Chen dynasty (simplified Chinese: 陈朝; traditional Chinese:
陳朝; pinyin: Chén Cháo; 557-589), also known as the Southern Chen
dynasty, was the fourth and last of the
Southern Dynasties in China,
eventually destroyed by the Sui dynasty. Chen is the only dynasty
named after the ruling house in Chinese history.
When the dynasty was founded by Emperor Wu, it was exceedingly weak,
possessing only a small portion of the territory once held by its
predecessor Liang dynasty—and that portion was devastated by wars
that had doomed Liang. However, Emperor Wu's successors Emperor Wen
and Emperor Xuan were capable rulers, and the state gradually
solidified and strengthened, becoming roughly equal in power to rivals
Northern Zhou and Northern Qi. After
Northern Zhou destroyed Northern
Qi in 577, Chen was cornered. To make matters worse, its final emperor
Chen Shubao was an incompetent and indulgent ruler, and Chen was
eventually destroyed by Northern Zhou's successor state Sui.
During the short-lived dynasty, the
Chams to the south resumed raids
against the region of Jiaozhi, perceiving the dynasty to be weak. The
raids ended with the conquest of the Southern Chen by the Sui. The
Yang Su suppressed various Chen rebels in campaigns during
the early 590s.
1 Sovereigns of
Chen dynasty (557-589)
2 Sovereigns family tree
5 External links
Chen dynasty (557-589)
Family name and given names
Period of Reigns
Era names and corresponding range of years
Convention: Chen +
Emperor Wu of Chen
Emperor Wu of Chen - Wu Di (武帝 wǔ dì)
Chen Baxian (陳霸先 Chén Bàxiān)
Yongding (永定 Yǒngdìng) 557-559
Emperor Wen of Chen
Emperor Wen of Chen - Wen Di (文帝 wén dì)
Chen Qian (陳蒨 Chén Qiàn)
Tianjia (天嘉 Tiānjiā) 560-566
Tiankang (天康 Tiānkāng) 566
Emperor Fei of Chen
Emperor Fei of Chen - Fei Di (廢帝 fèi dì)
Chen Bozong (陳伯宗 Chén Bózōng)
Guangda (光大 Guāngdà) 566-568
Emperor Xuan of Chen
Emperor Xuan of Chen - Xuan Di (宣帝 Xuān Dì)
Chen Xu (陳頊 Chén Xù
Taijian (太建 Tài Jiàn) 569-582
Houzhu (後主 Hòuzhǔ)
Chen Shubao (陳叔寶 Chén Shūbǎo)
Zhide (至德 Zhìdé) 583-586
Zhenming (禎明 Zhēnmíng) 587-589
Sovereigns family tree
Chen dynasty emperors family tree
Chen Daotan 陈道谭
Chen Baxian 陳霸先 (503–559)
Wu (r. 557-559)
Chen Qian 陳蒨 (522–566)
Wen (r. 559-566)
Chen Xu 陈顼 (530–582)
Xuan (r. 569-582)
Chen Bozong 陳伯宗 (554?–570)
Fei (r. 566-568)
Chen Shubao 陈叔宝
553–604; r. 582-589
Chen Yin 陳胤 b.573
Chen Shen 陳深 b.575
^ Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 167.
^ Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 177.
^ Zizhi Tongjian, vol. 180.
^ Hall, D.G.E. (1981). A History of South-East Asia, Fourth Edition.
Hong Kong: Macmillan Education Ltd. p. 17.
Book of Chen.
History of Southern Dynasties.
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Northern and Southern dynasties
Northern and Southern dynasties (420–589)