cistena Koehne – purple-leaf sand cherry * Prunus
Prunus
cornuta (Wall. ex Royle) Steud. – Himalayan bird cherry * Prunus
Prunus
cuthbertii Small – Cuthbert cherry * Prunus
Prunus
cyclamina Koehne – cyclamen cherry or Chinese flowering cherry * Prunus
Prunus
dawyckensis Sealy – Dawyck cherry * Prunus
Prunus
dielsiana C.K. Schneid. – tailed-leaf cherry * Prunus
Prunus
emarginata (Douglas ex Hook.) Walp. – Oregon
Oregon
cherry or bitter cherry * Prunus
Prunus
eminens Beck – German : mittlere Weichsel (semisour cherry) * Prunus
Prunus
fruticosa Pall. – European dwarf cherry, dwarf cherry, Mongolian cherry or steppe cherry * Prunus
Prunus
gondouinii (Poit. & Turpin) Rehder – duke cherry * Prunus
Prunus
grayana Maxim. – Japanese bird cherry or Gray's bird cherry * Prunus
Prunus
humilis Bunge – Chinese plum-cherry or humble bush cherry * Prunus
Prunus
ilicifolia (Nutt. ex Hook. & Arn.) Walp. – hollyleaf cherry, evergreen cherry, holly-leaved cherry or islay * Prunus
Prunus
incisa Thunb. – Fuji cherry * Prunus
Prunus
jamasakura Siebold ex Koidz. – Japanese mountain cherry or Japanese hill cherry * Prunus
Prunus
japonica Thunb. – Korean cherry * Prunus
Prunus
laurocerasus L. – cherry laurel * Prunus
Prunus
lyonii (Eastw.) Sarg. – Catalina Island cherry * Prunus
Prunus
maackii Rupr. – Manchurian cherry or Amur chokecherry * Prunus
Prunus
mahaleb L. – Saint Lucie cherry, rock cherry, perfumed cherry or mahaleb cherry * Prunus
Prunus
maximowiczii Rupr. – Miyama cherry or Korean cherry * Prunus
Prunus
mume (Siebold border:solid #aaa 1px">

* Food portal

* Cherry ice cream * Cherry pit oil * Cherry pitter * Dried cherry * List of Award of Garden Merit
Award of Garden Merit
flowering cherries

REFERENCES

* ^ "Cherry". Online Etymology Dictionary, Douglas Harper. 2017. Retrieved 13 February 2017. * ^ Rhind W (1841). A History of the Vegetable Kingdom, Page 334. Oxford University. * ^ Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Pontus". Catholic Encyclopedia . New York: Robert Appleton Company. * ^ Oliver Lawson Dick, ed. (1949). Aubrey's Brief Lives. Edited from the Original Manuscripts. p. xxxv. The curious antiquary John Aubrey (1626–1697) noted in his memoranda: "Cherries were first brought into Kent
Kent
tempore H. viii, who being in Flanders, and likeing the Cherries, ordered his Gardener, brought them hence, and propagated them in England. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link ) * ^ "All the cherry gardens and orchards of Kent
Kent
are said to have been stocked with the Flemish cherry from a plantation of 105 acres in Teynham, made with foreign cherries, pippins , and golden rennets goldreinette apples, done by the fruiterer of Henry VIII." (Kent On-line: Teynham Parish) * ^ The civic coat of arms of Sittingbourne with the crest of a "cherry tree fructed proper" and motto "known by their fruits" were only granted on July 28, 1949, however. * ^ van Laer, AJF (1974). "New York Historical Manuscripts: Dutch; volume 1: 1638–42" (PDF). Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore. * ^ Chainpure (2009-06-23). "Soul to Brain: Wow! Its Cherry Harvesting". Chainpure.com. Retrieved 2011-11-26. * ^ A B C D Ingels, Chuck, et. al. (2007). The Home Orchard: Growing Your Own Deciduous Fruit
Fruit
and Nut Trees. University of California
California
Agriculture and Natural Resources. pp. 27–8. * ^ A B C "Cherry". Fruit
Fruit
and Nut Information Center. Department of Plant Sciences, University of California
California
at Davis. 2016. Retrieved 28 June 2016. * ^ Py, Claude; Lacoeuilhe, Jean Joseph; Teisson, Claude (1987). Ananas. Editions Quae. ISBN 9782706809484 . * ^ "cherry fruit fly (Rhagoletis cingulata)". plantwise.org. * ^ A B "RHS Plant Selector Prunus
Prunus
\'Accolade\' (d) AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. Retrieved 2012-11-11. * ^ "RHS Plant Selector Prunus
Prunus
\'Amanogawa\' AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. Retrieved 2012-11-11. * ^ "RHS Plant Selector Prunus
Prunus
× subhirtella \'Autumnalis\' AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. Retrieved 2012-11-11. * ^ "RHS Plant Selector Prunus
Prunus
× subhirtella \'Autumnalis Rosea\' AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. Retrieved 2012-11-11. * ^ "RHS Plant Selector Prunus
Prunus
padus \'Colorata\' AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. Retrieved 2012-11-11. * ^ "RHS Plant Selector Prunus
Prunus
\'Kanzan\' AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. Retrieved 2012-11-11. * ^ "RHS Plant Selector Prunus
Prunus
\'Kiku-shidare-zakura\' AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. Retrieved 2012-11-11. * ^ "RHS Plant Selector Prunus
Prunus
\'Kursar\' AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. Retrieved 2012-11-11. * ^ "RHS Plant Selector Prunus
Prunus
cerasus \'Morello\' (C) AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. Retrieved 2012-11-11. * ^ "RHS Plant Selector Prunus
Prunus
× incam \'Okamé\' AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. Retrieved 2012-11-11. * ^ "RHS Plant Selector Prunus
Prunus
\'Pandora\' AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. Retrieved 2012-11-11. * ^ "RHS Plant Selector Prunus
Prunus
pendula \'Pendula Rosea\' AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. Retrieved 2012-11-11. * ^ "RHS Plant Selector Prunus
Prunus
pendula \'Pendula Rubra\' AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. Retrieved 2012-11-11. * ^ "RHS Plant Selector Prunus
Prunus
\'Pink Perfection\' AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. Retrieved 2012-11-11. * ^ "RHS Plant Selector Prunus avium \'Plena\' (d) AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. Retrieved 2012-11-11. * ^ A B "RHS Plant Selector Prunus avium \'Stella\' (F) AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. Retrieved 2012-11-11. * ^ "RHS Plant Selector Prunus
Prunus
× cistena AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. Retrieved 2012-11-11. * ^ "RHS Plant Selector Prunus
Prunus
sargentii AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. Retrieved 2012-11-11. * ^ "RHS Plant Selector Prunus
Prunus
serrula AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. Retrieved 2012-11-11. * ^ "RHS Plant Selector Prunus
Prunus
\'Shirofugen\' AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. Retrieved 2012-11-11. * ^ "RHS Plant Selector Prunus
Prunus
\'Shirotae\' AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. Retrieved 2012-11-11. * ^ "RHS Plant Selector – Prunus
Prunus
\'Shogetsu\'". Retrieved 29 May 2013. * ^ "RHS Plant Selector – Prunus
Prunus
\'Spire\'". Retrieved 29 May 2013. * ^ "RHS Plant Selector – Prunus
Prunus
\'Ukon\'". Retrieved 29 May 2013. * ^ A B "Crops/Regions/Production of (Sweet) Cherries by Countries (from pick lists)". UN Food & Agriculture Organization , FAOSTAT, Statistics Division. 2014. Retrieved 10 February 2017. * ^ (in French) Fabricio Cardenas, Vieux papiers des Pyrénées-Orientales, Premières cerises de Céret et d\'ailleurs, August 24, 2014 * ^ (in French) Fabricio Cardenas, Vieux papiers des Pyrénées-Orientales, Des cerises de Céret pour le président de la République en 1932, June 1st 2014 * ^ A B Cherry
Cherry
Production (PDF) (Report). National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA. June 23, 2011. ISSN 1948-9072 . Retrieved 2011-10-06. * ^ " Cherry
Cherry
Varieties". Retrieved 24 October 2014. * ^ " Cherry
Cherry
Fiesta 2106". Osoyoos Festival Society. 2016. Retrieved 21 November 2016. * ^ "Cherries". BC Ministry of Agriculture. 2013. Retrieved 28 June 2014. * ^ "ANNUAL INDUSTRY REPORT 08 • 09" (PDF). Horticulture Australia Limited (HAL). * ^ "Nutrition facts, cherries, sweet, raw, 100 g". US Department of Agriculture National Nutrient Database, Standard Reference 21. Nutritiondata.com. Retrieved 19 February 2013. * ^ "Nutrition facts, cherries, sour, red, raw, 100 g". US Department of Agriculture National Nutrient Database, Standard Reference 21. Nutritiondata.com. Retrieved 19 February 2013. * ^ "Types of Ontario
Ontario
wood: Black cherry". Queen's Printer for Ontario, Canada. 2016. Retrieved 25 December 2016. * ^ "Selecting wood furniture" (PDF). Utah
Utah
State University. 1987. Retrieved 25 December 2016.

EXTERNAL LINKS

Wikimedia Commons has media related to CHERRIES .

* "Cherry". The American