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The Info List - Chechen-Ingush Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic


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The Chechen-Ingush Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, or Chechen-Ingush ASSR (Chechen: Нохч-ГІалгІайн Автономнин Советски Социалистически Республика, translit. Noxç-Ġalġayn Avtonomnin Sovetski Socialistiçeski Respublika; Russian: Чече́но-Ингу́шская Автономная Советская Социалистическая Республика, translit. 'Čečeno-Ingušskaja Avtonomnaja Sovetskaja Socialističeskaja Respublika) was an autonomous republic within the Russian SFSR. Its capital was Grozny. As of 1979 census, its territory was 19,300 km² and population of 1,155,805 (1979 Census):[1] 611,405 being Chechens, 134,744 Ingushes, the rest being Russians
Russians
and other ethnic groups.[1]

Contents

1 History

1.1 Russian Empire 1.2 Soviet period 1.3 World War II 1.4 Post-war period

2 Demographics 3 See also 4 References

History[edit]

Part of a series on the

History of Chechnya

Prehistory

Kura–Araxes culture Kayakent culture Kharachoi culture Koban culture

Ancient

Medieval

Simsir

Early modern

"Ichkerian" Era Caucasian Imamate Russian Empire

Modern

Mountain Republic 1917–1920

North Caucasian Emirate 1919–1920

Chechen National Okrug 1920–1922

Chechen Autonomous Oblast 1922–1934

Chechen–Ingush Aut. Oblast 1934–1936

Chechen–Ingush ASSR 1936–1944

Grozny
Grozny
Oblast 1944–1957

Chechen–Ingush ASSR 1957–1991

Chechen Republic of Ichkeria 1991–2000

Chechen Republic 2000–present

Chechnya
Chechnya
portal

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Russian Empire[edit] In 1810, the historical Ingushetia
Ingushetia
voluntarily joined Imperial Russia, and in 1859 the historical Chechnya
Chechnya
was annexed to Russia
Russia
as well, during the long Caucasian war of 1817–64. Soviet period[edit] After the Russian Revolution of 1917, on January 20, 1921, Chechnya and Ingushetia
Ingushetia
joined the Mountain soviet republic. Partition of the Mountain ASSR
Mountain ASSR
began shortly after it was formed, and its Chechen District was separated on November 30, 1922 as Chechen Autonomous Oblast. On July 7, 1924, the remains of the Mountain ASSR
Mountain ASSR
were split into North Ossetian Autonomous Oblast and Ingush Autonomous Oblast. On January 15, 1934, Chechen and Ingush Autonomous Oblasts were joined into Chechen-Ingush Autonomous Oblast, which was elevated in status to that of an ASSR (Chechen-Ingush ASSR) on December 5, 1936. World War II[edit] During World War II, in 1942–43, the republic was partly occupied by Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
while 40,000[citation needed] Chechens
Chechens
fought in the Red Army. On March 3, 1944, on the orders of Joseph Stalin, the republic was disbanded and its population forcibly deported upon the accusations of collaboration with the invaders and separatism. The territory of the ASSR was divided between Stavropol Krai
Stavropol Krai
(where Grozny Okrug was formed), the Dagestan ASSR, the North Ossetian ASSR, and the Georgian SSR. Post-war period[edit] The republic was restored on January 9, 1957 by Nikita Khrushchev. In November 1990, the republic issued the declaration of its sovereignty and in May 1991 an independent Chechen-Ingush Republic was pronounced, which was subsequently divided into independent Chechen Republic and Republic of Ingushetia. Today, both are federal subjects of Russia. Demographics[edit]

Vital statistics

Source: Russian Federal State Statistics Service

Births Deaths Birth rate Death rate

1970 22,651 6,075 21.2 5.7

1975 22,783 6,469 20.4 5.8

1980 24,291 7,711 20.7 6.6

1985 30,745 10,170 25.0 8.3

1990 31,993 11,039 28.2 9.7

1991 31,498 11,081 26.3 9.2

1992 28,875 10,666 23.1 8.5

Ethnic groups

1926 census1 1939 census 1959 census 1970 census 1979 census 1989 census 2002 census1

Chechens 295,762 (61.4%) 368,446 (52.9%) 243,974 (34.3%) 508,898 (47.8%) 611,405 (52.9%) 734,501 (57.8%) 1,127,050 (71.7%)

Ingushes 70,084 (14.5%) 83,798 (12.0%) 48,273 (6.8%) 113,675 (10.7%) 134,744 (11.7%) 163,762 (12.9%) 363,971 (23.2%)

Russians 78,196 (16.2%) 201,010 (28.8%) 348,343 (49.0%) 366,959 (34.5%) 336,044 (29.1%) 293,771 (23.1%) 46,204 (2.9%)

Others 38,038 (7.9%) 43,761 (6.3%) 69,834 (9.8%) 74,939 (7.0%) 73,612 (6.4%) 78,395 (6.2%) 33,755 (2.1%)

Combined results of Chechnya
Chechnya
and Ingushetia

See also[edit]

History of Chechnya List of leaders of Communist Chechnya

First Secretary of the Chechen-Ingush Communist Party

References[edit]

^ a b "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 г. Национальный состав населения по регионам России. (All Union Population Census of 1979. Ethnic composition of the population by regions of Russia.)". Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 года (All-Union Population Census of 1979) (in Russian). Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. 1979. Retrieved 2008-11-25. 

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  Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republics of the Soviet Union

Soviet Union

By name

Abkhaz Adjar Bashkir Buryat1 Chechen-Ingush Chuvash Crimean Dagestan Gorno-Altai Kabardin Kabardino-Balkar Kalmyk Karakalpak Karelian Kazak2

Kirghiz2

Kirghiz Komi Mari Moldavian Mordovian Mountain Nakhchivan North Ossetian Tajik Tatar Turkestan Tuva Udmurt Volga German Yakut

By year established

   

1918–1924  Turkestan 1918–1941  Volga German 1919–1990  Bashkir 1920–1925  Kirghiz2 1920–1990  Tatar 1921–1990  Adjar 1921–1945  Crimean 1921–1991  Dagestan 1921–1924  Mountain

1921–1990  Nakhchivan 1922–1991  Yakut 1923–1990  Buryat1 1923–1940  Karelian 1924–1940  Moldavian 1924–1929  Tajik 1925–1992  Chuvash 1925–1936  Kazak2 1926–1936  Kirghiz

1931–1991  Abkhaz 1932–1992  Karakalpak 1934–1990  Mordovian 1934–1990  Udmurt 1935–1943  Kalmyk 1936–1944  Chechen-Ingush 1936–1944  Kabardino-Balkar 1936–1990  Komi 1936–1990  Mari

1936–1990  North Ossetian 1944–1957  Kabardin 1956–1991  Karelian 1957–1990  Chechen-Ingush 1957–1991  Kabardino-Balkar 1958–1990  Kalmyk 1961–1992  Tuva 1990–1991  Gorno-Altai 1991–1992  Crimean

1 Buryat–Mongol until 1958. 2 Kazak ASSR was called Kirghiz ASSR until 1925.

Coordinates: 43°19′00″N 45°41′00″E / 43.3167°N 45.6833°E

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