Charles FitzRoy, 1st Baron Southampton
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Charles FitzRoy, 1st Baron Southampton (25 June 1737 – 21 March 1797) was a
British Army The British Army is the principal Army, land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of the British Armed Forces. , the British Army comprises 80,040 regular full-time personnel and 30,020 Army Reserve (United Kingdom), reserve personnel. ...
officer who served in the
Seven Years' War The Seven Years' War (1756–1763) is widely considered to be the first global conflict in history, and was a struggle for world supremacy between Kingdom of Great Britain, Great Britain and Kingdom of France, France. In Europe, the conflict ar ...
and a politician who sat in the
House of Commons The House of Commons is the name for the elected lower house of the bicameral parliaments of the United Kingdom and Canada. In the UK and Canada, the Commons holds much more legislative power than the nominally upper house of parliament. The lead ...

House of Commons
from 1759 to 1780 when he was raised to the
peerage A peerage is a legal system historically comprising various hereditary titles (and sometimes Life peer, non-hereditary titles) in a number of countries, and composed of assorted noble ranks. Peerages include: Belgium * Belgian nobility Canada * ...
as
Baron Southampton 200px, Charles FitzRoy, 1st Baron Southampton. Baron Southampton, of Southampton Southampton () is a city in Hampshire, South East England, approximately south-west of London and west of Portsmouth. A major port, and close to the New Forest, ...
. The second son of Lord Augustus FitzRoy and a grandson of the Charles FitzRoy, 2nd Duke of Grafton, 2nd Duke of Grafton, FitzRoy joined the Grenadier Guards, 1st Regiment of Foot Guards as an ensign in 1752. He fought at the Battles of Battle of Minden, Minden and Battle of Kirchdenkern, Kirchdenkern during the
Seven Years' War The Seven Years' War (1756–1763) is widely considered to be the first global conflict in history, and was a struggle for world supremacy between Kingdom of Great Britain, Great Britain and Kingdom of France, France. In Europe, the conflict ar ...
and rose to the ranks of Captain (British Army and Royal Marines), Captain in 1756 and Lieutenant-Colonel (UK), Lieutenant-Colonel in 1758. He was a Groom of the Bedchamber from 1760 to 1762 and British Whig Party, Whig Member of Parliament, MP (later Tory from 1770 to 1783 and thereafter a Whig again) for Orford (UK Parliament constituency), Orford from 1759 to 1761, for Bury St Edmunds (UK Parliament constituency), Bury St Edmunds from 1761 to 1774 and for Thetford (UK Parliament constituency), Thetford from 1774 to 1780. On leaving the post of Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Queen Charlotte's Vice-Chamberlain in 1780 (a post he had held since 1768), he was created Baron Southampton on 17 October 1780 and was succeeded by his eldest son, George FitzRoy, 2nd Baron Southampton, George, upon his death in 1797.


Family

On 27 July 1758, FitzRoy married Anne Warren, the daughter and co-heir of Peter Warren (admiral), Adml. Sir Peter Warren and a descendant of the Schuyler family, the Van Cortlandt family, and the Delancey family, all from British North America. They later had eleven children, among which: * George FitzRoy, 2nd Baron Southampton; * Charles FitzRoy (British Army officer), Charles FitzRoy (5 September 1762 – 18 October 1831), romantically linked to King George III's daughter Princess Amelia of the United Kingdom, Princess Amelia; * Hon. Henry FitzRoy (13 September 1765 – 19 March 1794), married Lady Anne Smith, Lady Anne Wesley; * Hon. Georgiana FitzRoy, married William Ponsonby (British Army officer), William Ponsonby. * Lt.-Gen. William FitzRoy (1773–1837), William FitzRoy (12 December 1773 – 19 June 1837), married firstly a daughter of Clarke baronets, Sir Simon Clarke, 7th Baronet and secondly his cousin, a daughter of Augustus FitzRoy, 3rd Duke of Grafton


Legacy

Fitzroy Road on the west side of Manhattan was named after Charles Fitzroy. The road follows the route of present-day Eighth Avenue (Manhattan), Eighth Avenue. It was named for Fitzroy after land along its route was given to his father-in-law. The street was decommissioned in the 1830s. In memory of this road, the luxury condominium building at 514 West 24th Street is named The Fitzroy.


References


External Links

* 1737 births, Southampton, Charles FitzRoy, 1st Baron 1797 deaths, Southampton, Charles FitzRoy, 1st Baron Barons in the Peerage of Great Britain, Southampton, Charles FitzRoy, 1st Baron Peers of Great Britain created by George III, Southampton Grenadier Guards officers, Southampton, Charles FitzRoy, 1st Baron Members of the Parliament of Great Britain for English constituencies, FitzRoy, Charles, 1st Baron Southampton British Army personnel of the Seven Years' War, Southampton, Charles FitzRoy, 1st Baron British MPs 1754–1761 British MPs 1761–1768 British MPs 1768–1774 British MPs 1774–1780 FitzRoy family, Charles 14th King's Hussars officers 3rd The King's Own Hussars officers {{England-GreatBritain-MP-stub