Chelsea Harbour is a contemporary mixed-use development in West
London, situated in its
Sands End area, along Chelsea Creek, the
historic southeastern boundary of the London Borough of Hammersmith
Fulham with the southwestern boundary of the Royal Borough of
Kensington and Chelsea, and opposite the site of the old Lots Road
Power Station in Chelsea. The development consists of luxury
Chelsea Harbour Marina and the
Chelsea Harbour Design
Centre and a hotel, 'the
Chelsea Harbour Hotel'.
Imperial Wharf and transport
4.1 River bus services
5 Chelsea Design Centre
6 Notable residents
7 Lots Road power station
9 John Roque's 1746 Map
10 References and notes
11 External links
1898 map showing
Fulham Gas Works
"Chelsea Harbour" stands on land that was once the 28 acre estate of
Sandford Manor House. Among other occupants, it is reputed to have
been the residence of Nell Gwyn. At the start of the 19th-century,
it was in decline and was bought by a gas company. Part of the land
was used as a Victorian-era railway coaling dock on the River Thames.
Latterly it had been a coal yard for predecessor companies of British
Rail. The 20-acre site lies in a triangle bounded by the
Counter's Creek to the south and east, and to the west by the West
London Line (
Overground Network and National Rail) on a viaduct. At
the inception of the redevelopment, the Conservative-led Hammersmith
Fulham Council, having granted planning permission, approached the
Boundary Commission to have it re-designated as part of the Royal
Borough of Kensington and Chelsea. The Commission reported in 1992
proposing a shift of boundary to the middle of the West London Line
rail tracks. In the event, the Royal Borough passed on the offer of
Chelsea Harbour in the then Leader's following terms: The Royal
Borough has completed its submissions to the Boundaries Commission. No
suggestion that we should take
Chelsea Harbour into this authority was
among them. That will remain our position. (Nicholas Freeman)
Chelsea Harbour was designed by architects Moxley Jenner &
Partners, developed by Mansford, with
Bovis Homes Group
Bovis Homes Group serving as
project management consultants. It was the biggest single
construction project in the
United Kingdom for decades. The original
design was for 16 buildings covering some 14 acres. Only 12 buildings
were completed due to a downturn in the UK economy during the
The Belvedere Tower and Marina
When planning permission was granted on 15 April 1986, the whole site,
including the lock, was derelict. Both the Coal Dock and the lock had
been infilled with contaminated materials, which had to be excavated
and disposed of. The design required the contractor to reduce the size
of the Dock by 1/3rd from the north end, to form the 75-berth Marina;
and to re-construct the lock chamber, lock-gates, and cill. Work
on-site began in early May 1986, and within twelve months the
contractor had excavated the dock, constructed a new north wall,
re-puddled the dock floor and renovated the lock. The site was
equipped with 14 tower cranes, and had approximately 1500 personnel
on-site during most of the build phase. In April 1987 a "commissioning
Champagne Party" was held on two pontoons in the newly flooded
"marina" for all the staff directly involved.
Lock, entrance into Chelsea Harbour
Between April 1986 and April 1987, the construction team achieved the
2,000 piles had been sunk over 30 metres down to the London clay
without problems, despite some being within two metres of both a
London Underground main electrical supply cable and of a huge
Victorian-built storm sewer.
250,000 cu. Metres of earth had been excavated and removed from the
55 acres of floor space were built, using 70,000 cubic metres of
concrete and 8,000 tons of steel; one continuous concrete pour on
Chelsea Garden Market's foundations totalled over 400 cu. Metres, with
mixer trucks queueing-up for several hundred yards along Townmead
Road. To ensure an uninterrupted cement supply for the concrete, 5,000
tons of cement were stockpiled in a hulk moored in the London Docks;
and a concrete supply company was bought outright, to devote priority
of supply to the project:
the reinforced structural concrete frame of "Chelsea Crescent" (which
contained 64 apartments as originally designed) was built in just
three new bridges had been completed on-site, including the largest
"thrust bore tunnel" in Europe (over Townmead Road), which was
hydraulically jacked into position under an operating rail line in a
two buildings had been completed to "shell & core" status, and the
interior spaces were already being occupied by the contractors of
a further eight buildings were under construction including "Chambers"
and "Chelsea Garden Market";
The 18-storey "Belvedere" tower was "topped-out" within six months of
the start of work. The constructors managed to pour a new floor every
four days, with pre-fabricated sub-sections of Rebar built on the
ground using "go; no-go"Jigs, using a quick-curing high-strength
concrete. Flat soffits with no "downstand beams", and pre-fabricated,
steel, wheeled jack-up Forms were placed-, removed-, and re-positioned
by the building's tower crane (with the aid of temporary-support
platforms cantilevered off the side of the structure), erected in what
would become one of the Belvedere's lift shafts.
Construction work against
Chelsea Harbour backdrop
All the buildings – save for the Hotel – were built as "shell
& core" contracts, with tenants leasing their spaces from Chelsea
Harbour Ltd. through their letting agents. Once each building was wind
and weather-tight, and connected to the external services, tenants
commissioned their own contractors for the internal finishings. Bovis
project-managed the construction of the Hotel from piling-level to
roadway-level, and the remainder of the structure above-ground was
completed by a client who had concluded a long lease with Chelsea
Harbour Ltd. The civil and structural engineers for the project were
Clarke Nicholls and Marcel of Hammersmith, London W6.
Harrods Estates were asked to manage the residential aspects such as
the sale and letting of properties. The 310 apartments were marketed
with prices starting at around £2 million per property. The 261,000
sq ft of land has 24-hour security patrols, and residents have 24-hour
Chelsea Harbour Pier
The marina itself is not used commercially but accommodates luxury
yachts and speedboats, and can be accessed from the
Thames at high
tide. The lock accessibility was indicated by a huge hollow sphere
rising-&-dropping on a mast topping The "Belvedere", visible for a
long way both upstream and down, and connected to a tide gauge by the
lock gate giving into the Thames.
Imperial Wharf and transport
Imperial Wharf railway station
Imperial Wharf railway station western entrance 2
The immediate vicinity has been enhanced by Imperial Wharf, a
riverside development by St George PLC its name commemorating the
Imperial Gas Light and Coke Company
Imperial Gas Light and Coke Company that established its operations
here in 1824. The development is served a new London Overground
station, Imperial Wharf, which opened on 27 September 2009, providing
direct rail links with
Clapham Junction and Willesden Junction, as
well as Southern services to Milton Keynes Central and East Croydon.
There are TfL, bus services including, London Buses route C3, linking
Chelsea Harbour with Earl's Court,
Clapham Junction and
London Buses route 424.
River bus services
River bus services are provided at peak hours by London River Services
Chelsea Harbour Pier, and provide transport to Putney and
Blackfriars Millennium Pier.
Chelsea Design Centre
Chelsea Harbour Design Centre
Chelsea Harbour Design Centre is home to over 70 showrooms,
occupying nearly 66,000 sq ft gross internal space topped by three
large glazed domes over a galleria. The offices are in two buildings
known as "Harbour Yard" and "The Design Centre East".
Chelsea Harbour is off the Lots and Townmead roads and has been home
to some notable past and contemporary residents who have included:
Joseph Addison (1672-1719), essayist, playwright lived at Sands
William De Morgan
William De Morgan (1832-1917), potter, ceramicist, designer and
novelist lived and worked nearby
Julia Stephenson (Vestey Heiress)
Sir Ralph Halpern
Lots Road power station
Chelsea Harbour against Lots Road Power Station, beyond the creek
A neighbouring, large-scale development called, "Chelsea Waterfront",
planned by Terry Farrell is under way on the site of Lots Road power
The nearby Harbour Club is a fitness and tennis club which owes much
fame to its patronage by Diana, Princess of Wales. A racehorse named
Chelsea Harbour (after the development) competed in the 2008 and 2009
John Roque's 1746 Map
The extract below of
John Rocque's Map of London, 1746
John Rocque's Map of London, 1746 shows
the loop of the Thames, with
Counter's Creek distinctly visible to the
left, just below the 'elbow' in the river.
Sands End and the future
Chelsea Harbour area lies immediately to the left of the mouth of the
tributary, which is called 'Chelsea Creek' at this juncture.
This sheet extract is a clickable image for enlargement
References and notes
^ Barton, Nicholas (1992). The Lost Rivers of London. London:
Historical Publications. p. 71. ISBN 0 948667 15 X.
^ "Chelsea Harbour". Chelsea Harbour. Retrieved 2015-11-30.
^ http://hidden-london.com/gazetteer/sands-end/ retrieved 17 October
^ Webb, Arthur W. 'Sandford Manor', in Survey of London Monograph 8,
Fulham (London, 1907), pp. 11-16. British History
[accessed 16 October 2016].
^ Denny, Barbara (1997).
Fulham Past. London: Historical Publications.
p. 82. ISBN 0 948667 43 5.
^ "Chelsea Harbour, Fulham, London SW6, for flats and apartments".
Chelseaharbourliving.co.uk. 15 April 1986. Archived from the original
on 20 November 2015. Retrieved 30 November 2015.
^ Simon Midgley. "Eurotrains rumble Chelsea's rich calm Home News
News". The Independent. Retrieved 2015-11-30.
^ "Panorama of the Thames". wordpress.com. Retrieved 17 October
^ "Boats from
Chelsea Harbour Pier" (PDF). Transport for London.
Spring 2009. Retrieved 29 September 2009.
Frost Meadowcroft and Edward Charles & Partners. Design
Centre occupiers include: Hermès, Armani/Casa, Knoll (company), Ligne
Roset.,"Contact details". Frostmeadowcroft.com. Archived from the
original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 30 November
2015. ,"Design Centre
Chelsea Harbour - Home". Dcch.co.uk.
^ Denny, Barbara. (1997)
Fulham Past, London: Historical Publications,
p.77-78, ISBN 0 948667 43 5
William De Morgan
William De Morgan and the Arts & Crafts Movement". Antique
Marks. Retrieved 2016-10-02.
^ a b c d "New neighbours for Harbour celebs". Standard.co.uk.
^ "Moving on: Healthy takings". Thesundaytimes.co.uk. Retrieved
^ "The WAG that got away Frank Lampard's ex Elen Rivas".
Dailymail.co.uk. Retrieved 2015-11-30.
^ "The beautiful game". Standard.co.uk. Retrieved 2015-11-30.
Fulham travel guide from Wikivoyage
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chelsea Harbour.
Neighbouring districts and places.
Chelsea Harbour - Sands End
Battersea (over the Thames)
Wandsworth (over the Thames)
London Borough of
Hammersmith and Fulham
Chelsea Harbour (including Imperial Wharf)
Old Oak Common
BBC Television Centre
Craven Cottage football stadium
Linford Christie Stadium
Loftus Road (football stadium)
Leighton House Museum
O2 Shepherds Bush Empire
Stamford Bridge (stadium)
Parks and open spaces
Eel Brook Common
Shepherd's Bush Green
Chelsea and Fulham
Battersea Railway Bridge
Fulham Railway Bridge
Tube and rail stations
Hammersmith & City and Circle lines)
Hammersmith (Piccadilly and District lines)
Imperial Wharf railway station
Shepherd's Bush railway station
Shepherd's Bush Market
The Black Lion
The Blue Anchor
The Cross Keys
Duke of Cumberland
Eight Bells, Fulham
The George, Hammersmith
The Hop Poles
Hope and Anchor
The King's Head
Queen's Head, Brook Green
Temperance Billiard Hall, Fulham
The White Horse
former Coachmakers Arms, Hammersmith
former The Favourite
former Seven Stars, West Kensington
Coat of arms
Grade I and II* listed buildings