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A cherry is the fruit of many plants of the genus Prunus, and is a fleshy drupe (stone fruit). The cherry fruits of commerce usually are obtained from cultivars of a limited number of species such as the sweet cherry ( Prunus
Prunus
avium) and the sour cherry ( Prunus
Prunus
cerasus). The name 'cherry' also refers to the cherry tree, and is sometimes applied to almonds and visually similar flowering trees in the genus Prunus, as in "ornamental cherry" or "cherry blossom". Wild cherry may refer to any of the cherry species growing outside cultivation, although Prunus avium
Prunus avium
is often referred to specifically by the name "wild cherry" in the British Isles.

Contents

1 Botany 2 History

2.1 Etymology and antiquity

3 Cultivation

3.1 Growing season 3.2 Pests and diseases

4 Cultivars 5 Production

5.1 Middle East 5.2 Europe 5.3 North America 5.4 Australia

6 Nutritional value 7 Other uses 8 Species 9 See also 10 References 11 External links

Botany[edit] Many cherries are members of the subgenus Cerasus, which is distinguished by having the flowers in small corymbs of several together (not singly, nor in racemes), and by having smooth fruit with only a weak groove along one side, or no groove. The subgenus is native to the temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere, with two species in America, three in Europe, and the remainder in Asia. Other cherry fruits are members of subgenus Padus. History[edit] Etymology and antiquity[edit] The English word cherry derives from Old Northern French or Norman cherise from the Latin cerasum,[1] referring to an ancient Greek region, Kerasous (Κερασοῦς) near Giresun, Turkey, from which cherries were first thought to be exported to Europe.[2] The indigenous range of the sweet cherry extends through most of Europe, western Asia, and parts of northern Africa, and the fruit has been consumed throughout its range since prehistoric times. A cultivated cherry is recorded as having been brought to Rome by Lucius Licinius Lucullus
Lucullus
from northeastern Anatolia, also known as the Pontus region, in 72 BC.[3] Cherries were introduced into England
England
at Teynham, near Sittingbourne in Kent, by order of Henry VIII, who had tasted them in Flanders.[4][5][6] Cherries arrived in North America
North America
early in the settlement of Brooklyn, New York (then called "New Netherland") when the region was under Dutch sovereignty. Trades people leased or purchased land to plant orchards and produce gardens, "Certificate of Corielis van Tienlioven that he had found 12 apple, 40 peach, 73 cherry trees, 26 sage plants.., behind the house sold by Anthony Jansen from Salee [Morocco, Africa] to Barent Dirksen [Dutchmen],... ANNO 18th of June 1639."[7] Cultivation[edit]

Salvatore Postiglione
Salvatore Postiglione
Cherry
Cherry
time

The cultivated forms are of the species sweet cherry (P. avium) to which most cherry cultivars belong, and the sour cherry (P. cerasus), which is used mainly for cooking. Both species originate in Europe and western Asia; they do not cross-pollinate. Some other species, although having edible fruit, are not grown extensively for consumption, except in northern regions where the two main species will not grow. Irrigation, spraying, labor, and their propensity to damage from rain and hail make cherries relatively expensive. Nonetheless, demand is high for the fruit. In commercial production, cherries are harvested by using a mechanized 'shaker'.[8] Hand picking is also widely used to harvest the fruit to avoid damage to both fruit and trees. Common rootstocks include Mazzard, Mahaleb, Colt, and Gisela Series, a dwarfing rootstock that produces trees significantly smaller than others, only 8 to 10 feet (2.5 to 3 meters) tall.[9] Sour cherries require no pollenizer, while few sweet varieties are self-fertile.[9] Growing season[edit] Like most temperate-latitude trees, cherry seeds require exposure to cold to germinate (an adaptation which prevents germination during the autumn, which would then result in the seedling being killed by winter temperatures). The pits are planted in the autumn (after first being chilled) and seedlings emerge in the spring.[10] A cherry tree will take three to four years in the field to produce its first crop of fruit, and seven years to attain full maturity.[10] Because of the cold-weather requirement, none of the Prunus
Prunus
genus can grow in tropical climates. Cherries have a short growing season and can grow in most temperate latitudes.[10] Cherries blossom in April (in the Northern Hemisphere) and the peak season for the cherry harvest is in the summer. In southern Europe in June, in North America
North America
in June, in England
England
in mid-July, and in southern British Columbia
British Columbia
(Canada) in June to mid-August. In many parts of North America, they are among the first tree fruits to flower and ripen in mid-Spring. In the Southern Hemisphere, cherries are usually at their peak in late December and are widely associated with Christmas. 'Burlat' is an early variety which ripens during the beginning of December, 'Lapins' ripens near the end of December, and 'Sweetheart' finish slightly later.[11] Pests and diseases[edit] Generally, the cherry can be a difficult fruit tree to grow and keep alive.[9] In Europe, the first visible pest in the growing season soon after blossom (in April in western Europe) usually is the black cherry aphid ("cherry blackfly", Myzus cerasi), which causes leaves at the tips of branches to curl, with the blackfly colonies exuding a sticky secretion which promotes fungal growth on the leaves and fruit. At the fruiting stage in June/July (Europe), the cherry fruit fly (Rhagoletis cingulata and Rhagoletis cerasi) lays its eggs in the immature fruit, whereafter its larvae feed on the cherry flesh and exit through a small hole (about 1 mm diameter), which in turn is the entry point for fungal infection of the cherry fruit after rainfall.[12] In addition, cherry trees are susceptible to bacterial canker, cytospora canker, brown rot of the fruit, root rot from overly wet soil, crown rot, and several viruses.[9] Cultivars[edit]

Italian Prunus
Prunus
avium, commonly called wild cherry, sweet cherry, or gean.

Rainier cherries from the state of Washington, USA

The following cultivars have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit:

Name Height Spread Ref.

Accolade 8m 8m [13]

Amanogawa 8m 4m [14]

Autumnalis (P. × subhirtella) 8m 8m [15]

Autumnalis Rosea (P. × subhirtella) 8m 4m [16]

Avium Grandiflora see Plena

Colorata (P. padus) 12m 8m [17]

Grandiflora see Plena

Kanzan 12m 12m+ [18]

Kiku-shidare-zakura 4m 4m [19]

Kursar 8m 8m [20]

Morello (P. cerasus) 4m 4m [21]

Okamé (P. × incam) 12m 8m [22]

Pandora 12m 8m [23]

Pendula Rosea 4m 4m [24]

Name Height Spread Ref.

Pendula Rubra 4m 4m [25]

Pink Perfection 8m 8m [26]

Plena (Grandiflora) 12m 8m+ [27]

Praecox (P. incisa) 8m 8m

Prunus avium
Prunus avium
(wild cherry) 12m+ 8m+

Prunus
Prunus
× cistena 1.5m 1.5m [28]

Prunus
Prunus
sargentii (Sargent's cherry) 12m+ 8m+ [29]

Prunus
Prunus
serrula (Tibetan cherry) 12m 8m+ [30]

Shirofugen 8m 8m [31]

Shirotai 8m 8m [32]

Shōgetsu 8m 8m [33]

Spire 12m 8m [34]

Stella 4m 4m [35]

Ukon 8m 8m+ [36]

See cherry blossom and Prunus
Prunus
for ornamental trees. Production[edit]

Top (sweet) cherry producing nations in 2014 (tonnes)

Rank Country Production

1 Turkey 445,556

2 United States 329,852

3 Iran 172,000

4 Spain 118,220

5 Italy 110,766

6 Chile 83,903

7 Romania 82,808

8 Uzbekistan 80,000

9 Russia 77,000

10 Greece 73,380

World 2,245,826

Source: UN Food & Agriculture Organization[37]

Top sour cherry producing nations in 2014 (tonnes)

Rank Country Production

1 Russia 198,000

2 Ukraine 182,880

3 Turkey 182,577

4 Poland 176,545

5 United States 137,983

6 Iran 111,993

7 Serbia 93,905

8 Hungary 91,840

9 Uzbekistan 45,000

10 Azerbaijan 25,669

World 1,362,231

Source: UN Food & Agriculture Organization[37]

In 2014, world production of sweet cherries was 2.25 million tonnes, with Turkey
Turkey
producing 20% of this total. Other major producers of sweet cherries were the United States and Iran. World production of sour cherries in 2014 was 1.36 million tonnes, led by Russia, Ukraine, Turkey
Turkey
and Poland. Middle East[edit]

Ripe sweet cherries in Tehran

Major commercial cherry orchards in West Asia are in Turkey
Turkey
(mainly Anatolia), Iran, Syria, Uzbekistan, Lebanon
Lebanon
(Bekaa Valley), and Israel (Golan Heights, Gush Eztion and Northern Galilee). Europe[edit] Major commercial cherry orchards in Europe are in Turkey, Italy, Spain and other Mediterranean regions, and to a smaller extent in the Baltic States and southern Scandinavia. In France
France
since the 1920s, the first cherries of the season come in April/May from the region of Céret
Céret
(Pyrénées-Orientales),[38] where the local producers send, as a tradition since 1932, the first crate of cherries to the president of the Republic.[39] North America[edit] In the United States, most sweet cherries are grown in Washington, California, Oregon, Wisconsin, and Michigan.[40] Important sweet cherry cultivars include Bing, Ulster, Rainier, Brooks, Tulare, King, and Sweetheart.[41] Both Oregon
Oregon
and Michigan
Michigan
provide light-colored 'Royal Ann' ('Napoleon'; alternately 'Queen Anne') cherries for the maraschino cherry process. Most sour (also called tart) cherries are grown in Michigan, followed by Utah, New York, and Washington.[40] Sour cherries include 'Nanking' and 'Evans'. Traverse City, Michigan is called the " Cherry
Cherry
Capital of the World",[42] hosting a National Cherry
Cherry
Festival and making the world's largest cherry pie. The specific region of northern Michigan
Michigan
known for tart cherry production is referred to as the "Traverse Bay" region. Native and non-native sweet cherries grow well in Canada's provinces of Ontario
Ontario
and British Columbia
British Columbia
where an annual cherry fiesta has been celebrated for seven consecutive decades in the Okanagan Valley
Okanagan Valley
town of Osoyoos.[43] In addition to the Okanagan, other British Columbia cherry growing regions are the Similkameen Valley and Kootenay Valley, all three regions together producing 5.5 million kg annually or 60% of total Canadian output.[44] Sweet cherry varieties in British Columbia include 'Rainier', 'Van', 'Chelan', 'Lapins', 'Sweetheart', 'Skeena', 'Staccato', 'Christalina' and 'Bing'. Australia[edit] In Australia, cherries are grown in all the states except for the Northern Territory. The major producing regions are located in the temperate areas within New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia
South Australia
and Tasmania. Western Australia has limited production in the elevated parts in the southwest of the state. Key production areas include Young, Orange and Bathurst in New South Wales, Wandin, the Goulburn and Murray valley areas in Victoria, the Adelaide Hills
Adelaide Hills
region in South Australia, and the Huon and Derwent Valleys in Tasmania. Key commercial varieties in order of seasonality include 'Empress', 'Merchant', 'Supreme', 'Ron's seedling', 'Chelan', 'Ulster', 'Van', 'Bing', 'Stella', 'Nordwunder', 'Lapins', 'Simone', 'Regina', 'Kordia' and 'Sweetheart'. New varieties are being introduced, including the late season 'Staccato' and early season 'Sequoia'. The Australian Cherry
Cherry
Breeding program is developing a series of new varieties which are under testing evaluation.[45] The New South Wales
New South Wales
town of Young is called the " Cherry
Cherry
Capital of Australia" and hosts the National Cherry
Cherry
Festival. Nutritional value[edit]

Cherries, sour, red, raw

Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)

Energy 209 kJ (50 kcal)

Carbohydrates

12.2 g

Sugars 8.5 g

Dietary fiber 1.6 g

Fat

0.3 g

Protein

1 g

Vitamins

Vitamin
Vitamin
A equiv. beta-Carotene lutein zeaxanthin

(8%) 64 μg

(7%) 770 μg 85 μg

Thiamine
Thiamine
(B1)

(3%) 0.03 mg

Riboflavin
Riboflavin
(B2)

(3%) 0.04 mg

Niacin
Niacin
(B3)

(3%) 0.4 mg

Pantothenic acid
Pantothenic acid
(B5)

(3%) 0.143 mg

Vitamin
Vitamin
B6

(3%) 0.044 mg

Folate
Folate
(B9)

(2%) 8 μg

Choline

(1%) 6.1 mg

Vitamin
Vitamin
C

(12%) 10 mg

Vitamin
Vitamin
K

(2%) 2.1 μg

Minerals

Calcium

(2%) 16 mg

Iron

(2%) 0.32 mg

Magnesium

(3%) 9 mg

Manganese

(5%) 0.112 mg

Phosphorus

(2%) 15 mg

Potassium

(4%) 173 mg

Sodium

(0%) 3 mg

Zinc

(1%) 0.1 mg

Other constituents

Water 86 g

Link to USDA Database entry

Units μg = micrograms • mg = milligrams IU = International units

Percentages are roughly approximated using US recommendations for adults. Source: USDA Nutrient Database

Cherries, sweet, red, raw

Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)

Energy 263 kJ (63 kcal)

Carbohydrates

16 g

Sugars 12.8 g

Dietary fiber 2.1 g

Fat

0.2 g

Protein

1.1 g

Vitamins

Vitamin
Vitamin
A equiv. beta-Carotene lutein zeaxanthin

(0%) 3 μg

(0%) 38 μg 85 μg

Thiamine
Thiamine
(B1)

(2%) 0.027 mg

Riboflavin
Riboflavin
(B2)

(3%) 0.033 mg

Niacin
Niacin
(B3)

(1%) 0.154 mg

Pantothenic acid
Pantothenic acid
(B5)

(4%) 0.199 mg

Vitamin
Vitamin
B6

(4%) 0.049 mg

Folate
Folate
(B9)

(1%) 4 μg

Choline

(1%) 6.1 mg

Vitamin
Vitamin
C

(8%) 7 mg

Vitamin
Vitamin
K

(2%) 2.1 μg

Minerals

Calcium

(1%) 13 mg

Iron

(3%) 0.36 mg

Magnesium

(3%) 11 mg

Manganese

(3%) 0.07 mg

Phosphorus

(3%) 21 mg

Potassium

(5%) 222 mg

Sodium

(0%) 0 mg

Zinc

(1%) 0.07 mg

Other constituents

Water 82 g

Link to USDA Database entry

Units μg = micrograms • mg = milligrams IU = International units

Percentages are roughly approximated using US recommendations for adults. Source: USDA Nutrient Database

Raw sweet cherries are 82% water, 16% carbohydrates, 1% protein, and negligible in fat (table). As raw fruit, sweet cherries provide little nutrient content per 100 g serving (nutrient table). Dietary fiber
Dietary fiber
and vitamin C are present in moderate content while other vitamins and dietary minerals each supply less than 10% of the Daily Value (DV) per serving, respectively (table).[46] Compared to sweet cherries, raw sour cherries contain slightly higher content per 100 g of vitamin C (12% DV) and vitamin A (8% DV) (table).[47] Other uses[edit] Cherry
Cherry
wood is valued for its rich color and straight grain in manufacturing fine furniture, particularly desks, tables and chairs.[48][49] Species[edit] The list below contains many Prunus
Prunus
species that bear the common name cherry, but they are not necessarily members of the subgenus Cerasus, or bear edible fruit. For a complete list of species, see Prunus. Some common names listed here have historically been used for more than one species, e.g. "rock cherry" is used as an alternative common name for both P. prostrata and P. mahaleb and "wild cherry" is used for several species.

Prunus
Prunus
apetala (Siebold & Zucc.) Franch. & Sav. – clove cherry Prunus avium
Prunus avium
(L.) L. – sweet cherry, wild cherry, mazzard or gean Prunus
Prunus
campanulata Maxim. – Taiwan cherry, Formosan cherry or bell-flowered cherry Prunus
Prunus
canescens Bois. – grey-leaf cherry Prunus
Prunus
caroliniana Aiton – Carolina laurel cherry or laurel cherry Prunus
Prunus
cerasoides D. Don. – wild Himalayan cherry Prunus
Prunus
cerasus L. – sour cherry Prunus
Prunus
cistena Koehne – purple-leaf sand cherry Prunus
Prunus
cornuta (Wall. ex Royle) Steud. – Himalayan bird cherry Prunus
Prunus
cuthbertii Small – Cuthbert cherry Prunus
Prunus
cyclamina Koehne – cyclamen cherry or Chinese flowering cherry Prunus
Prunus
dawyckensis Sealy – Dawyck cherry Prunus
Prunus
dielsiana C.K. Schneid. – tailed-leaf cherry Prunus
Prunus
emarginata (Douglas ex Hook.) Walp. – Oregon
Oregon
cherry or bitter cherry Prunus
Prunus
eminens Beck – German: mittlere Weichsel (semisour cherry) Prunus
Prunus
fruticosa Pall. – European dwarf cherry, dwarf cherry, Mongolian cherry or steppe cherry Prunus
Prunus
gondouinii (Poit. & Turpin) Rehder – duke cherry Prunus
Prunus
grayana Maxim. – Japanese bird cherry or Gray's bird cherry Prunus
Prunus
humilis Bunge – Chinese plum-cherry or humble bush cherry Prunus
Prunus
ilicifolia (Nutt. ex Hook. & Arn.) Walp. – hollyleaf cherry, evergreen cherry, holly-leaved cherry or islay Prunus
Prunus
incisa Thunb. – Fuji cherry Prunus
Prunus
jamasakura Siebold ex Koidz. – Japanese mountain cherry or Japanese hill cherry Prunus
Prunus
japonica Thunb. – Korean cherry Prunus
Prunus
laurocerasus L. – cherry laurel Prunus
Prunus
lyonii (Eastw.) Sarg. – Catalina Island cherry Prunus
Prunus
maackii Rupr. – Manchurian cherry or Amur chokecherry Prunus
Prunus
mahaleb L. – Saint Lucie cherry, rock cherry, perfumed cherry or mahaleb cherry Prunus
Prunus
maximowiczii Rupr. – Miyama cherry or Korean cherry Prunus
Prunus
mume (Siebold & Zucc.) – Chinese plum or Japanese apricot Prunus
Prunus
myrtifolia (L.) Urb. – West Indian cherry Prunus
Prunus
nepaulensis (Ser.) Steud. – Nepal bird cherry Prunus
Prunus
nipponica Matsum. – Takane cherry, peak cherry or Japanese alpine cherry Prunus
Prunus
occidentalis Sw. – western cherry laurel Prunus
Prunus
padus L. – bird cherry or European bird cherry Prunus
Prunus
pensylvanica L.f. – pin cherry, fire cherry, or wild red cherry Prunus
Prunus
pleuradenia Griseb. – Antilles cherry Prunus
Prunus
prostrata Labill. – mountain cherry, rock cherry, spreading cherry or prostrate cherry Prunus
Prunus
pseudocerasus Lindl. – Chinese sour cherry or false cherry Prunus
Prunus
pumila L. – sand cherry Prunus
Prunus
rufa Wall ex Hook.f. – Himalayan cherry Prunus
Prunus
salicifolia Kunth. (=P. serotina) – capulin, Singapore cherry or tropic cherry Prunus
Prunus
sargentii Rehder – Sargent's cherry Prunus
Prunus
serotina Ehrh. – black cherry, wild cherry Prunus
Prunus
serrula Franch. – paperbark cherry, birch bark cherry or Tibetan cherry Prunus
Prunus
serrulata Lindl. – Japanese cherry, hill cherry, Oriental cherry or East Asian cherry Prunus
Prunus
speciosa (Koidz.) Ingram – Oshima cherry Prunus
Prunus
ssiori Schmidt- Hokkaido bird cherry Prunus
Prunus
stipulacea Maxim. Prunus
Prunus
subhirtella Miq. – Higan cherry or spring cherry Prunus
Prunus
takesimensis Nakai – Takeshima flowering cherry Prunus
Prunus
tomentosa Thunb. – Nanking cherry, Manchu cherry, downy cherry, Shanghai cherry, Ando cherry, mountain cherry, Chinese dwarf cherry, Chinese bush cherry Prunus
Prunus
verecunda (Koidz.) Koehne – Korean mountain cherry Prunus
Prunus
virginiana L. – chokecherry Prunus
Prunus
x yedoensis Matsum. – Yoshino cherry or Tokyo cherry

See also[edit]

Food portal

Cherry
Cherry
ice cream Cherry pit
Cherry pit
oil Cherry
Cherry
pitter Dried cherry List of Award of Garden Merit
Award of Garden Merit
flowering cherries

References[edit]

^ "Cherry". Online Etymology Dictionary, Douglas Harper. 2017. Archived from the original on 14 February 2017. Retrieved 13 February 2017.  ^ Rhind W (1841). A History of the Vegetable Kingdom, Page 334. Oxford University. Archived from the original on 2017-02-14.  ^  Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Pontus". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.  ^ Oliver Lawson Dick, ed. (1949). Aubrey's Brief Lives. Edited from the Original Manuscripts. p. xxxv. The curious antiquary John Aubrey (1626–1697) noted in his memoranda: "Cherries were first brought into Kent
Kent
tempore H. viii, who being in Flanders, and likeing the Cherries, ordered his Gardener, brought them hence, and propagated them in England. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) ^ "All the cherry gardens and orchards of Kent
Kent
are said to have been stocked with the Flemish cherry from a plantation of 105 acres in Teynham, made with foreign cherries, pippins [ pippin apples ], and golden rennets goldreinette apples, done by the fruiterer of Henry VIII." ( Kent
Kent
On-line: Teynham
Teynham
Parish Archived 2008-09-22 at the Wayback Machine.) ^ The civic coat of arms of Sittingbourne
Sittingbourne
Archived 2015-01-19 at the Wayback Machine. with the crest of a "cherry tree fructed proper" and motto "known by their fruits" were only granted on July 28, 1949, however. ^ van Laer, AJF (1974). "New York Historical Manuscripts: Dutch; volume 1: 1638–42" (PDF). Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2016-08-22.  ^ Chainpure (2009-06-23). "Soul to Brain: Wow! Its Cherry
Cherry
Harvesting". Chainpure.com. Archived from the original on 2012-03-07. Retrieved 2011-11-26.  ^ a b c d Ingels, Chuck, et. al. (2007). The Home Orchard: Growing Your Own Deciduous Fruit
Fruit
and Nut Trees. University of California Agriculture and Natural Resources. pp. 27–8.  ^ a b c "Cherry". Fruit
Fruit
and Nut Information Center. Department of Plant Sciences, University of California
California
at Davis. 2016. Archived from the original on 8 July 2016. Retrieved 28 June 2016.  ^ "Varieties". Cherish the moment. Cherry
Cherry
Growers of Australia. 2011. Archived from the original on 13 September 2017. Retrieved 12 September 2017.  ^ "cherry fruit fly (Rhagoletis cingulata)". plantwise.org. Archived from the original on 2015-09-24.  ^ "RHS Plant Selector Prunus
Prunus
'Accolade' (d) AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. Archived from the original on 2013-05-17. Retrieved 2012-11-11.  ^ "RHS Plant Selector Prunus
Prunus
'Amanogawa' AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. Archived from the original on 2013-05-17. Retrieved 2012-11-11.  ^ "RHS Plant Selector Prunus
Prunus
× subhirtella 'Autumnalis' AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. Archived from the original on 2013-05-17. Retrieved 2012-11-11.  ^ "RHS Plant Selector Prunus
Prunus
× subhirtella 'Autumnalis Rosea' AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. Archived from the original on 2013-05-17. Retrieved 2012-11-11.  ^ "RHS Plant Selector Prunus
Prunus
padus 'Colorata' AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. Archived from the original on 2013-05-17. Retrieved 2012-11-11.  ^ "RHS Plant Selector Prunus
Prunus
'Kanzan' AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. Archived from the original on 2013-05-17. Retrieved 2012-11-11.  ^ "RHS Plant Selector Prunus
Prunus
'Kiku-shidare-zakura' AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. Archived from the original on 2013-05-17. Retrieved 2012-11-11.  ^ "RHS Plant Selector Prunus
Prunus
'Kursar' AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. Archived from the original on 2013-05-17. Retrieved 2012-11-11.  ^ "RHS Plant Selector Prunus
Prunus
cerasus 'Morello' (C) AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. Archived from the original on 2013-05-17. Retrieved 2012-11-11.  ^ "RHS Plant Selector Prunus
Prunus
× incam 'Okamé' AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. Archived from the original on 2013-05-17. Retrieved 2012-11-11.  ^ "RHS Plant Selector Prunus
Prunus
'Pandora' AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. Archived from the original on 2013-05-17. Retrieved 2012-11-11.  ^ "RHS Plant Selector Prunus
Prunus
pendula 'Pendula Rosea' AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. Archived from the original on 2013-05-17. Retrieved 2012-11-11.  ^ "RHS Plant Selector Prunus
Prunus
pendula 'Pendula Rubra' AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. Archived from the original on 2013-05-17. Retrieved 2012-11-11.  ^ "RHS Plant Selector Prunus
Prunus
'Pink Perfection' AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. Archived from the original on 2013-05-17. Retrieved 2012-11-11.  ^ "RHS Plant Selector Prunus avium
Prunus avium
'Plena' (d) AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. Archived from the original on 2013-05-17. Retrieved 2012-11-11.  ^ "RHS Plant Selector Prunus
Prunus
× cistena AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. Archived from the original on 2013-05-17. Retrieved 2012-11-11.  ^ "RHS Plant Selector Prunus
Prunus
sargentii AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. Archived from the original on 2013-05-17. Retrieved 2012-11-11.  ^ "RHS Plant Selector Prunus
Prunus
serrula AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. Archived from the original on 2013-05-17. Retrieved 2012-11-11.  ^ "RHS Plant Selector Prunus
Prunus
'Shirofugen' AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. Archived from the original on 2013-05-17. Retrieved 2012-11-11.  ^ "RHS Plant Selector Prunus
Prunus
'Shirotae' AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. Archived from the original on 2013-05-17. Retrieved 2012-11-11.  ^ "RHS Plant Selector – Prunus
Prunus
'Shogetsu'". Archived from the original on 6 June 2013. Retrieved 29 May 2013.  ^ "RHS Plant Selector – Prunus
Prunus
'Spire'". Archived from the original on 6 June 2013. Retrieved 29 May 2013.  ^ "RHS Plant Selector Prunus avium
Prunus avium
'Stella' (F) AGM / RHS Gardening". Apps.rhs.org.uk. Archived from the original on 2013-05-17. Retrieved 2012-11-11.  ^ "RHS Plant Selector – Prunus
Prunus
'Ukon'". Archived from the original on 17 May 2013. Retrieved 29 May 2013.  ^ a b "Crops/Regions/Production of Cherries by Countries (from pick lists)". UN Food & Agriculture Organization, FAOSTAT, Statistics Division. 2014. Archived from the original on 11 May 2017. Retrieved 12 September 2017.  ^ (in French) Fabricio Cardenas, Vieux papiers des Pyrénées-Orientales, Premières cerises de Céret
Céret
et d'ailleurs Archived 2015-06-27 at the Wayback Machine., August 24, 2014 ^ (in French) Fabricio Cardenas, Vieux papiers des Pyrénées-Orientales, Des cerises de Céret
Céret
pour le président de la République en 1932 Archived 2014-10-26 at the Wayback Machine., June 1st 2014 ^ a b Cherry
Cherry
Production (PDF) (Report). National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA. June 23, 2011. ISSN 1948-9072. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 6, 2012. Retrieved 2011-10-06.  ^ " Cherry
Cherry
Varieties". Archived from the original on 8 December 2014. Retrieved 24 October 2014.  ^ "Traverse City- Cherry
Cherry
Capital". Michigan
Michigan
History. Retrieved 27 March 2018.  ^ " Cherry
Cherry
Fiesta 2106". Osoyoos
Osoyoos
Festival Society. 2016. Archived from the original on 21 November 2016. Retrieved 21 November 2016.  ^ "Cherries". BC Ministry of Agriculture. 2013. Archived from the original on 1999-02-02. Retrieved 28 June 2014.  ^ "ANNUAL INDUSTRY REPORT 08 • 09" (PDF). Horticulture Australia Limited (HAL). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-04-25.  ^ "Nutrition facts, cherries, sweet, raw, 100 g". US Department of Agriculture National Nutrient Database, Standard Reference 21. Nutritiondata.com. Archived from the original on 11 February 2013. Retrieved 19 February 2013.  ^ "Nutrition facts, cherries, sour, red, raw, 100 g". US Department of Agriculture National Nutrient Database, Standard Reference 21. Nutritiondata.com. Archived from the original on 31 March 2013. Retrieved 19 February 2013.  ^ "Types of Ontario
Ontario
wood: Black cherry". Queen's Printer for Ontario, Canada. 2016. Archived from the original on 25 December 2016. Retrieved 25 December 2016.  ^ "Selecting wood furniture" (PDF). Utah
Utah
State University. 1987. Archived (PDF) from the original on 25 December 2016. Retrieved 25 December 2016. 

External links[edit] Media related to Cherries at Wikimedia Commons

 "Cherry". The American Cyclopædia. 1879. 

v t e

Cherry
Cherry
cultivars

Sweet (Bigaroon, Mazzard)

Angela Bing Chelan Chinook Emperor Francis Hudson Lambert Lapins Rainier Regina Royal Ann (Napoleon) Sam Schmidt Skeena Stella Sweetheart Tieton Ulster Van

Sour (Amarelle, Morello)

Amarena Balaton Evans Griotte de Kleparow Marasca Montmorency North Star

Other edible

Nanking

v t e

Woodworking

Overviews

History Glossary Wood
Wood
(lumber)

Forms

Boat building Bow and arrow Bush carpentry Cabinetry Caning Carpentry Certosina Chainsaw
Chainsaw
carving Chip carving Clogs Ébéniste Fretwork Intarsia Japanese carpentry Khatam Kohlrosing Log building Marquetry Millwork Parquetry Pyrography Relief carving Root carving Sawdust Segmented turning Shingle weaving Shipbuilding Spindle turning Timber framing Treen Whittling Wood
Wood
carving Woodturning Wood
Wood
flour

Woods

Soft

Cedar (Calocedrus, Cedrus) Cypress Douglas fir Fir Juniper Larch Pine Spruce Yew

Hard

Ash Alder Aspen Balsa Beech Birch Cherry Chestnut Cocobolo Ebony Elm Hazel Lignum vitae Linden (lime, basswood) Mahogany Maple Oak Padauk Plum Poplar Teak Totara Walnut Willow

Tools

Abrasives Axe Adze Chisel Clamp Drawknife Drill Float Mallet Milling machine Mitre box Moulding plane Plane Rasp Router Sandpaper Spokeshave Timber-framing Vise Winding sticks Wood
Wood
scribe Workbench

Saws

Backsaw Bandsaw Bow Bucksaw Chainsaw Circular Compass Coping Crosscut Frame Fretsaw Jigsaw Keyhole Miter Rip Scroll Table Veneer Whipsaw

Geometry

Joints

Birdsmouth Bridle Butt Butterfly Coping Crown of thorns Dado Dovetail Finger Groove Halved Hammer-headed tenon Knee Lap Mason's mitre Miter Mortise and tenon Rabbet/Rebate Scarf Splice Tongue and groove

Profiles

Bead Bevel Chamfer Molding Ogee Ogive

Treatments

French polish Heat bending Paint Paint
Paint
stripper Steam bending Thermal Varnish Wood
Wood
drying Wood
Wood
preservation Wood
Wood
stain Wood
Wood
finishing

Organizations

American Association of Woodturners Architectural Woodwork Institute British Woodworking
Woodworking
Federation Building and Wood
Wood
Workers' International Caricature Carvers of America International Federation of Building and Wood
Wood
Workers National Wood
Wood
Carvers Association Society of Wood
Wood
Engravers Timber Framers Guild

Conversion

Chainsaw
Chainsaw
mill Hewing Sawmill Whipsaw Wood
Wood
splitting

Techniques

Frame and panel Frameless construction

Category WikiProject Commons

Authority control

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