The Info List - Chaul

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is a former city of Portuguese India, now in ruins. It is located 60 km south of Mumbai, in Raigad District
Raigad District
of Maharashtra
state in western India. In 1508, the Egyptian Mamluks, allied with the Gujarat
Sultanate vanquished the Portuguese in the Battle of Chaul. The first Portuguese settlement at Chaul
took place in 1521 with the construction of the first fort on the south bank of the Kundalika River. In October 1531, the Portuguese erected a new square stone fortress, named Santa Maria do Castello, which contained a church and dwellings for 120 men. A town developed around the fortress, but a 1558 treaty precluded fortifying the town. The town was destroyed in a 1570-71 siege by the Nizam Shahi
Nizam Shahi
Sultan of Ahmadnagar, but a treaty was concluded which lifted the siege, and the town was rebuilt and surrounded by walls and bastions. A fort (Korlai fort) was built on the Morro de Chaul, a rocky promontory on the north side of the river opposite the town. The town withstood several further attacks, and its defence works were expanded in 1613. Chaul
was part of Portuguese India's Northern Province, which by the mid 17th century extended for 100 km along the coast of present-day Maharashtra
and Gujarat, from Chaul
in the south to Daman in the north. The headquarters of the northern province was at Baçaim (modern Vasai) north of Bombay.

Historic map of Chaul

During the later 17th and early 18th centuries Portuguese India declined economically and politically, and Chaul
lost its former importance. As the power of the Mughal Empire
Mughal Empire
declined in the early 18th century, the Marathas expanded their control of central and western India. The Portuguese colony of Kalyan was captured by the Marathas in 1720, and in 1737 the Maratha
general Angria began a concerted campaign to capture the remaining Portuguese territories. Chaul
and the Morro de Chaul
came under siege in March 1739, but the siege was raised in October. After the capture of Baçaim in 1740, a peace treaty was concluded, and on 18 September 1740, Chaul
was ceded by treaty to the Marathas. The city was subsequently abandoned and left in ruins. The village of Korlai, near the ruins of Chaul, is still home to speakers of Portuguese Creole. See also[edit]

Battle of Diu - Chaul
had a very important role to play in the setup to this critical battle in 1509 Revdanda Korlai fort

External links[edit]

The Portuguese Fort of Chaul, India

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Portuguese overseas empire

North Africa

15th century

1415–1640 Ceuta

1458–1550 Alcácer Ceguer (El Qsar es Seghir)

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16th century

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1 Part of São Tomé and Príncipe
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Portuguese Guinea
from 1879. 5 Part of Portuguese Angola
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from the 1920s.

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17th century

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Indian subcontinent

15th century


Laccadive Islands (Lakshadweep)

16th century Portuguese India

 • 1500–1663 Cochim (Kochi)

 • 1501–1663 Cannanore (Kannur)

 • 1502–1658  1659–1661

Quilon (Coulão / Kollam)

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 • 1510–1961 Goa

 • 1512–1525  1750

Calicut (Kozhikode)

 • 1518–1619 Portuguese Paliacate outpost (Pulicat)

 • 1521–1740 Chaul

  (Portuguese India)

 • 1523–1662 Mylapore

 • 1528–1666

Chittagong (Porto Grande De Bengala)

 • 1531–1571 Chaul

 • 1531–1571 Chalé

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 • 1535 Ponnani

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 • 1559–1961 Daman and Diu

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(Sri Lanka)

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17th century Portuguese India

 • 1687–1749 Mylapore

18th century Portuguese India

 • 1779–1954 Dadra and Nagar Haveli

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16th century

1511–1641 Portuguese Malacca
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1557–1999 Macau [China]

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17th century

1642–1975 Portuguese Timor
Portuguese Timor
(East Timor)1

19th century Portuguese Macau

 • 1864–1999 Coloane

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20th century Portuguese Macau

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1 1975 is the year of East Timor's Declaration of Independence and subsequent invasion by Indonesia. In 2002, East Timor's independence was fully recognized.

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18th century

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