Charlotte Street
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Charlotte Street is a street in
Fitzrovia Fitzrovia () is a district in central London, near London's West End of London, West End. The original core area is in the London Borough of Camden (to the east), with a further area in the City of Westminster (to the west). It has its roots in th ...
,
central London Central London is the innermost part of London London is the capital city, capital and List of urban areas in the United Kingdom, largest city of England and the United Kingdom. The city stands on the River Thames in the south-east of Engla ...
. The southern half of the street has many restaurants and cafes, and a lively nightlife; while the northern part of the street is more mixed in character, and includes the large office building of the advertising agency
Saatchi & Saatchi Saatchi & Saatchi is a British multinational communications and advertising agency network with 114 offices in 76 countries and over 6,500 staff. It was founded in 1970 and is currently headquartered in London. The parent company of the agency grou ...
, and a
University College London , mottoeng = Let all come who by merit deserve the most reward , established = , type = Public university , public research university , endowment = £143 million (2020) , budget = £1.544 billion (2019/20) , chancellor = HRH Anne, Princes ...
student hall of residence, Astor College. The street has a significant residential population living above the ground floor. Two conservation areas are contained within the street: Charlotte Street conservation area (Camden) and Charlotte Street West conservation area (City of Westminster)


History

Charlotte Street, formed in 1763, was named in honour of
Queen Charlotte Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (Sophia Charlotte; 19 May 1744 – 17 November 1818) was Queen of Great Britain Queen may refer to: Monarchy * Queen regnant A queen regnant (plural: queens regnant) is a female monarch, equivalent in ...
who married
King George III George III (George William Frederick; 4 June 173829 January 1820) was King of Great Britain and Ireland Ireland (; ga, Éire ; Ulster Scots dialect, Ulster-Scots: ) is an island in the North Atlantic Ocean, North Atlantic. It is separ ...

King George III
in 1761. It was one of three streets in and around Fitzrovia which took her name. The other two have since been renamed
Hallam Street Hallam Street is a road situated in the Parish of St Marylebone and London's West End of London, West End. In administrative terms it lies within the City of Westminster's Marylebone High Street Ward as well as the Harley Street Conservation Ar ...
and Bloomsbury Street. Fitzrovia itself was named after the
Fitzroy Tavern The Fitzroy Tavern is a public house A pub (short for public house) is an establishment licensed to serve alcoholic drinks for consumption on the premises. The term ''public house'' first appeared in the late 17th century, and was u ...
, a public house on Charlotte Street. The boundary of
Camden Camden may refer to: People * Camden (surname), a surname of English origin * Camden Joy (born 1964), American writer * Camden Toy (born 1957), American actor Places Australia * Camden, New South Wales * Camden, Rosehill, a heritage-listed ...
and
Westminster Westminster is a district in Central London Central London (also known less commonly as London city centre) is the innermost part of London, in England, spanning several London borough, boroughs. Over time, a number of definitions have been ...

Westminster
runs along part of Charlotte Street.


Location

The nearest tube station is
Goodge Street Goodge Street is a London Underground station on Tottenham Court Road in Fitzrovia, West End of London, West End, London. It is on the Northern line's Charing Cross branch between Tottenham Court Road tube station, Tottenham Court Road and Warr ...
to the east.
Goodge Street Goodge Street is a London Underground station on Tottenham Court Road in Fitzrovia, West End of London, West End, London. It is on the Northern line's Charing Cross branch between Tottenham Court Road tube station, Tottenham Court Road and Warr ...
itself crosses Charlotte Street halfway up. To the east and parallel with Charlotte Street is
Tottenham Court Road Tottenham Court Road (occasionally abbreviated as TCR) is a major road in Central London, almost entirely within the London Borough of Camden. The road runs from Euston Road in the north to St Giles Circus in the south; Tottenham Court Road tube ...
. To the south is
Oxford Street Oxford Street is a major road in the City of Westminster City of Westminster is an Inner London, inner London City status in the United Kingdom, city and London boroughs, borough. It has been the capital city, ''de facto'', of multiple Brit ...

Oxford Street
.


Notable buildings

The street has a mix of eighteenth, nineteenth and twentieth-century buildings and has reputation for its numerous restaurants serving a wide range of cuisine.
Sass's Academy Henry Sass (24 April 1788 – 1844) was an English artist and teacher of painting, who founded an important art school, Sass's Academy (later "Cary's Academy"), in London, to provide training for those seeking to enter the Royal Academy. Many d ...
, an important art school founded in the early 19th century by
Henry Sass Henry Sass (24 April 1788 – 1844) was an English artist and teacher of painting, who founded an important art school, Sass's Academy (later "Cary's Academy"), in London London is the capital city, capital and List of urban areas in the ...

Henry Sass
, was located in a house at 6 Charlotte street, on the corner with
Streatham Street Streatham Street is a street in the London district of Bloomsbury, running between New Oxford Street and Great Russell Street. In the 19th century, it was on the border of the disreputable St Giles, London#The rookery, rookery of St Giles, and so ...
. Many notable British artists such as
William Powell Frith William Powell Frith (9 January 1819 – 2 November 1909) was an English painter specialising in genre subjects and panoramic narrative works of life in the Victorian era In the history of the United Kingdom, the Victorian era was ...
,
John Millais Sir John Everett Millais, 1st Baronet, ( , ; 8 June 1829 – 13 August 1896) was an English painter and illustrator who was one of the founders of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood. He was a child prodigy who, aged eleven, became the youngest s ...
,
Charles West Cope Charles West Cope (28 July 1811, in Leeds Leeds is the largest city in the Ceremonial counties of England, county of West Yorkshire, England and the most populous in the Yorkshire and Humber region. Leeds is the cultural, financial and ...

Charles West Cope
,
William Edward Frost Image:William Edward Frost - Venus and Cupid.jpg, ''Venus and Cupid'' William Edward Frost (September 1810 – 4 June 1877) was an English painter of the Victorian era. Virtually alone among English artists in the middle Victorian period, he d ...
and
Dante Gabriel Rossetti Gabriel Charles Dante Rossetti (12 May 1828 – 9 April 1882), generally known as Dante Gabriel Rossetti (), was an English poet, illustrator, painter and translator, and member of the Rossetti family. He founded the Pre-Raphaelite Broth ...
received their early training there. In 1842 its management passed to
Francis Stephen Cary Francis Stephen Cary (10 May 1808 – 6 January 1880) was an English painter and art teacher, who succeeded Henry Sass as the head of his art academy. Among Cary's subjects was a portrait of Charles Lamb (writer), Charles and Mary Lamb. Life and w ...
. (This refers to the Charlotte Street that has since been renamed Bloomsbury Street) The
Scala Theatre The Scala Theatre was a theatre in Charlotte Street, London, off Tottenham Court Road. The first theatre on the site opened in 1772, and the theatre was demolished in 1969, after being destroyed by fire. From 1865 to 1882, the theatre was k ...
, opened 1905, was located on Charlotte Street. A theatre first stood on the site in 1772. From 1865 to 1882, the theatre was known as the Prince of Wales's Theatre. The theatre was demolished in 1969, after being destroyed by a fire. The
Fitzroy Tavern The Fitzroy Tavern is a public house A pub (short for public house) is an establishment licensed to serve alcoholic drinks for consumption on the premises. The term ''public house'' first appeared in the late 17th century, and was u ...
at 16 Charlotte Street was built as a coffeehouse in 1883. It became famous during the 1920s to the mid-1950s as a meeting place for
artist An artist is a person engaged in an activity related to creating art Art is a diverse range of (products of) human activities involving creative imagination to express technical proficiency, beauty, emotional power, or conceptual ideas. ...

artist
s,
intellectual An intellectual is a person who engages in critical thinking Critical thinking is the analysis of facts to form a judgment. The subject is complex; several different Critical thinking#Definitions, definitions exist, which generally include ...
s and
bohemians A Bohemian () is a resident of Bohemia, today a region of the Czech Republic, or of the former Kingdom of Bohemia (lands of the Bohemian Crown). In English, the word "Bohemian" was used to denote the Czech people as well as the Czech language be ...
, including
Dylan Thomas Dylan Marlais Thomas (27 October 1914 – 9 November 1953) was a Welsh people, Welsh poet and writer whose works include the poems "Do not go gentle into that good night" and "And death shall have no dominion"; the "play for voices" ''Unde ...
,
Lawrence Durrell Lawrence George Durrell (; 27 February 1912 – 7 November 1990) was an expatriate British novelist, poet, dramatist, and travel writer. He was the eldest brother of naturalist and writer Gerald Durrell. Born in British India, India to British c ...

Lawrence Durrell
,
Augustus John Augustus Edwin John (4 January 1878 – 31 October 1961) was a Welsh people, Welsh painter, drawing, draughtsman, and etcher. For a time he was considered the most important artist at work in Britain: Virginia Woolf would remark that by 1908 the ...
, and
George Orwell Eric Arthur Blair (25 June 1903 – 21 January 1950) known by his pen name A pen name, also called a ''nom de plume'' () or a literary double, is a pseudonym (or, in some cases, a variant form of a real name) adopted by an author and printed ...

George Orwell
. The original
Channel 4 Channel 4 is a British free-to-air Free-to-air (FTA) services are television Television (TV), sometimes shortened to tele or telly, is a telecommunication medium used for transmitting moving images in monochrome (black and white), ...
television channel headquarters were at 60 Charlotte Street, before moving to 124 Horseferry Road in 1994. The commercial radio station
Xfm London Radio X is a British National commercial radio station focused on alternative music, primarily indie rock, and owned by Global Media & Entertainment, Global. Radio X launched nationally on 21 September 2015 as a rebrand of Xfm and superseded ...
originally had its studios in Charlotte Street before moving to
Leicester Square Leicester Square ( ) is a pedestrian of Alinga Street and Northbourne Avenue, Canberra Canberra ( ) is the capital city of Australia. Founded following the Federation of Australia, federation of the colonies of Australia as the sea ...

Leicester Square
.
Gennaro Contaldo Gennaro Contaldo, (; born 20 January 1949) is an Italian known for his association with his British protégé, Jamie Oliver Jamie Trevor Oliver (born 27 May 1975) is a British chef and restaurateur. He is known for his approachable cuisine ...
's restaurant Passione was at 10 Charlotte Street between 1999 and March 2009. The Charlotte Street Hotel is a boutique hotel that opened in 2000, its interiors decorated modern British art, and located at 15 Charlotte Street. The Charlotte Street Gallery is at 28 Charlotte Street.


Notable residents

*John Constable, the English Romantic painter, died at 76 Charlotte Street on 31 March 1837. * The artist and traveller Edward Thomas Daniell was born on 6 June 1804 at Charlotte Street. *The late 18th century painter George Morland lived in Charlotte Street. *Pierre-Noël Violet, early 19th century miniaturist painter, lived in Charlotte Street. *Wadham Wyndham (army officer), Wadham Wyndham purchased a house in Charlotte Street in 1771 and died there in 1812. *Theresa Berkley was an early 19th-century dominatrix who ran a brothel in at 28 Charlotte Street (now 84–94 Hallam Street), specialising in flagellation. *The Victorian era, Victorian artist
William Powell Frith William Powell Frith (9 January 1819 – 2 November 1909) was an English painter specialising in genre subjects and panoramic narrative works of life in the Victorian era In the history of the United Kingdom, the Victorian era was ...
studied at
Sass's Academy Henry Sass (24 April 1788 – 1844) was an English artist and teacher of painting, who founded an important art school, Sass's Academy (later "Cary's Academy"), in London, to provide training for those seeking to enter the Royal Academy. Many d ...
. *The painter R. R. McIan, noted for his romantic portrayals of Scottish Highlanders, lived at No.36. The family home of Christina Rossetti and
Dante Gabriel Rossetti Gabriel Charles Dante Rossetti (12 May 1828 – 9 April 1882), generally known as Dante Gabriel Rossetti (), was an English poet, illustrator, painter and translator, and member of the Rossetti family. He founded the Pre-Raphaelite Broth ...
, associated with the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, were at 38 Charlotte Street (now 105 Hallam Street) and later at 50 Charlotte Street.Packer, Lona Mosk (1963) ''Christina Rossetti'' University of California Press pp. 13–17Lindsay Duguid, "Rossetti, Christina Georgina" (1830–1894)’, ''Oxford Dictionary of National Biography'', Oxford University Press, 2004; online edition, Jan 2009


See also

* List of eponymous roads in London


References


External links


LondonTown.com information

Charlotte Street Festival
{{coord, 51.51959, N, 0.13591, W, region:GB_type:landmark, display=title Streets in the London Borough of Camden Streets in the City of Westminster Restaurant districts and streets in England Fitzrovia