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Changhua, officially known as Changhua
Changhua
City (Chinese: 彰化市; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Chiang-hoà-chhī), is a county-controlled city and the county seat of Changhua County
Changhua County
in Taiwan. For many centuries the site was home to a settlement of Babuza people, a coastal tribe of Taiwanese aborigines. Changhua
Changhua
city is ranked first by population among county-controlled cities. Historically, Changhua
Changhua
city was a base for the Hans when they invaded Taiwan
Taiwan
and to defend from the Taiwanese aborigines, a fortress built out of bamboo was made. Thus Changhua
Changhua
has earned its name as "Bamboo Town". Changhua
Changhua
is best known for its landmark statue of the Buddha. At 26 metres tall, the statue sits atop Bagua Mountain overlooking the city. The main walkway up to the giant is lined with statues of figures from Buddhist lore. Another site of interest is Taiwan's oldest temple honoring Confucius.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Empire of Japan 1.2 Republic of China

2 Geography 3 Administrative divisions 4 Government institutions 5 Economy 6 Education

6.1 Universities 6.2 High schools 6.3 Libraries

7 Tourist attractions 8 Transportation 9 Others 10 References 11 External links

History[edit] Poasoa (transliterated into Chinese: 半線; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Pòaⁿ-sòaⁿ) was once a center of settlement for the Babuza people (a plains aboriginal tribe). During the Dutch period, the area was under the administration of Favorlang (modern-day Huwei, Yunlin) and was controlled by the Dutch East India Company. During the Siege of Fort Zeelandia, the area was also one of Koxinga's central defense and attack bases. During the Chinese immigration of the 17th century, Changhua
Changhua
city was one of the four cities that had major immigration; it was one of the oldest Han Chinese
Han Chinese
settlements. By 1694, Poasoa Village (半線庄) had been established. During the late 17th to late 19th century the area continued to be one of the major urban settlements in central Taiwan. In 1723, Changhua
Changhua
County was established, following the Zhu Yigui rebellion. Despite that, rebellions and civil wars continued. Empire of Japan[edit] The origin of today's Changhua
Changhua
City is attributed to the Japanese administration, as they made the city into the official county seat in 1897 under Taichū Ken (Japanese: 臺中縣). During this era, the Japanese pronunciation Shōka came into use, alongside the "Chinese spellings" of "Changwha, Changhwa, Changhoa, Chanhue, Chan-hua, Tchanghoua".[2] In 1901, the local administrative unit Shōka Chō (彰化廳) was established,[3] but this merged with Taichū Chō (臺中廳) in 1909. In 1920, Shoka was governed under the new Taichū Prefecture. In 1933, Ōtake Village (大竹庄) and Nankaku Village (南郭庄) were merged with Shōka Town and upgraded to Shōka City. Republic of China[edit] After the handover of Taiwan
Taiwan
from Japan to the Republic of China
Republic of China
on 25 October 1945, Changhua
Changhua
City was established as provincial city of Taiwan
Taiwan
Province on 25 December the same year. On 30 November 1951, the Changhua
Changhua
City Office was established and subsequently on 1 December 1951, it was downgraded to county-controlled city and became the county seat of Changhua County
Changhua County
until today.[4] Geography[edit] Changhua
Changhua
city has plenty of flat lands, however, the flat lands are divided in two portions by the Central Mountain Range of Taiwan. One on the South Eastern area and the other on the North Western area. The North Eastern area, although being flat, is often affected by soil erosion caused by typhoons during the summer, thus is not suitable for living. The temperature of Changhua
Changhua
city on average is 22.4°C, annually, with July being the hottest and January being the coolest. Annual rainfall is 1723.4 mm, June being the wettest and November being the driest. Rainfall decreases westward closer to the coastline. Administrative divisions[edit] Changhua
Changhua
City is divided into the following villages (in romanized alphabetical order): Anxi, Ayi, Baobu, Chenggong, Citong, Datong, Dazhu, Fuan, Fugui, Fushan, Futian, Fuxing, Guangfu, Guanghua, Guangnan, Guashan, Guosheng, Guyi, Hediao, Huabei, Huayang, Jiadong, Jianan, Jianbao, Jieshou, Kuaiguan, Longshan, Lunping, Minquan, Minsheng, Nanan, Nanmei, Nanxing, Nanyao, Niupu, Pinghe, Sancun, Shipai, Taifeng, Taoyuan, Tianzhong, Tungfang, Tungxing, Wanan, Wanshou, Wenhua, Wuquan, Xiabu, Xian Xiangshan, Xiangyang, Xingbei, Xinhua, Xinxing, Xinyi, Xishi, Xixing, Yangming, Yanhe, Yanping, Yongfu, Yongsheng, Zhangan, Zhangle, Zhongquan, Zhongshan, Zhongxiao, Zhongyang, Zhongzheng, Zhongzhuang, Zhuanyao, Zhuxiang and Zhuzhong. Government institutions[edit]

Changhua County
Changhua County
Government Changhua County
Changhua County
Council

Economy[edit] Changhua
Changhua
city is one of the more developed areas of Changhua
Changhua
county, from 1970 a trend of industrialization has been ongoing. This is reflected by an increase of factories in Changhua
Changhua
and decreasing amount of agricultural fields. However, Changhua
Changhua
city has a considerable amount of pollution as a result of this industrialization. From a poll in 1992, 43.2% of respondents work in the servicing sector, 42.4% works in industrial sector and only 14.4% works either in agricultural or the fishing sector. The local Changhua city government has a plan to expand the city from the current 12.35 km2 to 22.61 km2 with the hope to boost the standard of living as well. Education[edit]

National Changhua
Changhua
University of Education

Due to Changhua
Changhua
city's urban nature it owns more educational resources allocated by the local government compared to neighboring townships or cities of Changhua
Changhua
county. The earliest school in Changhua
Changhua
dates back to 1726 during the Qing dynasty. In addition, the Japanese also improved the education system in Changhua
Changhua
city during World War II. As of the time this is written, Changhua
Changhua
city owns 15 elementary schools, 7 junior high schools, 7 senior high schools and 2 technical/universities. Universities[edit]

National Changhua
Changhua
University of Education[5] Chienkuo Technology University[6]

High schools[edit]

Changhua
Changhua
Girls' Senior High School

Libraries[edit]

Changhua
Changhua
City Library

Tourist attractions[edit]

Changhua
Changhua
Arts Museum

1895 Baguashan Anti-Japanese Martyrs' Museum[7] Anti-Japanese Martyrs' Monument Park Baguashan Great Buddha Changhua
Changhua
Arts Museum Changhua County
Changhua County
Art Museum Changhua
Changhua
Nanyao Temple
Nanyao Temple
Cultural Hall Changhua
Changhua
Wude Hall Confucian Temple of Changhua Fan-shaped Roundhouse Gu-Yue Folk Museum Huayang Park Hsinding Old Street Kaihua Temple Lai Ho Memorial Hall Literature Walk Museum of Traditional Nan Bei Music and Theater Nanyao Temple National Changhua
Changhua
Living Art Center Natural Ecology Garden Red Hair Well Silver Bridge Spring of Youth Yuan Ching Kaun Tradition Art Museum Yuanching Temple

Transportation[edit]

Changhua
Changhua
Train Station

Changhua
Changhua
Bus Station

Changhua Station
Changhua Station
is currently the only Taiwan
Taiwan
Railway Administration in Changhua
Changhua
city. National Highway 1 connects Changhua
Changhua
city to Taichung
Taichung
city and this is one of the primary route for commuters between Changhua
Changhua
city and Taichung
Taichung
city as well. National Highway 1 intersects with National Highway 3 at Changhua
Changhua
and connects to Provincial Highway 74. Others[edit] On 25 May 2002 China Airlines Flight 611
China Airlines Flight 611
broke into pieces in mid-air. Parts of the plane landed in Changhua.[8][9]

Taiwan
Taiwan
portal

References[edit]

^ " Changhua
Changhua
City Office: About the Mayor". changhua.gov.tw.  ^ Davidson, James Wheeler (1903). The Island of Formosa, Past and Present : history, people, resources, and commercial prospects : tea, camphor, sugar, gold, coal, sulphur, economical plants, and other productions. London and New York: Macmillan. p. 261. OL 6931635M.  ^ Davidson (1903), p. 597. ^ "Get to Know Changhua
Changhua
City". Changhua
Changhua
City Office. Retrieved 3 March 2017.  ^ " National Changhua University of Education
National Changhua University of Education
- NCUE". educations.com.  ^ "Chienkuo Technology University, Changhua
Changhua
建國科技大學". tealit.com.  ^ "1895 Baguashan Anti-Japanese Martyrs' Museum - - Attractions - Travel in Changhua
Changhua
County". chcg.gov.tw.  ^ "Changhua," BBC ^ "225 die in China Airlines crash," The Independent

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Changhua
Changhua
City.

Changhua
Changhua
City Government Website Changhua
Changhua
City Government Website (in Chinese) National Changhua
Changhua
University of Education National Changhua University of Education
National Changhua University of Education
(in Chinese) Chienkuo Technology University Chienkuo Technology University
Chienkuo Technology University
(in Chinese)

v t e

Cities in Taiwan

Special
Special
municipalities

Kaohsiung New Taipei Taichung Tainan Taipei Taoyuan

Provincial cities

Chiayi Hsinchu Keelung

County-controlled cities

Changhua Douliu Hualien Magong Miaoli Nantou Pingtung PuziA Taibao Taitung ToufenA Yilan YuanlinA Zhubei

County and province seats

Jincheng Nangan Zhongxing

Note: A: not the county seat.

v t e

Cities and townships of Changhua
Changhua
County

County seat: Changhua

Cities

Changhua Yuanlin

Urban townships

Beidou Erlin Hemei Lukang Tianzhong Xihu

Rural townships

Dacheng Dacun Ershui Fangyuan Fenyuan Fuxing Huatan Pitou Puxin Puyan Shengang Shetou Tianwei Xianxi Xiushui Xizhou Yongjing Zhutang

v t e

Metropolitan areas in Taiwan

Taipei– Keelung
Keelung
(incl. New Taipei) metro area Kaohsiung
Kaohsiung
metro area Taichung– Changhua
Changhua
metro area Taoyuan–Zhongli metro area Tainan
Tainan
metro area Hsinchu
Hsinchu
metro area

.