HOME
The Info List - Chamber Of Fasci And Corporations


--- Advertisement ---



(i)

CHAMBER OF FASCI AND CORPORATIONS (Italian : Camera dei Fasci e delle Corporazioni) was the lower house of the legislature of the Kingdom of Italy
Italy
from March 23, 1939 to August 2, 1943, during the height of the regime of Benito Mussolini
Benito Mussolini
's National Fascist Party
National Fascist Party
.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Appointment * 3 Presidents * 4 See also * 5 References

HISTORY

It was established on January 19, 1939, to replace the Chamber of Deputies during the 30th legislature of Italy. Members of the chamber were called '"national councilors" (consiglieri nazionali) rather than deputies. The councilors of the chamber did not represent geographic constituencies , but the different branches of the trade and industry of Italy, thus reflecting the corporativist idea of fascist ideology.

Councilors were elected for terms of undetermined length and automatically lost their seats upon their defection from the branch they did represent. Renewal of the legislature was ordered by decree by the King of Italy
Italy
, on specific instruction of the head of government (Mussolini).

APPOINTMENT

The creation of the Chamber of Fasci and Corporations
Chamber of Fasci and Corporations
was the culmination of the progressive curtailment of the independence of Parliament dating from Mussolini formally proclaiming a dictatorship in 1926. The elections of 1929 and 1934 were for a single list of Fascist candidates.

No elections took place in Italy
Italy
between 1934 and 1946. Unlike earlier elections for the legislature held under the Fascist era, popular suffrage was eliminated altogether. Instead, candidates were simply delivered under the pretext of a parliamentary reform, replacing the elections system with a body comprising only candidates of the various corporations of Italy, fulfilling Benito Mussolini
Benito Mussolini
's vow of enacting a complete corporativist system.

The candidates for the approximately 600 seats were nominated summarily by three organs: the Grand Council of Fascism of the National Fascist Party
National Fascist Party
(PNF), by the National Council of the members of the PNF, and by the different corporations resembling the entire trade and industry of Italy, canalized through the National Council of Corporations (Consiglio Nazionale della Corporazioni), effectively in the hands of Mussolini and the PNF.

PRESIDENTS

NO. PORTRAIT Name (Birth–Death) TERM OF OFFICE PARTY

1

Costanzo Ciano (1876–1939) 23 March 1939 26 June 1939 National Fascist Party
National Fascist Party

2

Dino Grandi (1895–1988) 30 November 1939 2 August 1943 National Fascist Party
National Fascist Party

SEE ALSO

* Gerarca

REFERENCES

* ^ Minister Calderoli explained the subtle nuances between dissolution of the Camera dei fasci e delle corporazioni and express repeal of its founding law of 1939, never taken place and now required "for cleaning needs of legislative databases": Buonomo, Giampiero (2009). "La Camera dei fasci e delle corporazioni o il Senato regio? Cronaca di un\'abrogazione incompleta". Forum di Quaderni costituzionali. – via Questia (subscription required)

* v * t * e

Fascism
Fascism

THEORY

CORE TENETS

* Nationalism
Nationalism
* Imperialism
Imperialism
* Authoritarianism
Authoritarianism
* One-party state
One-party state
* Dictatorship
Dictatorship
* Social Darwinism
Social Darwinism
* Social interventionism * Proletarian nation * Propaganda
Propaganda
* Eugenics
Eugenics
* Heroism * Militarism
Militarism
* Economic interventionism
Economic interventionism
* Anti-communism
Anti-communism

TOPICS

* Definitions * Economics * Fascism
Fascism
and ideology * Fascism
Fascism
worldwide * Symbolism

IDEAS

* Actual Idealism * Class collaboration * Corporatism
Corporatism
* Heroic capitalism * National Socialism * National syndicalism
National syndicalism
* State capitalism
State capitalism
* Supercapitalism * Third Position * Totalitarianism
Totalitarianism
* Social order

VARIANTS

* Italian * National Socialism * Japanese fascism * Falangism
Falangism
* British * Austrian * Metaxism
Metaxism
* National Radicalism * Rexism * Clerical * Legionarism * Integralism

MOVEMENTS

AFRICA

* Greyshirts * Ossewabrandwag

ASIA

* Brit HaBirionim * Ganap Party * Sakurakai
Sakurakai
* Tōhōkai * Blue Shirts Society

NORTHERN / NORTHWESTERN EUROPE

* Ailtirí na hAiséirghe * Black Front (Netherlands)
Black Front (Netherlands)
* Blueshirts
Blueshirts
* Breton Social-National Workers\' Movement * British Fascists
British Fascists
* British People\'s Party (1939) * British Union of Fascists
British Union of Fascists
* La Cagoule * Clerical People\'s Party * Faisceau * Flemish National Union * French Popular Party * General Dutch Fascist League * Imperial Fascist League
Imperial Fascist League
* Lapua Movement * Nasjonal Samling
Nasjonal Samling
* National Corporate Party (Greenshirts ) * National Fascisti * Nationalist Party (Iceland) * National Socialist Bloc * National Socialist Dutch Workers Party
National Socialist Dutch Workers Party
* National Socialist League
National Socialist League
* National Socialist Movement in the Netherlands * National Socialist Movement of Norway * National Socialist Workers\' Party (Sweden) * New Party (UK)
New Party (UK)
* Patriotic People\'s Movement (Finland) * Pērkonkrusts * Rexism

CENTRAL EUROPE

* Arrow Cross Party
Arrow Cross Party
* Austrian National Socialism * Fatherland Front (Austria)
Fatherland Front (Austria)
* Hungarian National Socialist Party * National Front (Switzerland)
National Front (Switzerland)
* Nazism
Nazism
* Nazi Party
Nazi Party
* Sudeten German Party

SOUTHERN EUROPE

* Albanian Fascist Party * Democratic Fascist Party * Falange * Greek National Socialist Party * Italian Fascism
Italian Fascism
* Italian Social Republic
Italian Social Republic
* Metaxism
Metaxism
* National Fascist Party
National Fascist Party
* National Union (Portugal)
National Union (Portugal)
* Republican Fascist Party
Republican Fascist Party
* Sammarinese Fascist Party
Sammarinese Fascist Party
* Ustaše
Ustaše
* ZBOR

EASTERN AND SOUTHEASTERN EUROPE

* Bulgarian National Socialist Workers Party * Crusade of Romanianism * Iron Guard
Iron Guard
* National Fascist Community * National Fascist Movement * National Italo-Romanian Cultural and Economic Movement * National Social Movement (Bulgaria) * National Radical Camp Falanga
National Radical Camp Falanga
* National Romanian Fascio
National Romanian Fascio
* National Renaissance Front
National Renaissance Front
* Ratniks (Bulgaria) * Romanian Front
Romanian Front
* Russian Fascist Party
Russian Fascist Party
* Russian Women\'s Fascist Movement * Slovak People\'s Party * Union of Bulgarian National Legions
Union of Bulgarian National Legions
* Vlajka

NORTH AMERICA

* Fascism
Fascism
in Canada

* Canadian Union of Fascists * Parti national social chrétien

* Gold shirts * German American Bund
German American Bund
* Silver Legion of America

SOUTH AMERICA

* Falangism
Falangism
in Latin America * Brazilian Integralism * Bolivian Socialist Falange
Bolivian Socialist Falange
* National Socialist Movement of Chile
National Socialist Movement of Chile
* Revolutionary Union

PEOPLE

* Abba Ahimeir
Abba Ahimeir
* Nimio de Anquín * Sadao Araki * Marc Augier * Maurice Bardèche * Jacques Benoist-Méchin * Henri Béraud * Zoltán Böszörmény * Giuseppe Bottai
Giuseppe Bottai
* Robert Brasillach
Robert Brasillach
* Alphonse de Châteaubriant * Corneliu Zelea Codreanu * Gustavs Celmiņš * Enrico Corradini * Carlo Costamagna * Richard Walther Darré
Richard Walther Darré
* Marcel Déat * Léon Degrelle
Léon Degrelle
* Pierre Drieu La Rochelle * Gottfried Feder * Giovanni Gentile
Giovanni Gentile
* Joseph Goebbels
Joseph Goebbels
* Hans F. K. Günther
Hans F. K. Günther
* Heinrich Himmler
Heinrich Himmler
* Fumimaro Konoe
Fumimaro Konoe
* Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler
* Hideki Tojo
Hideki Tojo
* Ikki Kita
Ikki Kita
* Vihtori Kosola * Agostino Lanzillo * Dimitrije Ljotić
Dimitrije Ljotić
* Leopoldo Lugones
Leopoldo Lugones
* Curzio Malaparte
Curzio Malaparte
* Ioannis Metaxas
Ioannis Metaxas
* Robert Michels * Oswald Mosley
Oswald Mosley
* Benito Mussolini
Benito Mussolini
* Eoin O\'Duffy * Gearóid Ó Cuinneagáin * Sergio Panunzio * Giovanni Papini
Giovanni Papini
* Ante Pavelić
Ante Pavelić
* William Dudley Pelley
William Dudley Pelley
* Alfred Ploetz
Alfred Ploetz
* Robert Poulet * Vidkun Quisling
Vidkun Quisling
* José Antonio Primo de Rivera
José Antonio Primo de Rivera
* Lucien Rebatet * Dionisio Ridruejo * Alfredo Rocco
Alfredo Rocco
* Konstantin Rodzaevsky
Konstantin Rodzaevsky
* Alfred Rosenberg
Alfred Rosenberg
* Plínio Salgado
Plínio Salgado
* Rafael Sánchez Mazas * Margherita Sarfatti
Margherita Sarfatti
* Carl Schmitt
Carl Schmitt
* Ardengo Soffici * Othmar Spann * Ugo Spirito * Ferenc Szálasi
Ferenc Szálasi
* Gonzalo Torrente Ballester
Gonzalo Torrente Ballester
* Georges Valois * Anastasy Vonsyatsky
Anastasy Vonsyatsky

WORKS

LITERATURE

* The Doctrine of Fascism
Fascism
* Fascist Manifesto
Fascist Manifesto
* Manifesto of the Fascist Intellectuals * Mein Kampf
Mein Kampf
* My Life * The Myth of the Twentieth Century
The Myth of the Twentieth Century
* Zweites Buch
Zweites Buch
* Zaveshchanie russkogo fashista

PERIODICALS

* La Conquista del Estado
La Conquista del Estado
* Das Reich * Der Angriff
Der Angriff
* Deutsche Allgemeine Zeitung
Deutsche Allgemeine Zeitung
* Deutsche Zeitung in Norwegen * Deutsche Zeitung in den Niederlanden * Figli d\'Italia * Fronten * Gândirea
Gândirea
* Gioventù Fascista * Je suis partout * La France au travail * Münchener Beobachter * Novopress * NS Månedshefte * Norsk-Tysk Tidsskrift * Das Schwarze Korps
Das Schwarze Korps
* Der Stürmer * Il Popolo d\'Italia * Sfarmă-Piatră * Signal * Vlajka * Völkischer Beobachter
Völkischer Beobachter
* Nash Put\' * Fashist
Fashist
* l\'Alba

FILM

* Der Sieg des Glaubens * Tag der Freiheit: Unsere Wehrmacht * Triumph of the Will
Triumph of the Will

SCULPTURE

* Allach

RELATED TOPICS

* Art of the Third Reich * Fascist architecture
Fascist architecture
* Heroic realism * Nazi architecture
Nazi architecture
* Nazism
Nazism
and cinema * Nazi plunder * Syndicalism
Syndicalism
* Conservatism
Conservatism

ORGANIZATIONS

INSTITUTIONAL

* Ahnenerbe
Ahnenerbe
* Chamber of Fasci and Corporations * Grand Council of Fascism * Imperial Way Faction * Italian Nationalist Association * Nationalsozialistischer Reichsbund für Leibesübungen
Nationalsozialistischer Reichsbund für Leibesübungen
* Quadrumvirs

ACTIVIST

* Fascist Union of Youth * German American Bund
German American Bund
* National Youth Organisation (Greece) * Russian Fascist Organization * Union of Fascist Little Ones * Union of Young Fascists – Vanguard (boys) * Union of Young Fascists – Vanguard (girls)

PARAMILITARY

* Albanian Militia * Black Brigades
Black Brigades
* Blackshirts
Blackshirts
* Blueshirts
Blueshirts
* Einsatzgruppen
Einsatzgruppen
* Gold shirts * Greenshirts * Greyshirts * Hitler Youth
Hitler Youth
* Heimwehr
Heimwehr
* Iron Wolf (organization) * Lăncieri * Makapili
Makapili
* Silver Legion of America * Schutzstaffel
Schutzstaffel
* Sturmabteilung
Sturmabteilung
* Waffen-SS
Waffen-SS
* Werwolf
Werwolf

INTERNATIONAL

* Axis powers
Axis powers
* NSDAP/AO
NSDAP/AO
* ODESSA
ODESSA

HISTORY

1910S

* Arditi
Arditi
* Fascio

1920S

* Aventine Secession * Acerbo Law
Acerbo Law
* Corfu incident
Corfu incident
* March on Rome
March on Rome
* Beer Hall Putsch
Beer Hall Putsch
* Italian economic battles

1930S

* March of the Iron Will * German federal election, November 1932
German federal election, November 1932
* German federal election, March 1933
German federal election, March 1933
* Enabling Act * 6 February 1934 crisis * 1934 Montreux Fascist conference
1934 Montreux Fascist conference
* Spanish Civil War
Spanish Civil War
* 4th of August Regime
4th of August Regime
* Anti-Comintern Pact
Anti-Comintern Pact

1940S

* World War II
World War II
* The Holocaust
The Holocaust
* End in Italy
Italy
* Denazification
Denazification
* Nuremberg Trials
Nuremberg Trials

LISTS

* Anti-fascists * Books about Hitler * British fascist parties * Fascist movements by country (A-F * G-M * N-T * U-Z ) * Nazi ideologues * Nazi leaders * Speeches by Hitler * SS personnel

RELATED TOPICS

* Alt-right * Anti-fascism
Anti-fascism
* Anti-Nazi League * Christofascism * Clerical fascism * Cryptofascism * Esoteric Nazism
Nazism
* Fascist (epithet) * Fascist mysticism * Germanisation
Germanisation
* Glossary of Nazi Germany * Hitler salute * Italianization
Italianization
* Italianization
Italianization
of South Tyrol * Islamofascism
Islamofascism
* Japanization * Ku Klux Klan
Ku Klux Klan
* Neo-fascism * Neo- Nazism
Nazism
* Roman salute
Roman salute
* Social fascism
Social fascism
* Synarchism * Unite Against Fascism
Fascism
* Völkisch movement * Women in Nazi Germany
Women in Nazi Germany

* Category
Category

.