Chamber of Deputies (French: la Chambre des députés) was the name
given to several parliamentary bodies in
France in the nineteenth and
1814–1848 during the
Bourbon Restoration and the July Monarchy, the
Chamber of Deputies was the
Lower chamber of the French Parliament,
elected by census suffrage.
1875–1940 during the French Third Republic, the Chamber of Deputies
was the legislative assembly of the French Parliament, elected by
universal suffrage. When reunited with the
French Senate at
French Parliament was called the National Assembly
(Assemblée nationale) and carried out the election of the President
of the French Republic.
1 During the Bourbon Restoration
2 During the July Monarchy
3 See also
5 External links
During the Bourbon Restoration
Created by the
Charter of 1814
Charter of 1814 and replacing the Corps législatif,
which existed under the First French Empire, the Chamber of Deputies
was composed of individuals elected by census suffrage. Its role was
to discuss laws and, most importantly, to vote taxes. According to the
Charter, deputies were elected for five years, with one-fifth renewed
each year. Deputies needed to be 40 years old and to pay 1000 francs
in direct contributions.
Government ministers could be chosen from among the deputies, and this
resulted in giving the Restoration government a slight, albeit minor,
parliamentary and liberal character.
Hundred Days (les cent jours) return of
Napoleon I in 1815,
under the terms of the Additional Act to the Constitutions of the
Chamber of Deputies was briefly replaced by a Chamber of
Representatives (Chambre des représentants). This body was dissolved
upon the entry of Coalition troops into Paris on 7 July.
For the period 1815–1816, the (then) Ultra-royalist chamber was
referred to as the Chambre introuvable.
During the July Monarchy
Conference hall of the
Chamber of Deputies 1843
Chamber of Deputies was elected by census suffrage according to
the Charter of 1830. The political life of the
July Monarchy was
defined by the split within the
Chamber of Deputies between the
progressive movement (considered the Charter as a starting point) and
the conservative wing (who refused any further modifications).
Although both parties traded power in the initial stages, by 1840 the
conservative members around
François Guizot had seized control.
From 1830, deputies were elected for five years. They needed to be 30
years old and to pay 500 francs in direct contributions.[citation
The king convoked the chamber every year, and he had the power to
extend the parliamentary session or to dissolve the chamber, although
in the latter case he was required to convoke a new chamber in three
In 1852, the
Chamber of Deputies retook the name Corps législatif.
Constitution of France
Government of France
History of France
Politics of France
This article is based on the article Chambre des députés française
from the French, retrieved on October 14, 2006.