213000, 213100 (Urban center)
CNY 577.39 billion (USD 87.05 billion)
- per capita
CNY 122701 (USD 18,500.00)
License Plate Prefix
"Changzhou" in Chinese
Changzhou is a prefecture-level city in southern
Jiangsu province of
China. It was previously known as Yanling, Lanling, Jinling, and
Wujin. Located on the southern bank of the
Yangtze River, Changzhou
borders the provincial capital of
Nanjing to the west,
Wuxi to the east, and the province of
Zhejiang to the
Changzhou is located in the highly developed
China extending from
Shanghai going northwest. The
Changzhou city was 4,592,431 at the 2010 census, and its
metropolitan area population was 12.4 million.
6.1 Industrial Zones
7.2 Air travel
7.4 Bus Rapid Transport System
7.5 Elevated road
8 Culture and folklore
10 Notable people
11 See also
13 External links
Misty Blue Sitting Statue of Guanyin, Jingde Kiln. Southern Song
Dynasty. Collected in
"The Ruins of Yancheng" (淹城遺址), comprise the remains of a
walled city located in the
Wujin district of
Changzhou that was
founded over 3000 years ago at the beginning of the Western Zhou
dynasty. The earliest record of a settlement on the site of modern
Changzhou is as a commandery founded in 221 BC at the beginning of
the Qin Dynasty. During the interregnum between the Sui and Tang, the
city of Piling (毗陵) was the capital of Shen Faxing's short-lived
Kingdom of Liang (AD 619 to 620).
Changzhou got its present name
meaning "ordinary prefecture" in 589. Following construction of the
Grand Canal in 609,
Changzhou became a canal port and transshipment
point for locally-grown grain, and has maintained these roles ever
since. The rural counties surrounding
Changzhou are noted for the
production of rice, fish, tea, silk, bamboo and fruit.
Maps of "Tchang-chou-hien" and "Kia-ting-hien" from Du Halde's 1735
Description of China, based on accounts by Jesuit missionaries.
Taiping Rebellion of the 1850s, one of five palaces housing
the leaders of the so-called "Kingdom of Celestial Peace" was
constructed in Changzhou. Today the ruins of the "King's Palace" can
be found near the People's No.1 Hospital.
In the 1920s,
Changzhou started to attract cotton mills. The cotton
industry got a boost in the late 1930s when businesses began
relocating outside of
Shanghai due to the Japanese occupation. Unlike
many Chinese cities,
Changzhou continued to prosper even during the
upheavals of the
Cultural Revolution of 1966–76. Today it is an
important industrial center for textiles, food processing, engineering
(diesel engines, generators, transformers and other machinery), and
Changzhou has a wide range of temperature differences throughout the
Climate data for
Average high °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)
See also: List of administrative divisions of Jiangsu
The prefecture-level city of
Changzhou administers seven county-level
divisions, including five districts and one county-level city.
Satellite cities (County-level cities)
Its total population was 4,592,431 inhabitants at the 2010 census, an
average 2% per year increase since the previous census, and 3,290,918
lived in the built-up area made up of 5 urban districts. The
encompassing metropolitan area was estimated by the
for Economic Co-operation and Development) to have, as of
2010[update], a population of 12.4 million. The agglomeration is
now part of the greater Suzhou-Wuxi-
Changzhou metropolitan region,
which has now more than 36,000,000 inhabitants.
Changzhou is an educational hub and is home to several universities,
Hohai University (
Jiangsu Teachers' University of Science and Technology, Jiangsu
Teachers' University of Technology, and
Changzhou Institute of
Technology. The city also has a number of prominent secondary schools,
Changzhou Senior High School of
Changzhou's traditional role has been that of a commercial center and
in particular a distribution center for agricultural produce, which
was shipped by canal to the north and later, to Shanghai. The city
began to develop a cotton textile industry in the 1920s, and cotton
mills were established in the late 1930s, when Japanese attacks drove
many Chinese businesses to invest outside Shanghai.
The city has remained a textile center and the most important location
Jiangsu Province for weaving. It also has large
food-processing plants as well as flour-milling, rice-polishing, and
oil-pressing industries. After 1949 it also developed as a centre of
the engineering industry. Qishuyan, some 10 km (6.2 mi)
southeast of Changzhou, has one of the largest locomotive and rolling
stock plants in China. Other engineering works in
diesel engines, generators, transformers along with agricultural and
textile machinery. At the time of the
Great Leap Forward
Great Leap Forward in 1958 a
steel plant was also built to provide raw material for heavy industry.
Changzhou has been linked by rail with
Nanjing (see below for transportation).
Up until now,
Changzhou has remained one of the most developed cities
in Jiangsu, ranked third after
Suzhou and Wuxi. The city's 2009 GDP
per capita of ¥70,103 in 2009, less than that of
more than the capital city Nanjing, ranked the city third in Jiangsu,
Changzhou is also one of the top business cities in China. According
to Forbes ranking,
Changzhou was the 9th best business city in
China in 2008.
Changzhou Export Processing Zone
Approval for the establishment of
Changzhou Export Processing Zone was
given in June 2005 with a planned area of 1.66 km2
(0.64 sq mi). Near to
Nanjing via convenient
transportation links, the zone began operation in October 2006.
Investors enjoy a series of preferential policies whilst all handle
export procedures are handled inside the export processing zone. The
zone focuses on electronic information, electromechanical integration
and new materials.
Changzhou National Hi-Tech District
Changzhou National Hi-Tech District (CND) is a state-level high-tech
industrial development zone. It is located in the northern part of
Changzhou city. With a population of 500,000 and an area of 439 square
km, the district is 160 km (99 mi) from
Shanghai to the east
and 110 km (68 mi) from
Nanjing to the west. The district
represents the highest-level and most sophisticated industrial park in
Changzhou. More than 1,300 foreign companies and over 5,000 local
industrial enterprises have been registered within the district of
which around 40% are from European and American countries. Industries
encouraged include engineering machinery, transformer &
transmission equipment, automotive, locomotive & locomotive
components, parts, precision machinery, biotechnology,
pharmaceuticals, photo-voltaic (PV) and new materials, chemicals,
garment and textiles production, computer software and research &
development. Some major investors include Terex, Komatsu, Ashland
Chemical, Johnson, Caltex Oil Corp., Disa, +GF+, Rieter and General
Located just south of the Chang Jiang (
situated on the main Shanghai-
Beijing rail line. The station was
completed in 2011 and is located in the north of
Changzhou in the
Xinbei district (
Changzhou North Station).
Changzhou is also one of
the main stops on the busy Shanghai-
Nanjing route, with two stations
Changzhou station and Qishuyuan station).
Changzhou Benniu Airport
Changzhou Benniu Airport is approximately 15 km (9.3 mi)
from the city center. There are flights to Beijing, Guangzhou,
Chengdu, Shenyang, Kunming,
Harbin and Dalian, regional flights to
Tapei, Taiwan and international flights to South Korea, Thailand,
Vietnam, Indonesia and Japan.
China National Highway 312
Bus Rapid Transport System
Use of the Bus Rapid Transit System costs one yuan (or, if a Changzhou
Bus Card is used, either three or six jiao depending on the type of
card) and provides access throughout Changzhou. The BRT has the
following specifications: separate bus lanes or bus-only roadways, a
vast network of routes and corridors, high capacity buses operating
both outside and inside these corridors, greater passenger volume as
compared to that in mixed traffic lanes (-3000 pphpd), enhanced
station environments (not just simple bus shelters), automated
pre-boarding fare collection and fare verification, street level
boarding and alighting, low emission vehicle technology (
Euro III or
higher), weather protection on station platforms, centralized system
controls, real-time next bus information display, a distinctive
marketing identity, high-quality passenger service at bus stations,
segregated bike lanes along main corridor(s) as well as station access
for disabled persons. The BRT is also located in the following cities:
Beijing, Chongqing, Dalian, Guangzhou, Jinan, Hangzhou, Hefei,
Kunming, Xiamen, Zhengzhou and Wulumuqi. A metro network is
nevertheless in planning stage.
Changzhou built its first elevated road, the "Outer Ring Elevated
Road",consisting of "Longcheng Blvd. Elevated Road" and "Longjiang Rd.
Elevated Road", in 2007 and it came into use in 2008. Now the elevated
road has formed a ring surrounding the urban area of Changzhou,
linking main Highways.
Changzhou Metro is being constructed. The inauguration is scheduled
Culture and folklore
Tianning Temple with Tianning Pagoda
Changzhou dialect is a member of the
Wu Chinese language family.
Comb Lane in
Changzhou is the scene of the last farewell of Jia Baoyu
with his father in the classic novel A Dream of Red Mansions.
Other famous handicrafts of
Changzhou are silk embroidery in a
"crisscross" style and carvings made from green bamboo.
Noted snacks made in
Changzhou include pickled radish, sesame candy,
sweet glutinous rice flour dumpling with fermented glutinous rice, and
silver thread noodles (also known as dragon's beard noodles).
Changzhou is the home of the
China Dinosaur Park (simplified Chinese:
常州恐龙园; traditional Chinese: 常州恐龍園; pinyin:
Chángzhōu Kǒnglóng Yuán) located in the
Xinbei District of the
city. The 5A rated Dinosaur Park has a collection of dinosaur bones
and fossils from all over China. The park has 50 various fossils and
more than 30 amusement programs including the Brontosaurus Roller
Coaster and the Whirling Dinosaur Carriage. The fossils are located in
a museum housed in a single building and the amusement rides are
spread throughout the park which is categorized into six themed areas.
Besides fossils and family oriented rides, Dinosaur Park is home to a
giant panda and sea lions.
In 2011, a new amusement park called CC Joyland (simplified Chinese:
环球动漫嬉戏谷; traditional Chinese: 環球動漫嬉戲谷;
pinyin: Huánqiú dòngmàn xīxì gǔ) opened in Taihuwan near Taihu
Wujin District in the south of Changzhou.
The city is also home to the Tianning Temple—one of the largest Zen
Buddhist temple and monasteries in China. The city recently rebuilt
the Tianning pagoda in the temple grounds, which is adjacent to
Hongmei Park. The pagoda, called the Tianning Baota, was first built
Tang Dynasty (AD 618 - 907). Since that time it has been
destroyed and rebuilt five times. The current reconstruction is built
to the height specification of 153.79 m (504.6 ft). This
makes it the tallest pagoda in
China and perhaps also the world. Both
the Hongmei Park and Tianning Temple are located just to the east of
the city centre.
Changzhou is noted for its combs, the city has reconstructed its
Fine Comb Lane area with contemporary architecture.
can be purchased in most places in the city.
There is the Hong Mei Park, which includes a small children's
amusement park, a zoo, a rose garden and many scenic waterways. Of
historical interest in the park is a historical pavilion with exhibits
related to the
Changzhou comb industry. In addition, there is another
pavilion which displays locally produced root carvings. The park
attracts large numbers of people during holidays and is often dotted
with a variety of vendors.
Other sites include Changzhou's sunken city and area of archaeological
ruins from the Spring and Autumn period.
Dongpo Park is located in the east part of downtown of
and its original name is Dongjiao Park. It covers 2.667 hectares, and
is a typical Jiangnan Garden composed of cultural sites and natural
landscape. During the time of south Song dynasty, the civilians of
Changzhou established Yizhou Pavilion to commemorate, Su Dongpo, who
was the great literature master and used to come to Changzhou. During
the time of Qing dynasty, Kangxi and Qianlong, two emperors
southwardly visited, they ordered to build up the temporary palace
here and reconstructed this pavilion.
Changzhou also has attractive gardens such as the Wei Yuan.
The Old Museum of Wisteria is also located in the city.
A Qing dynasty poet declared "there are none such under heaven as
Changzhou, where famous persons come from".
Su Dongpo (Su Shi; 1036–1101), poet and essayist.
Sheng Xuanhuai (1844–1916), late
Qing Dynasty bureaucrat and
Lu Simian (1884–1957), historian and member of the Doubting
Zhao Yuanren (1892–1982), prominent linguist.
Hong Shen (1894–1955), pioneering dramatist and filmmaker was born
Yun Daiying (1895–1931), revolutionary and pioneer of early
Communist Youth activities.
Liu Haisu (1896–1994), prominent artist.
Zhang Tailei (1898–1927), one of the founders of Chinese Communist
Party, first Chinese ever working in Communist International.
Qu Qiubai (1899–1935), former General Secretary of the Communist
China and prominent Marxist thinker and writer. Named
Changzhou San Jie" together with Yun Daiying and Zhang Tailei.
Zhou Youguang (1906–2017), linguist often credited as the "father of
Hua Luogeng (1910–1985), prominent mathematician.
Xie Zhiliu (1910–1997), prominent painter.
Tang Jun (1965–), former President of Microsoft in China.
Lu Lan (1987–), Olympic athlete and badminton player. Won the
woman's championship at the 2009 BWF World Championships.
Changzhou sesame candy
List of twin towns and sister cities in China
^ a b "
Jiangsu ) City Information" (in Chinese). Changzhou
Municipal Statistic Bureau. 2010-03-01. Retrieved 2010-06-30.
^ a b c
OECD Urban Policy Reviews:
OECD READ edition. OECD
iLibrary. OECD. 18 April 2015. p. 37.
doi:10.1787/9789264230040-en. ISBN 9789264230033.
ISSN 2306-9341. Linked from the
^ a b http://www.citypopulation.de/php/china-jiangsu-admin.php
^ Weather China
Changzhou Export Processing Zone
Changzhou National Hi-Tech District
^ "Buddhists gather to inaugurate world's tallest pagoda". China
Daily. Xinhua. 2007-04-30. Retrieved 2007-04-30.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Changzhou.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Changzhou.
Government website of
Changzhou (in Chinese)
Changzhou city guide with open directory (Jiangsu.NET)
The history and culture of
Changzhou city (Mildchina.com)
Café Zeeland - The first European style café of
Grand Canal of China
Nanjing Normal University
Nanjing University of Science and Technology
Ge Yuan Garden
Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum
Ming Xiaoling Mausoleum
Yangtze River Bridge
Grand Buddha at Ling Shan
Tianning Temple Pagoda
County-level divisions of
Cities along the Yangtze
Cities (from upper reaches to lower reaches)
(SIchuan see below)
(Yunan see above)
Hunan see below)
Major cities along the Pearl River · Major cities along the Yellow