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Changlang
Changlang
district (Pron:/tʃæŋˈlæŋ/) is located in the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh, located south of Lohit district
Lohit district
and north of Tirap district. As of 2011 it is the second most populous district of Arunachal Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh
(out of 16), after Papum Pare.[1]

Contents

1 History

1.1 Post-independence

2 Geography

2.1 National protected area

3 Economy 4 Administrative divisions 5 Transport 6 Demographics

6.1 Languages

7 Culture 8 Tourism 9 Flora and fauna 10 Health services 11 Chakma and Hajong refugees 12 References 13 External links

History[edit] Post-independence[edit] The district was created on 14 November 1987, when it was split from Tirap district.[2] Geography[edit] Changlang
Changlang
district occupies an area of 4,662 square kilometres (1,800 sq mi),[3] comparatively equivalent to Indonesia's Lombok Island.[4] It falls in a region that receives high rainfall. The region is rich in wildlife with different kind of flora and fauna. The district has both plains and highlands. Most of the plains are in the valley of Dihing. The area is prone to occasional floods. National protected area[edit]

Namdapha
Namdapha
National Park

Economy[edit] The Dihing is the main source of fishes for the local people.The fresh water fishes are very much in demand they hardly reach major towns nearby like Tinsukia, Doomdooma, Digboi
Digboi
and Dibrugarh. Administrative divisions[edit] There are 5 Arunachal Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh
Legislative Assembly constituencies located in this district: Bordumsa, Miao, Nampong, Changlang
Changlang
South and Changlang
Changlang
North. All of these are part of Arunachal East Lok Sabha constituency.[5] The Changlang
Changlang
district has five Sub-Divisions namely Changlang, Manmao, Jairampur, Bordumsa
Bordumsa
and Miao. Changlang
Changlang
Sub-Divisions (Chanlang Block) covers four circles, namely Changlang
Changlang
(14,718 people), Khimiyang (3,506 people), Namtok (3,085 people) and Yatdam. Manmao Sub-Division (Manmao Block) covers three Circles, namely Manmao (3,814 people), Renuk, and Lyngok-Longtoi. Jairampur
Jairampur
Sub-Division ( Nampong
Nampong
Block) covers three Circles, namely Nampong
Nampong
(4,424 people), Jairampur
Jairampur
(7,836 people) and Rima-Putak. Bordumsa
Bordumsa
Sub-Division ( Bordumsa-Diyun Block) has got only two circles Bordumsa
Bordumsa
(25,369 people) and Diyun
Diyun
(28,907 people). And Miao Sub-Division (Khagam-Miao Block) covers three circles namely Miao (20,266 people), Kharsang
Kharsang
(9,509 people) and Vijoynagar (3,988 people). Total, there are fifteen Circles, five Blocks and five Subdivisions in Changlang
Changlang
district. There are two municipalities Changlang
Changlang
(6,469 people) and Jairampur (5,919 people). The administrative setup is based on single line administration which aims to keep close co-operation amongst various developmental departments with the district administration and thus, to work together for the speedy development of the area. The district has four Sub-Divisions and a total of 12 circles as shown in Table 2.1 below. The Deputy Commissioner being the overall in-charge of the district administration maintains law and order with the help of administrative officers and police forces. Moreover, the villagers have their own customary administrative systems in the form of traditional village councils consisting of the Gaon Buras and members. Transport[edit] There is no good road transport in the region. The people are commuting on the roads that Oil India Limited
Oil India Limited
build some decades back. The 2,000-kilometre-long (1,200 mi) proposed Mago- Thingbu
Thingbu
to Vijaynagar Arunachal Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh
Frontier Highway along the McMahon Line,[6][7][8][9] (will intersect with the proposed East-West Industrial Corridor Highway) and will pass through this district, alignment map of which can be seen here and here.[10] Demographics[edit] According to the 2011 census Changlang
Changlang
district has a population of 147,951,[11] roughly equal to the nation of Saint Lucia.[12] This gives it a ranking of 598th in India (out of a total of 640 districts). The district has a population density of 32 inhabitants per square kilometre (83/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 17.96%. Changlang
Changlang
has a sex ratio of 914 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 61.9%.[11] Changlang
Changlang
is populated by tribal groups, namely Tutsa, Tangsa, Nocte, Chakma, Singpho and the Lisu. Sizeable communities of the Tibetans,[13] Hajong and Bodo. The Tibetan people
Tibetan people
are clustered at Choephelling Tibetan settlement in Miao, which was set up in 1976 hosts a population of 2200.[14] Languages[edit] Languages spoken are of endangered Sino-Tibetan tongue with 30 000 speakers, spoken in the northeastern part of the district.[15] Culture[edit]

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Tourism[edit] Places to visit are World War II cemetery in Jairampur, Indo-Myanmar border town Nampong
Nampong
and Pangsau Pass. Another place of interest is Bordumsa
Bordumsa
where the rich culture of the Tais and Singpho exist. Flora and fauna[edit] The Namdapha
Namdapha
Tiger reserve is located in Miao town of this district. Health services[edit] Although the region is one of the most populous in Arunachal Pradesh, there are hardly any hospitals. It is a great challenge to travel to good hospitals in Assam. Chakma and Hajong refugees[edit] The Chakma and Hajong refugees in Arunachal Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh
came from East Pakistan in 1964 to 1969. During that period the refugees — 2,902 families (14,888 persons), took refuge in the North-East Frontier Agency (NEFA). The present[when?] population of Chakma and Hajong in Arunachal Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh
is 54,203 people (9,341 families). In Changlang district it is 47,703 people.[16] The only political developmental step that is taken by the Government of India
Government of India
is inclusion of 1497 population in the voter list in 2004 by the Election Commission of India.[17] References[edit]

^ a b c d "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in.  ^ Law, Gwillim (25 September 2011). "Districts of India". Statoids. Retrieved 2011-10-11.  ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Arunachal Pradesh: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. p. 1113. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link) ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 18 February 1998. Retrieved 2011-10-11. Lombok 4,625 km2  ^ "Assembly Constituencies allocation w.r.t District and Parliamentary Constituencies". Chief Electoral Officer, Arunachal Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh
website. Archived from the original on 13 August 2011. Retrieved 21 March 2011.  ^ "Top officials to meet to expedite road building along China border". Dipak Kumar Dash. timesofindia. Retrieved 27 October 2014.  ^ "Narendra Modi government to provide funds for restoration of damaged highways". Retrieved 27 October 2014.  ^ "Indian Government Plans Highway Along Disputed China Border". Ankit Panda. thediplomat.com. Retrieved 27 October 2014.  ^ "Govt planning road along McMohan line in Arunachal Pradesh: Kiren Rijiju". Live Mint. Retrieved 2014-10-26.  ^ "China warns India against paving road in Arunachal". Ajay Banerjee. tribuneindia.com. Retrieved 2014-10-26.  ^ a b "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.  ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Saint Lucia
Saint Lucia
161,557 July 2011 est.  ^ Tibetans in Miao Elect Settlement Officer Archived 11 March 2007 at the Wayback Machine.. Tibet.net (24 October 2003). ^ Choepheling Tibetan Settlement, Miao, Arunachal Pradesh, India Archived 4 November 2005 at the Wayback Machine. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Galo: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-28.  ^ Summary: Chakma and Hajong Population Survey report (CCRCHAP, New Delhi, September, 2012) 10 & 3 ^ Deepak K Singh, Stateless in South Asia: The Chakmas between Bangladesh and India (SAGE Publication India Pvt. Ltd 2010) 15-16

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Changlang
Changlang
district.

Official web site of Changlang
Changlang
District [1] List of places in Changlang

Places adjacent to Changlang
Changlang
district

Tinsukia
Tinsukia
district, Assam Lohit district Anjaw district

Tirap district

Changlang
Changlang
district

Myanmar

Myanmar

v t e

State of Arunachal Pradesh

Capital: Itanagar

Topics

Category History Politics Cuisine Highest point Education

Administration

Government Legislative Assembly Chief Ministers Governors Police Politics

Districts

Tawang West Kameng East Kameng Papum Pare Kurung Kumey Kra Daadi Lower Subansiri Upper Subansiri West Siang Central Siang East Siang Upper Siang Lower Dibang Valley Dibang Valley Anjaw Lohit Namsai Changlang Tirap Longding

Major Towns

Itanagar Naharlagun Pasighat Along (Aalo) Seppa Tezu Daporijo Namsai Ziro Roing Tawang Khonsa Bomdila Jairampur Deomali Yingkiong Changlang Miao Basar Dirang Anini Koloriang Rupa Boleng Hawai Sagalee Yupia Doimukh Gumto Longding Pangin Likabali Malinithan Bhalukpong Nampong Hayuliang Palin Jamin Bhismaknagar Akshiganga

Historical Places

Gomsi Ita Fort

Portal: India

v t e

Minority Concentrated Districts in India

Andaman & Nicobar Islands

Nicobar

Arunachal Pradesh

East Kameng Lower Subansiri Changlang Tirap Tawang West Kameng Papum Pare

Assam

Kokrajhar Dhubri Goalpara Bongaigaon Barpeta Darrang Morigaon Nagaon Cachar Karimganj Hailakandi Kamrup North Cachar Hills

Bihar

Araria Kishanganj Purnia Katihar Sitamarhi Pashchim Champaran Darbhanga

Delhi

North East

Haryana

Gurgaon Sirsa

Jammu & Kashmir

Leh

Jharkhand

Sahibganj Pakaur Ranchi Gumla

Karnataka

Gulbarga Bidar

Kerala

Wayanad

Madhya Pradesh

Bhopal

Maharashtra

Parbhani Buldana Washim Hingoli

Manipur

Thoubal Senapati Tamenglong Churachandpur Ukhrul Chandel

Meghalaya

West Garo Hills

Mizoram

Lawngtlai Mamit

Odisha

Gajapati

Sikkim

North

Uttar Pradesh

Bulandshahar Budaun Barabanki Kheri Shahjahanpur Moradabad Sambhal Rampur Jyotiba Phule Nagar Bareilly Pilibhit Bahraich Shrawasti Balrampur Siddharthnagar Bijnor Lucknow Saharanpur Muzaffarnagar Meerut Baghpat Ghaziabad

Uttarakhand

Haridwar Udham Singh Nagar

West Bengal

Uttar Dinajpur Dakshin Dinajpur Maldah Murshidabad Birbhum Nadia South 24 Parganas Barddhaman Koch Bihar Haora North 24 Parganas Kolkata

Source: "Press Information Bureau English Releases". Pib.nic.in. Retrieved 2014-01-14. 

Coordinates: 27°07′48″N 95°44′24″E / 27.13000°N 95.74000°E / 27.13000; 95.74000

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 237521

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