HOME
The Info List - Chan Siu-bak





Chan Siu-bak
Chan Siu-bak
(陳少白) (20 July 1869 – 23 December 1934), born Chan Siu-man (陳紹聞), courtesy name Siu-bak (少白), art-named Kwai-shek (夔石), was a Chinese revolutionary from Sanwui, Kwangtung. He was one of the Four Bandits, together with Sun Yat-sen, Yau Lit
Yau Lit
and Yeung Hok-ling.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Revolution 3 After the revolution 4 References

Early life[edit] Chan was born to a family of Christian scholars, and entered a private school at the age of 6. When he was young, he learned about western knowledge from the translated books brought by his uncle Chan Mung-nam (陳夢南), a Christian preacher. In 1888, Chan became one of the first students to study at Christian College in China (格致書院) founded by Andrew P. Happer. He met Au Fung-Chi (區鳳墀), who introduced him to Sun Yat-sen, a medical student at Hong Kong College of Medicine for Chinese. Chan and Sun found revolution as a common interest between themselves. Revolution[edit] With Sun's suggestion, Chan changed to study at Hong Kong College of Medicine for Chinese in January 1890. In Hong Kong, Sun introduced him to Yau Lit
Yau Lit
and Yeung Hok-ling. The four frequently met at Yeung Yiu Kee (楊耀記), Yeung's family shop at 24 Gough Street, to discuss a revolution against the Qing Dynasty, and were collectively called the Four Bandits
Four Bandits
by their neighbours. As Sun began his commitment to revolution upon graduation, Chan dropped out of the medical school to follow him. In 1895, the Revive China Society
Revive China Society
in Hong Kong was founded by Sun, and Chan became a member of the society. Chan and Sun set up the headquarters of the society at 13 Staunton Street, Central, Hong Kong. Following the failure of the Canton Uprising of 1895, Chan fled to Yokohama, Japan
Yokohama, Japan
with Sun and Cheng Si-leung. He would stay there for 2 years until he went to Taiwan
Taiwan
to set up the Taiwan
Taiwan
Chapter of Revive China Society. In 1899, he returned to Hong Kong to reform the Chung-wo Tong (中和堂) founded by Yau Lit
Yau Lit
earlier. In 1900, he founded the China Daily to spread the idea of revolution. In 1905 he became the president of the Hong Kong Chinese Revolutionary Alliance. Upon the recommendation of Siu-bak Chan, Po-yin Chan joined in Hong Kong the Chinese Revolutionary Alliance
Chinese Revolutionary Alliance
in 1905 and went to Singapore in 1906 to help Mr. Cho-Nam Chan (陳楚楠, 1884-1971) and Mr. Wing-Fook Cheung (張永福, 1872-?) in starting the revolution-related Chong Shing Chinese Daily Newspaper (中興日報, 中興 meaning China revival), with the inaugural issue on August 20, 1907 and a daily distribution of 1000 copies. The newspaper ended in 1910, presumably due to the revolution in 1911. Working with other Cantonese people, the Singapore group opened the revolution-related Kai Ming Bookstore (開明書報社, 開明 meaning open wisdom[1]) in Singapore. For the revolution, Po-yin Chan raised over 30,000 yuan for the purchase and shipment (from Singapore to China) of military equipment and for the support of the expenses of people travelling from Singapore to China for revolutionary work.[2][3] As Kwangtung declared independence from Qing government shortly after the Wuchang Uprising
Wuchang Uprising
in October 1911, Chan was appointed by the Kwangtung military government as the foreign minister, until the Republic of China
Republic of China
was established in Nanking
Nanking
on 1 January 1912. After the revolution[edit] After resigning from the government, Chan founded the Yuethong Shipping Company (粵航公司) and regained several piers in Canton from foreign companies. Yuethong lasted until 1919. When Sun Yat-sen
Sun Yat-sen
established the Government in Canton in 1921, the Three Bandits were appointed as Sun's consultants and Chan also as the advisor at the base camp. In 1923 the Canton Government was forced to dissolve due to Chen Jiongming's rebellion, and Chan returned to develop Sanwui. He died in Peking
Peking
on 23 December 1934. References[edit]

^ http://www.chinanews.com/cul/2011/10-29/3423493.shtml ^ Rebecca Chan Chung, Deborah Chung and Cecilia Ng Wong, "Piloted to Serve", 2012 ^ https://www.facebook.com/PilotedToServe

華人基督教史人物辭典 - 陳少白 中華百科全書 - 陳少白 孫中山學術研究資訊網 - 陳少

.