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Charlotte /ˈʃɑːrlət/ is the most populous city in the U.S. state of North Carolina. Located in the Piedmont, it is the county seat of Mecklenburg County. In 2016, the U.S. Census Bureau estimated the population was 842,051,[4] making it the 17th-most populous city in the United States. The Charlotte metropolitan area
Charlotte metropolitan area
ranks 22nd-largest in the U.S., and had a 2016 population of 2,474,314.[2] The Charlotte metropolitan area is part of a sixteen-county market region or combined statistical area with a 2016 U.S. Census population estimate of 2,632,249.[5] Between 2004 and 2014, Charlotte was ranked as the country's fastest growing metro area, with 888,000 new residents.[6] Based on U.S. Census data from 2005 to 2015, it tops the 50 largest U.S. cities as the millennial hub.[7] It is the second-largest city in the southeastern United States, just behind Jacksonville, Florida. It is the third-fastest growing major city in the United States.[8] It is listed as a "gamma-minus" global city by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network.[9] Residents are referred to as "Charlotteans". Charlotte is home to the corporate headquarters of Bank of America
Bank of America
and the east coast operations of Wells Fargo, which along with other financial institutions made it the second-largest banking center in the United States
United States
from 1995 to 2017[10] and the third-largest from 2017 to present.[11] Among Charlotte's many notable attractions, some of the most popular include the Carolina Panthers
Carolina Panthers
of the National Football League
National Football League
(NFL), the Charlotte Hornets
Charlotte Hornets
of the National Basketball Association
National Basketball Association
(NBA), the Charlotte Checkers
Charlotte Checkers
of the American Hockey League
American Hockey League
(AHL), the Charlotte Independence
Charlotte Independence
of the United Soccer League
United Soccer League
(USL), the Charlotte Hounds
Charlotte Hounds
of Major League Lacrosse, two NASCAR Cup Series
NASCAR Cup Series
races and the NASCAR
NASCAR
All-Star Race, the Wells Fargo
Wells Fargo
Championship, the NASCAR Hall of Fame, the Charlotte Ballet, Carowinds
Carowinds
amusement park, and the U.S. National Whitewater Center. Charlotte Douglas International Airport is a major international hub, and was ranked the 23rd-busiest airport in the world by passenger traffic in 2013.[12] Charlotte has a humid subtropical climate. It is located several miles east of the Catawba River
Catawba River
and southeast of Lake Norman, the largest man-made lake in North Carolina. Lake Wylie
Lake Wylie
and Mountain Island Lake are two smaller man-made lakes located near the city.

Contents

1 History

1.1 After the American Revolution 1.2 World War I
World War I
to present

2 Geography

2.1 Cityscape 2.2 Green space 2.3 Climate and environment

3 Demographics

3.1 Religion

4 Economy

4.1 Top employers

5 Culture

5.1 Museums 5.2 Performing arts 5.3 Festivals and special events 5.4 Zoos and aquariums

6 Sports 7 Law, government and politics

7.1 City
City
services

7.1.1 Emergency medical services 7.1.2 Hospitals 7.1.3 Fire department 7.1.4 Law enforcement and crime

8 Education

8.1 School system 8.2 Colleges and universities 8.3 Libraries

9 Media

9.1 Television 9.2 Radio 9.3 Newspaper

10 Infrastructure

10.1 Waste treatment 10.2 Transportation

10.2.1 Mass transit 10.2.2 Walkability 10.2.3 Roads and highways 10.2.4 Air 10.2.5 Intercity transportation

11 Notable people 12 Sister cities 13 See also 14 Notes 15 References 16 Further reading 17 External links

History[edit] See also: Timeline of Charlotte, North Carolina Following thousands of years of indigenous cultures, the Catawba Native Americans were the first known historic tribe to settle Mecklenburg County (in the Charlotte area) and were first recorded around 1567 in Spanish records. By 1759 half the Catawba tribe had died from smallpox, which was endemic among Europeans, because they had no acquired immunity to the new disease. At the time of their largest population, Catawba people
Catawba people
numbered 10,000, but by 1826 their total population had dropped to 110.[13] The European-American city of Charlotte was developed first by a wave of migration of Scots-Irish Presbyterians, or Ulster-Scot
Ulster-Scot
settlers from Northern Ireland, who dominated the culture of the Southern Piedmont Region. They made up the principal founding European population in the backcountry. German immigrants also settled here before the American Revolutionary War, but in much smaller numbers. They still contributed greatly to the early foundations of the region. The Flag of Charlotte is the Saint Andrews Flag of Scotland, or Saltire with a City
City
Crest. Mecklenburg County was initially part of Bath County (1696 to 1729) of New Hanover Precinct, which became New Hanover County in 1729. The western portion of New Hanover split into Bladen County
Bladen County
in 1734, its western portion splitting into Anson County in 1750. Mecklenburg County formed from Anson County in 1762. Further apportionment was made in 1792, after the American Revolutionary War, with Cabarrus County formed from Mecklenburg. In 1842, Union County formed from Mecklenburg's southeastern portion and a western portion of Anson County. These areas were all part of one of the original six judicial/military districts of North Carolina known as the Salisbury District.[14] The area that is now Charlotte was settled by people of European descent around 1755, when Thomas Spratt and his family settled near what is now the Elizabeth neighborhood. Thomas Polk
Thomas Polk
(granduncle of U.S. President James K. Polk), who later married Thomas Spratt's daughter, built his house by the intersection of two Native American trading paths between the Yadkin and Catawba rivers.[15] One path ran north–south and was part of the Great Wagon Road; the second path ran east–west along what is now Trade Street. Nicknamed the Queen City,[16] like its county a few years earlier, Charlotte was named in honor of German princess Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, who had become the Queen Consort of Great Britain and Ireland in 1761, seven years before the town's incorporation. A second nickname derives from the American Revolutionary War, when British commander General Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis occupied the city but was driven out by hostile residents. He wrote that Charlotte was "a hornet's nest of rebellion", leading to the nickname The Hornet's Nest. Within decades of Polk's settling, the area grew to become "Charlotte Town", incorporating in 1768.[17] The crossroads in the Piedmont became the heart of Uptown Charlotte. In 1770, surveyors marked the streets in a grid pattern for future development. The east–west trading path became Trade Street, and the Great Wagon Road
Great Wagon Road
became Tryon Street, in honor of William Tryon, a royal governor of colonial North Carolina.[18] The intersection of Trade and Tryon—commonly known today as "Trade & Tryon," or simply "The Square"[15]—is more properly called "Independence Square".[19] While surveying the boundary between the Carolinas in 1772, William Moultrie stopped in Charlotte Town, whose five or six houses were "very ordinary built of logs".[20] Local leaders came together in 1775 and signed the Mecklenburg Resolves, more popularly known as the Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence. While not a true declaration of independence from British rule, it is among the first such declarations that eventually led to the American Revolution. May 20, the traditional date of the signing of the declaration, is celebrated annually in Charlotte as "MecDec", with musket and cannon fire by reenactors in Independence Square. North Carolina's state flag and state seal also bear the date. After the American Revolution[edit] Charlotte is traditionally considered the home of Southern Presbyterianism, but in the 19th century, numerous churches, including Presbyterian, Baptist, Methodist, Episcopalian, Lutheran, and Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
formed, eventually giving Charlotte the nickname, "The City
City
of Churches".[21] In 1799, in nearby Cabarrus County, 12-year-old Conrad Reed
Conrad Reed
found a 17-pound rock, which his family used as a doorstop. Three years later, a jeweler determined it was nearly solid gold, paying the family a paltry $3.50.[22] The first documented gold find in the United States of any consequence set off the nation's first gold rush. Many veins of gold were found in the area throughout the 19th and early 20th centuries, leading to the 1837 founding of the Charlotte Mint. North Carolina was the chief producer of gold in the United States
United States
until the Sierra Nevada find in 1848,[23] although the volume mined in the Charlotte area was dwarfed by subsequent rushes.

View of the Old Court House, Charlotte, 1888.

Some groups still pan for gold occasionally in local streams and creeks. The Reed Gold Mine
Reed Gold Mine
operated until 1912. The Charlotte Mint
Charlotte Mint
was active until 1861, when Confederate forces seized it at the outbreak of the Civil War. The mint was not reopened at the war's end, but the building, albeit in a different location, now houses the Mint Museum of Art. The city's first boom came after the Civil War, as a cotton processing center and a railroad hub. Charlotte's city population at the 1880 Census grew to 7,084.[24] In 1910, Charlotte passed Wilmington to become North Carolina's largest city.[25] World War I
World War I
to present[edit] Population grew again during World War I, when the U.S. government established Camp Greene north of present-day Wilkinson Boulevard. Many soldiers and suppliers stayed after the war, launching an urban ascent that eventually overtook older city rivals along the Piedmont Crescent. In the 1920 census, Charlotte lost its title as the state's largest city to Winston-Salem, which with a population of 48,395 had 2,077 more people than Charlotte. However, Charlotte regained its status several years later.[26] The city's modern-day banking industry achieved prominence in the 1970s and 1980s, largely under the leadership of financier Hugh McColl. McColl transformed North Carolina
North Carolina
National Bank (NCNB) into a formidable national player that through aggressive acquisitions became known as NationsBank, eventually merging with BankAmerica to become Bank of America. First Union, later Wachovia
Wachovia
in 2001, experienced similar growth before it was acquired by San Francisco-based Wells Fargo in 2008. Measured by control of assets, Charlotte is the second largest banking headquarters in the United States, after New York City.[27] On September 22, 1989, the city took a direct hit from Hurricane Hugo. With sustained winds of 69 mph (111 km/h) and gusts of 87 mph (140 km/h) in some locations,[28] Hugo caused massive property damage, destroyed 80,000 trees, and knocked out electrical power to most of the population. Residents were without power for weeks, schools were closed for a week or more, and the cleanup took months. The city was caught unprepared; Charlotte is 200 miles (320 km) inland, and residents from coastal areas in both Carolinas often wait out hurricanes in Charlotte. In December 2002, Charlotte and much of central North Carolina
North Carolina
were hit by an ice storm that resulted in more than 1.3 million people losing power.[29] During an abnormally cold December, many were without power for weeks. Many of the city's Bradford pear
Bradford pear
trees split apart under the weight of the ice. In August 2015 and in September 2016, the city experienced several days of protests related to the police shootings of Jonathan Ferrell and Keith Scott.[30][31] Geography[edit]

Uptown Charlotte's skyline

According to the United States
United States
Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 297.68 square miles (771.0 km2), of which 297.08 square miles (769.4 km2) is land and 0.6 square miles (1.6 km2) is water. Charlotte lies at an elevation of 748 feet (228 m), as measured at Charlotte/Douglas International Airport. Charlotte constitutes most of Mecklenburg County in the Carolina Piedmont. Charlotte center city
Charlotte center city
sits atop a long rise between two creeks, Sugar Creek and Irwin Creek, and was built on the gunnies of the St. Catherine's and Rudisill gold mines. Though the Catawba River
Catawba River
and its lakes lie several miles west, there are no significant bodies of water or other geological features near the city center. Consequently, development has neither been constrained nor helped by waterways or ports that have contributed to many cities of similar size. The lack of these obstructions has contributed to Charlotte's growth as a highway, rail, and air transportation hub. Cityscape[edit]

Charlotte's SouthPark neighborhood

See also: List of Charlotte neighborhoods and List of tallest buildings in Charlotte Charlotte has 199 neighborhoods radiating in all directions from Uptown.[32] Biddleville, the primary historic center of Charlotte's African-American community, is west of Uptown, starting at the Johnson C. Smith University campus and extending to the airport.[33] East of The Plaza and north of Central Avenue, Plaza-Midwood is known for its international population, including Eastern Europeans, Greeks, Middle-Easterners, and Hispanics.[34] North Tryon and the Sugar Creek area include several Asian-American communities. NoDa (North Davidson), north of Uptown, is an emerging center for arts and entertainment.[35] Myers Park, Dilworth, and Eastover are home to some of Charlotte's oldest and largest houses, on tree-lined boulevards, with Freedom Park, arguably the city's favorite, nearby. Park Road and the SouthPark area have an extensive array of shopping and dining offerings, with SouthPark essentially serving as a second urban core. Blossoming neighborhoods like Sedgefield, Dilworth and South End are great examples of that. Far South Boulevard is home to a large Hispanic community. Many students, researchers, and affiliated professionals live near UNC Charlotte in the northeast area known as University City. The large area known as Southeast Charlotte is home to many golf communities, luxury developments, mega-churches, the Jewish community center, and private schools. As undeveloped land within Mecklenburg has become scarce, many of these communities have expanded into Weddington and Waxhaw in Union County.[36] Ballantyne, in the south of Charlotte, and nearly every area on the I‑485 perimeter, has experienced rapid growth over the past ten years. Since the 1980s in particular, Uptown Charlotte
Uptown Charlotte
has undergone massive construction of buildings, housing Bank of America, Wells Fargo, Hearst Corporation, Duke Energy, several hotels, and multiple condominium developments.[37]

Green space[edit]

Little Sugar Creek Greenway
Little Sugar Creek Greenway
in winter

The 120‑acre Park Road Park is a prominent landmark of the SouthPark neighborhood.[38] Park Road Park features 8 basketball courts, 2 horseshoe pits, 6 baseball fields, 5 Picnic Shelters, volleyball courts, playgrounds, trails, tennis courts, and an eleven-acre lake.[39] The Charlotte-Mecklenburg Parks & Recreation Department operates 36 tennis facilities and the 12 lighted tennis courts at the park.[40] The urban section of Little Sugar Creek Greenway
Little Sugar Creek Greenway
was completed in 2012. Inspired in part by the San Antonio River Walk, and integral to Charlotte's extensive urban park system, it is "a huge milestone" according to Gwen Cook, greenway planner for Mecklenburg County Park and Recreation.[41] Climate and environment[edit] Charlotte, like much of the Piedmont region of the southeastern United States, has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa), with four distinct seasons; the city itself is part of USDA hardiness zone 8a, transitioning to 7b in the suburbs in all directions except the south.[42] Winters are short and generally cool, with a January daily average of 40.1 °F (4.5 °C). On average, there are 59 nights per year that drop to or below freezing, and only 1.5 days that fail to rise above freezing.[43] April is the driest month, with an average of 3.04 inches (7.7 cm) of precipitation. Summers are hot and humid, with a daily average in July of 78.5 °F (25.8 °C). There is an average 44 days per year with highs at or above 90 °F (32 °C).[43] Official record temperatures range from 104 °F (40 °C) recorded six times, most recently on July 1, 2012, down to −5 °F (−21 °C) recorded on January 21, 1985, the most recent of three occasions. The record cold daily maximum is 14 °F (−10 °C) on February 12 and 13, 1899, and the record warm daily minimum is 82 °F (28 °C) on August 13, 1881.[43] The average window for freezing temperatures is November 5 through March 30, allowing a growing season of 220 days.[43] Charlotte is directly in the path of subtropical moisture from the Gulf of Mexico
Gulf of Mexico
as it heads up the eastern seaboard, thus the city receives ample precipitation throughout the year but also many clear, sunny days; precipitation is generally less frequent in autumn than in spring.[43] On average, Charlotte receives 41.6 inches (1,060 mm) of precipitation annually, which is somewhat evenly distributed throughout the year, although summer is slightly wetter; annual precipitation has historically ranged from 26.23 in (666 mm) in 2001 to 68.44 in (1,738 mm) in 1884.[43] In addition, there is an average of 4.3 inches (10.9 cm) of snow, mainly in January and February and rarely December or March, with more frequent ice storms and sleet mixed in with rain; seasonal snowfall has historically ranged from trace amounts as recently as 2011–12 to 22.6 in (57 cm) in 1959–60.[43] These storms can have a major impact on the area, as they often pull tree limbs down onto power lines and make driving hazardous.

Climate data for Charlotte, North Carolina
North Carolina
(Charlotte-Douglas Int'l), 1981–2010 normals,[a] extremes 1878–present[b]

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °F (°C) 79 (26) 82 (28) 91 (33) 96 (36) 98 (37) 104 (40) 104 (40) 104 (40) 104 (40) 98 (37) 85 (29) 80 (27) 104 (40)

Mean maximum °F (°C) 69.7 (20.9) 72.8 (22.7) 81.1 (27.3) 86.3 (30.2) 90.0 (32.2) 94.4 (34.7) 96.9 (36.1) 96.0 (35.6) 91.1 (32.8) 84.9 (29.4) 78.0 (25.6) 70.4 (21.3) 98.0 (36.7)

Average high °F (°C) 50.7 (10.4) 55.0 (12.8) 63.1 (17.3) 71.9 (22.2) 78.9 (26.1) 86.0 (30) 89.0 (31.7) 87.5 (30.8) 81.3 (27.4) 71.8 (22.1) 62.4 (16.9) 52.9 (11.6) 70.9 (21.6)

Average low °F (°C) 29.6 (−1.3) 32.7 (0.4) 39.3 (4.1) 46.9 (8.3) 55.8 (13.2) 64.5 (18.1) 68.1 (20.1) 67.2 (19.6) 60.4 (15.8) 48.8 (9.3) 39.2 (4) 31.9 (−0.1) 48.7 (9.3)

Mean minimum °F (°C) 14.2 (−9.9) 18.7 (−7.4) 24.2 (−4.3) 32.9 (0.5) 43.3 (6.3) 55.9 (13.3) 62.0 (16.7) 60.6 (15.9) 48.7 (9.3) 34.6 (1.4) 25.4 (−3.7) 18.0 (−7.8) 11.3 (−11.5)

Record low °F (°C) −5 (−21) −5 (−21) 4 (−16) 21 (−6) 32 (0) 45 (7) 53 (12) 50 (10) 38 (3) 24 (−4) 11 (−12) −5 (−21) −5 (−21)

Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.41 (86.6) 3.32 (84.3) 4.01 (101.9) 3.04 (77.2) 3.18 (80.8) 3.74 (95) 3.68 (93.5) 4.22 (107.2) 3.24 (82.3) 3.40 (86.4) 3.14 (79.8) 3.25 (82.6) 41.63 (1,057.4)

Average snowfall inches (cm) 2.1 (5.3) 1.2 (3) 0.6 (1.5) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0.1 (0.3) 0.3 (0.8) 4.3 (10.9)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 9.7 9.4 9.6 8.8 9.6 10.2 10.8 9.8 7.1 6.9 8.4 9.6 109.9

Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 1.0 0.5 0.2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.2 1.9

Average relative humidity (%) 65.7 61.8 61.5 59.3 66.9 69.6 72.2 73.5 73.3 69.9 67.6 67.3 67.4

Mean monthly sunshine hours 173.3 180.3 234.8 269.6 292.1 289.2 290.0 272.9 241.4 230.5 178.4 168.5 2,821

Percent possible sunshine 55 59 63 69 67 66 66 65 65 66 58 55 63

Source: NOAA (relative humidity and sun 1961–1990)[43][44][45]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population

Census Pop.

1850 1,065

1860 2,265

112.7%

1870 4,473

97.5%

1880 7,094

58.6%

1890 11,557

62.9%

1900 18,091

56.5%

1910 34,014

88.0%

1920 46,338

36.2%

1930 82,675

78.4%

1940 100,899

22.0%

1950 134,042

32.8%

1960 201,564

50.4%

1970 241,420

19.8%

1980 315,474

30.7%

1990 395,934

25.5%

2000 540,828

36.6%

2010 731,424

35.2%

Est. 2016 842,051 [1] 15.1%

[46]

The most recent U.S. Census estimate (2014, released in May 2015) showed 809,958 residents living within Charlotte's city limits and 1,012,539 in Mecklenburg County. The Combined Statistical Area, or trade area, of Charlotte–Concord–Gastonia, NC–SC had a population of 2,537,990.[2] Figures from the more comprehensive 2010 census show Charlotte's population density to be 2,457 per square mile (948.7/km²). There are 319,918 housing units at an average density of 1,074.6 per square mile (414.9/km²).[47]

Map of racial distribution in Charlotte, 2010 U.S. Census. Each dot is 25 people: White, Black, Asian Hispanic, or Other )

According to the 2010 United States
United States
Census, the racial composition of Charlotte was:

White or Caucasian: 45.1% Black or African American: 35.0% Hispanic: 13.1% Asian: 5.0% Native American: 0.5% Native Hawaiian
Native Hawaiian
or Other Pacific Islander: 0.1% some other race: 6.8% two or more races: 2.7%

In 1970, the Census Bureau reported Charlotte's population as 30.2% Black and 68.9% White.[48] The median income for a household in the city is $48,670, and the median income for a family is $59,452. Males have a median income of $38,767 versus $29,218 for females. The per capita income for the city is $29,825. The percentage of the population living at or below the poverty line is 10.6%, with 7.8% of families living at or below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 13.8% of those under the age of 18 and 9.7% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line. Religion[edit]

Billy Graham
Billy Graham
Library

Charlotte has historically been a Protestant city. It is the birthplace of Billy Graham, and is also the historic seat of Southern Presbyterianism, but the changing demographics of the city's increasing population have brought scores of new denominations and faiths. The Billy Graham
Billy Graham
Evangelistic Association, Wycliffe Bible Translators' JAARS
JAARS
Center, and SIM Missions Organization make their homes in the Charlotte general area. In total, Charlotte proper has 700 places of worship. The Presbyterian Church (USA)
Presbyterian Church (USA)
is now the fourth largest denomination in Charlotte, with 68,000 members and 206 congregations. The second largest Presbyterian
Presbyterian
denomination, the Presbyterian
Presbyterian
Church in America has 43 churches and 12,000 members, followed by the Associate Reformed Presbyterian
Presbyterian
Church with 63 churches and 9,500 members.[49] The Baptist
Baptist
Peace Fellowship of North America is headquartered in Charlotte, and both Reformed Theological Seminary and Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary have campuses there; more recently, the Religious Studies academic departments of Charlotte's local colleges and universities have also grown considerably. The Advent Christian Church
Advent Christian Church
is headquartered in Charlotte. The Western North Carolina
North Carolina
Annual Conference of the United Methodist Church is headquartered in Charlotte. The largest Protestant church in Charlotte, by attendance, is Elevation Church, a Southern Baptist
Baptist
church founded by lead pastor Steven Furtick. The church has over 15,000 congregants at nine Charlotte locations.[50]

St. Peter's Catholic Church, located in Uptown, is the city's oldest Catholic church.

Charlotte's Cathedral of Saint Patrick is the seat of the bishop of the Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
Diocese of Charlotte. The Traditional Latin Mass is offered by the Society of St. Pius X
Society of St. Pius X
at St. Anthony Catholic Church in nearby Mount Holly. The Traditional Latin Mass is also offered at St. Ann, Charlotte, a church under the jurisdiction of the Roman Catholic Bishop of Charlotte. St. Matthew Parish, located in the Ballantyne neighborhood, is the largest Catholic parish with over 30,000 parishioners.[51] The Greek Orthodox Church's cathedral for North Carolina, Holy Trinity Cathedral, is located in Charlotte. Charlotte has the largest Jewish population in the Carolinas. Shalom Park in south Charlotte is the hub of the Jewish community, featuring two synagogues, Temple Israel
Israel
and Temple Beth El, as well as a community center, the Charlotte Jewish Day School for grades K–5, and the headquarters of the Charlotte Jewish News.[52] Most African Americans in Charlotte are Baptists
Baptists
affiliated with the National Baptist
Baptist
Convention, the largest predominantly African American denomination in the United States. African American Methodists are largely affiliated with either the African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church, headquartered in Charlotte, or the African Methodist
Methodist
Episcopal Church. African American
African American
Pentecostals are represented by several organizations such as the United House of Prayer for All People, Church of God in Christ, and the United Holy Church of America. As of 2013[update], 51.91% of people in Charlotte practise religion on a regular basis, making it the second most religious city in North Carolina after Winston-Salem. The largest religion in Charlotte is Christianity, with Baptists
Baptists
(13.26%) having the largest number of adherents. The second largest Christian group is Roman Catholic (9.43%), followed by Methodist
Methodist
(8.02%) and Presbyterian
Presbyterian
(5.25%). Other Christian affiliates include Pentecostal
Pentecostal
(2.50%), Lutheran
Lutheran
(1.30%), Episcopalian (1.20%), Latter-Day Saints
Latter-Day Saints
(0.84%), and other Christian (8.87%) churches, including Eastern Orthodox
Eastern Orthodox
and non-denominational. Judaism
Judaism
(0.57%) is the second largest religion after Christianity, followed by Eastern religions
Eastern religions
(0.34%) and Islam
Islam
(0.32%).[53] Economy[edit] See also: List of companies in Charlotte

Duke Energy Center
Duke Energy Center
and The Westin Charlotte

AT&T in Charlotte

Charlotte has become a major U.S. financial center with the third most banking assets after New York City
City
and San Francisco.[11][54] The nation's second largest financial institution by total assets, Bank of America, calls the city home. The city was also the former corporate home of Wachovia
Wachovia
until its 2008 acquisition by Wells Fargo; Wells Fargo integrated legacy Wachovia, with the two banks fully merged at the end of 2011, which included transitioning all of the Wachovia branches in the Carolinas to Wells Fargo
Wells Fargo
branches by October 2011. Since then, Charlotte has become the regional headquarters for East Coast operations of Wells Fargo, which is headquartered in San Francisco, California. Charlotte also serves as the headquarters for Wells Fargo's capital markets activities including sales and trading, equity research, and investment banking. Bank of America's headquarters, along with other regional banking and financial services companies, are located primarily in the Uptown central business district. Microsoft's East Coast headquarters are located in Charlotte.[55] Charlotte has six Fortune 500 companies in its metropolitan area. Listed in order of their rank, they are: Bank of America, Lowe's
Lowe's
in suburban Mooresville, Duke Energy, Nucor (steel producer), Sonic Automotive and Sealed Air Corp. The Charlotte area includes a diverse range of businesses, including foodstuffs such as Chiquita Brands International, Harris Teeter, Snyder's-Lance, Carolina Foods Inc, Bojangles', Food Lion, Compass Group
Compass Group
USA, and Coca-Cola Bottling Co. Consolidated (Charlotte being the nation's second largest Coca-Cola bottler); motor and transportation companies such as RSC Brands, Continental Tire the Americas, LLC., Meineke Car Care Centers, Carlisle Companies (along with several other services), along with a wide array of other businesses.[56] Charlotte is the major center in the U.S. motorsports industry, housing multiple offices of NASCAR, the NASCAR
NASCAR
Hall of Fame, and Charlotte Motor Speedway
Charlotte Motor Speedway
in Concord. Approximately 75% of the NASCAR industry's race teams, employees and drivers are based nearby. The large presence of the racing technology industry and the newly built NHRA
NHRA
dragstrip, zMAX Dragway at Concord, are influencing other top professional drag racers to move their shops to Charlotte as well. Located in the western part of Mecklenburg County is the U.S. National Whitewater Center, which consists of man-made rapids of varying degrees, is open to the public year-round.[57]

One Wells Fargo
Wells Fargo
Center behind the Latta Arcade
Latta Arcade
in Uptown Charlotte

The Square, Uptown Charlotte

The Charlotte Region has a major base of energy-oriented organizations and has become known as "Charlotte USA – The New Energy Capital." In the region there are more than 240 companies directly tied to the energy sector, collectively employing more than 26,400. Since 2007 more than 4,000 energy sector jobs have been announced. Major energy players in Charlotte include AREVA, Babcock & Wilcox, Duke Energy, Electric Power Research Institute, Fluor, Metso Power, Piedmont Natural Gas, Siemens Energy, Shaw Group, Toshiba, URS Corp., and Westinghouse. The University of North Carolina at Charlotte has a reputation in energy education and research, and its Energy Production and Infrastructure Center (EPIC) trains energy engineers and conducts research. The area is an increasingly growing trucking and freight transportation hub for the East Coast. The Charlotte Center city has seen remarkable growth over the last decade. Numerous residential units continue to be built uptown, including over 20 skyscrapers under construction, recently completed, or in the planning stage. Many new restaurants, bars and clubs now operate in the Uptown area. Several projects are transforming the Midtown Charlotte/Elizabeth area.[58] In 2013, Forbes
Forbes
named Charlotte among its list of Best Places for Business and Careers.[59] Charlotte was listed as the 20th largest city in the US, and the 60th fastest growing city in the US between 2000 and 2008.[60] Top employers[edit] According to Charlotte's 2014 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[61] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees

1 Atrium Health 35,000

2 Wells Fargo 22,000

3 Charlotte Mecklenburg Schools 18,143

4 Walmart 16,100

5 Bank of America 15,000

6 Lowe's 12,960

7 Novant Health 11,000

8 American Airlines 10,600

9 Harris Teeter 8,239

10 Duke Energy 7,800

Culture[edit] Museums[edit]

Mint Museum
Mint Museum
Uptown at Levine Center for the Arts

The Harvey B. Gantt Center
Harvey B. Gantt Center
for African American
African American
Arts + Culture

Bechtler Museum of Modern Art

Bechtler Museum of Modern Art Billy Graham
Billy Graham
Library Carolinas Aviation Museum Charlotte-Mecklenburg Fire Education Center and Museum            Charlotte Nature Museum in Freedom Park Charlotte Trolley Museum in Historic South End Discovery Place Discovery Place
Discovery Place
KIDS-Huntersville Harvey B. Gantt Center
Harvey B. Gantt Center
for African-American Arts + Culture Historic Rosedale Plantation Levine Museum of the New South The Light Factory McColl Center for Visual Art Mint Museum NASCAR
NASCAR
Hall of Fame Second Ward Alumni House Museum Wells Fargo
Wells Fargo
History Museum Charlotte Museum of History

Performing arts[edit]

Actor's Theatre of Charlotte Amos' Southend Music Hall Blumenthal Performing Arts Center Charlotte Ballet Charlotte Symphony Orchestra Charlotte Shakespeare Children's Theatre of Charlotte ImaginOn North Carolina
North Carolina
Music Factory Opera Carolina The Robot Johnson Show Citizens of the Universe Theatre Charlotte Carolina Renaissance Festival

Festivals and special events[edit] The Charlotte region is home to many annual festivals and special events. The Carolina Renaissance Festival operates on Saturdays and Sundays each October and November. Located near the intersection of Highway 73 and Poplar Tent Road, the Carolina Renaissance Festival is one of the largest renaissance themed events in the country. It features 11 stages of outdoor variety entertainment, a 22-acre village marketplace, an interactive circus, an arts and crafts fair, a jousting tournament, and a feast, all rolled into one non-stop, day-long family adventure. Taste of Charlotte is a 3 day festival featuring over 100 samples from area restaurants along with Live Music and Entertainment, Interactive Children’s Activities, Cooking Demos, Street Performances, Unique Shopping and a large variety of local, regional and national partners interacting with festival goers, providing information, coupons and free stuff! Admission to Taste of Charlotte is FREE. Purchase festival coins to use for restaurant samples, beverages and kid’s activities.Located on Tryon Street, Taste of Charlotte now spans 6 city blocks from Stonewall to 5th Street. Enjoy delicious food while strolling the festival experiencing four stages of entertainment, street performances and interactive tours. Taste of Charlotte truly is a fun, friendly atmosphere for all ages Zoos and aquariums[edit] Charlotte is "... the largest metropolitan area in the United States without a zoo."[62] The Charlotte Zoo initiative is a proposal to allocate 250 acres (101 ha) of natural North Carolina
North Carolina
land to be dedicated to the zoological foundation, which was incorporated in 2008. On August 18, 2012, News Channel 14 says that the initiative is "... still a few years away" and the plot of land is "... just seven miles from the center of uptown." According to the news channel, "... the zoo will cost roughly $300 million, and will be completely privately-funded."[63] The Charlotte Observer
The Charlotte Observer
references two other zoos, the Riverbanks Zoo and Garden
Riverbanks Zoo and Garden
and the North Carolina
North Carolina
Zoological Park as two "great zoos" that are accessible from the Charlotte-Mecklenberg area, both roughly more than 70 miles away.[64] Charlotte is also served by the Sea Life Charlotte-Concord Aquarium in the nearby city of Concord. The aquarium is 30,000 square feet in size, and is part of the Concord Mills mall. The aquarium opened on February 20, 2014.[65] Sports[edit]

Bank of America
Bank of America
Stadium

Main article: Sports in Charlotte, North Carolina Charlotte is home to two major professional sports franchises: the Carolina Panthers
Carolina Panthers
of the National Football League
National Football League
(NFL) and the Charlotte Hornets
Charlotte Hornets
of the National Basketball Association
National Basketball Association
(NBA). The Panthers have been located in Charlotte since the team's creation in 1995, and the current Hornets franchise has been located in Charlotte since its creation in 2004. The Panthers play their home games in Bank of America Stadium, while the Hornets play in the Spectrum Center. The original Hornets NBA
NBA
franchise was established in 1988 as an expansion team, but it relocated to New Orleans, Louisiana
Louisiana
in 2002 after animosity grew between the team's fans and principal owner George Shinn.[66] The NBA
NBA
quickly granted Charlotte an expansion franchise following the departure of the Hornets, and the new franchise, the Charlotte Bobcats, began to play in 2004. The team retook the Hornets name when the New Orleans-based team renamed itself the New Orleans Pelicans in 2013.[67] The name change became official on May 20, 2014. On the same day, the franchise reclaimed the history and records of the original 1988–2002 Hornets.[68] Charlotte is represented in ice hockey and baseball at the 'AAA' professional level by the Charlotte Checkers and the Charlotte Knights.

Club Sport Founded League Venue

Carolina Panthers Football 1995 National Football League Bank of America
Bank of America
Stadium

Charlotte Hornets Basketball 1988 National Basketball
Basketball
Association Spectrum Center

Charlotte Hounds Lacrosse 2011 Major League Lacrosse American Legion Memorial Stadium

Charlotte Checkers Ice hockey 1993 American Hockey League Bojangles'
Bojangles'
Coliseum

Charlotte Knights Baseball 1976 International League BB&T Ballpark

Charlotte Independence Soccer 2015 United Soccer League Mecklenburg County Sportsplex

Charlotte Eagles Soccer 1993 Premier Development League Queens Sports Complex

Charlotte Lady Eagles Soccer 1993 W-League Queens Sports Complex

Law, government and politics[edit] See also: Mayor of Charlotte, North Carolina
North Carolina
and City
City
Council of Charlotte, North Carolina Charlotte has a council-manager form of government. The mayor and city council are elected every two years, with no term limits. The mayor is ex officio chairman of the city council, and only votes in case of a tie. Unlike other mayors in council-manager systems, Charlotte's mayor has the power to veto ordinances passed by the council; vetoes can be overridden by a two-thirds majority of the council. The council appoints a city manager to serve as chief administrative officer. Unlike some other cities and towns in North Carolina, elections are held on a partisan basis. The current mayor is Vi Lyles, a Democrat elected in 2017.[69] Patrick Cannon, a Democrat, was sworn in as mayor on December 2, 2013.[70] On March 26, 2014, Cannon was arrested on public corruption charges. Later the same day, he resigned as mayor.[71] On April 7, the city council held a special election and selected State Senator Dan Clodfelter, also a Democrat, to fill out the balance of Cannon's term.[72] Former Mecklenburg County Commission chairwoman Jennifer Roberts defeated Clodfelter in the 2015 Democratic primary, and went on to win the general election, becoming the first Democratic woman to hold the post. She was ousted in the 2017 Democratic primary by Mayor Pro Tem Lyles, who went on to become the city's fourth mayor in four years. Historically, voters have been friendly to moderates of both parties. However, in recent years, Charlotte has swung heavily to the Democrats. Republican strength is concentrated in the southeastern portion of the city, while Democratic strength is concentrated in the south-central, eastern, and northern areas. The city council comprises 11 members (7 from districts and 4 at-large). Democrats control the council with a 9-to-2 advantage, winning all 4 of the at-large seats in the November 2013 municipal election. While the city council is responsible for passing ordinances, many policy decisions must be approved by the North Carolina General Assembly as well, since North Carolina
North Carolina
municipalities do not have home rule. While municipal powers have been broadly construed since the 1960s, the General Assembly still retains considerable authority over local matters. Charlotte is split between two congressional districts on the federal level. The southeastern portion is part of the 9th District, represented by Republican Robert Pittenger. Most of the city is in the 12th District, represented by Democrat Alma Adams. Charlotte was selected in 2011 to host the 2012 Democratic National Convention, which was held at the Spectrum Center. It began September 4, 2012, and ended on September 6.[1] City
City
services[edit] Emergency medical services[edit] Emergency medical services for the city of Charlotte are provided by MEDIC, the Mecklenburg EMS agency. MEDIC responded to over 93,000 calls for help in 2008, and transported over 71,000 patients to the major hospitals in Charlotte.[73] The agency employs nearly 350 paramedics, EMTs, and EMDs. In addition to dispatching MEDIC's EMS calls, the agency also dispatches all county fire calls outside of the city of Charlotte.[74] At any given time, between 20 and 40 ambulances will be deployed to cover the county. Hospitals[edit]

Hospital name Website

Carolinas Medical Center / Center for Mental Health http://www.carolinashealthcare.org/cmc

Carolinas Medical Center-Mercy http://www.carolinashealthcare.org/cmc-mercy

Carolinas HealthCare System Pineville http://www.carolinashealthcare.org/pineville

Carolinas HealthCare System University http://www.carolinashealthcare.org/university

Carolinas Rehabilitation http://www.carolinashealthcare.org/carolinas-rehab

Carolinas ContinueCare Pineville http://continuecare.org/pineville/

Novant Health Charlotte Orthopedic Hospital http://www.novanthealth.org/charlotte-orthopedic-hospital.aspx

Novant Health Presbyterian
Presbyterian
Medical Center http://www.novanthealth.org/presbyterian-medical-center.aspx

Renfrew Center http://renfrewcenter.com/locations/non-residential/charlotte-nc

Fire department[edit] The Charlotte Fire Department
Charlotte Fire Department
provides fire suppression, emergency medical services, public education, hazardous materials (HAZMAT) mitigation, technical rescues, and fire prevention and inspection with 1,164 personnel. Forty-two fire stations are strategically scattered throughout Charlotte to provide a reasonable response time to emergencies in the city limits. Law enforcement and crime[edit] See also: Charlotte-Mecklenburg Police Department The Charlotte-Mecklenburg Police Department
Charlotte-Mecklenburg Police Department
(CMPD) is a combined jurisdiction agency. The CMPD has law enforcement jurisdiction in both the city of Charlotte and the few unincorporated areas left in Mecklenburg County. The other small towns maintain their own law enforcement agencies for their own jurisdictions. The department consists of approximately 1,700 sworn law enforcement officers, 550 civilian personnel, and more than 400 volunteers.[75] The Charlotte-Mecklenburg Police Department
Charlotte-Mecklenburg Police Department
divides the city into 13 geographic areas, which vary in size both geographically and by the number of officers assigned to each division. The total crime index for Charlotte is 589.2 crimes committed per 100,000 residents as of 2008[update] and has shown a steady decline since 2005.[76] The national average is 320.9 per 100,000 residents.[76] An average of 4,939 vehicles are stolen every year in Charlotte.[77] According to the Congressional Quarterly Press; '2008 City
City
Crime Rankings: Crime in Metropolitan America,' Charlotte, North Carolina ranks as the 62nd most dangerous city larger than 75,000 inhabitants.[78] However, the entire Charlotte-Gastonia Metropolitan Statistical Area ranked as 27th most dangerous out of 338 metro areas.[79] Education[edit] See also: List of schools in Charlotte School system[edit] The city's public school system, Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools, is the 2nd largest in North Carolina
North Carolina
and 17th largest in the nation.[80] In 2009, it won the NAEP Awards, the Nation's Report Card for urban school systems with top honors among 18 city systems for 4th grade math, 2nd place among 8th graders.[81][82] An estimated 144,000 students are taught in 164 separate elementary, middle, and high schools.[83] Colleges and universities[edit]

The Student Union Quad of UNC Charlotte's main campus

Charlotte is home to a number of universities and colleges such as Central Piedmont Community College, Johnson C. Smith University, Johnson & Wales University, Queens University of Charlotte, and the University of North Carolina
North Carolina
at Charlotte. Several notable colleges are located in the metropolitan suburbs. Located in Davidson, North Carolina, Davidson College
Davidson College
is ranked in the top ten nationally among liberal arts colleges, according to U.S. News & World Report. Additional colleges in the area include Belmont Abbey College in the suburb of Belmont, North Carolina, and Wingate University in the suburb of Wingate, North Carolina. Also nearby are Winthrop University, Clinton Junior College, and York Technical College in Rock Hill, South Carolina. UNC Charlotte
UNC Charlotte
is the city's largest university. It is located in University City, the northeastern portion of Charlotte, which is also home to University Research Park, a 3,200 acres (13 km2) research and corporate park. With more than 29,000 students, UNC Charlotte is the third largest university in the state system. Central Piedmont Community College
Central Piedmont Community College
is the largest community college in the Carolinas, with more than 70,000 students each year and 6 campuses throughout the Charlotte-Mecklenburg region.[84] CPCC is part of the statewide North Carolina
North Carolina
Community College System. The Charlotte School of Law opened its doors in Charlotte in 2006 and was fully accredited by the American Bar Association in 2011. The law school offered the Juris Doctor
Juris Doctor
degree but the Bar association rescinded the accreditation in 2017. Charlotte School of Law once was the largest law school in the Carolinas has ceased to operate. Pfeiffer University has a satellite campus in Charlotte. Wake Forest University, with its main campus in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, also operates a satellite campus of its Babcock Graduate School of Management in the Uptown area.[85] The Connecticut School of Broadcasting, DeVry University, and ECPI University
ECPI University
all have branches in Charlotte. The Universal Technical Institute
Universal Technical Institute
has the NASCAR Technical Institute in nearby Mooresville, serving the Charlotte area. Montreat College
Montreat College
(Charlotte) maintains a School of Professional and Adult Studies in the city. Additionally, Union Presbyterian
Presbyterian
Seminary has a non-residential campus offering the Master of Arts in Christian Education, and the Master of Divinity in Charlotte near the Beverley Woods area. The North Carolina
North Carolina
Research Campus, a 350-acre biotechnology hub located northeast of Charlotte in the city of Kannapolis, is a public-private venture including eight universities, one community college, the David H. Murdock Research Institute
David H. Murdock Research Institute
(DHMRI), the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and corporate entities that collaborate to advance the fields of human health, nutrition and agriculture. Partnering educational organizations include UNC Charlotte and Rowan-Cabarrus Community College, from the Charlotte region, as well as Appalachian State University, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Duke University, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, North Carolina
North Carolina
A&T State University, North Carolina Central University and North Carolina
North Carolina
State University.[86] The research campus is part of a larger effort by leaders in the Charlotte area to attract energy, health, and other knowledge-based industries that contribute to North Carolina's strength in biotechnology. Libraries[edit]

ImaginOn
ImaginOn
Children's Theater and Library

The Charlotte Mecklenburg Library
Charlotte Mecklenburg Library
serves the Charlotte area with a large collection (more than 1.5 million) of books, CDs and DVDs at 15 locations in the city of Charlotte, with branches in the surrounding towns of Matthews, Mint Hill, Huntersville, Cornelius and Davidson. All locations provide free access to Internet-enabled computers and WiFi, and a library card from one location is accepted at all 20 locations. Although the library's roots go back to the Charlotte Literary and Library Association, founded on January 16, 1891,[87] the state-chartered Carnegie Library, which opened on the current North Tryon site of the Main Library, was the first non-subscription library opened to members of the public in the city of Charlotte. The philanthropist Andrew Carnegie
Andrew Carnegie
donated $25,000 dollars for a library building, on the condition that the city of Charlotte donate a site and $2,500 per year for books and salaries,[88] and that the state grant a charter for the library. All conditions were met, and the Charlotte Carnegie Library
Carnegie Library
opened in an imposing classical building on July 2, 1903. The 1903 state charter also required that a library be opened for the disenfranchised African-American population of Charlotte. This was completed in 1905 with the opening of the Brevard Street Library for Negroes, an independent library in Brooklyn, a historically black area of Charlotte, on the corner of Brevard and East Second Streets (now Martin Luther King Boulevard).[89] The Brevard Street Library was the first library for African Americans in the state of North Carolina,[89] and some sources say in the southeast.[90] The library was closed in 1961 when the Brooklyn neighborhood in Second Ward was redeveloped, but its role as a cultural center for African-Americans in Charlotte is continued by the Beatties Ford and West Boulevard branches of the library system, as well as by Charlotte's African-American Cultural Center. Media[edit] Main article: Media in Charlotte, North Carolina Television[edit] According to Nielsen Media Research, Charlotte is the 22nd largest television market in the nation (as of the 2016-2017 season) and the largest in the state of North Carolina.[91] Major television stations located in Charlotte include CBS
CBS
affiliate WBTV
WBTV
3 (the oldest television station in the Carolinas), ABC affiliate WSOC-TV
WSOC-TV
9, NBC affiliate WCNC-TV
WCNC-TV
36, CW affiliate WCCB
WCCB
18, and PBS
PBS
member station WTVI
WTVI
42. Two cable sports networks are also headquartered in Charlotte: the ESPN-controlled SEC Network
SEC Network
and the regional Fox Sports Carolinas. Other stations serving the Charlotte market include Fox owned-and-operated station WJZY
WJZY
46 in Belmont, UNC-TV/ PBS
PBS
member station WUNG-TV 58 in Concord, independent station WAXN-TV
WAXN-TV
64 (a sister to WSOC-TV) in Kannapolis, and two stations in Rock Hill, South Carolina: MyNetworkTV
MyNetworkTV
owned-and-operated station WMYT-TV 55 (a sister to WJZY) and PBS
PBS
member station WNSC-TV 30. Additionally, INSP is headquartered in nearby Indian Land, South Carolina. Cable television customers are served by Spectrum, which offers a localized feed of Raleigh-based Spectrum News North Carolina. Radio[edit] Charlotte is the 24th largest radio market in the nation, according to Arbitron. While major groups like iHeartMedia, Entercom
Entercom
and Radio One have stations serving Charlotte, several smaller groups also own and operate stations in the area. Newspaper[edit] Charlotte has one major daily newspaper, The Charlotte Observer. It boasts the largest circulation in North[92] and South Carolina. Infrastructure[edit] Waste treatment[edit] Charlotte has a municipal waste system consisting of trash pickup, water distribution, and waste treatment. There are five waste water treatment plants operated by Charlotte Water (previously Charlotte-Mecklenburg Utility Department).[93] Charlotte has a biosolids program.[94] Some Chester residents spoke out against the program on February 26, 2013.[95] Charlotte's sludge is handled, transported, and spread on farm fields in Chester by a company called Synagro, a wholly owned subsidiary of the Carlyle Group[96] Charlotte's sludge is of the "CLASS B" variety, which means it still contains detectable levels of pathogens.[97][98] Transportation[edit] Main article: Transportation in Charlotte, North Carolina

LYNX light rail opened in November 2007

LYNX Bland Street Station in Charlotte's SouthEnd neighborhood

Mass transit[edit] See also: LYNX Rapid Transit Services The Charlotte Area Transit System
Charlotte Area Transit System
(CATS) is the agency responsible for operating mass transit in Charlotte and Mecklenburg County. CATS operates light rail transit, historical trolleys, express shuttles, and bus services serving Charlotte and its immediate suburbs. The LYNX light rail system comprises a 9.6‑mile line north–south line known as the Blue Line, which saw 2025 ridership projections (18,500) exceeded after its first year of service. Bus ridership continues to grow (66% since 1998).[99] The 2030 Transit Corridor System Plan looks to supplement established bus service with light rail and commuter rail lines as a part of the LYNX system. In 2011, the city of Charlotte and CATS staff conducted public forums to present the final Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) and gather public input from residents, property owners, and business owners located in northeast Charlotte, which is where the LYNX light rail is proposed to be extended from uptown Charlotte to UNC‑Charlotte campus.[100] Construction on this portion is expected to end in March 16th, 2018.[101] Walkability[edit] A 2011 study by Walk Score
Walk Score
ranked Charlotte the 49th most walkable of the 50 largest cities in the United States.[102] Roads and highways[edit] Charlotte's central location between the population centers of the northeast and southeast has made it a transportation focal point and primary distribution center, with two major interstate highways, I-85 and I-77, intersecting near the city's center. The latter highway also connects to the population centers of the Rust Belt. Charlotte's beltway, designated I-485 and simply called "485" by local residents, has been under construction for over 20 years, but funding problems have slowed its progress. The final segment was finished in mid-2015.[103] Upon completion, 485 will have a total circumference of approximately 67 miles (108 km). Within the city, the I-277 loop freeway encircles Charlotte's uptown (usually referred to by its two separate sections, the John Belk Freeway and the Brookshire Freeway) while Charlotte Route 4
Charlotte Route 4
links major roads in a loop between I-277 and I-485. Independence Freeway, which carries U.S. 74
U.S. 74
and links downtown with the Matthews area, is undergoing an expansion and widening in the eastern part of the city. Air[edit]

Charlotte-Douglas International Airport with Uptown Charlotte's skyline in the background

Charlotte Douglas International Airport
Charlotte Douglas International Airport
is the sixth busiest airport in both the U.S. and the world overall as measured by traffic (aircraft movements).[104] It is served by many domestic and international airlines including Air Canada
Air Canada
and Lufthansa. It is a major hub for American Airlines, having historically been a hub for its predecessors US Airways
US Airways
and Piedmont Airlines. Nonstop flights are available to many destinations across the United States, Canada, Central America, the Caribbean, Europe, Mexico, and South America. Intercity transportation[edit] See also: Charlotte ( Amtrak
Amtrak
station) Charlotte is served daily by three Amtrak
Amtrak
routes:

The Crescent connects Charlotte with New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington, D.C.; Charlottesville, and Greensboro to the north, and Greenville, Atlanta, Birmingham, Meridian and New Orleans to the south. The Carolinian connects Charlotte with New York; Philadelphia; Baltimore; Washington, D.C.; Richmond; Raleigh; Durham; and Greensboro. The Piedmont connects Charlotte with Raleigh, Durham, and Greensboro.

Charlotte is also served by both Greyhound and low-cost curbside carrier Megabus. The city is planning a new centralized multimodal train station called the Gateway Station. It is expected to house the future LYNX Purple Line, the new Greyhound bus station, and the Crescent line that passes through Uptown Charlotte. Notable people[edit] Main article: List of people from Charlotte Sister cities[edit] Sister Cities International
Sister Cities International
has designated nine sister cities of Charlotte:[105]

Country

City

County / District / Region / State Date

Peru

Arequipa

Arequipa
Arequipa
Region 1962

Germany

Krefeld

North Rhine-Westphalia 1985

China

Baoding

Hebei 1987

Russia

Voronezh

Voronezh
Voronezh
Oblast 1991

France

Limoges

Haute-Vienne 1992

Poland

Wroclaw

Lower Silesian Voivodeship 1993

Ghana

Kumasi

Ashanti Region 1996

Israel

Hadera

Haifa District 2009

Italy

Brindisi

Apulia 2010

See also[edit]

North Carolina
North Carolina
portal

I-85 Corridor May 1989 tornado outbreak Urban League of Central Carolinas

Notes[edit]

^ Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the expected highest and lowest temperature readings at any point during the year or given month) calculated based on data at said location from 1981 to 2010. ^ Official records for Charlotte kept October 1878 to August 1948 at downtown and at Charlotte-Douglas Int'l since September 1948. For more information, see Threadex

References[edit]

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of Charlotte CAFR". Archived from the original (PDF) on February 20, 2015. Retrieved 2015-02-20.  ^ "About the Charlotte Zoological Park Initiative Bringing Animal Conservation & Research to the Carolinas". Charlottezoologicalpark.org. Archived from the original on 2011-01-31. Retrieved 2013-10-02.  ^  . "Charlotte Zoological Park Initiative ready to move forward — News 14". Charlotte.news14.com. Archived from the original on June 29, 2013. Retrieved October 2, 2013.  ^ "Great zoos". CharlotteObserver.com. 2013-05-16. Archived from the original on 2014-04-16. Retrieved 2013-10-02.  ^ "Sea Life Aquarium opens at Concord Mills". CharlotteObserver.com. 2014-02-20. Retrieved 2014-02-20.  ^ Spanberg, Erik. " George Shinn says co-owner 'hell-bent' on Charlotte exit". www.bizjournals.com. Charlotte Business Journal. Retrieved 14 May 2015.  ^ NBA
NBA
owners give Bobcats OK to change name to Charlotte Hornets, The Charlotte Observer, July 19, 2013 ^ " Charlotte Hornets
Charlotte Hornets
on Twitter". Retrieved June 13, 2016.  ^ "Jennifer Roberts defeats Edwin Peacock for Charlotte mayor".  ^ "Cannon sworn in as Mayor". WBTV'. December 2, 2013. Retrieved December 2, 2013.  ^ Washburn, Mark; Morrill, Jim. "Charlotte mayor resigns after arrest on corruption charges". Retrieved June 13, 2016.  ^ WBTV. " Dan Clodfelter
Dan Clodfelter
selected as mayor of Charlotte". Dan Clodfelter selected as mayor of Charlotte. WBTV. Retrieved 2014-04-07.  ^ "Historical Data". Medic 911. Archived from the original on 2010-02-06. Retrieved July 2, 2010.  ^ "About Medic". Medic 911. Archived from the original on 2009-05-29. Retrieved July 2, 2010.  ^ "Home". Charmeck.org. Archived from the original on June 5, 2008. Retrieved July 2, 2010.  ^ a b "Charlotte, North Carolina
North Carolina
(NC) profile: population, maps, real estate, averages, homes, statistics, relocation, travel, jobs, hospitals, schools, crime, moving, houses, sex offenders, news, sex offenders". City-data.com. Retrieved July 2, 2010.  ^ Charlotte, NC Auto Theft Statistics, archived from the original on June 6, 2014, retrieved June 6, 2014  ^ "CQ Press: City
City
Crime Rankings 2008". Os.cqpress.com. Archived from the original on June 7, 2010. Retrieved July 2, 2010.  ^ "AMSAFM2.WK4" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on March 26, 2009. Retrieved July 2, 2010.  ^ "Largest 100 School Districts". Retrieved June 13, 2016.  ^ "Charlotte NC- Three Big Wins for the City". Charlotte Communities Online. December 10, 2009. Retrieved August 5, 2016.  ^ "Media.newsoberver.com". Archived from the original on October 31, 2007. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) ^ "Background, Facts and History". Retrieved June 13, 2016.  ^ "About CPCC — CPCC". Retrieved June 13, 2016.  ^ " Wake Forest University
Wake Forest University
plans for growth and increases commitment in Charlotte". Wake Forest University. May 22, 2009. Archived from the original on June 10, 2009. Retrieved May 22, 2009.  ^ "N.C. Research Campus Partners and Research". Archived from the original on 2014-03-04. Retrieved May 20, 2013.  ^ "Public Library of Charlotte and Mecklenburg County: A century of service". cmstory.org Web Site. Public Library of Charlotte and Mecklenburg County. Archived from the original on 2015-09-25. Retrieved September 25, 2015.  ^ "Public Library of Charlotte and Mecklenburg County: A century of service". cmstory.org Web Site. Public Library of Charlotte and Mecklenburg County. Archived from the original on 2015-09-25. Retrieved September 25, 2015.  ^ a b "Public Library of Charlotte and Mecklenburg County: A century of service". cmstory.org Web Site. Public Library of Charlotte and Mecklenburg County. Archived from the original on 2015-09-25. Retrieved September 25, 2015.  ^ "charmeck.org Web Site". Archived from the original on October 6, 2007. Retrieved September 25, 2015.  ^ "Local Television Market Universe Estimates" (PDF). Nielsen. January 1, 2017.  ^ "Biggest North Carolina
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of Charlotte Government. Retrieved 2018-03-26.  ^ EPA,OW,OST,HECD, US. " Biosolids
Biosolids
US EPA". US EPA. Retrieved 2018-03-26. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) ^ Charlotte.com[dead link] ^ "LYNX Blue Line Extension". Charlotte Area Transit System. Retrieved May 27, 2013.  ^ "Light Rail Project Timeline – Light Rail – UNC Charlotte". uncc.edu.  ^ "2011 City
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Further reading[edit] See also: Bibliography of the history of Charlotte, North Carolina

Graves, William, and Heather A. Smith, eds. Charlotte, NC: The Global Evolution of a New South City
City
(University of Georgia Press; 2010) 320 pages. Essays that use Charlotte to explore how globalization and local forces combine to transform Southern cities. ISBN 0-8203-3561-4 Hanchett, Thomas W. Sorting Out the New South City: Race, Class, and Urban Development in Charlotte, 1875–1975. 380 pages. University of North Carolina
North Carolina
Press. August 1, 1998. ISBN 0-8078-2376-7. Kratt, Mary Norton. Charlotte: Spirit of the New South. 293 pages. John F. Blair, Publisher. September 1, 1992. ISBN 0-89587-095-9. Kratt, Mary Norton and Mary Manning Boyer. Remembering Charlotte: Postcards from a New South City, 1905–1950. 176 pages. University of North Carolina
North Carolina
Press. October 1, 2000. ISBN 0-8078-4871-9. Kratt, Mary Norton. New South Women: Twentieth Century Women of Charlotte, North Carolina. Public Library of Charlotte and Mecklenburg County in Association with John F. Blair, Publisher. August 1, 2001. ISBN 0-89587-250-1.

External links[edit]

Find more aboutCharlotte, North Carolinaat's sister projects

Definitions from Wiktionary Media from Wikimedia Commons News from Wikinews Quotations from Wikiquote Texts from Wikisource Textbooks from Wikibooks Travel guide from Wikivoyage Learning resources from Wikiversity

Official Charlotte-Mecklenburg County NC website Charlotte Area Transit System
Charlotte Area Transit System
(CATS) Charlotte travel guide from Wikivoyage Visit Charlotte, from the Charlotte Regional Visitor's Authority Charlotte, North Carolina
North Carolina
at Curlie (based on DMOZ) Charlotte Metropolis – stop motion video by Rob Ca

Articles relating to Charlotte, North Carolina

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City
City
of Charlotte, North Carolina

Main

Charlotteans Mecklenburg County Metrolina North Carolina Piedmont Neighborhoods Tallest buildings

History

Timeline Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence Queen Charlotte Charlottetown Resolutions

Government

Mayor of Charlotte: Vi Lyles Charlotte City
City
Council Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools Public Library System Charlotte Fire CMPD

Colleges and universities

University of North Carolina
North Carolina
at Charlotte Central Piedmont Community College Charlotte School of Law Johnson C. Smith University Johnson & Wales University Queens University of Charlotte

Attractions

Museums: Bechtler Museum of Modern Art Billy Graham
Billy Graham
Library Carolinas Aviation Museum Discovery Place Harvey B. Gantt Center Levine Museum of the New South Mint Museum NASCAR
NASCAR
Hall of Fame

Performing Arts: North Carolina
North Carolina
Blumenthal Performing Arts Center ImaginOn North Carolina
North Carolina
Music Factory PNC Music Pavilion Tremont Music Hall Charlotte Philharmonic Orchestra

Parks: First Ward Park Freedom Park Independence Park Little Sugar Creek Greenway Reedy Creek Park Romare Bearden Park

Sports teams

Carolina Panthers–NFL Charlotte Hornets–NBA Charlotte Hounds–MLL Charlotte Checkers–AHL Charlotte Independence–United Soccer Leagues Charlotte Knights–IL Charlotte Rugby Club–RSL Charlotte 49ers–NCAA Division I Johnson C. Smith University
Johnson C. Smith University
Golden Bulls–NCAA Division II

Media

Newspapers: The Charlotte Observer The Charlotte Post Creative Loafing Q-Notes Charlotte Weekly

Television: 3 WBTV
WBTV
(CBS) 9 WSOC (ABC) 14 WHKY (Ind.) 18 WCCB
WCCB
(CW) 30 WNSC (PBS/ETV) 36 WCNC (NBC) 42 WTVI
WTVI
(PBS) 46 WJZY
WJZY
(Fox) 55 WMYT (MNT) 58 WUNG (PBS/UNC-TV) 64 WAXN (Ind.)

Economy

Atrium Health Center city Companies Convention Center

Transportation

Charlotte Area Transit System

Lynx Blue Line CityLynx Gold
Gold
Line

Charlotte Douglas International Airport

Roads: I-77 I-85 I-277 I-485 US 21 US 29 US 74 US 521 NC 16 NC 49 NC 51 NC 115 Route 4

Rail: Carolinian Crescent Piedmont

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Charlotte Metropolitan Area

Counties

Alexander¶ Anson¶ Cabarrus Catawba¶ Chester Chesterfield¶ Cleveland‡ Gaston Iredell Lancaster Lincoln Mecklenburg Rowan Stanly‡ Union York

Major city

Charlotte

Municipalities and CDPs in the Charlotte Metropolitan Area

50k–100k

Concord Gastonia Huntersville Rock Hill

20k–50k

Cornelius Hickory¶ Indian Trail Kannapolis Matthews Mint Hill Monroe Mooresville Salisbury Shelby‡ Statesville

5k–20k

Albemarle‡ Belmont Bessemer City Cheraw¶ Cherryville Chester Conover¶ Davidson Fort Mill Harrisburg Kings Mountain Lake Norman
Lake Norman
of Catawba¶ Lancaster Lincolnton Mount Holly Newton Pageland¶ Pineville Stallings South Gastonia St. Stephens¶ Unionville Wadesboro¶ Waxhaw Weddington Wesley Chapel York

Footnotes

Bold = principal metro cities ‡ = places and counties part of CSA ¶ = sometimes included in metropolitan

North Carolina

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 State of North Carolina

Raleigh (capital)

Topics

Climate Geography

State Parks Wildlife

History Media

Newspapers Radio TV

North Carolinians Politics

Government Law

Tourist attractions

Seal of North Carolina

Society

Culture

Music Sports

Crime Demographics Economy Education Elections Gambling

Regions

Western

Foothills High Country

Piedmont

Metrolina (Charlotte) Piedmont Triad Triangle

Eastern

Sandhills Cape Fear Crystal Coast Inner Banks Outer Banks

Largest cities

Asheville Cary Chapel Hill Charlotte Concord Durham Fayetteville Gastonia Greensboro Greenville High Point Jacksonville Raleigh Wilmington Winston‑Salem

Smaller cities

Albemarle Apex Asheboro Burlington Conover Eden Elizabeth City Garner Goldsboro Graham Havelock Henderson Hendersonville Hickory Kannapolis Kings Mountain Kinston Laurinburg Lenoir Lexington Lumberton Monroe Morganton New Bern Newton Reidsville Roanoke Rapids Rocky Mount Salisbury Sanford Shelby Statesville Thomasville Wake Forest Wilson

Major towns

Beaufort Boone Brevard Carrboro Clayton Cornelius Dunn Fuquay-Varina Harrisburg Holly Springs Hope Mills Huntersville Indian Trail Kernersville Knightdale Leland Matthews Midland Mint Hill Mooresville Morehead City Morrisville Mount Pleasant Oxford Shallotte Smithfield Southern Pines Tarboro Waynesville Winterville

Counties

Alamance Alexander Alleghany Anson Ashe Avery Beaufort Bertie Bladen Brunswick Buncombe Burke Cabarrus Caldwell Camden Carteret Caswell Catawba Chatham Cherokee Chowan Clay Cleveland Columbus Craven Cumberland Currituck Dare Davidson Davie Duplin Durham Edgecombe Forsyth Franklin Gaston Gates Graham Granville Greene Guilford Halifax Harnett Haywood Henderson Hertford Hoke Hyde Iredell Jackson Johnston Jones Lee Lenoir Lincoln Macon Madison Martin McDowell Mecklenburg Mitchell Montgomery Moore Nash New Hanover Northampton Onslow Orange Pamlico Pasquotank Pender Perquimans Person Pitt Polk Randolph Richmond Robeson Rockingham Rowan Rutherford Sampson Scotland Stanly Stokes Surry Swain Transylvania Tyrrell Union Vance Wake Warren Washington Watauga Wayne Wilkes Wilson Yadkin Yancey

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Mayors of cities with populations exceeding 100,000 in North Carolina

State capital: Raleigh

Vi Lyles (Charlotte) Nancy McFarlane (Raleigh) Nancy Vaughan (Greensboro) Steve Schewel (Durham) Allen Joines (Winston-Salem) Mitch Colvin (Fayetteville) Harold Weinbrecht (Cary) Bill Saffo (Wilmington) Bill Bencini (High Point)

v t e

Municipalities and communities of Mecklenburg County, North Carolina, United States

County seat: Charlotte

City

Charlotte

Towns

Cornelius Davidson‡ Huntersville Matthews Midland‡ Mint Hill‡ Pineville Stallings‡ Weddington‡

Unincorporated communities

Caldwell Hopewell Newell Paw Creek

Footnotes

‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 145400371 GND: 4217701-7 BNF:

.