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The Chen dynasty
Chen dynasty
(simplified Chinese: 陈朝; traditional Chinese: 陳朝; pinyin: Chén Cháo; 557-589), also known as the Southern Chen dynasty, was the fourth and last of the Southern Dynasties
Southern Dynasties
in China, eventually destroyed by the Sui dynasty. Chen is the only dynasty named after the ruling house in Chinese history. When the dynasty was founded by Emperor Wu, it was exceedingly weak, possessing only a small portion of the territory once held by its predecessor Liang dynasty—and that portion was devastated by wars that had doomed Liang. However, Emperor Wu's successors Emperor Wen and Emperor Xuan were capable rulers, and the state gradually solidified and strengthened, becoming roughly equal in power to rivals Northern Zhou
Northern Zhou
and Northern Qi. After Northern Zhou
Northern Zhou
destroyed Northern Qi in 577, Chen was cornered. To make matters worse, its final emperor Chen Shubao
Chen Shubao
was an incompetent and indulgent ruler, and Chen was eventually destroyed by Northern Zhou's successor state Sui. During the short-lived dynasty, the Chams
Chams
to the south resumed raids against the region of Jiaozhi, perceiving the dynasty to be weak. The raids ended with the conquest of the Southern Chen by the Sui.[4] The Sui general Yang Su suppressed various Chen rebels in campaigns during the early 590s.

Contents

1 Sovereigns of Chen dynasty
Chen dynasty
(557-589) 2 Sovereigns family tree 3 Notes 4 References 5 External links

Sovereigns of Chen dynasty
Chen dynasty
(557-589)[edit]

Posthumous name Family name and given names Period of Reigns Era names and corresponding range of years

Convention: Chen +

Emperor Wu of Chen
Emperor Wu of Chen
- Wu Di (武帝 wǔ dì) Chen Baxian (陳霸先 Chén Bàxiān) 557-559 Yongding (永定 Yǒngdìng) 557-559

Emperor Wen of Chen
Emperor Wen of Chen
- Wen Di (文帝 wén dì) Chen Qian (陳蒨 Chén Qiàn) 559-566 Tianjia (天嘉 Tiānjiā) 560-566 Tiankang (天康 Tiānkāng) 566

Emperor Fei of Chen
Emperor Fei of Chen
- Fei Di (廢帝 fèi dì) Chen Bozong (陳伯宗 Chén Bózōng) 566-568 Guangda (光大 Guāngdà) 566-568

Emperor Xuan of Chen
Emperor Xuan of Chen
- Xuan Di (宣帝 Xuān Dì) Chen Xu (陳頊 Chén Xù 569-582 Taijian (太建 Tài Jiàn) 569-582

Houzhu (後主 Hòuzhǔ) Chen Shubao
Chen Shubao
(陳叔寶 Chén Shūbǎo) 583-589 Zhide (至德 Zhìdé) 583-586 Zhenming (禎明 Zhēnmíng) 587-589

Sovereigns family tree[edit]

Chen dynasty
Chen dynasty
emperors family tree

Chen Wenzan 陈文赞

Chen Daotan 陈道谭

Chen Baxian 陳霸先 (503–559) Wu (r. 557-559)

Chen Qian 陳蒨 (522–566) Wen (r. 559-566)

Chen Xu 陈顼 (530–582) Xuan (r. 569-582)

Chen Chang 陳昌 (537–560)

Chen Bozong 陳伯宗 (554?–570) Fei (r. 566-568)

Chen Shubao
Chen Shubao
陈叔宝 553–604; r. 582-589

Chen Shuda 陳叔達 d.635

Ningyuan 寧遠公主 577-605

Emperor Wen of Sui

Chen Yin 陳胤 b.573

Chen Shen 陳深 b.575

Notes[edit]

^ Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 167. ^ Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 177. ^ Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 180. ^ Hall, D.G.E. (1981). A History of South-East Asia, Fourth Edition. Hong Kong: Macmillan Education Ltd. p. 17. ISBN 0-333-24163-0. 

References[edit]

Book of Chen. History of Southern Dynasties. Zizhi Tongjian.

External links[edit]

Chen Dynasty

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chen Dynasty.

v t e

Northern and Southern dynasties
Northern and Southern dynasties
(420–589)

Northern dynasties

Northern Wei Eastern Wei Western Wei Northern Qi Northern Zhou

Southern dynasties

Liu Song Southern Qi Liang (W

.