Charlotte Brontë (/ˈbrɒnti/, commonly /-teɪ/; 21 April
1816 – 31 March 1855) was an English novelist and poet, the
eldest of the three Brontë sisters who survived into adulthood and
whose novels have become classics of English literature. She first
published her works (including her best known novel, Jane Eyre) under
the pen name Currer Bell.
1 Early life and education
3 First publication
4 The Professor and Jane Eyre
5 Shirley and bereavements
6 In society
10 The Life of Charlotte Brontë
11 Héger letters
15 Further reading
16 External links
Early life and education
Charlotte Brontë was born on 21 April 1816 in Market Street Thornton,
Bradford in the West Riding of Yorkshire, the third of the six
children of Maria (née Branwell) and
Patrick Brontë (formerly
surnamed Brunty), an Irish
Anglican clergyman. In 1820 her family
moved a few miles to the village of Haworth, where her father had been
appointed perpetual curate of St Michael and All Angels Church. Maria
died of cancer on 15 September 1821, leaving five daughters, Maria,
Elizabeth, Charlotte, Emily and Anne, and a son, Branwell, to be taken
care of by her sister, Elizabeth Branwell.
In August 1824 Patrick sent Charlotte, Emily, Maria and Elizabeth to
the Clergy Daughters' School at
Cowan Bridge in Lancashire. Charlotte
maintained that the school's poor conditions permanently affected her
health and physical development, and hastened the deaths of Maria
(born 1814) and Elizabeth (born 1815), who both died of tuberculosis
in June 1825. After the deaths of his older daughters, Patrick removed
Charlotte and Emily from the school. Charlotte used the school as
the basis for Lowood School in Jane Eyre.
At home in
Haworth Parsonage, Brontë acted as "the motherly friend
and guardian of her younger sisters". Brontë wrote her first known
poem at the age of 13 in 1829, and was to go on to write more than 200
poems in the course of her life. Many of her poems were "published"
in their homemade magazine Branwell's Blackwood's Magazine, and
concerned the fictional Glass Town Confederacy. She and her
surviving siblings – Branwell, Emily and Anne – created
their own fictional worlds, and began chronicling the lives and
struggles of the inhabitants of their imaginary kingdoms. Charlotte
and Branwell wrote Byronic stories about their jointly imagined
country, Angria, and Emily and Anne wrote articles and poems about
Gondal. The sagas they created were episodic and elaborate, and they
exist in incomplete manuscripts, some of which have been published as
juvenilia. They provided them with an obsessive interest during
childhood and early adolescence, which prepared them for literary
vocations in adulthood.
Roe Head School
Between 1831 and 1832, Brontë continued her education at Roe Head in
Mirfield, where she met her lifelong friends and correspondents Ellen
Nussey and Mary Taylor. In 1833 she wrote a novella, The Green
Dwarf, using the name Wellesley. Around about 1833, her stories
shifted from tales of the supernatural to more realistic stories.
She returned to Roe Head as a teacher from 1835 to 1838. Unhappy and
lonely as a teacher at Roe Head, Brontë took out her sorrows in
poetry, writing a series of melancholic poems. In "We wove a Web in
Childhood" written in December 1835, Brontë drew a sharp contrast
between her miserable life as a teacher and the vivid imaginary worlds
she and her siblings had created. In another poem "Morning was its
freshness still" written at the same time, Brontë wrote "Tis bitter
sometimes to recall/Illusions once deemed fair". Many of her poems
concerned the imaginary world of Angria, often concerning Byronic
heroes, and in December 1836 she wrote to the Poet Laureate Robert
Southey asking him for encouragement of her career as a poet.
Southey wrote back to say she was a bad poet and to consider another
career, a letter that greatly hurt her. One scholar Dawn Potter
wrote that Brontë had a streak of sadism in her novels with her
characters always suffering in some way, which she suggested was due
to her own unhappy life.
In 1839 she took up the first of many positions as governess to
families in Yorkshire, a career she pursued until 1841. In particular,
from May to July 1839 she was employed by the Sidgwick family at their
summer residence, Stone Gappe, in Lothersdale, where one of her
charges was John Benson Sidgwick (1835–1927), an unruly child who on
one occasion threw a Bible at Charlotte, an incident that may have
been the inspiration for a part of the opening chapter of
Jane Eyre in
which John Reed throws a book at the young Jane. Brontë did not
enjoy her work as a governess, noting her employers treated her almost
as a slave, constantly humiliating her.
Brontë was of slight build and was less than five feet tall.
Plaque in Brussels
In 1842 Charlotte and Emily travelled to
Brussels to enrol at the
boarding school run by
Constantin Héger (1809–1896) and his wife
Claire Zoé Parent Héger (1804–1887). During her time in Brussels,
Brontë who favoured the
Protestant ideal of an individual in direct
contact with God, objected to the stern
Catholicism of Madame Héger,
which she considered to be a tyrannical religion that enforced
conformity and submission to the Pope. In return for board and
tuition Charlotte taught English and Emily taught music. Their time at
the school was cut short when their aunt Elizabeth Branwell, who had
joined the family in
Haworth to look after the children after their
mother's death, died of internal obstruction in October 1842.
Charlotte returned alone to
Brussels in January 1843 to take up a
teaching post at the school. Her second stay was not happy: she was
homesick and deeply attached to Constantin Héger. She returned to
Haworth in January 1844 and used the time spent in
Brussels as the
inspiration for some of the events in The Professor and Villette.
In May 1846 Charlotte, Emily and Anne self-financed the publication of
a joint collection of poems under their assumed names Currer, Ellis
and Acton Bell. The pseudonyms veiled the sisters' sex while
preserving their initials; thus Charlotte was Currer Bell. "Bell" was
the middle name of Haworth's curate,
Arthur Bell Nicholls
Arthur Bell Nicholls whom
Charlotte later married, and "Currer" was the surname of Frances Mary
Richardson Currer who had funded their school (and maybe their
father). Of the decision to use noms de plume, Charlotte wrote:
Averse to personal publicity, we veiled our own names under those of
Currer, Ellis and Acton Bell; the ambiguous choice being dictated by a
sort of conscientious scruple at assuming Christian names positively
masculine, while we did not like to declare ourselves women,
because – without at that time suspecting that our mode of
writing and thinking was not what is called "feminine" – we had
a vague impression that authoresses are liable to be looked on with
prejudice; we had noticed how critics sometimes use for their
chastisement the weapon of personality, and for their reward, a
flattery, which is not true praise.
Although only two copies of the collection of poems were sold, the
sisters continued writing for publication and began their first
novels, continuing to use their noms de plume when sending manuscripts
to potential publishers.
The Professor and Jane Eyre
Main article: Jane Eyre
Title page of the first edition of Jane Eyre
Brontë's first manuscript, The Professor, did not secure a publisher,
although she was heartened by an encouraging response from Smith,
Elder & Co. of Cornhill, who expressed an interest in any longer
works Currer Bell might wish to send. Brontë responded by
finishing and sending a second manuscript in August 1847. Six weeks
Jane Eyre was published. It tells the story of a plain
governess, Jane, who, after difficulties in her early life, falls in
love with her employer, Mr Rochester. They marry, but only after
Rochester's insane first wife, of whom Jane initially has no
knowledge, dies in a dramatic house fire. The book's style was
innovative, combining naturalism with gothic melodrama, and broke new
ground in being written from an intensely evoked first-person female
perspective. Brontë believed art was most convincing when based
on personal experience; in
Jane Eyre she transformed the experience
into a novel with universal appeal.
Jane Eyre had immediate commercial success and initially received
favourable reviews. G. H. Lewes wrote that it was "an utterance from
the depths of a struggling, suffering, much-enduring spirit", and
declared that it consisted of "suspiria de profundis!" (sighs from the
depths). Speculation about the identity and gender of the
mysterious Currer Bell heightened with the publication of Wuthering
Heights by Ellis Bell (Emily) and
Agnes Grey by Acton Bell (Anne).
Accompanying the speculation was a change in the critical reaction to
Brontë's work, as accusations were made that the writing was
"coarse", a judgement more readily made once it was suspected that
Currer Bell was a woman. However, sales of
Jane Eyre continued to
be strong and may even have increased as a result of the novel
developing a reputation as an "improper" book. A talented amateur
artist, Brontë personally did the drawings for the second edition of
Jane Eyre and in the summer of 1834 two of her paintings were shown at
an exhibition by the Royal Northern Society for the Encouragement of
the Fine Arts in Leeds.
Shirley and bereavements
In 1848 Brontë began work on the manuscript of her second novel,
Shirley. It was only partially completed when the Brontë family
suffered the deaths of three of its members within eight months. In
September 1848 Branwell died of chronic bronchitis and marasmus,
exacerbated by heavy drinking, although Brontë believed that his
death was due to tuberculosis. Branwell was also a suspected "opium
eater"; a laudanum addict. Emily became seriously ill shortly after
Branwell's funeral and died of pulmonary tuberculosis in December
1848. Anne died of the same disease in May 1849. Brontë was unable to
write at this time.
After Anne's death Brontë resumed writing as a way of dealing with
her grief, and Shirley, which deals with themes of industrial
unrest and the role of women in society, was published in October
1849. Unlike Jane Eyre, which is written in the first person, Shirley
is written in the third person and lacks the emotional immediacy of
her first novel, and reviewers found it less shocking. Brontë, as
her late sister's heir, suppressed the republication of Anne's second
novel, The Tenant of Wildfell Hall, an action which had a deleterious
effect on Anne's popularity as a novelist and has remained
controversial among the sisters' biographers ever since.
Disputed photograph taken about 1855; sources are in disagreement over
whether this image is of Brontë or of her friend, Ellen
In view of the success of her novels, particularly Jane Eyre, Brontë
was persuaded by her publisher to make occasional visits to London,
where she revealed her true identity and began to move in more exalted
social circles, becoming friends with
Harriet Martineau and Elizabeth
Gaskell, and acquainted with
William Makepeace Thackeray
William Makepeace Thackeray and G.H.
Lewes. She never left
Haworth for more than a few weeks at a time, as
she did not want to leave her ageing father. Thackeray's daughter,
writer Anne Isabella Thackeray Ritchie, recalled a visit to her father
... two gentlemen come in, leading a tiny, delicate, serious, little
lady, with fair straight hair and steady eyes. She may be a little
over thirty; she is dressed in a little barège dress with a pattern
of faint green moss. She enters in mittens, in silence, in
seriousness; our hearts are beating with wild excitement. This then is
the authoress, the unknown power whose books have set all London
talking, reading, speculating; some people even say our father wrote
the books – the wonderful books. ... The moment is so
breathless that dinner comes as a relief to the solemnity of the
occasion, and we all smile as my father stoops to offer his arm; for,
genius though she may be, Miss Brontë can barely reach his elbow. My
own personal impressions are that she is somewhat grave and stern,
specially to forward little girls who wish to chatter. ... Everyone
waited for the brilliant conversation which never began at all. Miss
Brontë retired to the sofa in the study, and murmured a low word now
and then to our kind governess ... the conversation grew dimmer and
more dim, the ladies sat round still expectant, my father was too much
perturbed by the gloom and the silence to be able to cope with it at
all ... after Miss Brontë had left, I was surprised to see my father
opening the front door with his hat on. He put his fingers to his
lips, walked out into the darkness, and shut the door quietly behind
him ... long afterwards ... Mrs Procter asked me if I knew what had
happened. ... It was one of the dullest evenings [Mrs Procter] had
ever spent in her life ... the ladies who had all come expecting so
much delightful conversation, and the gloom and the constraint, and
how finally, overwhelmed by the situation, my father had quietly left
the room, left the house, and gone off to his club.
Brontë's friendship with Elizabeth Gaskell, while not particularly
close, was significant in that Gaskell wrote the first biography of
Brontë after her death in 1855.
Brontë's third novel, the last published in her lifetime, was
Villette, which appeared in 1853. Its main themes include isolation,
how such a condition can be borne, and the internal conflict
brought about by social repression of individual desire. Its main
character, Lucy Snowe, travels abroad to teach in a boarding school in
the fictional town of Villette, where she encounters a culture and
religion different from her own, and falls in love with a man (Paul
Emanuel) whom she cannot marry. Her experiences result in a breakdown
but eventually she achieves independence and fulfilment through
running her own school. A substantial amount of the novel's dialogue
is in the French language. Villette marked Brontë's return to writing
from a first-person perspective (that of Lucy Snowe); the technique
she had used in Jane Eyre. Another similarity to
Jane Eyre lies in the
use of aspects of her own life as inspiration for fictional
events; in particular her reworking of the time she spent at the
pensionnat in Brussels. Villette was acknowledged by critics of the
day as a potent and sophisticated piece of writing although it was
criticised for "coarseness" and for not being suitably "feminine" in
its portrayal of Lucy's desires.
Before the publication of Villette, Brontë received a proposal of
marriage from Arthur Bell Nicholls, her father's curate, who had long
been in love with her. She initially turned down his proposal and
her father objected to the union at least partly because of Nicholls's
poor financial status. Elizabeth Gaskell, who believed that marriage
provided "clear and defined duties" that were beneficial for a
woman, encouraged Brontë to consider the positive aspects of such
a union and tried to use her contacts to engineer an improvement in
Nicholls's finances. Brontë meanwhile was increasingly attracted to
Nicholls and by January 1854 she had accepted his proposal. They
gained the approval of her father by April and married in June.
Her father Patrick had intended to give Charlotte away, but at the
last minute decided he could not, and Charlotte had to make her way to
the church without him. The married couple took their honeymoon in
Banagher, County Offaly, Ireland. By all accounts, her marriage
was a success and Brontë found herself very happy in a way that was
new to her.
Brontë became pregnant soon after her wedding, but her health
declined rapidly and, according to Gaskell, she was attacked by
"sensations of perpetual nausea and ever-recurring faintness". She
died, with her unborn child, on 31 March 1855, three weeks before her
39th birthday. Her death certificate gives the cause of death as
tuberculosis, but biographers including Claire Harman suggest that she
died from dehydration and malnourishment due to vomiting caused by
severe morning sickness or hyperemesis gravidarum. There is also
evidence that she died from typhus, which she may have caught from
Tabitha Ackroyd, the Brontë household's oldest servant, who died
shortly before her. Brontë was interred in the
family vault in the Church of St Michael and All Angels at Haworth.
The Professor, the first novel Brontë had written, was published
posthumously in 1857. The fragment of a new novel she had been writing
in her last years has been twice completed by recent authors, the more
famous version being Emma Brown: A Novel from the Unfinished
Charlotte Brontë by
Clare Boylan in 2003. Most of her
writings about the imaginary country Angria have also been published
since her death. In 2018, the
New York Times
New York Times published a belated
obituary for her.
The Life of Charlotte Brontë
Portrait by J. H. Thompson at the Brontë Parsonage Museum
Elizabeth Gaskell's biography
The Life of Charlotte Brontë
The Life of Charlotte Brontë was
published in 1857. It was an important step for a leading female
novelist to write a biography of another, and Gaskell's approach
was unusual in that, rather than analysing her subject's achievements,
she concentrated on private details of Brontë's life, emphasising
those aspects that countered the accusations of "coarseness" that had
been levelled at her writing. The biography is frank in places,
but omits details of Brontë's love for Héger, a married man, as
being too much of an affront to contemporary morals and a likely
source of distress to Brontë's father, widower, and friends. Mrs
Gaskell also provided doubtful and inaccurate information about
Patrick Brontë, claiming that he did not allow his children to eat
meat. This is refuted by one of Emily Brontë's diary papers, in which
she describes preparing meat and potatoes for dinner at the
parsonage. It has been argued that Gaskell's approach transferred
the focus of attention away from the 'difficult' novels, not just
Brontë's, but all the sisters', and began a process of sanctification
of their private lives.
On 29 July 1913
The Times of London printed four letters Brontë had
Constantin Héger after leaving
Brussels in 1844.
Written in French except for one postscript in English, the letters
broke the prevailing image of Brontë as an angelic martyr to
Christian and female duties that had been constructed by many
biographers, beginning with Gaskell. The letters, which formed
part of a larger and somewhat one-sided correspondence in which Héger
frequently appears not to have replied, reveal that she had been in
love with a married man, although they are complex and have been
interpreted in numerous ways, including as an example of literary
self-dramatisation and an expression of gratitude from a former
Branwell Brontë, Painting of the 3 Brontë Sisters, l to r Anne,
Emily and Charlotte Brontë. Branwell painted himself out of this
portrait of his three sisters. National
Portrait Gallery, London.
An idealised posthumous portrait by Duyckinick, 1873, based on a
drawing by George Richmond
The Young Men's Magazine, Number 1 – 3 (August 1830)
The Green Dwarf
My Angria and the Angrians
Albion and Marina
Tales of the Islanders
Tales of Angria (written 1838–1839 – a collection of childhood and
young adult writings including five short novels)
The Duke of Zamorna
The Roe Head Journal Fragments
The Green Dwarf, A Tale of the Perfect Tense was written in 1833 under
the pseudonym Lord Charles Albert Florian Wellesley. It shows the
influence of Walter Scott, and Brontë's modifications to her earlier
gothic style have led Christine Alexander to comment that, in the
work, "it is clear that Brontë was becoming tired of the gothic mode
Jane Eyre, published in 1847
Shirley, published in 1849
Villette, published in 1853
The Professor, written before Jane Eyre, was first submitted together
Wuthering Heights by
Emily Brontë and
Agnes Grey by Anne
Brontë. Subsequently, The Professor was resubmitted separately, and
rejected by many publishing houses. It was published posthumously in
Emma, unfinished; Brontë wrote only 20 pages of the manuscript,
published posthumously in 1860. In recent decades at least two
continuations of this fragment have appeared:
Emma, by "
Charlotte Brontë and Another Lady", published 1980;
although this has been attributed to Elizabeth Goudge, the actual
author was Constance Savery.
Emma Brown, by Clare Boylan, published 2003
Poems by Currer, Ellis, and Acton Bell
Poems by Currer, Ellis, and Acton Bell (1846)
Selected Poems of the Brontës, Everyman Poetry (1997)
^ As given by Merriam-Webster Encyclopedia of Literature
(Merriam-Webster, incorporated, Publishers: Springfield,
Massachusetts, 1995), p viii: "When our research shows that an
author's pronunciation of his or her name differs from common usage,
the author's pronunciation is listed first, and the descriptor
commonly precedes the more familiar pronunciation." See also entries
on Anne, Charlotte and Emily Brontë, pp 175–176.
^ a b Fraser 2008, p. 261.
^ Cousin, John (1910). A Short Biographical Dictionary of English
Literature. E.P. Dutton & Co.
^ a b Paddock & Rollyson 2003, p. 119.
^ Miller 2005, p. 5.
^ Paddock & Rollyson 2003, p. 8.
^ a b c d e Paddock & Rollyson 2003, p. 120.
^ Potter 2010, pp. 393–394.
^ Phillips-Evans 2012, pp. 260–261.
^ Paddock & Rollyson 2003, p. 18.
^ "Charlotte Brontë; Bronte Parsonage Museum". Bronte.org.uk.
Retrieved 26 March 2016.
^ a b Paddock & Rollyson 2003, p. 29.
^ Lee, Colin (2004). "Currer, Frances Mary Richardson (1785–1861)".
Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press.
Retrieved 1 November 2014.
^ "Biographical Notice of Ellis And Acton Bell", from the preface to
the 1910 edition of Wuthering Heights.
^ Miller 2002, p. 14.
^ Miller 2002, pp. 12–13.
^ a b Miller 2002, p. 13.
^ Miller 2002, p. 15.
^ Fraser 2008, p. 24.
^ Miller 2002, p. 17.
^ North American Review, October 1848, cited in The Brontës: The
Critical Heritage by Allott, M. (ed.), Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1974,
cited in Miller (p18)
^ Letter from Charlotte to her publisher, 25 June 1849, from Smith, M,
ed. (1995). The Letters of Charlotte Brontë: Volume Two, 1848 –
1851. Clarendon Press. cited in Miller 2002, p. 19
^ Miller 2002, p. 19.
^ The Novels of Anne Brontë.
^ "To walk invisible". Post. TLS. 30 September 2015. Archived from the
original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 26 March 2016.
^ "The Bronte Sisters – A True Likeness? – Photo of Charlotte
Bronte". brontesisters.co.uk. Retrieved 6 September 2017.
^ Anne Isabella Thackeray Ritchie. Chapters from Some Memoirs. cited
in Sutherland, James (ed.) The Oxford
Book of Literary Anecdotes. OUP,
1975. ISBN 0-19-812139-3.
^ Reid Banks, L. (1977). Path to the Silent Country. Penguin.
^ a b Miller 2002, p. 47.
^ Miller 2002, p. 52.
^ a b Paddock & Rollyson 2003, p. 19.
^ Miller 2002, p. 54.
^ Miller 2002, pp. 54-55.
^ "Being the Brontes – Charlotte Bronte's marriage with The Rev.
Arthur Bell Nicholls". BBC. 26 March 2016. Retrieved 26 March
^ Alexander, Christine; Sellars, Jane (1995). The Art of the Brontës.
Cambridge University Press. p. 402.
^ "Real life plot twists of famous authors". CNN. 25 September 2007.
Retrieved 12 June 2013.
^ "Overlooked No More: Charlotte Brontë, Novelist Known for 'Jane
Eyre'". 8 March 2018 – via NYTimes.com.
^ a b Miller 2002, p. 57.
^ Lane 1953, pp. 178–83.
^ Juliet Barker, The Brontës
^ Miller 2002, pp. 57–58.
^ a b c Miller 2002, p. 109.
^ Alexander 1993, pp. 430–432.
^ "Review of
Emma Brown by Charlotte Cory". The Independent. 13
September 2003. Archived from the original on 19 September 2011.
Retrieved 12 June 2013.
^ "Constance Savery, Life and Works". constancesavery.com. Retrieved
12 June 2013. ; see for example Publishers of Savery's Adult
Novels.[self-published source?][better source needed]
Alexander, Christine (March 1993). "'That Kingdom of Gloo': Charlotte
Brontë, the Annuals and the Gothic". Nineteenth-Century Literature.
47 (4): 409–436.
Fraser, Rebecca (2008). Charlotte Brontë: A Writer's Life (2 ed.).
New York: Pegasus Books LLC. p. 261.
Lane, Margaret (1953). The Brontë Story: a reconsideration of Mrs.
Gaskell's Life of Charlotte Brontë.
Miller, Lucasta (2002). The Brontë Myth. London: Vintage.
Miller, Lucasta (2005). The Brontë Myth. New York: Anchor.
Paddock, Lisa; Rollyson, Carl (2003). The Brontës A to Z. New York:
Facts on File. ISBN 0-8160-4303-5.
Phillips-Evans, James (2012). The Longcrofts: 500 Years of a British
Family. Amazon. pp. 260–261. ISBN 978-1481020886.
Potter, Dawn (Summer 2010). "Inventing Charlotte Brontë". The Sewanee
Review. 118 (3): 393–399.
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the
public domain: Cousin, John William (1910). A Short Biographical
Dictionary of English Literature. London: J. M. Dent & Sons.
Library resources about
Resources in your library
Resources in other libraries
By Charlotte Brontë
Resources in your library
Resources in other libraries
The Letters of Charlotte Brontë, 3 volumes edited by Margaret Smith,
The Life of Charlotte Brontë, Elizabeth Gaskell, 1857
Charlotte Brontë, Winifred Gérin
Charlotte Brontë: a passionate life, Lyndal Gordon
The Literary Protégées of the Lake Poets, Dennis Low (Chapter 1
contains a revisionist contextualisation of Robert Southey's infamous
letter to Charlotte Brontë)
Charlotte Brontë: Unquiet Soul, Margot Peters
In the Footsteps of the Brontës, Ellis Chadwick
The Brontës, Juliet Barker
Charlotte Brontë and her Dearest Nell, Barbara Whitehead
The Brontë Myth, Lucasta Miller
A Life in Letters, selected by Juliet Barker
Charlotte Brontë and Defensive Conduct: The Author and the Body at
Risk, Janet Gezari, University of Pennsylvania Press, 1992
Charlotte Brontë: Truculent Spirit, by Valerie Grosvenor Myer, 1987
Charlotte Brontë and her Family, Rebecca Fraser
The Oxford Reader's Companion to the Brontës, Christine Alexander
& Margaret Smith
A Brontë Family Chronology, Edward Chitham
The Crimes of Charlotte Brontë, James Tully, 1999
Daly, Michelle (2013). I Love Charlotte Brontë. Michelle Daly.
ISBN 978-0957048751. A book about Brontë through the eyes
of a working class woman
Heslewood, Juliet (2017). Mr Nicholls. Yorkshire: Scratching Shed.
ISBN 978-0993510168. Fictionalised account of Arthur Bells
Nicholls' romance of Charlotte Brontë
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Charlotte Brontë.
Wikiquote has quotations related to: Charlotte Brontë
Wikisource has original works written by or about:
Website of the Brontë Society and Parsonage Museum in Haworth,
Online editions of Charlotte Brontë's works at eBooks@Adelaide
Charlotte Brontë at Project Gutenberg
Charlotte Brontë at Faded Page (Canada)
Works by or about
Charlotte Brontë at Internet Archive
Charlotte Brontë at
LibriVox (public domain audiobooks)
Charlotte Brontë – Drawing by George Richmond (National
Modern Day Images of
Charlotte Brontë Residences
Charlotte Brontë at the Internet
Charlotte's Web[permanent dead link]: A Hypertext on Charlotte
Brontë's Jane Eyre
Various images depicting residences of Charlotte Brontë
'The Secret' and 'Lily Hart': An Early Manuscript by Charlotte Brontë
Charlotte Brontë at the British Library
Jane Eyre (1847)
The Professor (1857)
Wuthering Heights (1847)
Agnes Grey (1847)
The Tenant of Wildfell Hall
The Tenant of Wildfell Hall (1848)
Poems by Currer, Ellis, and Acton Bell
Poems by Currer, Ellis, and Acton Bell (1846)
List of Brontë poems
Arthur Bell Nicholls
Brontë Parsonage Museum
Cowan Bridge School
Brontë (2005 play)
Jane Eyre by Charlotte Brontë
Jane Eyre (1910)
Woman and Wife
Woman and Wife (1918)
Orphan of Lowood (1926)
Jane Eyre (1934)
Jane Eyre (1943)
Jane Eyre (1970)
Jane Eyre (1996)
Jane Eyre (1997)
Jane Eyre (2011)
Jane Eyre (1956)
Jane Eyre (1973)
Ardiente secreto (1978)
Jane Eyre (1983)
Jane Eyre (2006)
The Master of Thornfield (1954)
Jane Eyre (musical)
Wide Sargasso Sea (novel)
Wide Sargasso Sea (1993 film)
Wide Sargasso Sea (2006 film)
The Eyre Affair
Adaptations of Jane Eyre
Lists of poets
Early-modern women (UK)
ISNI: 0000 0001 2281 6316
BNF: cb11894145r (data)