Changlang district (Pron:/tʃæŋˈlæŋ/) is located in the Indian
state of Arunachal Pradesh, located south of
Lohit district and north
of Tirap district. As of 2011 it is the second most populous district
Arunachal Pradesh (out of 16), after Papum Pare.
2.1 National protected area
4 Administrative divisions
9 Flora and fauna
10 Health services
11 Chakma and Hajong refugees
13 External links
The district was created on 14 November 1987, when it was split from
Changlang district occupies an area of 4,662 square kilometres
(1,800 sq mi), comparatively equivalent to Indonesia's
It falls in a region that receives high rainfall. The region is rich
in wildlife with different kind of flora and fauna. The district has
both plains and highlands. Most of the plains are in the valley of
Dihing. The area is prone to occasional floods.
National protected area
Namdapha National Park
Dihing is the main source of fishes for the local people.The fresh
water fishes are very much in demand they hardly reach major towns
nearby like Tinsukia, Doomdooma,
Digboi and Dibrugarh.
There are 5
Arunachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly constituencies
located in this district: Bordumsa, Miao, Nampong,
Changlang South and
Changlang North. All of these are part of Arunachal East Lok Sabha
Changlang district has five Sub-Divisions namely Changlang,
Bordumsa and Miao.
Changlang Sub-Divisions (Chanlang Block) covers four circles, namely
Changlang (14,718 people), Khimiyang (3,506 people), Namtok (3,085
people) and Yatdam.
Manmao Sub-Division (Manmao Block) covers three Circles, namely Manmao
(3,814 people), Renuk, and Lyngok-Longtoi.
Jairampur Sub-Division (
Nampong Block) covers three Circles, namely
Nampong (4,424 people),
Jairampur (7,836 people) and Rima-Putak.
Bordumsa Sub-Division (
Bordumsa-Diyun Block) has got only two circles
Bordumsa (25,369 people) and
Diyun (28,907 people).
And Miao Sub-Division (Khagam-Miao Block) covers three circles namely
Miao (20,266 people),
Kharsang (9,509 people) and Vijoynagar (3,988
Total, there are fifteen Circles, five Blocks and five Subdivisions in
There are two municipalities
Changlang (6,469 people) and Jairampur
The administrative setup is based on single line administration which
aims to keep close co-operation amongst various developmental
departments with the district administration and thus, to work
together for the speedy development of the area. The district has four
Sub-Divisions and a total of 12 circles as shown in Table 2.1 below.
The Deputy Commissioner being the overall in-charge of the district
administration maintains law and order with the help of administrative
officers and police forces. Moreover, the villagers have their own
customary administrative systems in the form of traditional village
councils consisting of the Gaon Buras and members.
There is no good road transport in the region. The people are
commuting on the roads that
Oil India Limited
Oil India Limited build some decades back.
The 2,000-kilometre-long (1,200 mi) proposed Mago-
Arunachal Pradesh Frontier Highway along the McMahon
Line, (will intersect with the proposed East-West
Industrial Corridor Highway) and will pass through this district,
alignment map of which can be seen here and here.
According to the 2011 census
Changlang district has a population of
147,951, roughly equal to the nation of Saint Lucia.
This gives it a ranking of 598th in India (out of a total of 640
districts). The district has a population density of 32 inhabitants
per square kilometre (83/sq mi). Its population growth rate over
the decade 2001–2011 was 17.96%.
Changlang has a sex ratio of 914
females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 61.9%.
Changlang is populated by tribal groups, namely Tutsa, Tangsa, Nocte,
Chakma, Singpho and the Lisu. Sizeable communities of the
Tibetans, Hajong and Bodo.
Tibetan people are clustered at Choephelling Tibetan settlement in
Miao, which was set up in 1976 hosts a population of 2200.
Languages spoken are of endangered Sino-Tibetan tongue with 30 000
speakers, spoken in the northeastern part of the district.
This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (November 2015)
Places to visit are World War II cemetery in Jairampur, Indo-Myanmar
Nampong and Pangsau Pass. Another place of interest is
Bordumsa where the rich culture of the Tais and Singpho exist.
Flora and fauna
Namdapha Tiger reserve is located in Miao town of this district.
Although the region is one of the most populous in Arunachal Pradesh,
there are hardly any hospitals. It is a great challenge to travel to
good hospitals in Assam.
Chakma and Hajong refugees
The Chakma and Hajong refugees in
Arunachal Pradesh came from East
Pakistan in 1964 to 1969. During that period the refugees — 2,902
families (14,888 persons), took refuge in the North-East Frontier
Agency (NEFA). The present[when?] population of Chakma and Hajong in
Arunachal Pradesh is 54,203 people (9,341 families). In Changlang
district it is 47,703 people. The only political developmental
step that is taken by the
Government of India
Government of India is inclusion of 1497
population in the voter list in 2004 by the Election Commission of
^ a b c d "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in.
^ Law, Gwillim (25 September 2011). "Districts of India". Statoids.
^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union
Territories: Arunachal Pradesh: Government". India 2010: A Reference
Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General,
Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting
(India), Government of India. p. 1113.
ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7. CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list
^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations
Environment Program. 18 February 1998. Retrieved 2011-10-11. Lombok
^ "Assembly Constituencies allocation w.r.t District and Parliamentary
Constituencies". Chief Electoral Officer,
Arunachal Pradesh website.
Archived from the original on 13 August 2011. Retrieved 21 March
^ "Top officials to meet to expedite road building along China
border". Dipak Kumar Dash. timesofindia. Retrieved 27 October
^ "Narendra Modi government to provide funds for restoration of
damaged highways". Retrieved 27 October 2014.
^ "Indian Government Plans Highway Along Disputed China Border". Ankit
Panda. thediplomat.com. Retrieved 27 October 2014.
^ "Govt planning road along McMohan line in Arunachal Pradesh: Kiren
Rijiju". Live Mint. Retrieved 2014-10-26.
^ "China warns India against paving road in Arunachal". Ajay Banerjee.
tribuneindia.com. Retrieved 2014-10-26.
^ a b "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved
^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population".
Saint Lucia 161,557 July 2011 est.
^ Tibetans in Miao Elect Settlement Officer Archived 11 March 2007 at
the Wayback Machine.. Tibet.net (24 October 2003).
^ Choepheling Tibetan Settlement, Miao, Arunachal Pradesh, India
Archived 4 November 2005 at the Wayback Machine.
^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Galo: A language of India". Ethnologue:
Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International.
^ Summary: Chakma and Hajong Population Survey report (CCRCHAP, New
Delhi, September, 2012) 10 & 3
^ Deepak K Singh, Stateless in South Asia: The Chakmas between
Bangladesh and India (SAGE Publication India Pvt. Ltd 2010) 15-16
Wikimedia Commons has media related to
Official web site of
 List of places in Changlang
Places adjacent to
Tinsukia district, Assam
State of Arunachal Pradesh
Lower Dibang Valley
Minority Concentrated Districts in India
Andaman & Nicobar Islands
North Cachar Hills
Jammu & Kashmir
West Garo Hills
Jyotiba Phule Nagar
Udham Singh Nagar
South 24 Parganas
North 24 Parganas
Source: "Press Information Bureau English Releases". Pib.nic.in.
Coordinates: 27°07′48″N 95°44′24″E / 27.13000°N
95.74000°E / 27.13000; 95.74000