Chagang Province (Chagangdo; Korean
pronunciation: [tsa.ɡaŋ.do]) is a province in North Korea; it
is bordered by
China to the north,
South Hamgyong to the
South Pyongan to the south, and
North Pyongan to the west.
Chagang was formed in 1949, after being demarcated from North Pyongan.
The provincial capital is Kanggye.
2 Main cities and economic activities
3 Small and medium-size power stations
4 Administrative divisions
5 See also
7 External links
Chagang Province is located in the northwestern part of Korea. It is a
mountainous province; with the mountainous area amounting to 98 per
cent of its total area. The mean height above sea level is 750 meters
and the slope of most regions is 15 to 40 degrees.
The province has a distinct continental climate under the influence of
the Asian continent. It has very cold and long winters, and brief
springs and falls. The climate is characterized by great differences
in daily and yearly temperature. In summer, downpours of rain and hail
are frequent. Thus thunder and lightning occur frequently.
The province has great mineral wealth, and is North Korea's main
source of lead, zinc, gold, copper, molybdenum, tungsten, antimony,
graphite, apatite, alunite, limestone, calcium carbonate, anthracite
and iron ores. There are also crystals and valuable gems there.
Main cities and economic activities
The province abounds in underground, forest and water resources.
Before the Korean War, Chagang province was an isolated land with only
two primitive mines, one timber mill and a distillery.
Nowadays, it has power, machine, chemical, light, mining and timber
industries. Its total industrial output is 1000 times as much as just
before the war.
The majority of North Korea's underground military industrial
facilities are located in Chagang Province, including portions of
their weapons of mass destruction program.
Kanggye is the capital city of Chagang Province. One of the main
economic timber processing factories of the province, and the country,
is located in Kanggye.
Huichon is the most developed city in the province, though. Its
development dates back to the Korean War, when it became one of the
cities of industrial relocation, as it was isolated and far from the
Huichon has several industries, such as a huge machine tool
factory, silk mill and a hard glassware factory. In
Huichon there is
the main North Korean University of Telecommunications.
Chagang was one of the less developed and isolated provinces in North
Korea after liberation in 1945. The terrain made farming difficult and
only slash-and-burn farmers tilled mountain plots to eke out a living.
Nowadays, farming activities are mainly linked with livestock
activities. One example is Hungju Farm.
Huichon Hard Glassware Factory
Huichon Machine Tool Factory
Hungju Chicken Farm
Small and medium-size power stations
The province has been converted into a power base for the country,
with the construction of
Kanggye Youth Power Station, Unbong Power
Station, Jangjagang Power Station and other large hydroelectric power
The province has built since the 90s many small and medium-sized power
stations, as a duty of the local authorities. Log-dam, water-course,
raft and sluice were among the efficient methods practised in their
Small hydraulic turbines, with a capacity of 2 kW to 70 kW, were
developed by local technicians to dramatically increase the generating
Chagang is divided into 3 cities (si) and 15 counties (gun).
Kanggye-si (강계시; 江界市; made into "si" from "gun" December
Huichon-si (희천시; 熙川市; made into "si" October 1967)
Manpo-si (만포시; 滿浦市; made into "si" October 1967)
County (장강군; 長江郡)
County (자성군; 慈城郡)
County (전천군; 前川郡)
County (초산군; 楚山郡)
County (중강군; 中江郡)
County (화평군; 和坪郡)
County (고풍군; 古豐郡)
County (랑림군; 狼林郡)
County (룡림군; 龍林郡)
County (시중군; 時中郡)
County (성간군; 城干郡)
County (송원군; 松原郡)
County (동신군; 東新郡)
County (우시군; 雩時郡)
County (위원군; 渭原郡)
North Korea portal
List of Korea-related topics
^ "Defense". Federation of American Scientists. Retrieved October 11,
North Korea Expanding WMD Production Capabilities". Nuclear Threat
Initiative. October 27, 2011. Retrieved October 11, 2013.
행정 구역 현황 (Haengjeong Guyeok Hyeonhwang) (in Korean only)
Administrative divisions of
North Korea (in simplified Chinese; used
as reference for Hanja)
Panorama Korea, Foreign Language Publishing House, Pyongyang, 1999.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Baekdu Mountains.
The People's Korea: Chagang
Places adjacent to Chagang Province
Regions and administrative divisions of North Korea
Special administrative regions
Coordinates: 40°58′14″N 126°35′33″E / 40.9706°N