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The Chemin du Roy
Chemin du Roy
(French for "King's Highway" or "King's Road") is a historic road along the north shore of the St. Lawrence River
St. Lawrence River
in Quebec. The road begins in Repentigny and extends almost 280 kilometres (170 mi) eastward towards Quebec
Quebec
City, its eastern terminus. Most of the Chemin du Roy
Chemin du Roy
today follows along the present-day Quebec
Quebec
Route 138. The modern expressway that replaces both Route 138 and the Chemin du Roy
Chemin du Roy
through most of its course is Quebec Autoroute 40.

Contents

1 History 2 Communities along the Chemin du Roy 3 References 4 External links

History[edit]

Route marker seen along the Chemin

In 1706, the Conseil supérieur (Grand Council) of New France
New France
decreed that a road be built to connect the settlements along the north shore of the St. Lawrence River, between Quebec
Quebec
City and Montreal.[1] Work began in 1731, under the supervision of Grand Voyer (senior road surveyor) Eustache Lanouiller de Boisclerc, and was completed in 1737. Upon completion, the Chemin du Roy
Chemin du Roy
was 7.4 metres (24 ft) wide, over 280 kilometres (170 mi) long, and crossed 37 seignories. The Chemin du Roy
Chemin du Roy
was the longest road in existence at the time north of Mexico. In 1910, the portion of the Chemin du Roy
Chemin du Roy
on Montreal
Montreal
Island was renamed by the District and County of Montreal
Montreal
as Gouin Boulevard.[1] It is no longer considered part of the historic route and does not feature the "Chemin de Roy" route markers that the tourist route now is signed with. Communities along the Chemin du Roy[edit]

Map of the Chemin du Roy. Repentigny at the lower left, Quebec
Quebec
at the upper right.

Modern signed route

Repentigny (western terminus) Saint-Sulpice L'Assomption Lavaltrie Lanoraie Sainte-Geneviève-de-Berthier Berthierville Saint-Cuthbert Saint-Barthélemy Maskinongé Louiseville Yamachiche Trois-Rivières Champlain Batiscan Sainte-Anne-de-la-Pérade Deschambault-Grondines Portneuf Cap-Santé Donnacona Neuville Saint-Augustin-de-Desmaures Quebec
Quebec
City (eastern terminus)

References[edit]

^ a b (in French) Roger Lagacé (16 December 2014). "Du chemin du Roy au boulevard Gouin". Le Guide de Montréal-Nord. Journal Métro de Montréal ("Metro"). 

Le Chemin du Roy
Chemin du Roy
(official site)

External links[edit]

Le Chemin du Roy
Chemin du Roy
(official site)

v t e

  New France
New France
(1534–1763)

Subdivisions

Acadia
Acadia
(1604–1713) Canada (1608–1763) Pays d'en Haut Domaine du roy Louisiana (1682–1762, 1802–1803) Illinois Country
Illinois Country
Ohio Country Newfoundland (1662–1713) Île Royale (1713–1763)

Towns

Acadia
Acadia
(Port Royal) Canada

Quebec Trois-Rivières Montreal Détroit

Île Royale

Louisbourg

Louisiana

Mobile Biloxi New Orleans

Newfoundland

Plaisance

List of towns

Forts

Fort Rouillé Fort Michilimackinac Fort de Buade Fort de Chartres Fort Detroit Fort Carillon Fort Condé Fort Duquesne Fortress of Louisbourg Castle Hill Fort St. Louis (Illinois) Fort St. Louis (Texas) List of Forts

Government

Canada

Governor General Intendant Sovereign Council Bishop of Quebec Governor of Trois-Rivières Governor of Montreal

Acadia

Governor Lieutenant-General

Newfoundland

Governor Lieutenant-General

Louisiana

Governor Intendant Superior Council

Île Royale

Governor Intendant Superior Council

Law

Intendancy Superior Council Admiralty court Provostship Officiality Seigneurial court Bailiff Maréchaussée Code Noir

Economy

Seigneurial system Fur trade Company of 100 Associates Crozat's Company Mississippi Company Compagnie de l'Occident Chemin du Roy Coureur des bois Voyageurs

Society

Population

1666 census

Habitants King's Daughters Casquette girls Métis Amerindians Slavery Plaçage Gens de couleur libres

Religion

Jesuit missions Récollets Grey Nuns Ursulines Sulpicians

War and peace

Military of New France Intercolonial Wars French and Iroquois Wars Great Upheaval Great Peace of Montreal Schenectady massacre Deerfield massacre

Related

French colonization of the Americas French colonial empire History of Quebec History of the Acadians History of the French-Americans French West Indies Carib Expulsion Atlantic slave trade

Category Portal Commons

v t e

Communities along the Chemin du Roy

Arranged west to east; termini in italics

Repentigny Saint-Sulpice L'Assomption Lavaltrie Lanoraie Sainte-Geneviève-de-Berthier Berthierville Saint-Cuthbert Saint-Barthélemy Maskinongé Louiseville Yamachiche Trois-Rivières Champlain Batiscan Sainte-Anne-de-la-Pérade Deschambault-Grondines Portneuf Cap-Santé Donnacona Neuville Saint-Augustin-de-Des

.