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CHARLES RANLETT FLINT (January 24, 1850 – February 26, 1934) was an American and was the founder of the Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company which later became IBM
IBM
. For his financial dealings he earned the moniker "Father of Trusts".

CONTENTS

* 1 Early life and family * 2 Business career * 3 Legacy * 4 Bibliography * 5 References * 6 External links

EARLY LIFE AND FAMILY

Flint was born on January 24, 1850 in Thomaston , Maine
Maine
. His father, Benjamin Chapman, had changed the family name to Flint after being adopted by an uncle on his mother's side. The family moved from Maine
Maine
to New York City
New York City
where his father ran the family's mercantile firm Chapman & Flint, which had been founded in 1837.

BUSINESS CAREER

In 1868, Charles Flint graduated from Brooklyn
Brooklyn
Polytechnic Institute (now New York University - Tandon School of Engineering ) in Brooklyn , and in 1871 entered the shipping business as a partner in Gilchrest, Flint & Co., and later W.R. Grace & Co. after a merger .

From 1876 to 1879, he served as the Chilean consul at New York City. He also served as consul general to the United States
United States
for Nicaragua and Costa Rica.

In 1892, he consolidated several companies to form U.S. Rubber . In 1899 he repeated the same with Adams Chewing Gum , Chiclets , Dentyne , and Beemans to form American Chicle . He was also responsible for the formation of American Woolen in 1899.

In 1911 he formed the Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company through the amalgamation (via stock acquisition) of four companies: The Tabulating Machine Company, International Time Recording Company, Computing Scale Company of America, and the Bundy Manufacturing Company . Amalgamation was unusual at the time, Flint described it as an "allied" consolidation. In 1924, CTR was re-christened as International Business Machines. Flint served on the board of directors of IBM
IBM
until 1930 when he retired.

He died on February 26, 1934 in Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
.

LEGACY

Charles Flint was an avid sportsman and loved swimming, hunting, fishing, sailing, and aviation. He helped found the Automobile Club of America. His Time Magazine obituary stated he negotiated the Wright Brothers ' first sales of airplanes overseas. But it was the Wrights themselves, in sometimes contentious negotiations with Charles R. Flint & Co., who determined contract terms.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

* Flint, Charles Ranlett (1923). Memories of an active life: Men, and Ships, and Sealing Wax. G.P. Putnam's Sons. * Flint, Charles Ranlett (1892). Industrial combinations: Address by Charles R. Flint, before The Commercial Club of Providence on the evening of April 29th, 1892. * Flint, Charles Ranlett; James J. Hill; James H. Bridge; S. C. T. Dodd; Francis B. Thurber (1902). The Trust, Its Book: Being a presentation of the several aspects of the latest form of industrial revolution. Doubleday, Page & Co.

REFERENCES

* ^ Cashman, Sean Dennis (1984). America in the Gilded Age: From the Death of Lincoln to the Rise of Theodore Roosevelt. New York : New York University Press . p. 57. ISBN 978-0-8147-1387-7 . OCLC 9762495 .

* ^ "\'Father of Trusts\' Going Back to Work at 80; C.R. Flint Will Undertake Another Merger". New York Times . January 21, 1930. Retrieved 2010-12-14. Charles Ranlett Flint, who on Friday will celebrate his eightieth birthday, expects to go back to Wall Street and resume business at the old stand, 25 Broad Street. Not that he has ever retired, for the offices have been maintained and he has bees more or less in touch with them, but for the last two years Mr. ... * ^ "Coal Merger?". Time . February 16, 1925. Charles Ranlett Flint was born in Thomaston, Me., in 1850. His people had always been shippers; he, looking-for his first job, went to "every shipping office in Manhattan," but no one would hire him. Thereupon he wrote himself a reference, had cards made which declared him to be an. expert dock-clerk, entered Grace & Co., shippers. ... * ^ Stinson, John: The Charles Ranlett Flint
Charles Ranlett Flint
Papers, 1872–1930 Archived June 11, 2007, at the Wayback Machine ., New York Public Library , November 1991. * ^ Flint, Charles R. (1923). Memories of an Active Life: Men, and Ships, and Sealing Wax. G.P. Putnam's Sons. pp. 300–302. * ^ NY Times June 10, 1911 Tabulating Concerns Unite: Flint Company (17 June 1911). United States
United States
Investor. 22, Part 2. p. 1298 (26). * ^ " IBM
IBM
Archives: Frequently Asked Questions" (PDF). p. 28. * ^ Flint (1923) p.312 * ^ "Flint, 81, Retires; \'Father of Trusts\'. Passed 50 Years of His Life in Making Big Industrial Concerns From Small Units. Intends To Hunt and Fish. Woolen, Chicle, Rubber and Many Other Combinations Due to His Efforts. Arrived Here 65 Years Ago. Proud of Money-Making Mergers". New York Times . February 19, 1931. Retrieved 2010-12-14. Charles Ranlett Flint, who spent fifty years of his life organizing small industrial units into large corporations, announced here yesterday that he was retiring at the age of 81 for the second and last time.