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Chavittu Nadakam (Malayalam:ചവിട്ടുനാടകം) is a highly colorful Latin Christian classical art form originated in Ernakulam district, Kerala state in India. Commonly believed that Gothuruth is the birthplace of Chavittu Nadakam. It is noted for its attractive make-up of characters, their elaborate costumes, detailed gestures and well-defined body movements presented in tune with the rhythmic playback music and complementary percussion. This art form highly resembles European Opera. Chavittu Nadakam is believed to be originated during the 16th century AD. This form of play is prevalent among the Latin Christian community in the districts of Alappuzha, Ernakulam and Thrissur of Kerala. The most sensual blend of cultural influences can be seen in this Latin Christian dance-drama. In Chavittu Nadakam there are large number of characters all in glittering medieval dress. It is the form of traditional musical dance drama, which symbolizes the martial tradition of Kerala Latin Christians.

Contents

1 History 2 Performance 3 Librettos 4 Most popular Chavittu Nadakam plays 5 See also 6 External links

History[edit] Chaviitu Nadakam is a Latin Christian folk art form of Kerala. It is originated in Cochin where the Latin Christian Portuguese missionaries have instituted their first mission. Chavittu Nadakam is believed to be originated after the arrival of Portuguese to the Kerala shores. The reason behind this assumption is that Chavittu Nadakam has a significant European character in its costumes and outfits. But there are historical evidences that Kerala had connections with the western world well before the arrival of Portuguese. Even though some argue that the Chavittu Nadakam is created by Portuguese as they felt cultural emptiness when they arrived at Kerala, there are no evidences supporting this view. Also the fact that Chavittu Nadakam uses language for its playback songs and dialogue, suggest that the art form is indigenous in origin.

Original Chavittu Nadakam costumes: Queen Brijeena from Brijeena Charitham play Performance[edit] The costumes used in Chavittu Nadakam Chavittu Nadakam is usually performed on open stages. Sometimes the interior of a church is also a venue. The performers wear glittering European costumes. Training is provided to performers before staging the play. The master is known as Annavi. The whole play is performed through musicals. Dance and instrumental music are combined in this art form. The bell and drum are two instruments used as background score. The actors themselves sing and act. Though it used to be an open stage performance, in the recent times this is mostly played indoor. The predominant feature of this art is the artists stamping / pounding (Chavittu) the dance floor producing resonant sounds to accentuate the dramatic situations. The actors sing their lines loudly and with exaggerated gestures stamp with great force on the wooden stage. Hence literally Chavittu Nadakam means 'Stamping Drama'. Great stress is laid on the step, which goes in harmony with the songs. In these art forms there is a great importance for dance and art. Foot stamping dance, fighting and fencing are the essential part of Chavittunadakam. Royal dresses and ornamental costumes are necessary. The play is considered a success if at the end, the stage cave into the pressure of heavy stamping.

Librettos[edit] The stories are mostly the heroic episodes of Bible or great Christian warriors. Historical incidents, the life and adventure of heroes like Charlemagne; stories of Alexander were the themes of Chavittu Nadakam in the 16th century. In the 18th century, spiritual themes like "Allesu-Nadakam", "Cathareena Nadakam", the victory of the Isaac etc. were the themes. In 19th century moral themes like "Sathyapalan";"Njanasundhari","Komala Chandrika","Anjelica","karlsman"were handled. Malayalam writing

Most popular Chavittu Nadakam plays[edit] The Frankish King Charlemagne was a devout Latin Catholic. Shown here, the Pope asks Charlemagne for help at a meeting near Rome Carelman Charitham (Charlemagne the Great) Brijeena Charitham (Life of Queen Brijeena) St. Sebastian Daveedhum Goliyathum (David and Goliath) Mahanaya Alexander (Alexander the Great) Veerayodhakkalude Anthyam (Death of Great warriors) Part of a series onChristianity in India Background Saint Thomas Christians (Nasrani) Saint Thomas Christian churches Saint Thomas Christian cross Synod of Diamper Coonan Cross Oath Malankara (historical)

People Saint Thomas the Apostle Saint Alphonsa Saint Francis Xavier Saint Gonsalo Garcia Saint Euphrasia Eluvathingal Saint Kuriakose Elias Chavara Saint Mother Teresa Bl.Devasahayam Pillai Mar Sabor and Mar Proth Mar Baselios Eldho Paremmakkal Thoma Kathanar Thomas of Cana Ignatius Elias III Mar Gregorios of Parumala Mar Varghese Payyappilly Palakkappilly Mar Joseph C. Panjikaran Mathews Mar Athanasius Metropolitan Mar Geevarghese Dionysius Abraham Malpan Palackal Thoma Malpan Mar Augustine Kandathil William Carey

Denominations Catholic Catholic Church in India, Syro-Malabar Catholic, Syro-Malankara Catholic

Oriental Orthodox Brahmavar Orthodox Church, Malankara Jacobite Syrian Orthodox Church, Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church

Church of the East Chaldean Syrian, Malankara Church

Reformed Oriental Orthodox Mar Thoma Syrian, Malabar Independent Syrian Church

Protestant Andhra Evangelical Lutheran, Assemblies Jehovah Shammah, Christian Revival Church, Church of North India, Church of South India, Garo Baptist, Indian Brethren, Indian Pentecostal Church of God, Church of God (Full Gospel), North Bank Baptist Christian, Northern Evangelical Lutheran, Presbyterian, The Pentecostal Mission, St. Thomas Evangelical, Seventh-day Adventist, United Evangelical Lutheran

Indian Christianity portalvte See also[edit] Margam Kali Slama Carol Kerala Folklore Akademi Thumpoly Church External links[edit]

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