HOME
The Info List - Cheondoism


--- Advertisement ---



(i) (i)

CHEONDOISM (spelled CHONDOISM in North Korean sources ) (Korean : Cheondogyo; hanja 天道教; hangul 천도교; literally " Religion
Religion
of the Heavenly Way") is a 20th-century Korean religious movement, based on the 19th-century Donghak neo- Confucian
Confucian
movement founded by Choe Je-u and codified under Son Byeong-hui . Cheondoism
Cheondoism
has its origins in the peasant rebellions which arose starting in 1812 during the Joseon
Joseon
dynasty .

Cheondoism
Cheondoism
is essentially Confucian
Confucian
in origin, but incorporates elements of Korean shamanism
Korean shamanism
. It places emphasis on personal cultivation, social welfare in the present world, and rejects any notion of an afterlife. A splinter movement is Suwunism .

CONTENTS

* 1 Beliefs * 2 History * 3 Cheondoism
Cheondoism
today * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 Sources * 7 External links

BELIEFS

Cheondogyo translated literally means "religion of the Heavenly Way", where cheon means "Heaven", do means "Way" (written with the same character as Chinese Tao
Tao
), and gyo means "religion", "teaching", "-ism".

In keeping with its roots in Confucian
Confucian
thought, Cheondoism
Cheondoism
venerates Heaven as the ultimate principle of good and justice, and is referred to by the honorific term Haneullim (하늘님) or “Divine Master”. According to the church doctrine, the term "Hanul" does not only mean Heaven but represents the whole universe. This title implies the quality of Heaven as "instructor", that is a belief that man and things are not created by a supernatural (out of nature) God, but generated by a God
God
that is inner in things. Also in keeping with its Confucian
Confucian
background, Cheondoism
Cheondoism
places emphasis on personal cultivation in the belief that as one improves their innate nature, one comes closer to Heaven, and that all things are the same as Heaven in terms of their innate quality.

Thus, Cheondoism
Cheondoism
is agnostic regarding the notion of an afterlife, and instead works to create a paradise on earth through peace, moral virtue and Confucian
Confucian
propriety, while reforming society and overcoming old, outdated customs in Korean society.

Over time, Cheondoism
Cheondoism
has also adapted elements of other Korean religious traditions including Taoism
Taoism
and Buddhism
Buddhism
.

HISTORY

This article NEEDS ADDITIONAL CITATIONS FOR VERIFICATION . Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources . Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (January 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message )

Cheondoism
Cheondoism
originated from the Donghak ("Eastern Learning"), a Confucian
Confucian
movement that arose in the 19th century as a reaction to Western encroachment. While the Donghak movement began with Confucian scholar Choe Jeu, it did not become a religious movement until the 3rd patriarch, Son Byeong-hui.

Choe Jeu formulated the Donghak ideology in the 1860s to help ease the lot of the farmers suffering from abject poverty and exploitation, as well as to restore political and social stability. His ideas rapidly gained broad acceptance among the peasantry. Choe set his Donghak themes to music so that illiterate farmers could understand, accept, and remember them more readily. His teachings were systematized and compiled as a message of salvation to farmers in distress.

Cheondoism
Cheondoism
as a religion evolved in the early 1900s from the Donghak peasant liberation movements in the southern provinces of Korea. Members of Donghak were severely persecuted by the Korean Empire
Korean Empire
, and so, on December 1, 1905, Son Byeong-hui, who was the third patriarch of the original Donghak movement, decided to modernize the religion and usher in an era of openness and transparency in order to legitimize it in the eyes of the Japanese . As a result, he officially changed the name of Donghak to Cheondoism
Cheondoism
("religion of the Heavenly Way"). During the waning days of the Joseon
Joseon
Dynasty, King Gojong himself embraced Cheondoism
Cheondoism
and promoted it nationwide. The King added Buddhist rituals and codices to the new religion, which was organized into a formal organizational hierarchy.

CHEONDOISM TODAY

As of 2005, Cheondoism
Cheondoism
had about 1.13 million followers and 280 churches in South Korea. Very little is known of the activities of Cheondoists in North Korea. According to official statistics, Cheondoism
Cheondoism
had 2.8 million adherents in North Korea
North Korea
(12.9% of the total population) as of 2000. Cheondoists are represented in North Korean politics by the minor Cheondoist Chongu Party (which is actually controlled by the Workers\' Party of Korea
Korea
)

SEE ALSO

* Donghak Peasant Revolution * Sinism

REFERENCES

* ^ "Anniversary of Chondoism Observed, KCNA". Retrieved 2012-06-23. * ^ A B C D Yao, Xinzhong (2000). An Introduction to Confucianism. Cambridge University Press. pp. 121–122. ISBN 0521644305 . * ^ Lee Chi-ran, p.3 & p. 16 * ^ Lee Chi-ran, pp. 16-20 * ^ , 천도교개관(영문)-천도교 * ^ Lee Chi-ran, p. 16 * ^ 韓國 近代宗敎의 三敎融合과 生命·靈性 - 원불교사상연구원 Archived December 25, 2014, at the Wayback Machine . * ^ "Consulate General of the Republic of Korea
Korea
in Toronto". Archived from the original on 2012-09-07. Retrieved 2012-06-23. * ^ North Korea

This article incorporates text from Korea
Korea
Web Weekly. Used with permission. Korea
Korea
Web Weekly is not an independent source of information but is instead associated with various North Korea government sources.

SOURCES

* Lee Chi-ran. Chief Director, Haedong Younghan Academy. The Emergence of National Religions in Korea.

EXTERNAL LINKS

* 천도교서울교구 * 천도교

* v * t * e

Religion
Religion

MAJOR

.