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Chanel
Chanel
S.A. (/ʃəˈnɛl/; French: [ʃaˈnɛl]) is a French, privately held company owned by Alain Wertheimer
Alain Wertheimer
and Gérard Wertheimer, grandsons of Pierre Wertheimer, who was an early business partner of the couturière Gabrielle Bonheur Chanel. Chanel
Chanel
S.A. is a high fashion house that specializes in haute couture and ready-to-wear clothes, luxury goods, and fashion accessories.[3] In her youth, Gabrielle Chanel
Chanel
gained the nickname Coco from her time as a chanteuse. As a fashion designer, Coco Chanel
Coco Chanel
catered to women’s taste for elegance in dress, with blouses and suits, trousers and dresses, and jewellry (gemstone and bijouterie) of simple design, that replaced the opulent, over-designed, and constrictive clothes and accessories of 19th-century fashion. The Chanel
Chanel
product brands have been personified by fashion models and actresses, including Inès de La Fressange, Catherine Deneuve, Carole Bouquet, Vanessa Paradis, Nicole Kidman, Anna Mouglalis, Audrey Tautou, Keira Knightley
Keira Knightley
and Marilyn Monroe.[4] The House of Chanel
Chanel
is known for the "little black dress", the perfume No. 5 de Chanel, and the Chanel
Chanel
Suit. Chanel’s use of jersey fabric produced garments that were comfortable and affordable.[5] Chanel revolutionized fashion — high fashion (haute couture) and everyday fashion (prêt-à-porter) — by replacing structured-silhouettes, based upon the corset and the bodice, with garments that were functional and at the same time flattering to the woman’s figure. In the 1920s, the simple-line designs of Chanel
Chanel
couture made popular the "flat-chested" fashions that were the opposite of the hourglass-figure achieved by the fashions of the late 19th century — the Belle Époque
Belle Époque
of France
France
(ca. 1890–1914), and the British Edwardian era
Edwardian era
(ca. 1901–1919). Chanel
Chanel
used colors traditionally associated with masculinity in Europe, such as grey and navy blue, to denote feminine boldness of character.[6][7] The clothes of the House of Chanel
Chanel
featured quilted fabric and leather trimmings; the quilted construction reinforces the fabric, the design, and the finish, producing a garment that maintains its form and function while being worn. An example of such haute couture techniques is the woolen Chanel suit — a knee-length skirt and a cardigan-style jacket, trimmed and decorated with black embroidery and gold-coloured buttons. The complementary accessories were two-tone pump shoes and jewellry, usually a necklace of pearls, and a leather handbag.[3][6][8]

Contents

1 History

1.1 The Coco Chanel
Coco Chanel
era 1.2 The post-Coco era

2 Corporate identity

2.1 Logotype

3 Label

3.1 Trademarks

4 Products

4.1 Runways

4.1.1 Gallery

4.2 Fragrance

4.2.1 Perfumes 4.2.2 Colognes

4.3 Makeup and skincare 4.4 Fine jewellery 4.5 Watches

5 Shows 6 Stores 7 Gallery 8 Chanel
Chanel
models 9 See also 10 References 11 External links

History[edit] The Coco Chanel
Coco Chanel
era[edit]

Gabrielle "Coco" Chanel
Chanel
in 1920

Establishment and recognition — 1909–1920s

The actress Gabrielle Dorziat wearing a Chanel
Chanel
plumed hat (1912)

The House of Chanel
Chanel
( Chanel
Chanel
S.A.) originated in 1909 when Gabrielle Chanel
Chanel
opened a millinery shop at 160 Boulevard Malesherbes, the ground floor of the Parisian flat of the socialite and textile businessman Étienne Balsan, of whom she was the mistress.[3] Because the Balsan flat also was a salon for the French hunting and sporting élite, Chanel
Chanel
had the opportunity to meet their demi-mondaine mistresses, who, as such, were women of fashion, upon whom the rich men displayed their wealth — as ornate clothes, jewelry, and hats. Coco Chanel
Coco Chanel
thus could sell to them the hats she designed and made; she thus earned a living, independent of her financial sponsor, the socialite Balsan. In the course of those salons Coco Chanel
Coco Chanel
befriended Arthur ‘Boy’ Capel, an English socialite and polo player friend of Étienne Balsan; per the upper class social custom, Chanel
Chanel
also became mistress to Boy Capel. Despite that social circumstance, Boy Capel perceived the businesswoman innate to Coco Chanel, and, in 1910, financed her first independent millinery shop, Chanel
Chanel
Modes, at 21 rue Cambon, Paris. Because that locale already housed a dress shop, the business-lease limited Chanel
Chanel
to selling only millinery products, not couture. Two years later, in 1913, the Deauville
Deauville
and Biarritz
Biarritz
couture shops of Coco Chanel
Coco Chanel
offered for sale prêt-à-porter sports clothes for women, the practical designs of which allowed the wearer to play sport.[3][6] The First World War (1914–18) affected European fashion through scarcity of materials, and the mobilisation of women. By that time, Chanel
Chanel
had opened a large dress shop at 31 rue Cambon, near the Hôtel Ritz, in Paris; among the clothes for sale were flannel blazers, straight-line skirts of linen, sailor blouses, long sweaters made of jersey fabric, and skirt-and-jacket suits. Coco Chanel
Coco Chanel
used jersey cloth because of its physical properties as a garment, such as its drape — how it falls upon and falls from the body of the woman — and how well it adapted to a simple garment-design. Sartorially, some of Chanel’s designs derived from the military uniforms made prevalent by the War; and, by 1915, the designs and the clothes produced by the House of Chanel
Chanel
were known throughout France.[3] In 1915 and in 1917, Harper’s Bazaar magazine reported that the garments of the House of Chanel
Chanel
were "on the list of every buyer" for the clothing factories of Europe.[3] The Chanel
Chanel
dress shop at 31 rue Cambon presented day-wear dress-and-coat ensembles of simple design, and black evening dresses trimmed with lace; and tulle-fabric dresses decorated with jet, a minor gemstone material.[3] After the First World War, the House of Chanel, following the fashion trends of the 1920s, produced beaded dresses, made especially popular by the Flapper
Flapper
woman.[3] By 1920, Chanel
Chanel
had designed and presented a woman’s suit of clothes — composed either of two garments or of three garments — which allowed a woman to have a modern, feminine appearance, whilst being comfortable and practical to maintain; advocated as the "new uniform for afternoon and evening", it became known as the Chanel
Chanel
Suit. In 1921, to complement the suit of clothes, Coco Chanel
Coco Chanel
commissioned the perfumer Ernest Beaux
Ernest Beaux
to create a perfume for the House of Chanel, his perfumes included the perfume No.5, named after the number of the sample Chanel
Chanel
liked best. Originally, a bottle of No. 5 de Chanel
Chanel
was a gift to clients of Chanel. The popularity of the perfume prompted the House of Chanel
Chanel
to offer it for retail sale in 1922. In 1923, to explain the success of her clothes, Coco Chanel
Coco Chanel
told Harper’s Bazaar magazine that design "simplicity is the keynote of all true elegance."[3][9]

Business partners — late 1920s

The success of the No. 5 encouraged Coco Chanel
Coco Chanel
to expand perfume sales beyond France
France
and Europe and to develop other perfumes — for which she required investment capital, business acumen, and access to the North American market. To that end, the businessman Théophile Bader (founder of Galeries Lafayette) introduced the venture capitalist Pierre Wertheimer
Pierre Wertheimer
to Coco Chanel. Their business deal established the Parfums Chanel
Chanel
company, a parfumerie of which Wertheimer owned 70 per cent, Bader owned 20 per cent, and Chanel owned 10 per cent; commercial success of the joint enterprise was assured by the Chanel
Chanel
name, and by the cachet of la "Maison Chanel", which remained the sole business province of Coco Chanel.[8] Nonetheless, despite the success of the Chanel
Chanel
couture and parfumerie, the personal relations between Coco and her capitalist partner deteriorated, because, Coco said that Pierre Wertheimer
Pierre Wertheimer
was exploiting her talents as a fashion designer and as a businesswoman.[8] Wertheimer reminded Chanel
Chanel
that he had made her a very rich woman; and that his venture capital had funded Chanel’s productive expansion of the parfumerie which created the wealth they enjoyed, all from the success of No. 5 de Chanel. Nevertheless, unsatisfied, the businesswoman Gabrielle Chanel
Chanel
hired the attorney René de Chambrun
René de Chambrun
to renegotiate the 10-per-cent partnership she entered, in 1924, with the Parfums Chanel
Chanel
company; the lawyer-to-lawyer negotiations failed, and the partnership-percentages remained as established in the original business deal among Wertheimer, Badel, and Chanel.[8]

Elegance and the war — 1930s–1940s

From the gamine fashions of the 1920s, Coco Chanel
Coco Chanel
had progressed to womanly fashions in the 1930s: evening-dress designs were characterised by an elongated feminine style, and summer dresses featured contrasts such as silver eyelets, and shoulder straps decorated with rhinestones - drawing from Renaissance-time fashion stylings. In 1932, Chanel
Chanel
presented an exhibition of jewelry dedicated to the diamond as a fashion accessory; it featured the Comet and Fountain necklaces of diamonds, which were of such original design, that Chanel
Chanel
S.A. re-presented them in 1993. Moreover, by 1937, the House of Chanel
Chanel
had expanded the range of its clothes to more women and presented prêt-à-porter clothes designed and cut for the petite woman.[3] Among fashion designers, only the clothes created by Elsa Schiaparelli could compete with the clothes of Chanel.[3]

Chanel’s spymaster: General Walter Schellenberg Chief of the Sicherheitsdienst.

During the Second World War
Second World War
(1939–45), Coco Chanel
Coco Chanel
closed shop at Maison Chanel
Chanel
— leaving only jewellry and parfumerie for sale — and moved to the Hôtel Ritz Paris, where she lived with her boyfriend, Hans Günther von Dincklage, a Nazi intelligence officer.[3][6][8] Upon conquering France
France
in June 1940, the Nazis established a Parisian occupation-headquarters in the Hôtel Meurice, on the rue de la Rivoli, opposite the Louvre Museum, and just around the corner from the fashionable Maison Chanel
Chanel
S.A., at 31 rue Cambon.[3] Meanwhile, because of the Nazi occupation’s official anti-Semitism, Pierre Wertheimer
Pierre Wertheimer
and family, had fled France
France
to the U.S., in mid-1940. Later, in 1941, Coco Chanel
Coco Chanel
attempted to assume business control of Parfums Chanel
Chanel
but was thwarted by an administrative delegation that disallowed her sole disposition of the parfumerie. Having foreseen the Nazi occupation policy of the seizure-and-expropriation to Germany of Jewish business and assets in France, Pierre Wertheimer, the majority partner, had earlier, in May 1940, designated Felix Amiot, a Christian French industrialist, as the "Aryan" proxy whose legal control of the Parfums Chanel
Chanel
business proved politically acceptable to the Nazis, who then allowed the perfume company to continue as an operating business.[8][10] Occupied France
France
abounded with rumours that Coco Chanel
Coco Chanel
was a Nazi collaborator; her clandestine identity was secret agent 7124 of the Abwehr, code-named "Westminster".[11] As such, by order of General Walter Schellenberg, of the Sicherheitsdienst, Chanel
Chanel
was despatched to London on a mission to communicate to British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Winston Churchill
the particulars of a "separate peace" plan proposed by Reichsführer-SS
Reichsführer-SS
Heinrich Himmler, who sought to avoid surrendering to the Red Army
Red Army
of the Soviet Russians. At War’s end, upon the Allied liberation of France, Chanel
Chanel
was arrested for having collaborated with the Nazis. In September 1944, the Free French
Free French
Purge Committee, the épuration, summoned Chanel
Chanel
for interrogation about her collaborationism, yet, without documentary evidence of or witnesses to her collaboration with the Nazis, and because of Churchill’s secret intervention in her behalf, the épuration released Coco Chanel
Coco Chanel
from arrest as a traitor to France.[8][12] Despite having been freed by the political grace of Churchill, the strength of the rumours of Chanel’s Nazi collaboration had made it not possible for her to remain in France; so Coco Chanel
Coco Chanel
and her German lover, Hans Günther von Dincklage, went into an eight-year exile to Switzerland.[3][8] In the post–war period, during Coco Chanel’s Swiss exile from France, Pierre Wertheimer
Pierre Wertheimer
returned to Paris
Paris
and regained formal administrative control of his family’s business holdings — including control of Parfums Chanel, the parfumerie established with his venture capital, and successful because of the Chanel
Chanel
name.[8] In Switzerland, the news revived Coco Chanel’s resentment at having been exploited by her business partner, for only ten per cent of the money. So she established a rival Swiss parfumerie to create, produce, and sell her " Chanel
Chanel
perfumes". In turn, Wertheimer, the majority capital stock owner of Parfums Chanel, saw his business interests threatened, and his commercial rights infringed because he did not possess legally exclusive rights to the Chanel
Chanel
name. Nonetheless, Wertheimer avoided a trademark infringement lawsuit against Coco Chanel, lest it damages the commercial reputation and the artistic credibility of his Chanel-brand parfumerie. Wisely, Pierre Wertheimer
Pierre Wertheimer
settled his business- and commercial-rights quarrel with Chanel, and, in May 1947, they renegotiated the 1924 contract that had established Parfums Chanel
Chanel
— she was paid $400,000 in cash (wartime profits from the sales of perfume No. 5 de Chanel); assigned a 2.0 per cent running royalty from the sales of No. 5 parfumerie; assigned limited commercial rights to sell her "Chanel perfumes" in Switzerland; and granted a perpetual monthly stipend that paid all of her expenses. In exchange, Gabrielle Chanel
Chanel
closed her Swiss parfumerie enterprise, and sold to Parfums Chanel
Chanel
the full rights to the name "Coco Chanel".[8][13]

Resurgence — 1950s–1970s

A classic Chanel
Chanel
suit, 1965

In 1953, upon returning to France
France
from Switzerland, Coco Chanel
Coco Chanel
found the fashion business enamoured of the "New Look" (1947), by Christian Dior; the signature shape featured a below-mid-calf-length, full-skirt, a narrow waist, and a large bust (stylistically absent since 1912). As a post–War fashion that used some 20 yards of fabric, the House of Dior couture renounced wartime rationing of fabric for clothes.[8] In 1947 — after the six-year austerities of the Second World War (1939–45) — the New Look was welcomed by the fashion business of Western Europe because sales of the pretty clothes would revive business and the economy.[3][3][14] To regain the business primacy of the House of Chanel, in the fashion fields of haute couture, prêt-à-porter, costume jewelry, and parfumerie, would be expensive; so Chanel
Chanel
approached Pierre Wertheimer for business advice and capital.[8] Having decided to do business with Coco Chanel, Wertheimer’s negotiations to fund the resurgence of the House of Chanel, granted him commercial rights to all Chanel-brand products.[8][8] In 1953, Chanel
Chanel
collaborated with jeweler Robert Goossens; he was to design jewelry (bijouterie and gemstone) to complement the fashions of the House of Chanel; notably, long-strand necklaces of black pearls and of white pearls, which high contrast softened the severe design of the knitted-wool Chanel
Chanel
Suit (skirt and cardigan jacket).[6] The House of Chanel
Chanel
also presented leather handbags with either gold-colour chains or metal-and-leather chains, which allowed carrying the handbag from the shoulder or in hand. The quilted-leather handbag was presented to the public in February 1955. In-house, the numeric version of the launching date "2.55" for that line of handbags became the internal "appellation" for that model of the quilted-leather handbag.[3] Throughout the 1950s, the sense of style of Chanel
Chanel
continued undeterred; the firm’s initial venture into masculine parfumerie, Pour Monsieur was a successful eau de toilette for men. Chanel
Chanel
and her spring collection received the Fashion
Fashion
Oscar at the 1957 Fashion Awards in Dallas. Pierre Wertheimer
Pierre Wertheimer
bought Bader's 20 per cent share of the Parfums Chanel, which increased the Wertheimer percentage to 90 per cent.[8] Later, in 1965, Pierre’s son, Jacques Wertheimer, assumed his father’s management of the parfumerie.[8] About the past business relationship, between Pierre Wertheimer
Pierre Wertheimer
and Coco Chanel, the Chanel attorney, Chambrun said that it had been "one based on a businessman’s passion, despite her misplaced feelings of exploitation . . . [thus] when Pierre returned to Paris, full of pride and excitement [after one of his horses won the 1956 English Derby]. He rushed to Coco, expecting congratulations and praise. But she refused to kiss him. She resented him, you see, all her life."[8][8] Coco Chanel
Coco Chanel
died on 10 January 1971, at the age of 87.[3] She was still designing at the time of her death.[3] For example, in the (1966–1969) period, she designed the air hostess uniforms for Olympic Airways, the designer who followed her was Pierre Cardin. In that time, Olympic Airways was a luxury airline, owned by the transport magnate Aristotle Onassis. After her death, the leadership of the company was handed down to Yvonne Dudel, Jean Cazaubon and Philippe Guibourgé.[3] After a period of time, Jacques Wertheimer
Jacques Wertheimer
bought the controlling interest of the House of Chanel.[3][8] Critics stated that during his leadership, he never paid much attention to the company, as he was more interested in horse breeding.[8] In 1974, the House of Chanel launched Cristalle eau de toilette, which was designed when Coco Chanel
Chanel
was alive. 1978 saw the launch of the first non-couture, prêt-à-porter line and worldwide distribution of accessories. Alain Wertheimer, son of Jacques Wertheimer, assumed control of Chanel S.A. in 1974.[3][8] In the U.S., No. 5 de Chanel
Chanel
was not selling well.[8] Alain revamped Chanel
Chanel
No.5 sales by reducing the number of outlets carrying the fragrance from 18,000 to 12,000. He removed the perfume from drugstore shelves and invested millions of dollars in advertisement for Chanel
Chanel
cosmetics. This ensured a greater sense of scarcity and exclusivity for No.5, and sales rocketed back up as demand for the fragrance increased.[8] He used famous people to endorse the perfume — from Marilyn Monroe
Marilyn Monroe
to Audrey Tautou. Looking for a designer who could bring the label to new heights, he persuaded Karl Lagerfeld
Karl Lagerfeld
to end his contract with fashion house Chloé. The post-Coco era[edit]

Chanel
Chanel
couture by Lagerfeld: the Autumn–Winter 2011–2012 collection

A Chanel
Chanel
store in North America

In 1981, Chanel
Chanel
launched Antaeus, an eau de toilette for men. In 1983 Karl Lagerfeld
Karl Lagerfeld
took over as chief designer for Chanel. Like Chanel, he looked into the past as inspiration for his designs. He incorporated the Chanel
Chanel
fabrics and detailing such as tweed, gold accents, and chains. Lagerfeld kept what was signature for Chanel
Chanel
but also helped bring the brand into today. In later collections Lagerfeld chose to break away from the ladylike look of Chanel
Chanel
and began to experiment with fabrics and styles. During the 1980s, more than 40 Chanel
Chanel
boutiques opened worldwide. By the end of the 1980s, the boutiques sold goods ranging from US$200-per-ounce perfume, US$225 ballerina slippers to US$11,000 dresses and US$2,000 leather handbags. Chanel
Chanel
cosmetics and fragrances were distributed only by Chanel
Chanel
outlets. Chanel
Chanel
marketer Jean Hoehn explained the firm's approach, saying, "We introduce a new fragrance every 10 years, not every three minutes like many competitors. We don't confuse the consumer. With Chanel, people know what to expect. And they keep coming back to us, at all ages, as they enter and leave the market." The 1984 launch of a new fragrance, in honor of the founder, Coco, continued the label's success. In 1986, the House of Chanel
Chanel
struck a deal with watchmakers and in 1987, the first Chanel
Chanel
watch debuted. By the end of the decade, Alain moved the offices to New York City.[8] Maison de Chanel
Chanel
increased the Wertheimer family fortune to $5 billion USD. Sales were hurt by the recession of the early 1990s, but Chanel
Chanel
recovered by the mid-1990s with further boutique expansion.[8] In 1994, Chanel
Chanel
had a net profit equivalent to €67 million on the sale of €570 million in ready-to-wear clothes and was the most profitable French fashion house.[15] In 1996, Chanel
Chanel
bought gun-makers Holland & Holland, but failed in its attempt to revamp the firm.[8] It launched the perfumes Allure in 1996 and Allure Homme in 1998. The swimwear label Eres was purchased.[when?][citation needed] The House of Chanel
Chanel
launched its first skin care line, Précision, in 1999. That same year, Chanel launched a travel collection, and under a license contract with Luxottica, introduced a line of sunglasses and eyeglass frames. While Wertheimer remained chairman, Françoise Montenay became CEO and President. 2000 saw the launch of the first unisex watch by Chanel, the J12. In 2001, watchmaker Bell & Ross was acquired. The same year, Chanel
Chanel
boutiques offering only selections of accessories were opened in the United States. Chanel
Chanel
launched a small selection of menswear as a part of their runway shows. In 2002, Chanel
Chanel
launched the Chance perfume and Paraffection, a subsidiary company originally established in 1997[16] to support artisanal manufacturing, that gathered together Ateliers d’Art or workshops including Desrues for ornamentation and buttons, Lemarié for feathers, Lesage for embroidery, Massaro for shoemaking and Michel for millinery. A prêt-à-porter collection was designed by Karl Lagerfeld. In July 2002, a jewelry and watch outlet opened on Madison Avenue. Within months, a 1,000-square-foot (90 m2) shoe/handbag boutique opened next door. Chanel
Chanel
continued to expand in the United States and by December 2002, operated 25 U.S. boutiques.[8] Chanel
Chanel
introduced Coco Mademoiselle
Coco Mademoiselle
and an "In-Between Wear" in 2003, targeting younger women, opened a second shop on Rue Cambon, opened a 2,400 square feet (220 m2) boutique in Hong Kong
Hong Kong
and paid nearly $50 million USD for a building in Ginza, Tokyo. Corporate identity[edit] Logotype[edit] The Chanel
Chanel
logotype comprises two interlocked, opposed letters-C, one faced left, one faced right. The logotype was given to Chanel
Chanel
by the Château de Crémat, Nice, and was not registered as a trademark until the first Chanel
Chanel
shops were established.[17][18] Along with other makers, Chanel
Chanel
is a target of counterfeiters.[19] China is prime supplier. An authentic classic Chanel
Chanel
handbag retails from around US$4,150, while a counterfeit usually costs around US$200. Beginning in the 1990s, all authentic Chanel
Chanel
handbags were numbered. Label[edit]

Logo - the House of Chanel
Chanel
is represented by two interlocked letters "C" for "Coco Chanel".This was first introduced in the late 1980s or early 1990s.

Perfume
Perfume
label trademark: the "No. 5 de Chanel" trademark and font were introduced in 1926.

Couture trademark: the small caps name and font were introduced in 1924.

Pattern and logo used on some Chanel
Chanel
products

Trademarks[edit] One timeline measurement for Chanel
Chanel
presence in the United States is via trademarks registered with the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO). On Tuesday, 18 November 1924, Chanel, Inc. filed trademark applications for the typeset mark Chanel
Chanel
and for the interlocking CC design plus word mark. At that time, the trademarks were registered only for the perfume, toiletry, and cosmetic products in the primary class of common metals and their alloys. Chanel provided the description of face powder, perfume, eau de cologne, toilet water, lip stick, and rouge, to the USPTO.[20] The Chanel
Chanel
and double-C trademarks were awarded on the same date of 24 February 1925 with respective Serial Numbers of 71205468 and 71205469. The first trademark application for the No. 5 perfume was on Thursday, 1 April 1926, described as perfume and toilet water. First use and commercial use was stated as 1 January 1921. Registration was granted on 20 July 1926 with Serial Number 71229497. Products[edit] Runways[edit]

Designer Season City Locale Presentation date Line Theme For sale

Karl Lagerfeld

Fall–Winter 2010

Paris

Grand Palais

6 July 2010 Haute couture A lion On order

Spring–Summer 2011 5 October 2010 Ready-to-wear An orchestra March 2011

Paris–Byzance

31 rue Cambon

7 December 2010 A Byzantine palace May 2011

Spring–Summer 2011

Pavillon Cambon–Capucines

25 January 2011 Haute couture Ballet [21][22] On order

Fall–Winter 2011

Grand Palais

8 March 2011 Ready-to-wear A frozen garden September 2011

Cruise 2011 Antibes

Hôtel du Cap

5 May 2011 Cruise collection Outdoors November 2011

Fall–Winter 2011

Paris

Grand Palais

5 July 2011 Haute couture Night-time Place Vendôme[23][24] On order

Spring–summer 2012 4 October 2011 Ready-to-wear Under the Sea and Florence March 2012

Paris–Bombay 6 December 2011 An Indian palace[25] May 2012

Spring–Summer 2012 24 January 2012 Haute couture An aeroplane in flight[26] On order

Fall–Winter 2012–2013 6 March 2012 Ready-to-wear Quartz World September 2012

Cruise 2013 Versailles Palace of Versailles 13 May 2012 Cruise collection Gardens of Versailles November 2012

Fall–Winter 2012 Paris Grand Palais 3 July 2012 Haute couture New Vintage On order

Spring–Summer 2013 2 October 2012 Ready-to-wear New energy March 2013

Paris-Edinburgh Linlithgow Linlithgow
Linlithgow
Palace 4 December 2012 Ready-to-wear Barbarian romance May 2013

Spring–Summer 2013 Paris Grand Palais 22 January 2013 Haute couture The Forest On order

Fall-Winter 2013-2014 5 March 2013 Ready-to-wear Around the world September 2013

Cruise 2014 Singapore Dempsey Hill Army Barracks 9 May 2013 Cruise collection Vacation November 2013

Fall-Winter 2013-2014 Paris Grand Palais 2 July 2013 Haute couture The future[27] On order

Spring-Summer 2014 1 October 2013 Ready-to-wear Art March 2014

Paris-Dallas Dallas Fair Park 11 December 2013 Ready-to-wear Texas/ Americana May 2014

Spring-Summer 2014 Paris Grand Palais 21 January 2014 Haute couture Sport[28] On order

Fall-Winter 2014-2015 4 March 2014 Ready-to-wear The Chanel
Chanel
Shopping Center September 2014

Cruise 2015 Dubai The World 14 May 2014 Cruise collection Arabia November 2014

Fall-Winter 2014-2015 Paris Grand Palais 8 July 2014 Haute Couture Pied-à-terre On order

Spring-Summer 2015 30 September 2014 Ready-to-wear Chanel
Chanel
Boulevard March 2015

Spring-Summer 2015 27 January 2015 Haute Couture Paper Flowers On order

Fall-Winter 2015-2016 10 March 2015 Ready-to-wear Brasserie September 2015

Cruise 2016 Seoul Dongdaemun Design Plaza 4 May 2015 Cruise collection K-pop November 2015

Fall-Winter 2015-2016 Paris Grand Palais 7 July 2015 Haute Couture Casino On order

Spring-Summer 2016 6 October 2015 Ready-to-wear Airport March 2016

Spring-Summer 2016 26 January 2016 Haute Couture Zen garden On order

Fall-Winter 2016-2017 8 March 2016 Ready-to-wear No set September 2016

Cruise 2017 Havana Paseo del Prado, Havana 4 May 2016 Cruise collection Old Havana November 2016

Fall-Winter 2016-2017 Paris Grand Palais 5 July 2016 Haute Couture Atelier On order

Spring-Summer 2017 4 October 2016 Ready-to-wear Mainframe March 2017

Spring-Summer 2017 24 January 2017 Haute Couture Mirrors On order

Fall-Winter 2017-2018 7 March 2017 Ready-to-wear Space Exploration September 2017

Métiers d’art 2017-2018 Hamburg Elbphilharmonie in Hamburg 6 december 2017 Ready-to-wear Sailors Uniforms May 2018 [29][30]

Spring-Summer 2018 Paris Grand Palais 23 January 2018 Haute Couture French Garden [31] On order

Gallery[edit]

Chanel
Chanel
classic handbag in quilted-leather, with adjustable double-chains, to wear it on the arm or at the shoulder.

Chanel
Chanel
handbag with quilted-leather, the Belgian Queen Fabiola, and her husband, King Baudouin, visited the Nixon White House, in 1969.

Le nez de Chanel: the perfumer Ernest Beaux
Ernest Beaux
(1881–1961) created No. 5 de Chanel
Chanel
in 1921.

Chanel
Chanel
presented Perfume
Perfume
No. 5 to the market in 1922; Ernest Beaux created it in 1921.

Fragrance[edit] In 1924, Pierre Wertheimer
Pierre Wertheimer
founded Parfums Chanel, to produce and sell perfumes and cosmetics; the parfumerie proved to be the most profitable business division of the Chanel
Chanel
S.A. corporation.[8][32] Since its establishment, parfumerie Chanel
Chanel
has employed four perfumers:

Ernest Beaux
Ernest Beaux
(1920–1961) Henri Robert
Henri Robert
(1958–1978) Jacques Polge
Jacques Polge
(1978–2015) Olivier Polge (2015–Present)

Fragrance and Skincare counter at Australian department store MYER in Sydney

Perfumes[edit]

Allure EDP Allure EDT Allure Eau Sensuelle EDP Allure Eau Sensuelle EDT Chance

Chance Chance Eau Vive Chance Eau Fraiche Chance Eau Tendre — Jacque Polge developed Chance Eau Tendre to feature floral and fruity and notes, among them grapefruit, quince, hyacinth, jasmine, amber, cedar, iris, and white musk.

Coco Coco Mademoiselle
Coco Mademoiselle
— British actress Keira Knightley, spokeswoman for the Coco Mademoiselle
Coco Mademoiselle
fragrance, portrayed young Coco Chanel
Coco Chanel
in a short film advert directed by Joe Wright. Coco Noir Cristalle Cristalle Eau Verte No. 5 — No. 5 The Film, is about Nicole Kidman, with whom an anonymous aspiring writer (Rodrigo Santoro) becomes enamoured; afterwards, a fragrant memory is all he retains of her.[33] In 2008, the French model and actress Audrey Tautou
Audrey Tautou
became the face of Perfume No. 5. 2012 marked the first year that a man — actor Brad Pitt
Brad Pitt
— represented a female fragrance. The bottle's stopper, cut like a diamond, is said to have been inspired by the geometry of the Place Vendôme in Paris. No. 19 No. 19 Poudre Les Exclusifs

1932 28 La Pausa
La Pausa
- Named for La Pausa, Chanel's villa on the French Riviera.[34] 31 Rue Cambon Beige Bel Respiro Bois des Iles Coromandel Eau de Cologne Gardénia Jersey No 18 No 22 Sycomore 1932 Jersey Cuir De Russie Misia Boy Chanel

Colognes[edit]

Allure pour Homme Allure pour Homme Sport Allure pour Homme Eau Extreme Allure pour Homme Cologne Sport Antaeus Bleu de Chanel Égoïste Platinum Égoïste Bleu De Chanel
Chanel
Eau de Toilette Bleu De Chanel
Chanel
Eau de Parfum Pour Monsieur

Makeup Studio at MYER Sydney
Sydney
City

Makeup and skincare[edit] Cosmetics are the most accessible Chanel
Chanel
product, with counters in department stores across the world, including Harrods, Galeries Lafayette, Bergdorf Goodman, Hudson's Bay, and David Jones, Wojooh, John Lewis as well as its own beauty boutiques. Products lines - Hydra Beauty - Le Blanc - Le Lift - Sublimage Fine jewellery[edit] Chanel
Chanel
'High Jewellery' was founded in November 1932. Chanel
Chanel
debuted 'Bijoux de Diamants' at her Faubourg Saint-Honoré, Paris
Paris
mansion.[35] In 2012, the company created a special collection to celebrate Diamants' 80th anniversary. Current collections include High Jewellery, Camelia, Comete, Baroque, 1932, Ultra, Bridal and Jewellery Watches.[36]

The unisex design of the Chanel J12
Chanel J12
wristwatches

Watches[edit] The Chanel
Chanel
wristwatch division was established in 1987.[37] In 1995, division presented a second design, the Matelassé.[37] Although the Première and Matelassé wristwatches were successful products, the presentation, in 2000, of the Chanel J12
Chanel J12
line of unisex style wristwatches, made of ceramic materials, established Chanel wristwatches as a Chanel
Chanel
marque.[37] The J12 line of wristwatches features models in four dial-face sizes: (i) 33mm., (ii) 38mm., (iii) 41mm., and (iv) 42mm.[37][38] In 2008, Chanel
Chanel
S.A. and Audemars Piguet developed the ceramic Chanel
Chanel
AP-3125 clockwork, exclusive to the House of Chanel.[39] Shows[edit] At Paris
Paris
Fashion
Fashion
Week, Chanel
Chanel
presented its Spring 2016 line on an airport themed runway. Stores[edit] Worldwide, Chanel
Chanel
S.A. operates around 310 Chanel
Chanel
boutiques; 94 in Asia, 70 in Europe, 10 in the Middle East, 128 in North America, 1 in Central America, 2 in South America, and 6 in Oceania. The shops are located in wealthy communities, usually in department stores like Harrods
Harrods
and Selfridges, high streets, shopping districts, and inside airports.[8] The company recently paid $152 million, or more than $13,000 per square foot for 11,500 square feet at 400 North Rodeo Drive in Beverly Hills. This is the most expensive amount paid for retail space in Los Angeles since the record was set in 2012 at $10,400 per square foot in 2012.[40] Gallery[edit]

The Chanel
Chanel
shop at the Prince's Building, Hong Kong.

Chanel
Chanel
Cambon, 31 Rue Cambon, 75001 Paris, France.

The Chanel
Chanel
joaillerie, Place Vendôme, Paris, France.

The Chanel
Chanel
shop, Rodeo Drive, Beverly Hills, United States.

The Chanel
Chanel
shop in Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Chanel
Chanel
models[edit]

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Model Nationality

Naomi Campbell  United Kingdom

Freja Beha Erichsen  Denmark

Saskia de Brauw  Netherlands

Ines de la Fressange  France

Claudia Schiffer  Germany

Liu Wen  China

ShuPei Qin  China

Mengyao Xi  China

Abbey Lee Kershaw  Australia

Sasha Pivovarova  Russia

Heidi Mount  United States

Micaela Cardenas  United States

Lily Rose Depp  France

Sigrid Agren  France

Baptiste Giabiconi  France

Magda Laguinge  Argentina

Linda Evangelista  Canada

Anja Rubik  Poland

Kasia Struss  Poland

Natasha Poly  Russia

Bianca Balti  Italy

Chiharu Okunugi  Japan

Soo Joo Park  South Korea

Toni Garrn  Germany

Joan Smalls  Puerto Rico

Kati Nescher  Germany

Lindsay Ellingson  United States

Vlada Roslyakova  Russia

Coco Rocha  Canada

Christy Turlington  United States

Lindsey Wixson  United States

Angela Lindvall  United States

Gemma Ward  Australia

Lara Stone  Netherlands

Stella Tennant  United Kingdom

Cara Delevingne  United Kingdom

See also[edit]

Belle Époque Pink Chanel
Chanel
suit of Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy

References[edit]

^ Chanel
Chanel
Annual Report 2016 ^ http://www.privco.com/private-company/chanel ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v "Chanel". Fashion
Fashion
Model Directory. Retrieved 19 June 2008.  ^ Laube, Mindy (7 May 2008). "Chanel's new face: Audrey Tautou". The Age. Australia.  ^ "Gabrielle "Coco" Chanel
Chanel
(1883–1971) and the House of Chanel". Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History, The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York.  ^ a b c d e Martin, Richard (1995). Contemporary fashion. London: St. James Press. p. 750. ISBN 1-55862-173-3.  ^ Costume", pg. 52, Eyewitness Books. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac "Chanel S.A". Funding Universe. Retrieved 19 June 2008.  ^ "BUSINESS ABROAD: King of Perfume". Time. 14 September 1953. Retrieved 28 April 2010.  ^ Mazzeo, Tilar J. The Secret of Chanel No. 5
Chanel No. 5
HarperCollins 2010, p. 150. ^ McAuley, James (1 September 2011). "The Exchange: Coco Chanel
Coco Chanel
and the Nazi Party". The New Yorker. Retrieved 4 September 2011.  ^ Vaughan, Hal. Sleeping with the Enemy: Coco Chanel’s Secret War Alfred A. Knopf. 2011 pp. 186–87 ^ Mazzeo, Tilar J. The Secret of Chanel
Chanel
No. 5, pp. 176–77. ^ http://orderofsplendor.blogspot.com/2012/02/flashback-friday-fabulous-princess.html ^ Chevalier, Michel; Gerald Mazzalovo (2012). "3". Luxury Brand Management (second ed.). Singapore: John Wiley & Sons. p. 58 (of 316). ISBN 978-1-118-17176-9.  ^ "Chanel". Voguepedia. Retrieved 28 September 2012.  ^ " Chanel
Chanel
Logo Design and History". Retrieved 10 June 2010.  ^ "Flash Back Friday: The Legend of the Chanel
Chanel
Logo's Double C". Retrieved 14 January 2013.  ^ "A message from Chanel". Chanel
Chanel
Inc. Retrieved 8 May 2009.  ^ "U.S. Trademark
Trademark
71205468". Trademark
Trademark
Applications and Registrations Retrieval (TARR). United States Patent and Trademark
Trademark
Office. 18 November 1924. Retrieved 29 October 2011.  ^ Spring-Summer 2011 Haute Couture
Haute Couture
Video" Archived 12 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine., CHANEL ^ CHANEL Couture SS2011", Haute Couture
Haute Couture
News ^ Fall-Winter 2011 Haute Couture
Haute Couture
Video" Archived 9 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine., CHANEL ^ CHANEL Couture FW2011", Haute Couture
Haute Couture
News ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 1 December 2011. Retrieved 2011-12-21. , CHANEL ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 6 February 2012. Retrieved 2012-02-07. , CHANEL ^ "Sci-Fi Chanel". The Fashionide. 24 July 2013. Archived from the original on 4 September 2013. Retrieved 22 August 2014.  ^ "Boyish Attitude". The Fashionide. 11 March 2014. Archived from the original on 18 March 2014. Retrieved 22 August 2014.  ^ https://www.vogue.com/fashion-shows/pre-fall-2018/chanel ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v4B4WnkwOz4 ^ https://www.vogue.com/fashion-shows/spring-2018-couture/chanel ^ Burr, Chandler (2008). The Perfect Scent: A Year Inside the Perfume Industry in Paris
Paris
and New York. Henry Holt and Co. ISBN 0-8050-8037-6.  ^ Telegraph.co.uk "Nicole Kidman's latest Hollywood blockbuster" ^ Elaine, Sciolino (7 June 2013). "Letter from Paris: The House that Coco Built". The New York Times.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 10 January 2013. Retrieved 24 December 2012.  ^ http://www.chanel.com/en_GB/Jewellery/ ^ a b c d Roulet, Christophe. The Chanel
Chanel
J12, from here to eternity, The Watch Avenue, 22 June 2009. Accessed 9 April 2012 ^ Maillard, Pierre. Chanel, watchmaking legitimacy, Europa Star, 5 January 2009. Accessed 9 April 2011 ^ World of Chanel
Chanel
Watches ^ Pleven, Liam. " Chanel
Chanel
Pays Record Price for Retail Space". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 2015-12-09. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chanel.

Chanel
Chanel
homepage

v t e

Chanel

Owners

Alain Wertheimer Gérard Wertheimer Jacques Wertheimer Pierre Wertheimer

Designers

Coco Chanel Karl Lagerfeld

Garments

Little black dress Jacqueline Kennedy's pink Chanel
Chanel
suit

Perfumes

Bois des Îles Chanel
Chanel
No. 5 Chanel
Chanel
No. 19 Chanel
Chanel
No. 22 Coco Coco Mademoiselle Cuir de Russie Égoïste

Perfumers

Ernest Beaux Jacques Polge Henri Robert

Other products

Chanel 2.55
Chanel 2.55
handbag Chanel J12
Chanel J12
watch

Promotional models

Marie-Hélène Arnaud Carole Bouquet Gisele Bündchen Cara Delevingne Catherine Deneuve Lily-Rose Depp Inès de La Fressange Nicole Kidman Keira Knightley Marilyn Monroe Kate Moss Anna Mouglalis Vanessa Paradis Suzy Parker Jean Shrimpton Audrey Tautou Gaspard Ulliel

Films

Chanel
Chanel
Solitaire Coco Before Chanel Coco Chanel Coco Chanel
Coco Chanel
& Igor Stravinsky

Musical

Coco

Book

The Allure of Chanel

v t e

Members of the Chambre syndicale de la haute couture

Members

Adeline André Anne Valérie Hash Carlota Alfaro Chanel Christian Dior Dominique Sirop Franck Sorbier Givenchy Jean Paul Gaultier Maurizio Galante Stéphane Rolland Yiqing Yin

Invited, foreign and guest members

See: List of grands couturiers

v t e

Designer labels

Etienne Aigner Ace Marks Akris Armani Max Azria Victoria Beckham Laura Biagiotti Manolo Blahnik Ozwald Boateng Tory Burch Ally Capellino Cavalli Jimmy Choo Kenneth Cole Brunello Cucinelli S. T. Dupont Dolce & Gabbana Adolfo Domínguez Dean and Dan Caten Escada Etro Fendi Fiorucci Tom Ford Diane von Fürstenberg Jean Paul Gaultier Gucci Daniel Hechter Herrera Tommy Hilfiger Marc Jacobs Donna Karan Kenzo Calvin Klein Michael Kors Lacroix Lacoste Karl Lagerfeld Helmut Lang Lardini Guy Laroche Levi's Ralph Lauren Judith Leiber Nanette Lepore Monique Lhuillier Phillip Lim Dan Liu Christian Louboutin Léo Marciano Maison Margiela Lana Marks Stella McCartney Carlos Miele Issey Miyake Missoni Moschino Mouawad Thierry Mugler Mulberry Maria Pinto Zac Posen Prada Emilio Pucci Paco Rabanne Billy Reid Sonia Rykiel Elie Saab SabyaSachi Proenza Schouler Paul Smith Kate Spade Anna Sui Elie Tahari Valentino Giambattista Valli Kris Van Assche John Varvatos Versace Viktor & Rolf Alexander Wang Vera Wang Vivienne Westwood Jason Wu Wooyoungmi Giuseppe Zanotti Ermenegildo Zegn