The Info List - Changsha Huanghua International Airport

Huanghua International Airport (IATA: CSX, ICAO: ZGHA, CAAC LID: HHA)[1] is the airport serving Changsha, Hunan
province, China, as well as nearby cities such as Zhuzhou
and Xiangtan. As of 2016, it is the 13th busiest civil airport in China. Located about 25 kilometres (16 mi) from downtown Changsha
in the town of Huanghua in Changsha
County, the airport has two terminal buildings. The airport is managed by the Hunan
Airport Authority, a publicly owned corporation managing all five airports in Hunan
Province. Changsha Datuopu Airport/AFB (IATA: CSX, ICAO: ZGCS) (also called Changsha City) is the second airport serving Changsha
and mainly used for military purposes.


1 Terminals

1.1 Terminal 1 1.2 Terminal 2

2 History 3 Short-Term Expansion (2020) 4 Long-Term Expansion (2030) 5 Airlines and destinations 6 Statistics 7 Ground transportation

7.1 Driving & Parking 7.2 Maglev 7.3 Airport buses 7.4 Airport intercity coaches 7.5 City buses 7.6 Metro

8 Gallery 9 See also 10 References 11 External links

Terminals[edit] Terminal 1[edit] Terminal 1 has three concourses. Concourse T1-A covers an area of 34,000 square meters, Concourse T1-B 13,200 square meters and Concourse T1-C 6,100 square meters. The proposed capacity was 6.5 million passengers annually. Terminal 1 was closed and underwent renovations after the new Terminal 2 became fully operational in July 2011. Terminal 1 is expected to re-open in the next year for the increasing passengers. Parking areas P5 and P6 are outside the terminal.

Terminal 1 and concourses

Terminal 2[edit] The inauguration of Terminal 2 was on July 19, 2011. With 212,000 square meters of space, the new terminal is the 5th largest airport terminal in mainland China
(after Beijing–Capital, Shanghai–Pudong, Guangzhou, and Shenzhen). The 39.9m tall main building of Terminal 2, being 672m in length and 168m in depth, is the largest single steel-truss structure in Hunan. The new terminal has 22 bridge gates, to which the longest passenger walking distance is within 300m. With this new facility, the airport can handle 151,000 aircraft movements and another 15.6 million passengers every year. The peak hour volume of passengers is 3,940. The Departure Hall has 4 automatic double-glass-door entrances which are directly facing Check-in Areas A,B,C & D respectively. Entrances 1-3 are domestic entrances and Entrance 4 is for International, Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan Departures, which will be checked in at Area D. Area A is the exclusive check-in Area for China Southern Airlines. Area B&C are domestic check-in areas for other airlines. The terminal has 80 check-in counters and 24 self-checkin kiosks, 24 security checkpoints and more than 6,390 seats. The Arrival Hall is equipped with 8 baggage carousels (6 at domestic area and 2 at international area). The indoor parking garage P4, which has 693 parking spaces, is on floor B2. There are also three outdoor parking areas, P1,2&3, which provide over 1000 parking spaces.

Terminal 2 Departure Hall

International area inside Terminal 2

History[edit] Construction for the airport started on June 25, 1986, and the first flight departed on August 29, 1989. Changsha
Huanghua airport was approved as an international scheduled-flight airport in the 3rd Pan-Asian aviation conference and flights to Bangkok were the first international service. On October 28, 2000, the 34,000-square-meter Terminal 1-A, which costs 40.4 million CNY, was open. The airport was capable of handling 4.6 million passengers per year. Afterwards, the construction of Terminal 1-B and Terminal 1-C were finished to ensure growing passengers and cargo. The airport went through a major expansion in 2008–2011, with lengthening of runway 18/36 from 2600m to 3200m and the addition of Terminal 2 which went into operation in 2011. The construction of the second runway was completed in November, 2016. The new 3800mx60m Code-4F runway is parallel with the current 18/36 runway and lies 380m to the east. The second runway was due for operation in early 2017 thus enabling A380
flights. Terminal 1 is also undergoing renovation to allow for the handling of increasing passengers. Meanwhile, the cargo facilities and freighter stands are expanding.

Views from Terminal 2

New air traffic control tower

A Shenzhen Airlines
Shenzhen Airlines
Boeing 737-700
Boeing 737-700
(B-2669) at the airbridge

A China
Airlines Airbus A330-300
Airbus A330-300
(B-18355) ready for takeoff

A vacant airbridge of Terminal 2

Back view of Terminal 2 from the waiting area

Short-Term Expansion (2020)[edit] The airport is undergoing a major expansion eastwards. After the completion of the 2nd runway, Terminal 3 and the east terminal area will be constructed on the east side of it. The airport will be capable of handling 31 million passengers, 320 thousand tons of cargo and 260 thousand aircraft movements annually. The airport becomes a hub in Central China
that covers 1,648 hectares of land after this stage. A third runway of 3600m in length will also be constructed and ready for use in 2021. Long-Term Expansion (2030)[edit] The third parallel runway of 3600m (4E) will be built to the east of Terminal 3&4, and it is 2000 meters away from the second runway. More concourses are to be added to increase the passenger capacity of Terminal 3. And Terminal 4 is to be constructed beside Terminal 3. The east terminal area, in which both Terminals 3&4 lie, is located between the 2nd and 3rd Runways. At the final stage, the fourth parallel runway (3600m) of 4E will be constructed 1035m in the east of the third runway. Two underground tunnels connecting the west area (Terminal 1&2) and the east terminals (Terminal 3&4) are considered. The long-term expansion will take up another 2,687 hectares. Changsha Huanghua Int'l airport will become a major hub in China
which hosts a number of based airlines. The ultimate capacity of the airport will be 71 million passengers, 1.8 million tons of cargo and 550 thousand movements annually.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Airlines Destinations

AirAsia Kuala Lumpur–International

Air China Beijing–Capital, Chengdu, Tianjin

Air China operated by Dalian Airlines Dalian, Nanjing

Asiana Airlines Seoul–Incheon

Beijing Capital Airlines Hangzhou, Haikou, Sanya

Cathay Dragon Hong Kong

Chengdu Airlines Chengdu, Hangzhou, Nanjing, Ningbo, Sanya

Airlines Taipei–Taoyuan

Eastern Airlines Dali, Dalian, Fuzhou, Guiyang, Haikou, Kunming, Lanzhou, Lhasa, Lijiang, Nanjing, Nanning, Ningbo, Sanya,[2] Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Shantou, Wuxi, Taiyuan, Xi'an, Yancheng, Yantai,[3] Yinchuan, Zhuhai

Eastern Airlines operated by Shanghai Airlines Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong

Southern Airlines Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Baotou, Beihai, Beijing–Capital, Changchun, Changzhou, Chengdu, Chiang Mai, Chongqing, Dalian, Frankfurt, Guangzhou, Guiyang, Haikou, Hangzhou, Hanoi, Harbin, Hefei, Jinan, Kuala Lumpur–International, Kunming, Lanzhou, Nanjing, Nanning, Ningbo, Osaka–Kansai, Phuket, Qingdao, Sanya, Shanghai–Pudong, Shantou, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Shijiazhuang, Seoul–Incheon, Taipei–Taoyuan, Taiyuan, Tianjin, Tokyo–Narita, Turpan, Urumqi, Wenzhou, Xi'an, Xining, Yangzhou, Yantai, Yinchuan, Yulin, Yuncheng, Zhuhai

United Airlines Beijing–Nanyuan, Foshan, Ordos

Fuzhou Airlines Fuzhou, Guiyang

GX Airlines Jining, Linyi, Nanning

Hainan Airlines Beijing–Capital, Changchun, Chongqing, Fuzhou, Haikou, Hangzhou, Harbin, Hohhot, Jinan, London Heathrow,[4] Los Angeles, Melbourne,[5] Nanjing, Ningbo, Sanya, Sapporo–Chitose,[6] Shanghai–Pudong, Sydney, Taiyuan, Tianjin, Urumqi, Xi'an, Xuzhou, Zhuhai

Jetstar Pacific Airlines Charter: Nha Trang[7]

Juneyao Airlines Guiyang, Lijiang, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Wenzhou

Kunming Airlines Kunming, Taizhou

Korean Air Seoul–Incheon

Lao Airlines Vientiane

Lion Air Manado[8] Charter: Denpasar/Bali

Maldivian Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Malé

Malindo Air Kota Kinabalu

Mandarin Airlines Taipei–Taoyuan

New Gen Airways Charter: Bangkok–Don Mueang

Okay Airways Chengdu, Chongqing, Dalian, Guiyang, Hangzhou, Harbin, Jeju, Kalibo, Kunming, Lanzhou, Libo, Liping, Nanjing, Qingdao, Sanya, Shenyang, Tianjin, Tongren, Urumqi, Xiamen, Xi'an, Xining, Yongzhou, Zhangjiajie, Zhanjiang

Qingdao Airlines Qingdao

Orient Thai Airlines Bangkok–Don Mueang

Shandong Airlines Haikou, Jinan, Qingdao, Xiamen

Shenzhen Airlines Guiyang, Harbin, Lanzhou, Nanjing, Nanning, Nantong, Qingdao, Quanzhou, Shenyang, Shenzhen, Wuxi, Yantai

Siam Air Bangkok–Don Mueang

Sichuan Airlines Chengdu, Chongqing, Fuzhou, Harbin, Kunming, Sanya, Shenyang, Wenzhou, Xiamen

Silkair Singapore

Spring Airlines Denpasar/Bali, Shanghai–Hongqiao, Shanghai–Pudong, Xishuangbanna

Thai AirAsia Bangkok–Don Mueang, Chiang Mai

Thai Airways operated by Thai Smile Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi

Thai Lion Air Chiang Rai[9], Pattaya–U-Tapao Charter: Krabi,[10] Surat Thani[10]

Tianjin Airlines Hohhot, Linyi, Lüliang,[11] Nanning, Shantou, Tianjin, Xi'an, Zunyi

West Air Chongqing, Ningbo, Xiamen

XiamenAir Beijing–Capital, Chengdu, Chongqing, Dalian, Fuzhou, Haikou, Hailar, Hangzhou, Hohhot, Lanzhou, Luzhou, Mianyang, Nanjing, Quanzhou, Shenyang, Taipei–Taoyuan, Taiyuan, Tianjin, Urumqi, Xi'an, Xiamen

Statistics[edit] As for 2016, Changsha
Huanghua International Airport was the 13th busiest airport in the People's Republic of China
with 21,296,700 passengers.

Airport Passenger Totals 2000–2016 (millions)

Year Passengers Passengers Change YoY %

2016 21,296,700 013.8

2015 18,715,278 03.9

2014 18,020,501 012.6

2013 16,007,212 08.5

2012 14,749,701 07.8

2011 13,684,731 08.4

2010 12,621,333 08.4

2009 11,284,282 33.5

2008 8,454,808 04.8

2007 8,069,989 14.9

2006 6,592,602 22.4

2005 5,301,396 24.4

2004 3,802,550 27.1

2003 2,992,543 15.2

2002 2,598,508 17.2

2001 2,217,088 09.0

2000 2,034,526 -

Year Cargo(tons) Aircraft Movements

2014 125,037.8 152,359

2013 117,588.7 137,843

2012 110,608.0 127,041

2011 114,831.1 116,727

2010 108,635.2 115,635

2009 86,995.0 110,023

2008 71,151.9 85,339

2007 68,629.7 82,041

2006 62,571.3 71,139

2005 52,360.3 59,534

2004 43,133.2 55,054

2003 34,987.5 46,993

2002 25,437.9 42,920

2001 20,375.2 39,194

2000 18,552.0 37,722

Ground transportation[edit]

Interior of Changsha
Maglev train (2016)

Platform of Changsha
Airport Station (2016)

Coaches & Buses services

Waiting Area for coaches & buses

Driving on Changsha
Airport Expressway(S40)

Parking Areas in the airport

Driving & Parking[edit] Downtown Changsha
is about 20 km in the west of Huanghua Int' Airport. There are three main roads connecting Changsha
city with the airport.

Airport Expressway(S40): the best choice for a fast ride into Central Changsha
and the south parts of Changsha. The toll is 10CNY each time. Chang-Yong Expressway(S20): the ideal selection for people driving into Xingsha( Changsha
County) and the north parts of Changsha. The toll is 10CNY each time. East Renmin Avenue: free of charge and ideal for drivers who are not in a hurry. Though not as time saving as expressways, 10 lanes are a guarantee for excellent driving experience.


Maglev: The regular-speed Changsha
Maglev connects Huanghua International Airport and Changsha
South Railway Station, it started operation on 6 May 2016.

The Maglev line is 18.5 km long and trains and runs at a speed of 120kph to finish the journey in just over 10 minutes.[12] The ticket price is ¥20 between the Airport and South Railway Station. Metro-card holders can receive a 10% discount.

Station Name English Station Name Hanzi Transfer Location

Changshanan Station 磁浮高铁站  2  Yuhua

Langli 磁浮㮾梨


Huanghua International Airport 磁浮机场

Airport buses[edit]

Line1: Changsha
West Bus Station (Price: 28CNY single) Line2: Helong Stadium (Price: 16.5CNY single) Line3: South Bus Station via Changsha
South Railway Station (Price: 21.5CNY single) Line4: Wuyi Avenue Line (Central Changsha, Price: 16.5CNY single)

Airport intercity coaches[edit]

Line5: Shaoyang (not operating yet) Line6: Zhuzhou
(Lvyuan Hotel, Price: 33CNY single) Line7: Xiangtan
(Civil Aviation Ticketing Office, Price: 42CNY single) Line8: Yiyang (East Coach Station, Price: 47CNY single) & Changde(Civil Aviation Hotel, Price: 83CNY single) Line9: Yueyang (Civil Aviation Ticketing Office, Price: 47CNY single) Line10: Pingxiang (Dongfang Hotel, Price: 83CNY single)

City buses[edit]

No.114: to Changsha
Railway Station (Price: 2-3CNY single, Operation Hours: every eight minutes at 06h30-18h30, Duration: 65min) Suburban No.4: to Xingsha Bus Station (Price: 2CNY single, Operation Hours: every ten minutes at 06h30-20hr in summer and 07hr-19h30 in winter, Duration: 45min )


Metro Line 6: planned and expected to start constructions in following years.


Aerial view of Terminal 1 and 2

Lifts between Departure & Arrival Floors in T2

Terminal2 screen walls

Hallway behind the security checking border inside CSX terminal 2

Restaurants in Food Court of T2

outside Terminal1

See also[edit]

List of airports in China List of the busiest airports in China


^ 长沙航空口岸 ^ 东航江苏2018夏秋换季抢先看! ^ 东航山东布局青济烟三地新增、加密多条航线 ^ " Hainan Airlines
Hainan Airlines
adds Changsha
– London Heathrow from late-Mar 2018". routesonline. Retrieved 9 March 2018.  ^ " Hainan Airlines
Hainan Airlines
plans Changsha
– Melbourne launch in Nov 2016". routesonline. Retrieved 10 September 2016.  ^ http://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/270572/hainan-airlines-schedules-new-sapporo-flights-in-jan-2017/ ^ http://airlineroute.net/2015/11/27/bl-cxr-w15/ ^ "This year there are 37 flights from China
to Indonesia Tourism Dive Resort Manado". top-news.top. 22 July 2016. Retrieved 27 July 2016.  ^ "Thai Lion Air
Lion Air
plans Chiang Rai – Changsha
launch in August 2017". routesonline. Retrieved 26 July 2017.  ^ a b "Thai Lion Air
Lion Air
adds new scheduled charter service to China
from late-Sep 2017". routesonline. Retrieved 2 October 2017.  ^ " Tianjin Airlines
Tianjin Airlines
Adds New Domestic Routes in S15". airlineroute. Retrieved 1 June 2015.  ^ Changsha
to Construct Maglev Train Archived 2014-01-16 at the Wayback Machine., 2014-01-09

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Changsha
Huanghua International Airport.

Official Hunan
Provincial Airport Authority website Airport information for ZGHA at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.

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Note: italic indicates internatio