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Cheltenham
Cheltenham
/ˈtʃɛltnəm/, also known as Cheltenham
Cheltenham
Spa, is a regency spa town and borough which is located on the edge of the Cotswolds, an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty
Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty
in Gloucestershire, England. With a motto of Salubritas et Eruditio meaning 'health and education', Cheltenham
Cheltenham
has been a health and holiday spa town resort since the discovery of mineral springs in 1716 and has a high number of internationally renowned and historic schools. The town hosts several festivals of culture, often featuring nationally and internationally famous contributors and attendees. The list of festivals includes: the Cheltenham
Cheltenham
Literature Festival, the Cheltenham
Cheltenham
Jazz Festival, the Cheltenham
Cheltenham
Science Festival, the Cheltenham Music Festival and the Cheltenham
Cheltenham
Food & Drink Festival.[1][2] As the home of the flagship race of British steeplechase horse racing, the Gold Cup is the main event of the Cheltenham
Cheltenham
Festival, held every March.

Contents

1 History 2 Geography

2.1 Neighbourhoods 2.2 Green belt

3 Government 4 GCHQ 5 Climate 6 Economy

6.1 Employment and salary

7 Culture 8 Demography 9 Crime and public safety

9.1 Police

10 Education 11 Sport and leisure

11.1 Cheltenham
Cheltenham
Festival

12 Transport 13 Churches

13.1 Bell ringing

14 Twin towns 15 Notable people 16 See also 17 References 18 External links

History[edit]

Cheltenham
Cheltenham
in 1933

Cheltenham
Cheltenham
stands on the small River Chelt, which rises nearby at Dowdeswell
Dowdeswell
and runs through the town on its way to the Severn.[3] It was first recorded in 803, as Celtan hom; the meaning has not been resolved with certainty, but latest scholarship concludes that the first element preserves a pre-British noun cilta, 'steep hill', here referring to the Cotswold scarp; the second element may mean 'settlement' or 'water-meadow'.[4] As a royal manor, it features in the earliest pages of the Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
section of Domesday Book[5] where it is named Chintenha[m]. The town was awarded a market charter in 1226. Though little remains of its pre-spa history, Cheltenham
Cheltenham
has been a health and holiday spa town resort since the discovery of mineral springs there in 1716. Captain Henry Skillicorne (1678–1763), is credited with being the first entrepreneur to recognise the opportunity to exploit the mineral springs.[6] The retired "master mariner" became co-owner of the property containing Cheltenham's first mineral spring upon his 1732[7] marriage to Elizabeth Mason.[8] Her father, William Mason, had done little in his lifetime to promote the healing properties of the mineral water apart from limited advertising and building a small enclosure over the spring.[6] Skillicorne's wide travels as a merchant had prepared him to see the potential lying dormant on this inherited property. After moving to Cheltenham
Cheltenham
in 1738, he immediately began improvements intended to attract visitors to his spa. He built a pump to regulate the flow of water and erected an elaborate well-house complete with a ballroom and upstairs billiard room to entertain his customers. The beginnings of Cheltenham's famous tree-lined promenades and gardens surrounding its spas were first designed by Captain Skillicorne with the help of "wealthy and traveled" friends who understood the value of relaxing avenues. The beautiful walks and gardens were naturally adorned with sweeping vistas of the countryside. Soon the gentry and nobility from across the county were enticed to come and investigate the beneficial waters of Cheltenham's market town spa.[8] The visit of George III with the queen and royal princesses in 1788 set a stamp of fashion on the spa.[9] The spa waters can still be sampled at the Pittville
Pittville
Pump Room, built for this purpose and completed in 1830;[10] it is a centrepiece of Pittville, a planned extension of Cheltenham
Cheltenham
to the north, undertaken by Joseph Pitt, who laid the first stone 4 May 1825.[11] Cheltenham's success as a spa town is reflected in the railway station, which is still called Cheltenham
Cheltenham
Spa, and spa facilities in other towns that were inspired by or named after it.[12] Alice Liddell
Alice Liddell
and Lewis Carroll
Lewis Carroll
were regular visitors to a house in Cudnall Street, Charlton Kings
Charlton Kings
– a suburb of Cheltenham. This house was owned by Alice Liddell's grandparents, and still contains the mirror, or looking glass, that was purportedly the inspiration for Lewis Carroll's novel Through the Looking-Glass, published in 1871.[13] Horse racing began in Cheltenham
Cheltenham
in 1815, and became a major national attraction after the establishment of the Festival in 1902.[14] Whilst the volume of tourists visiting the spa has declined, the racecourse attracts tens of thousands of visitors to each day of the festival each year,[15] with such large numbers of visitors having a significant impact on the town. In the Second World War, the United States Army Service of Supply,[16] European Theatre of Operations established its primary headquarters at Cheltenham
Cheltenham
under the direction of Lt. Gen. John C. H. Lee,[17] with the flats of the Cheltenham
Cheltenham
Racecourse[18] becoming a giant storage depot for countless trucks, jeeps, tanks and artillery pieces. Most of this materiel was reshipped to the continent for and after the D-Day invasion. Lee and his primary staff had offices and took residence at Thirlestaine Hall in Cheltenham.[19] On 1 April 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, the borough of Cheltenham
Cheltenham
was merged with Charlton Kings
Charlton Kings
urban district to form the non-metropolitan district of Cheltenham. Four parishes—Swindon Village, Up Hatherley, Leckhampton
Leckhampton
and Prestbury—were added to the borough of Cheltenham
Cheltenham
from the borough of Tewkesbury
Tewkesbury
in 1991.[20] The first British jet aircraft prototype, the Gloster E.28/39, was manufactured in Cheltenham. Manufacturing started in Hucclecote
Hucclecote
near Gloucester, but was later moved to Regent Motors in Cheltenham
Cheltenham
High Street (now the Regent Arcade), considered a location safer from bombing during the Second World War. Geography[edit] Cheltenham
Cheltenham
is on the edge of the Cotswolds, an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty in the South-West region of England. The small River Chelt flows under and through the town. Cleeve Hill
Cleeve Hill
overlooks the town and is the highest point in the county of Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
at 1,083 feet (330 m). The town is 88 miles (140 km) west-northwest of London and 41 miles (65 km) south of Birmingham.[21] Neighbourhoods[edit] The districts of Cheltenham
Cheltenham
include: Arle, Benhall, Charlton Kings, Fairview, Fiddler's Green, Hesters Way, Lansdown, Leckhampton, Lynworth, Montpellier, Oakley, Pittville, Prestbury, the Reddings, Rowanfield, St Luke's, St Mark's, St Paul's, St Peter's, Springbank, Swindon
Swindon
Village, Tivoli, Up Hatherley, Whaddon and Wyman's Brook.

Montpellier

Located at the end of the Promenade South of the town centre, affluent Montpellier is known for its vibrant bars, restaurants and specialist shops. Surrounded by many grade one listed buildings, Montpellier Gardens are part of the Cheltenham
Cheltenham
Central Conservation Area.[22]

Lansdown Crescent

Lansdown Crescent is a Regency period
Regency period
terrace, designed by John Buonarotti Papworth for R.W. and C. Jearrad and constructed in the 1830s. The terrace is convex, and opposite the north-eastern part stands Lansdown Court, an Italianate villa possibly designed by Papworth but more probably by the Jearrads and built about 1830.

Charlton Park

Charlton Park is a former 72-acre (29 ha) historic park with mansion house,[23] about a mile south-east of the town centre. From 1935 the parkland gradually became a private residential area, the main housing development taking place between 1976 and 1983. The original mansion house dated from the 13th century; alterations throughout the centuries transformed it from a medieval, timber-framed hall-house into an 18th-century brick-faced mansion in the classical style. In the 1780s the estate was emparked for deer and had magnificent Dutch-style water gardens. After 1935 the old house became part of Charlton Park Convent, and since 1987 has been part of St Edward's School. Green belt[edit] Further information: Gloucester
Gloucester
and Cheltenham
Cheltenham
Green Belt Parts of the town has green belt along its fringes, and this extends into the surrounding Tewkesbury
Tewkesbury
district, helping to maintain local green space, prevent further urban sprawl and unplanned expansion towards Gloucester
Gloucester
and Bishop's Cleeve, as well as protecting smaller villages in between. West of the Greenfield Way and Fiddlers Green Lane roads, along with much of the open space up to the Civil Service Sports Ground, as well as the Cheltenham Racecourse
Cheltenham Racecourse
and surrounding green park, along with St Peter Leckhampton
Leckhampton
parish church and Brizen Playing Fields/Haven and Greenmead parks along the south of the borough, are covered. Government[edit] Main article: Cheltenham
Cheltenham
Borough Council Cheltenham
Cheltenham
Borough Council is the local authority for Cheltenham, which is split into 20 wards, with a total of 40 councillors elected to serve on the borough council. Since 2002 elections have been held every two years with half of the councillors elected at each election. The current Mayor of Cheltenham
Cheltenham
is Councillor Klara Sudbury who was elected by council on Monday 15 May 2017.[24] GCHQ[edit]

'The Doughnut', the headquarters of GCHQ

'The Doughnut', the head office of the British Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ) is located in Cheltenham. Climate[edit] As with the rest of the British Isles, Cheltenham
Cheltenham
experiences a maritime climate. In comparison to many other areas in Britain, Cheltenham
Cheltenham
has warm summers and mild winters. The town held the British maximum temperature record from 1990 to 2003—temperatures reached 37.1 °C (98.8 °F).[25] The absolute minimum is −20.1 °C (−4.2 °F), set during December 1981. During a typical year, 145.6 days will report at least 1 mm of rain, and some 42.2 nights will record air frost.

Climate data for Cheltenham
Cheltenham
1981–2010, 65 m asl

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Average high °C (°F) 7.6 (45.7) 7.9 (46.2) 10.8 (51.4) 13.8 (56.8) 17.5 (63.5) 20.5 (68.9) 22.8 (73) 22.1 (71.8) 19.1 (66.4) 14.9 (58.8) 10.6 (51.1) 8.0 (46.4) 14.7 (58.5)

Average low °C (°F) 2.0 (35.6) 1.7 (35.1) 3.6 (38.5) 4.8 (40.6) 7.8 (46) 10.8 (51.4) 13.1 (55.6) 12.7 (54.9) 10.3 (50.5) 7.7 (45.9) 4.6 (40.3) 2.1 (35.8) 6.8 (44.2)

Average rainfall mm (inches) 71.6 (2.819) 61.9 (2.437) 57.4 (2.26) 67.7 (2.665) 67.9 (2.673) 67.9 (2.673) 66.4 (2.614) 66.2 (2.606) 74.0 (2.913) 81.1 (3.193) 80.5 (3.169) 80.8 (3.181) 843.4 (33.203)

Average rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm) 13.5 11.2 12.7 11.9 12.2 11.4 10.5 10.9 11.2 13.9 13.5 12.8 145.6

Mean monthly sunshine hours 55.6 74.9 107.6 154.2 184.9 183.0 199.2 186.6 137.2 107.1 64.3 48.9 1,503.5

Source: Met Office[26]

Economy[edit]

Cavendish House
Cavendish House
department store on the Promenade.

Cheltenham
Cheltenham
has light industry, including food processing, aerospace, electronics and tourism businesses. The Government's electronic surveillance operation Government Communications Headquarters
Government Communications Headquarters
(GCHQ), renowned for its "doughnut-shape" building, is in Cheltenham. Vertex Data Science, GE-Aviation, Chelsea Building Society, Endsleigh Insurance, Archant, Nelson Thornes, UCAS
UCAS
(Universities & Colleges Admissions Service), Kohler Mira, Barnett Waddingham LLP, Zürich Financial Services, Douglas Equipment and Spirax-Sarco Engineering
Spirax-Sarco Engineering
all have sites in and around Cheltenham. SuperGroup plc, owner of the Superdry
Superdry
label, have their headquarters in Cheltenham. Cheltenham
Cheltenham
is a regional shopping centre, home to department stores, the oldest being Cavendish House, from 1823,[27] and the Regent Arcade. The Beechwood Shopping Centre in the town centre was demolished in 2017 to make way for a £30million, 115,000 square foot John Lewis store.[28] Cheltenham
Cheltenham
is well-known for its nightlife, with a wide range of pubs, wine bars, clubs and restaurants. It has a Michelin two-star restaurant, Le Champignon Sauvage. In 2006, a house valuation web site rated Cheltenham
Cheltenham
the most desirable property location in Britain.[29] In 2014, The Daily Telegraph
The Daily Telegraph
newspaper named Cheltenham
Cheltenham
as the best place in the United Kingdom to raise a family.[30] Employment and salary[edit] The unemployment rate in Cheltenham
Cheltenham
was 2.7%[31] in 2010 compared to the UK national unemployment level of 7.9%.[32] The average GVA per head in Cheltenham
Cheltenham
was £21,947.27 in 2011[31] compared to the national average of £26,200.[33] In 2012, The Guardian
The Guardian
found that, at the end of 2011, 41 multi-millionaires lived in Cheltenham, which was the fourth-highest rate in the UK of multi-millionaires per 100,000 people at 35.44.[34] Culture[edit]

Cheltenham's Municipal Offices, an example of Regency architecture.

The mechanical clock in the Regent Shopping Arcade, designed by Kit Williams. The distance from the duck to the fish is 14 metres.

Architecture

The town is famous for its Regency architecture
Regency architecture
and is said to be "the most complete regency town in England".[35] Many of the buildings are listed, including the Cheltenham
Cheltenham
Synagogue, judged by Nikolaus Pevsner to be one of the architecturally "best" non-Anglican ecclesiastical buildings in Britain.[36] Cheltenham Town Hall
Cheltenham Town Hall
was built in 1902 to commemorate the coronation of King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra.

Art

The Cheltenham
Cheltenham
Art Gallery & Museum, also called The Wilson, hosts a programme of art exhibitions running throughout the year. In 2014 many of the town's historic cultural and leisure buildings were put under the control of The Cheltenham
Cheltenham
Trust,[37] a charity set up to manage and develop the buildings on behalf of the town. Along with The Wilson, the Trust now manages the Town Hall, the Pittville
Pittville
Pump Room, the Prince of Wales Stadium and Leisure @, a large fitness and swimming complex. A volunteer board of Trustees, chaired by media entrepreneur Peter Harkness,[38] controls the Trust. The Trust's CEO is Julie Finch [39] former director museums in Bristol. Cheltenham
Cheltenham
features several sculptural artworks of note, including:

Neptune's Fountain in the Promenade, built in 1893 and designed by Joseph Hall[40] The Hare and the Minotaur, also in the Promenade, created in 1995 by Sophie Ryder[41] A life-size bronze of an Emperor Penguin by Nick Bibby and placed in the foyer of The Wilson art gallery and museum in 2015[42] The Wishing Fish Clock in the Regent Shopping Arcade, unveiled in 1987 and designed by Kit Williams

Music

Cheltenham
Cheltenham
hosts the annual Cheltenham
Cheltenham
Music Festival, Cheltenham
Cheltenham
Jazz Festival and the Ukulele Festival of Great Britain. In 2010, Cheltenham
Cheltenham
was named the UK's fifth "most musical" City by PRS for Music.[43]

History

The Cheltenham
Cheltenham
Art Gallery & Museum has a notable collection of decorative arts from the era of the Arts and Crafts Movement. The collection enjoys National Designation by the Arts Council of England.[44] The Holst Birthplace Museum contains personal belongings of the composer of The Planets, including his piano. It also includes a working Victorian kitchen and laundry, Regency drawing room and an Edwardian
Edwardian
nursery. The Cheltenham
Cheltenham
Civic Society has been responsible for erecting commemorative plaques in the town since 1982: blue plaques to celebrate well-known people and green plaques to celebrate significant places and events.

Festivals

Every year, Cheltenham Festivals organises music, jazz, literature and science festivals in the town, attracting names with national and international reputations in each field. Events take place at venues including the town hall, the Everyman Theatre, the Playhouse Theatre and the Pittville
Pittville
Pump Room. Several other cultural festivals, including the Cheltenham
Cheltenham
Paranormal Festival, the Cheltenham
Cheltenham
Design Festival, Cheltenham
Cheltenham
Folk Festival, Cheltenham
Cheltenham
Poetry Festival, The True Believers Comic Festival and Cheltenham
Cheltenham
Comedy Festival are separately organised but also attract international performers and speakers. A more local event, the Cheltenham Festival
Cheltenham Festival
of the Performing Arts (formerly Cheltenham Competitive Festival) is a collection of more than 300 performance competitions that is the oldest of Cheltenham's arts festivals, having been started in 1926. Greenbelt, a Christian arts and music festival, and Wychwood Festival, a family-friendly folk and world music festival, were held at Cheltenham
Cheltenham
Racecourse.[45] The town also hosts the multi-venue Walk the line festival. Two sporting events are also routinely described as the "Cheltenham Festival" or "the Festival": the Cheltenham
Cheltenham
Cricket Festival, which features Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
County
County
Cricket Club, and National Hunt racing's Cheltenham
Cheltenham
Festival.

Film and television

Cheltenham
Cheltenham
has played host to and featured in a number of film and TV series:[46][47]

Butterflies was predominantly filmed in Cheltenham.[46][47] "If...." (1968) was filmed in Cheltenham.[46][47] The Whistle Blower, a spy thriller, was largely filmed in Cheltenham, as GCHQ
GCHQ
is central to the plot.[46][47] The Full Monteverdi, a 2007 British film written and directed by John La Bouchardière, was partly filmed in Cheltenham.[46][47] The House of Eliott, a British television series produced and broadcast by the BBC between 1991 and 1994, was partly filmed in Cheltenham.[46][47] Vanity Fair, a BBC serialised adaptation of William Makepeace Thackery's novel of the same name, was partly filmed in Cheltenham.[46][47]

The Thistle Golden Valley Hotel (now the Jurys Inn) was used by the ITV soap opera Crossroads for outdoor location filming from 1982 to 1985.[48]

Theatre

Cheltenham
Cheltenham
has four theatres: the Everyman, the Playhouse, the Bacon and the Parabola Arts Centre. Demography[edit]

Population

According to 2010 estimates from the Office for National Statistics, Cheltenham's population is 115,300, ranked 186th out of 326 English districts based on population, with a population density of 6,410 people per square mile (2,473/km2), placing it 72 out of 326 English districts based on population density. Inhabitants of Cheltenham
Cheltenham
are known as "Cheltonians".

Ethnicity

According to 2011 estimates,[49] the ethnic breakdown of the population of Cheltenham
Cheltenham
is as follows: White British: 87.533% White Irish: 0.966% White, other: 3.775% Mixed: 1.493% Asian or Asian British: 3.161% Black or Black British: 1.054% Chinese: 1.054% Other: 0.966% Crime and public safety[edit] In 2013, Cheltenham
Cheltenham
was named one of the safest towns for university students to live in the UK by the Complete University Guide.[50] Police[edit] Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
Constabulary is the territorial police force responsible for policing the town covering 14 neighbourhoods in the Cheltenham
Cheltenham
area.[51] Education[edit] Main article: List of schools in Cheltenham The oldest school in Cheltenham
Cheltenham
is Pate's Grammar School (founded in 1574).[52] Cheltenham College
Cheltenham College
(founded in 1841) was the first of the public schools of the Victorian period.[53] The school was the setting in 1968 for the classic Lindsay Anderson
Lindsay Anderson
film if.....[54] It also hosts the annual Cheltenham
Cheltenham
Cricket Festival, first staged in 1872, and the oldest cricket festival in the world.[55] The most famous school in the town, according to The Good Schools Guide, is Cheltenham Ladies' College
Cheltenham Ladies' College
(founded in 1853).[56][57] Dean Close School was founded in 1886 in memory of the Reverend Francis Close (1797–1882), a former rector of Cheltenham.[58] The town also includes several campuses of the University of Gloucestershire, two other public and six other state secondary schools, plus institutions of further education. Sport and leisure[edit]

The racecourse from Cleeve Hill

Cheltenham
Cheltenham
Racecourse, in the nearby village of Prestbury, is the home of National Hunt, or jumps, racing in the UK. Meetings are hosted from October to April. The highlight of the season is the Cheltenham
Cheltenham
Gold Cup, which is normally held in the middle of March, during the Cheltenham
Cheltenham
Festival. The local football teams are Cheltenham Town F.C.
Cheltenham Town F.C.
who play in the Football League Two, Bishop's Cleeve who play in the Southern League South & West Division, Cheltenham Saracens F.C.
Cheltenham Saracens F.C.
in the Hellenic League Premier and Cheltenham
Cheltenham
Civil Service F.C. who play in the local Gloucester
Gloucester
Northern Senior League, and Falcons AFC who play in the Cheltenham
Cheltenham
1st and 3rd Division. Amateur rugby union clubs include Cheltenham
Cheltenham
R.F.C., Cheltenham Saracens RFC, Cheltenham
Cheltenham
North R.F.C., Old Patesians R.F.C., Smiths Rugby and Cheltenham
Cheltenham
Civil Service R.F.C. In rugby league university side Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
All Golds were admitted into the semi-professional Championship 1. The Cheltenham Rugby Festival is a rugby league nines event held in May. The town has one golf course, Lilley Brook, in Charlton Kings. Cheltenham
Cheltenham
has one of the largest croquet clubs in the country, and is home to the headquarters of the national body of the sport, the Croquet
Croquet
Association. The East Glos tennis, squash and women's hockey club, which was founded in 1885, is also located in the town. Sandford Parks Lido
Sandford Parks Lido
is one of the largest outdoor pools in England. There is a 50 m (164 ft) main pool, a children's pool and paddling pool, set in landscaped gardens. Cheltenham
Cheltenham
Festival[edit] Main article: Cheltenham
Cheltenham
Festival Cheltenham Festival
Cheltenham Festival
is a significant National Hunt racing meeting,[59] and has race prize money second only to the Grand National. It is an event where many of the best British and Irish trained horses race against each other, the extent of which is relatively rare during the rest of the season. The festival takes place annually in March at Cheltenham
Cheltenham
Racecourse. The meeting is often very popular with Irish visitors,[60] mostly because of that nation's affinity with horse racing, but also because it usually coincides with St. Patrick's Day, a national holiday in celebration of the patron saint of Ireland. Large amounts of money are bet during festival week, with hundreds of millions of pounds being gambled over the four days.[61] Cheltenham
Cheltenham
is often noted for its atmosphere, most notably the " Cheltenham
Cheltenham
roar", which refers to the enormous amount of noise that the crowd generates as the starter raises the tape for the first race of the festival. Transport[edit]

Railways

Cheltenham
Cheltenham
Town Hall, erected in 1902 to commemorate the coronation of King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra.

Cheltenham Spa railway station
Cheltenham Spa railway station
is located on the Bristol-Birmingham main line, with services to Gloucester, Bristol, Swindon, London Paddington, Cardiff Central, Bridgend, Maesteg, Plymouth
Plymouth
and the South West, Birmingham, Derby, the North West, the North East and Scotland. The Cheltenham
Cheltenham
Spa Express, once known as the " Cheltenham
Cheltenham
Flyer", is a named passenger train connecting Cheltenham
Cheltenham
with London. The restored station at Cheltenham Racecourse
Cheltenham Racecourse
is the southern terminus of the Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
Warwickshire Railway heritage railway. The Honeybourne Line
Honeybourne Line
is being extended to Broadway.

Road

Cheltenham
Cheltenham
is adjacent to the M5 motorway
M5 motorway
(between Bristol
Bristol
and Birmingham) and its junction with the A417 to Swindon, and the A40 runs from across the M5 through the town towards Oxford
Oxford
and London. National Express operate a number of coach services from Cheltenham including route 444 to London and Heathrow airport.

Tramroad

Cheltenham
Cheltenham
was a terminus of the Gloucester
Gloucester
and Cheltenham
Cheltenham
Tramroad. Churches[edit] Main article: List of churches in Gloucestershire The first parish church is Cheltenham
Cheltenham
Minster, St Mary's, which is the only surviving medieval building in the town. As a result of expansion of the population, absorption of surrounding villages, and the efforts of both evangelical and Anglo-Catholic missions, the town has a large number of other parish churches,[citation needed] including Trinity Church and All Saints', Pittville, where the composer Gustav Holst's father was the organist. St Gregory's Roman Catholic church is an example of the work of the architect Charles Hansom.[62] The Gothic Revival building was built 1854–57, the porch was added in 1859, the tower and spire were completed in 1861 and the nave was extended to join the tower in 1877.[62] The church's s stained glass is by Hardman & Co.[62] Bell ringing[edit] The town has two notable rings of bells hung for change ringing. One is at St. Christopher's (Warden Hill), the lightest ring of church bells in the world.[63]. The other is a ring of 12 bells hung in St. Mary's Church (the Minster). These were the venue in 2008 for the eliminators of the National 12 Bell Striking contest, in which teams of campanologists from around the world compete to win the Taylor Trophy. In 2017 the old ring of 12 was completely replaced with new bells cast by John Taylor & Co. The tenor bell is just over a ton in weight, and the new ring also includes a thirteenth bell, a sharp 2nd, to provide a lighter 8. The towers in the locality of Cheltenham belong to the Cheltenham
Cheltenham
branch of the Gloucester
Gloucester
& Bristol Diocesan Association of Church Bell Ringers. Twin towns[edit] Cheltenham
Cheltenham
is twinned with Annecy, France;[64] Cheltenham, Pennsylvania, USA; Göttingen, Germany; Sochi, Russia; and Weihai, China.[65][66][67]

The twinning emblems for Cheltenham, Göttingen
Göttingen
and Toruń

The Twinning Fingerpost in Cheltenham
Cheltenham
Township, Pennsylvania, United States, highlighting Cheltenham
Cheltenham
as the "Official Twin." The signpost points to other cities in the world named "Cheltenham".

Notable people[edit] Main article: List of people from Cheltenham See also[edit]

England portal

HMS Cheltenham, a Racecourse class minesweeper
Racecourse class minesweeper
of 1916 Acclaim Cheltenham, a game studio that made Extreme-G 3
Extreme-G 3
and XGRA: Extreme-G Racing Association List of spa towns in the United Kingdom Cheltenham
Cheltenham
(UK Parliament constituency) Cotswold Brewing Co., a brewery based in Cheltenham

References[edit]

^ "Welcome to Garden Events". Garden-events.com. 17 June 2012. Retrieved 4 February 2014.  ^ "Jazz, Science, Music & Literature". Cheltenham
Cheltenham
Festivals. Retrieved 8 November 2012.  ^ "Chedgrave – Cheltenham
Cheltenham
A Topographical Dictionary of England (pp. 562–569)". British-history.ac.uk. 22 June 2003. Retrieved 4 February 2014.  ^ R Coates, English Place-Name Society Journal 16 (1983-4) ^ John Morris (ed.), Domesday Book, 15 Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
(1982) p162 ISBN 0850333210 ^ a b Goding, John (1863). Norman's History of Cheltenham. London: Longman. pp. 124–25.  ^ at Long Ashton, Somerset
Somerset
on 4 January; note in family bible ^ a b Hembry, Phyllis May (1900). The English Spa, 1560–1815: A Social History. Madison, New Jersey: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press. p. 179. ISBN 0838633919.  ^ Lewis 1848. ^ [1] Archived 15 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Lewis, 1848. ^ For example, the Cheltenham
Cheltenham
Baths at Ossett#Spa, see History of Ossett Spa Archived 21 November 2008 at the Wayback Machine. ^ " Cheltenham
Cheltenham
Tourist Information Guide". cotswolds.info.  ^ "History of Cheltenham
Cheltenham
Racing and The Festival". Cheltenham
Cheltenham
Festival Horse Racing.com. Retrieved 4 February 2014. [permanent dead link] ^ "Sports News – Sporting Chronicle: Cheltenham Festival
Cheltenham Festival
Attendance Figures 2005". Sporting Chronicle. Archived from the original on 21 September 2013. Retrieved 4 February 2014.  ^ United States Army Services of Supply ^ John C. H. Lee ^ " Cheltenham
Cheltenham
Racecourse". wikimedia.org.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 12 April 2015. Retrieved 2015-04-04.  ^ "The Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
(District Boundaries) Order 1991". Opsi.gov.uk. 4 July 2011. Retrieved 4 February 2014.  ^ https://distancecalculator.globefeed.com/UK_Distance_Result.asp?fromplace=Cheltenham%2C%20UK&toplace=London%2C%20UK&dt1=ChIJqzQuUDgDcUgRIOD5QaW8Z9A&dt2=ChIJdd4hrwug2EcRmSrV3Vo6llI ^ https://www.cheltenham.gov.uk/info/33/parks_and_open_spaces/349/montpellier_gardens ^ David Hanks. "A History of Charlton Park". Charltonparkcheltenham.org. Retrieved 4 February 2014.  ^ "'Mayor' section of Cheltenham
Cheltenham
Borough Council's website".  ^ "Hot spell August 1990". Met Office. Retrieved 4 February 2014.  ^ " Cheltenham
Cheltenham
1981–2010 averages". Met Office. Retrieved 3 May 2016.  ^ "Page title goes here". Archives Hub. Archived from the original on 19 July 2012. Retrieved 4 February 2014.  ^ http://www.gloucestershirelive.co.uk/stage-set-john-lewis-cheltenham-know-far/story-28778351-detail/story.html[permanent dead link] ^ Thompson, Jonathan (1 October 2006). "The best place to live in Britain". The Independent. London.  The Independent
The Independent
cites property valuation web site propertypriceadvice.co.uk's Archived 24 February 2016 at the Wayback Machine. survey which ranked Cheltenham No. 1 out of 1,833 locations. ^ "Britain's top 20 places to raise a family". London. Archived from the original on 9 October 2014.  ^ a b " Cheltenham
Cheltenham
economic profile – The Cheltenham
Cheltenham
economy – Cheltenham
Cheltenham
Borough Council". Cheltenham.gov.uk. Retrieved 8 November 2012.  ^ "Labour Market Statistics , December 2010". Ons.gov.uk. 15 December 2010. Retrieved 8 November 2012.  ^ "Average salary falls 3pc in face of high inflation". The Daily Telegraph. London. 23 November 2011. Retrieved 8 November 2012.  ^ John Burn-Murdoch (13 September 2012). "UK multi-millionaires mapped: where do the wealthy live?". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 8 November 2012.  ^ AA Illustrated Guide to Britain (1997), ISBN 0-393-31643-2 ^ The Buildings of England, Nikolaus Pevsner, Penguin Books, 1951, p. 37 ^ http://www.cheltenhamtrust.org.uk/ ^ http://www.cheltenhamtrust.org.uk/meet-the-trustees.html ^ http://www.southwestbusiness.co.uk/news/28042015084214-big-interview--julie-finch--ceo-of-cheltenham-trust---treasuring-our-history-and-making-new-memories/ ^ http://www.visitcheltenham.com/things-to-do/the-neptune-fountain-p395973[permanent dead link] ^ http://www.visitcheltenham.com/things-to-do/the-hare-and-the-minotaur-p1596173[permanent dead link] ^ http://www.edwardawilson.com/2015/09/the-wilson-penguin/ ^ Smith, Richard (13 March 2010). " Bristol
Bristol
named Britain's most musical city". Retrieved 4 July 2011.  ^ http://www.artsandcraftsmuseum.org.uk/ ^ Greenbelt moved away in 2014 due to redevelopment at the Racecourse; there is no commitment to return."Archived copy". Archived from the original on 5 November 2016. Retrieved 2014-04-02.  and emails to supporters, March 2014) ^ a b c d e f g "Cotswold Filming Locations used for Cinema & TV". Cotswolds.info. 30 January 2014. Retrieved 4 February 2014.  ^ a b c d e f g [2] ^ Geake, Simon. "Crossroads". SimonGeake.co.uk. Archived from the original on 13 August 2016. Retrieved 13 August 2016. After the in-story destruction of the motel by fire, the revamped motel was filmed from 1982 at The Golden Valley Hotel in Cheltenham; from 1985 filming moved to the Penns Hall Hotel (now Ramada Jarvis Birmingham) in Sutton Coldfield, the changed appearance explained as being due to rebuilding.  ^ Simon Rogers (19 May 2011). "Ethnic breakdown of England and Wales mapped". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 8 November 2012.  ^ " Cheltenham
Cheltenham
ranked one of safest student towns in UK". Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
Echo. Archived from the original on 28 February 2014.  ^ https://www.gloucestershire.police.uk/neighbourhood-policing/cheltenham/ ^ A Concise Description of the Endowed Grammar Schools in England and Wales. Baldwin, Cradock and Joy. 1818. p. 446.  ^ " Cheltenham
Cheltenham
Education: Cheltenham
Cheltenham
College". Cheltenham4u.co.uk. Retrieved 4 February 2014.  ^ "BFI Screenonline: Anderson, Lindsay (1923–1994) Biography". Screenonline.org.uk. Retrieved 4 February 2014.  ^ " Cheltenham
Cheltenham
Events – Festivals: Cheltenham
Cheltenham
Cricket Festival". Cheltenham4u.co.uk. Archived from the original on 22 February 2014. Retrieved 4 February 2014.  ^ . Cheltenham Ladies' College
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– Welcome Archived 21 April 2013 at Archive.is ^ The Good Schools Guide
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2008. Lucas Publications. January 2008. ISBN 0-9552821-2-8.  ^ " Cheltenham
Cheltenham
Education: Dean Close School". Cheltenham4u.co.uk. Retrieved 4 February 2014.  ^ "Going is good for Cheltenham". BBC Sport. 17 March 1998. Retrieved 10 March 2009.  ^ " Cheltenham
Cheltenham
festival gets underway this afternoon". The Belfast Telegraph. 10 March 2009. Retrieved 10 March 2009.  ^ " Cheltenham Festival
Cheltenham Festival
2015 in numbers: £150million in bets, 10,745 bottles of champagne and 250 chefs". Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
Echo. Archived from the original on 5 July 2015.  ^ a b c Verey, David (1970). Gloucestershire: The Vale and the Forest of Dean. The Buildings of England. 2. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. p. 128.  ^ "St. Christopher's Church". Tciwh.org.uk. 13 July 2001. Retrieved 26 March 2013.  ^ "British towns twinned with French towns [via WaybackMachine.com]". Archant
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Bibliography

David Verey, Gloucestershire: The Vale and the Forest of Dean, The Buildings of England edited by Nikolaus Pevsner, 2nd ed. (1976) ISBN 0-14-071041-8 Commemorative Plaques of Cheltenham
Cheltenham
by Peter Smith & Sue Rowbotham (Reardon, 2009) ISBN 1-873877-93-5.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Cheltenham.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Cheltenham.

Cheltenham
Cheltenham
Borough Council Genealogical Web site including many relevant references on Cheltenham BBC archive film of Cheltenham
Cheltenham
from 1985

Following the Cotswold Way

Towards Bath Towards Chipping Campden

16 km (10 mi) (10 miles) to Leckhampton, from White's Barn 13.5 km (8 mi) (8 miles) to Winchcombe, from White's Barn

Destinations from Cheltenham

Ledbury, Hereford Tewkesbury, Worcester Evesham, Stratford-upon-Avon

Gloucester, Ross-on-Wye

Cheltenham

Chipping Norton, Banbury

Stroud, Bristol, Cirencester, Bath Swindon, Reading, London

v t e

Suburbs of Cheltenham

Alstone Arle Benhall Charlton Kings Fairview Fiddlers Green Hesters Way Lansdown Leckhampton Montpellier Pittville Prestbury The Reddings Rowanfield St. Marks St. Pauls Swindon
Swindon
Village Up Hatherley Whaddon Wyman's Brook

v t e

Ceremonial county of Gloucestershire

Unitary authorities

South Gloucestershire

Boroughs or districts

Cheltenham Cotswold Forest of Dean Gloucester Stroud Tewkesbury

Major settlements

Berkeley Bradley Stoke Cheltenham Chipping Campden Chipping Sodbury Cinderford Cirencester Coleford Dursley Fairford Filton Gloucester Kingswood Lechlade Lydney Minchinhampton Mitcheldean Moreton-in-Marsh Nailsworth Newent Northleach Painswick Patchway Quedgeley Stonehouse Stow-on-the-Wold Stroud Tetbury Tewkesbury Thornbury Winchcombe Wotton-under-Edge Yate See also: List of civil parishes in Gloucestershire

Rivers

Bristol
Bristol
Avon Warwickshire Avon Bybrook Boyd Cam Chelt Churn Coln Evenlode Eye Bristol
Bristol
Frome Stroud
Stroud
Frome Hazel Brook Leach Little Avon Lyd Severn Swilgate Thames Trym Windrush Wye

Topics

Flag Places Population of major settlements Parliamentary constituencies Schools SSSIs Country houses Grade I listed buildings Grade II* listed buildings History Lord Lieutenants High Sheriffs Museums

v t e

Districts of South West England

Devon

East Devon Exeter Mid Devon North Devon South Hams Teignbridge Torridge West Devon

Dorset

Christchurch East Dorset North Dorset Purbeck District West Dorset Weymouth and Portland

Gloucestershire

Cheltenham Cotswold District Forest of Dean District Gloucester Stroud
Stroud
District Tewkesbury
Tewkesbury
Borough

Somerset

Mendip Sedgemoor South Somerset Taunton Deane West Somerset

Unitary authorities

Bath and North East Somerset Bournemouth Bristol Cornwall Isles of Scilly North Somerset Plymouth Borough of Poole South Gloucestershire Borough of Swindon Torbay Wiltshire

v t e

Shopping centres with sculptures by Kit Williams

Regent Arcade, Cheltenham Midsummer Place, Milton Keynes Telford Shopping Centre

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 491144783180148358102 GND: 4090353-9

v t e

Local authorities in Gloucestershire

County
County
council and unitary

Gloucestershire South Gloucestershire

District councils

Cheltenham Cotswold Forest of Dean Gloucester

.