HOME
The Info List - Chenab


--- Advertisement ---



The Chenab River
Chenab River
(Hindi: चेनाब cenab; Punjabi: ਚਨਾਬ, canāb; Urdu: چناب‬‎) is a major river that flows in India
India
and Pakistan, and is one of the 5 major rivers of the Punjab
Punjab
region. It forms in the upper Himalayas
Himalayas
in the Lahaul and Spiti district
Lahaul and Spiti district
of Himachal Pradesh, India, and flows through the Kishtwar district
Kishtwar district
of Jammu region in Jammu and Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir
into the plains of the Punjab, Pakistan, before flowing into the Indus River
Indus River
near the city of Uch Sharif. The waters of the Chenab are allocated to Pakistan
Pakistan
under the terms of the Indus Waters Treaty.[3][4]

World’s highest rail bridge on Chenab river

Contents

1 History 2 Dams 3 See also 4 References

History[edit] The river was known to Indians in the Vedic period[5] as Chandrabhaga (Sanskrit: चंद्रभाग), also Asikni (Sanskrit: असिक्नी) or Iskamati (Sanskrit: इस्कामति) and as Acesines to the Ancient Greeks.[6][7] In 325 BC, Alexander the Great
Alexander the Great
allegedly founded the town of Alexandria on the Indus
Alexandria on the Indus
(present day Uch Sharif
Uch Sharif
or Mithankot or Chacharan in Pakistan) at the confluence of the Indus and the combined stream of Punjab
Punjab
rivers (currently known as the Panjnad River).[8] Chanderbhaga name for the combination of two rivers in Lahul Valley is found more visible in old Hindu texts called Puranas. The ancient name of this river in Vedic period was Asikni which is praised in “Nadi Sukat” of Rig-Veda along with Ganga, Yamuna
Yamuna
and Sarasvati Rivers. According to Shiv Puran, the mountain range starting from Chanderkhani in Kullu region to Drilbu Ri in Lahul is called Chanderbhag Parvat, so the river flowing underneath was named Chanderbhaga whereas one river was called Chandra and second one Bhaga. There are three rivers originating from Baralacha Massif situated in Lahul valley, which are Chandra, Bhaga and Yunam. Chandra and Bhaga meet at Tandi and form Chanderbhaga Sangam whereas Yunam moves to other direction in Zanskar. Baralacha Massif is the unique source of three different and popular rivers in the world. This river is well known as Chenab too. The eminent historian of Trans Himalaya; Tsering Dorje believes that Persian travelers named it Aab- E- Cheen which means River of China and later generations made it simple calling Chenab. Google links it with two words, Chan and Aab where Chan means Moon and Aab means River. The river further moves to Jammu Kashmir and later enters into Pakistan
Pakistan
through Punjab. The Greek named this river as Sandro Fagus which means the river which devoured Alexandra. Chenab becomes very significant once we recall the eternal love stories of Heer Ranjha, Sohni Mahiwal and Suni Bhunku who made Chenab a River of Love. Prominent Urdu poets Iqbal and Faiz Ahmad Faiz constructed long-lasting literature on the banks of Chenab and Shiv Kumar Batalvi, who was most known for his romantic poetry, noted for its heightened passion, pathos, separation and lover's agony, also remained associated with Chenab because he was born near Sialkot. Time faded the ancient name Asikni and somehow Chanderbhaga and people remembered Chenab. Shiv Puran mentions meditation of Devi Sandhya at the confluence of Chanderbhaga. According to Bhagwat Puran great saint Vashisht got married at this confluence and Sakand Puran ensures a holy dip in Chanderbhaga River is equivalent to Ganges. Vaikunt Puran links this river with lord Shiva and Matsaya Puran claims the wind which flows touching this river gets the medicinal effect and is very useful for the sentient beings. Chanderbhaga Sangam is used by the locals to immerse mortal remains and it is mentioned by several historians that Droupadi was died here while she was moving to heavens with her husbands. She was found dead near Sangam by the local people who performed her last rituals after establishing a relation of mother and sons with her dead appearance. It is believed that from that time locals are immersing the mortal remains in this river. Later when the valley got Buddhist influence, this ritual was decorated in even better way naming it Tsa –Tsa. It was a technique to keep the mortal remains in nearby monastery of Ghanta Pa Siddha and later monks used to mix the powder of last remains with clay and make small Buddhist stupas to be kept under the rocks and immerse in Sangam. A huge celebration was followed with locally made beer and different dances during the Tsa- Tsa celebration those days. Slowly Tsa- Tsa celebration went invisible but revived in 2016 when a huge tribute was paid by this tribal Hindu- Buddhist population to VHP leader Ashok Singhal whose mortal remains got immersed in this holy Sangam. Using his mortal remains Buddhist monks revived almost a century year old Tsa- Tsa ritual. People have gathered from every corner of this frontier land and a big festival was started named Chanderbhaga Sangam Parv. Bhandarkote Cave There is a small cave at Bhandarkote just above the Bhandarkote bridge over chenab river. Sheikh Zain-ud-Din Wali (R. A) is believed to have stayed in it for many years.The sheikh who hailed from kishtwar later moved to kashmir.Bhandarkot is about 12 km from kishtwar town.[9] Dams[edit] The river has rich power generation potential in India.[10]

Salal Dam
Salal Dam
- 690 MW hydroelectric power project in Jammu and Kashmir Baglihar Dam
Baglihar Dam
- a hydroelectric power project in Jammu and Kashmir Dul Hasti Hydroelectric Plant
Dul Hasti Hydroelectric Plant
- 390 MW run-of-the-river type power project Pakal Dul Dam
Pakal Dul Dam
- a proposed dam on Marusadar River, a right bank tributary of Chenab Ratle Hydroelectric Plant
Ratle Hydroelectric Plant
- an under construction power station of run-of-the-river type Marala Headworks
Marala Headworks
- located near Sialkot Khanki Headworks - located in Gujranwala District Trimmu Barrage
Trimmu Barrage
- located in Jhang District

Kiru Hydro electric Power Project - proposed project located in Kishtwar District-624 MW Kwar HE Power Project - proposed project located in Kishtwar District - 540 MW

See also[edit]

Rivers of Jammu and Kashmir Beas River Indus River Jhelum River Ravi River Satluj River

References[edit]

Wikisource
Wikisource
has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Chenab.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chenab River.

^ "Construction of power projects over Chenab". Business Recorder. 26 August 2013. Retrieved 16 March 2017.  ^ ftp://daac.ornl.gov/data/rivdis/STATIONS.HTM, ORNL, Retrieved 8 Dec 2016 ^ "River Chenab" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 8 December 2016.  ^ "Indus Waters Treaty". The World Bank. Retrieved 8 Dec 2016.  ^ Yule, Henry; Arthur Coke Burnell; William Crooke. "Hobson-Jobson: A glossary of Anglo-Indian colloquial words & phrases and of kindred terms". Pg.741. Retrieved 8 Dec 2016.  ^ https://www.britannica.com/place/Chenab-River, Chenab River
Chenab River
on Encyclopædia Britannica, Retrieved 8 Dec 2016 ^ Encyclopædia Britannica article on the Chenab ^ Alexandria (Uch) ^ "Religious Places Kishtwar". www.kishtwar.com. Retrieved 2018-03-10.  ^ "Harnessing gigantic hydro power potential of Indus, Jhelum and Chenab rivers in India". Retrieved 30 November 2017. 

v t e

Hydrography
Hydrography
of India

Inland

Alaknanda Beas Betwa Bhāgīrathī Bharatapuzha Brahmaputra Burhi Gandak Chambal Chenab Chilika Lake Dal Lake Damodar Dibang Ganges Ganges
Ganges
Basin Ganges
Ganges
Delta Ghaghara Godavari Gomti Hooghly Indira Gandhi Canal Indus Indus Delta Indus Basin Jhelum Kali Kaveri Ken Kerala backwaters Koshi Krishna Kushiyara Luni Mahanadi Malampuzha Narmada Nizam Sagar Padma Pamba Periyar Pookode Lake Powai Lake Ramganga Ravi Red Hills Lake Roopkund
Roopkund
(Skeleton Lake) Sambhar Salt Lake Sapt Koshi Sabarmati River Sarasvati Sharda Someshwari Son Sutlej Tamsa Tapti Tons Vaigai Yamuna

Coastal

Arabian Sea Bay of Bengal Gulf of Khambhat Gulf of Kutch Gulf of Mannar Indian Ocean Laccadive Sea Palk Strait Ilog Pasig

Categories

Lakes of India Reservoirs and dams in India Rivers of India

v t e

Hydrography
Hydrography
of Pakistan

Lakes

Ansoo Baghsar Banjosa Borith Chitta Katha Dudipatsar Hadero Haleji Hanna Karambar Keenjhar Khabikki Kundol Lower Kachura Lulusar Mahodand Manchar Namal Payee Rama Rawal Rush Saiful Muluk Satpara Sheosar Shonter Subri Uchhali Upper Kachura

Rivers

Indus Astore Bara Basol Braldu Bunhar Chenab Dasht Dori Gambila Ghaggar-Hakra Gilgit Gomal Haro Hingol Hispar Hunza Jhelum Jindi Kabul Kech Korang Kunar Mula Neelum Panjkora Panjnad Poonch Rakshan Ravi Rupal Shaksgam Shigar Shingo Shyok Soan Suru Sutlej Swan Swat Tawi Zhob

Coastal

Indian Ocean Arabian Sea Gulf of Oman

Categories

Lakes Rivers

v t e

The Rivers of the Punjab

Indus

Jhelum Chenab Ravi Beas Sutlej

v t e

Geography of Himachal Pradesh

Lakes

Renuka Lake Maharana Pratap Sagar Gobind Sagar more...

Rivers

Beas Chenab Ravi Sutlej Yamuna

Districts

Bilaspur Chamba Hamirpur Kangra Kinnaur Kullu Lahaul and Spiti Mandi Sirmaur Shimla Solan Una

Other

Climate of Himachal Pradesh Protected areas of Himachal Pradesh List of peaks in Himachal Pradesh

v t e

Punjab
Punjab
geography

Beas River Bari Doab Chenab River Chhachh Cholistan Desert Doaba Ganji Bar Ghaggar river Indus River Jhelum River Jech Doab Kachhi Kala Chitta Range Kirana Bar Kirana Hills Majha Malwa Margalla Hills Neeli Bar Poadh Pothohar Plateau Rechna Doab Ravi River Salt Range Sandal Bar Sind Sagar Doab Sivalik Hills Soon Valley Sulaiman Mountains Sutlej
Sutlej
River Thal Desert

v t e

Hydrography
Hydrography
of Jammu and Kashmir

Rivers

Chenab Doda Dras Indus Jhelum Lidder Markha Nala Palkhu Neelum Ravi Rambi Ara Saltoro Shingo Shyok Sind Suru Tawi Tsarap Veshaw Yapola Zanskar

Lakes

Dal Lake Nigeen Lake Anchar Lake Gadsar Lake Gangabal Lake Krishansar Lake Manasbal Lake Mansar Lake Pangong Tso Sheshnag Lake Tulian Lake Vishansar Lake Wular Lake Kausar Nag Satsar Nundkol Brari Nambal Khushal Sar Gil Sar

Glaciers

Drang-drung Glacier Kolahoi Glacier Machoi Glacier Shafat Glacier Siachen Glacier

Dams, Barrages

Baglihar Dam Chutak Dam Dul Hasti Dam Dumkhar Dam Kishanganga Dam Nimoo Bazgo Dam Ratle Dam Salal Dam Uri Dam

Hydrography
Hydrography
of surrounding areas

Himachal Pradesh Punjab, India Pakistan

v t e

Hydrography
Hydrography
of the Indian subcontinent

Inland rivers

Beas Betwa Bhagirathi Brahmaputra Chambal Chenab Damodar Godavari Gandaki Ganges Ghaghara Indus Jhelum Kali Kaveri Kosi Krishna Luni Mahanadi Mahaweli Meghna Narmada Padma Ravi Sarasvati Sankosh Sharda Son Sutlej Tapti Yamuna

Inland lakes, deltas, etc.

Ganges
Ganges
Basin Ganges
Ganges
Delta Indus Delta Dal Lake Pookode Lake Skeleton Lake Chilika Lake Lake Powai Borith Lake Saiful Muluk Gosaikunda Nizam Sagar Red Hills Lake Malampuzha Kerala backwaters Pulicat Lake

Coastal

Indian Ocean Arabian Sea Bay of Bengal Gulf of Kutch Gulf of Khambhat Gulf of Mannar Laccadive Sea Palk Strait

Categories

Lakes of Bangladesh / India
India
/ Nepal / Pakistan Reservoirs and dams in India Rivers of Bangladesh / Bhutan / India
India
/ Nepal / Pakistan

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 245813

.