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The Info List - Charles, Grand Duke Of Baden


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Charles (Karl Ludwig Friedrich; 8 July 1786[1] – 8 December 1818[1]) became ruler of the Grand Duchy of Baden
Grand Duchy of Baden
as its grand duke on 11 June 1811 and reigned until his death in 1818. He was born in Karlsruhe.

Contents

1 Life 2 Events that occurred during his reign 3 Marriage and family 4 Ancestry 5 References

Life[edit] His father was Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden, the heir to the Margraviate of Baden, which was raised to a grand duchy after the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
in 1806. His mother was Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt, the daughter of Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt. He was the brother-in-law of the rulers of Bavaria, Russia, and Sweden. His sister Caroline was the queen consort of Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria, his sister Louise was the empress consort of Alexander I of Russia
Alexander I of Russia
and his sister Frederica was the queen consort of Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden. At the age of 15, Charles went on a journey to visit his sisters in their courts in St. Petersburg and Stockholm. He was on his way home with his father, when his father died in a fall from his coach on 15 December 1801. Charles was a witness to this accident.[1] Due to the strong influence of France on the court of Baden, Charles was forced to marry Emperor Napoléon I's adopted daughter, Stéphanie de Beauharnais, in Paris
Paris
on 8 April 1806, this despite his own protests and those of his mother and sisters. Charles apparently preferred the hand of his cousin Princess Augusta of Bavaria. It would be five years before the couple would produce an heir.[1] Charles went to war in 1807 as head of the Baden contingent under Marshal Lefebvre. There he took part in the siege of Danzig.[1] In 1808, Charles returned to the side of his grandfather. His grandfather's age was beginning to show and Charles became co-regent. Charles was 25 years old when he succeeded his grandfather Charles Frederick upon the latter's death on 11 June 1811.[1] On 4 October 1817, as neither he nor the other sons from his grandfather's first marriage had surviving male descendants, Charles confirmed the succession rights of his half-uncles from the Hochberg morganatic line, granting each the title, Prince and Margrave of Baden, and the style of Highness. He asked the princely congress in Aachen
Aachen
on 20 November 1818, just weeks before his death, to confirm the succession rights of the sons of Louise Caroline, Countess of Hochberg, morganatic second wife of Grand Duke Charles Frederick. But this proclamation of Baden's succession evoked international challenges. The Congress of Vienna
Congress of Vienna
had, in 1815, recognised the eventual claims of Austria and Bavaria to parts of Baden which it allocated to Charles Frederick in the Upper Palatinate
Upper Palatinate
and the Breisgau, anticipating that upon his imminent demise those lands would cease to be part of the Grand Duchy. The disputes were resolved by the Treaty of Frankfurt, 1819, under which Baden ceded a portion of Wertheim, already enclaved within Bavaria, to that Kingdom, whereupon the succession as settled in 1817 was recognized by Bavaria and Austria. Events that occurred during his reign[edit]

The end of Napoleon
Napoleon
I's rule and the Congress of Vienna, which confirmed the territorial gains Baden had made during the Napoleonic era. 1818: The passing of a new, liberal constitution The height of Friedrich Weinbrenner's career 1817: The start of the administration of the Rhine by Johann Gottfried Tulla The premiere of the velocipede by Karl Drais

Marriage and family[edit] Hereditary Prince Charles married Stéphanie de Beauharnais
Stéphanie de Beauharnais
(28 August 1789 – 29 January 1860), daughter of Claude de Beauharnais and adoptive daughter of Emperor Napoléon I in Paris
Paris
on 8 April 1806. Their children:

Princess Louise Amelie of Baden
Princess Louise Amelie of Baden
(5 June 1811 – 19 July 1854) he married Gustav of Sweden on 9 November 1830 and they were divorce in 1843. They have two children. Prince of Baden (29 September 1812 – 16 October 1812) Princess Josephine of Baden
Princess Josephine of Baden
(21 October 1813 – 19 June 1900) she married Karl Anton of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen on 21 October 1834. They have six children Hereditary Grand Duke Alexander of Baden (1 May 1816 – 8 May 1816) Princess Marie Amelie of Baden
Princess Marie Amelie of Baden
(11 October 1817 – 17 October 1888) she married William Hamilton, 11th Duke of Hamilton on 23 February 1843. They have three children.

As Grand Duke Charles did not have any surviving male children, upon his death in Rastatt, he was succeeded by his uncle Louis I. It has been speculated that the foundling Kaspar Hauser
Kaspar Hauser
was his son, and therefore the actual hereditary prince. Ancestry[edit]

Ancestors of Charles, Grand Duke of Baden

16. Charles III William, Margrave of Baden-Durlach

8. Frederick, Hereditary Prince of Baden-Durlach

17. Duchess Magdalena Wilhelmine of Württemberg

4. Charles Frederick, Grand Duke of Baden

18. John William Friso, Prince of Orange

9. Princess Amalia of Nassau-Dietz

19. Landgravine Marie Louise of Hesse-Kassel

2. Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden

20. Ernest Louis, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt

10. Louis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt

21. Margravine Dorothea Charlotte of Brandenburg-Ansbach

5. Landgravine Caroline Louise of Hesse-Darmstadt

22. Johann Reinhard III of Hanau-Lichtenberg

11. Countess Charlotte of Hanau-Lichtenberg, Heiress of Lichtenberg

23. Margravine Dorothea Friederike of Brandenburg-Ansbach

1. Charles, Grand Duke of Baden

24. Ernest Louis, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
Ernest Louis, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
(= 20)

12. Louis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
Louis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
(= 10)

25. Margravine Dorothea Charlotte of Brandenburg-Ansbach
Dorothea Charlotte of Brandenburg-Ansbach
(= 21)

6. Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt

26. Johann Reinhard III of Hanau-Lichtenberg
Johann Reinhard III of Hanau-Lichtenberg
(= 22)

13. Countess Charlotte of Hanau-Lichtenberg, Heiress of Lichtenberg (= 11)

27. Margravine Dorothea Friederike of Brandenburg-Ansbach
Dorothea Friederike of Brandenburg-Ansbach
(= 23)

3. Landgravine Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt

28. Christian II, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld

14. Christian III, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken

29. Countess Catharine Agatha of Rappoltstein

7. Countess Palatine Caroline of Zweibrücken

30. Louis Crato, Count of Nassau-Saarbrücken

15. Countess Caroline of Nassau-Saarbrücken

31. Countess Philippine Henriette of Hohenlohe-Langenburg

References[edit]

^ a b c d e f von Weech, Friedrich. "Karl Ludwig Friedrich". Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (in German). p. Onlinefassung. Retrieved 25 July 2010. 

Charles, Grand Duke of Baden House of Zähringen Born: 8 July 1786 Died: 8 December 1818

Regnal titles

Preceded by Charles Frederick Grand Duke of Baden 1811–1818 Succeeded by Louis I

v t e

Princes of Baden

The generations indicate descent from Charles Frederick, the first Grand Duke of a united Baden.

1st Generation

Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden Prince Friedrich Louis I, Grand Duke of Baden Leopold, Grand Duke of Baden Prince Wilhelm Prince Maximilian

2nd Generation

Charles, Grand Duke of Baden Louis II, Grand Duke of Baden Frederick I, Grand Duke of Baden Prince Wilhelm Prince Karl

3rd Generation

Alexander, Hereditary Grand Duke of Baden Frederick II, Grand Duke of Baden Maximilian, Margrave of Baden

4th Generation

Berthold, Margrave of Baden*

5th Generation

Maximilian, Margrave of Baden* Prince Ludwig Wilhelm*

6th Generation

Bernhard, Hereditary Prince of Baden* Prince Leopold* Prince Michael* Prince Berthold*

7th Generation

Prince Leopold* Prince Friedrich* Prince Karl-Wilhelm*

*Titular prince of Baden due to the 1918 German Revolution

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 42227

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