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The CHūBU REGION (中部地方, Chūbu-chihō), CENTRAL REGION, or CENTRAL JAPAN (中部日本) is a region in the middle of Honshū
Honshū
, Japan\'s main island. Chūbu has a population of 21,715,822 as of 2010. . It encompasses nine prefectures (ken): Aichi , Fukui , Gifu , Ishikawa , Nagano , Niigata , Shizuoka , Toyama , and Yamanashi .

It is located directly between the Kantō region
Kantō region
and the Kansai region and includes the major city of Nagoya
Nagoya
as well as along Pacific and Sea of Japan
Japan
coastlines, extensive mountain resorts , and Mount Fuji .

The region is the widest part of Honshū
Honshū
and the central part is characterized by high, rugged mountains. The Japanese Alps divide the country into the Pacific
Pacific
side, sunny in winter, and the Sea of Japan side, snowy in winter.

CONTENTS

* 1 Subregions

* 1.1 Tōkai

* 1.1.1 Chūkyō

* 1.2 Kōshin\'etsu * 1.3 Hokuriku

* 2 Major cities

* 2.1 Other major cities

* 3 See also * 4 Notes * 5 References * 6 External links

SUBREGIONS

The Chūbu region
Chūbu region
covers a large and geographically diverse area of Honshū
Honshū
which leads to it generally being divided into three distinct subregions: Tōkai, Kōshin'etsu, and Hokuriku. There is also another subregion occasionally referred to in business circles called Chūkyō .

TōKAI

Main article: Tōkai region
Tōkai region

The Tōkai region, mostly bordering the Pacific
Pacific
Ocean , is a narrow corridor interrupted in places by mountains that descend into the sea.

Since the Tokugawa period
Tokugawa period
(1600–1867), this corridor has been critical in linking Tokyo, Kyoto, and Osaka. One of old Japan's most important ancient roadways, the Tōkaidō , ran through it connecting Tokyo
Tokyo
(at that time called Edo
Edo
) and Kyoto, the old imperial capital. In the twentieth century, it became the route for new super-express highways and high-speed railroad lines (shinkansen ). The area consists of Aichi , Mie , Shizuoka ,and southern Gifu prefectures.

A number of small alluvial plains are found in the corridor section. A mild climate, favorable location relatively close to the great metropolitan complexes, and availability of fast transportation have made this area a center for truck-gardening and out-of-season vegetables. Upland areas of rolling hills are extensively given over to the growing of mandarin oranges and tea. Nagoya, which faces Ise Bay , is a center for heavy industry, including iron and steel and machinery manufacturing. The corridor also has a number of small but important industrial centers. The western part of Tōkai includes the Nōbi Plain, where rice was being grown by the seventh century.

Chūkyō

The three Tōkai prefectures centered on Nagoya
Nagoya
(Aichi, Gifu, and Mie) have particularly strong economic ties, and the parts of these prefectures that are closest to the city comprise the Chūkyō Metropolitan Area . This area boasts the third strongest economy in Japan
Japan
and this influence can sometimes extend into the more remote parts of these prefectures that are farther away from Nagoya. Thus, these three prefectures are sometimes called the "Chūkyō region" in a business sense. This name does not see widespread usage throughout Japan; however, as the economy in the area strengthens, this name may become more well-known country-wide.

KōSHIN\'ETSU

Main article: Kōshin\'etsu region

Kōshin'etsu is an area of complex and high rugged mountains—often called the "roof of Japan"—that include the Japanese Alps . The population is chiefly concentrated in six elevated basins connected by narrow valleys. It was long a main silk-producing area, although output declined after World War II
World War II
. Much of the labor formerly required in silk production was absorbed by the district's diversified manufacturing industry, which included precision instruments, machinery, textiles, food processing, and other light manufacturing. Kōshin'etsu means Yamanashi , Nagano , and Niigata prefectures; Niigata is also included to the Hokuriku region. Yamanashi, Nagano and northern Gifu Prefecture
Gifu Prefecture
are sometimes referred to as Chūō-kōchi or Tōsan region.

HOKURIKU

Main article: Hokuriku region
Hokuriku region

The Hokuriku region
Hokuriku region
lies on the Sea of Japan
Japan
coastline, northwest of the massive mountains that comprise Kōshin'etsu. Hokuriku includes the four prefectures of Ishikawa , Fukui , Niigata and Toyama ,

The district has very heavy snowfall (sometimes enough to block major roads) and strong winds in winter, and its turbulent rivers are the source of abundant hydroelectric power . Niigata Prefecture
Niigata Prefecture
is the site of domestic gas and oil production as well. Industrial development is extensive, especially in the cities in Niigata and Toyama ; Fukui and Ishikawa prefectures also have large manufacturing industries.

Historically, Hokuriku's development is owed to markets in the Kansai region , however recently the urban areas at the heart of the Kantō region and Tōkai region
Tōkai region
are having a heavy an influence as well. Hokuriku has port facilities which are mainly to facilitate trade with Russia, Korea and China. Transportation between Niigata and Toyama used to be geographically limited and so Niigata has seen especially strong influence from the Kantō region, because of this Niigata Prefecture is often classified as being part of the Kōshin\'etsu region with Nagano and Yamanashi Prefectures.

MAJOR CITIES

Designated city

* Nagoya
Nagoya
City : a designated city , the capital of Aichi Prefecture
Aichi Prefecture
* Niigata City : a designated city, the capital of Niigata Prefecture * Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
City : a designated city * Shizuoka City :a designated city, the capital of Shizuoka Prefecture

Core city

* Kanazawa
Kanazawa
City : a core city , the capital of Ishikawa Prefecture
Ishikawa Prefecture
* Toyama City : a core city, the capital of Toyama Prefecture
Toyama Prefecture
* Gifu City : a core city, the capital of Gifu Prefecture
Gifu Prefecture
* Nagano City : a core city, the capital of Nagano Prefecture
Nagano Prefecture

Special
Special
city

* Fukui City : a special city , the capital of Fukui Prefecture
Fukui Prefecture
* Kofu
Kofu
City : a special city, the capital of Yamanashi Prefecture
Yamanashi Prefecture

*

Nagoya
Nagoya
City *

Niigata City *

Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
City *

Shizuoka City *

Kanazawa
Kanazawa
City *

Toyama City *

Gifu City *

Nagano City *

Fukui City *

Kofu
Kofu
City

OTHER MAJOR CITIES

* Toyota City : a core city * Okazaki City : a core city * Toyohashi
Toyohashi
City : a core city

* Ichinomiya City : a special city * Kasugai City : a special city * Nagaoka City : a special city * Fuji City : a special city * Matsumoto City : a special city * Jōetsu City : a special city * Numazu City : a special city

*

Toyota City *

Toyohashi
Toyohashi
City *

Okazaki City

*

Ichinomiya City *

Kasugai City *

Nagaoka City *

Fuji City *

Matsumoto City *

Numazu City *

Jōetsu City

SEE ALSO

* Geography of Japan
Japan
* List of regions of Japan
Japan
* Tōkai–Tōsan dialect
Tōkai–Tōsan dialect
and Hokuriku dialect
Hokuriku dialect

NOTES

* ^ A B Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications
Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications
Statistics Bureau (26 October 2011). "平成 22 年国勢調査の概要" (PDF). Retrieved 6 May 2012. * ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Chūbu" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 126, p. 126, at Google Books
Google Books
* ^ Nussbaum, "Hokuriku" at p. 344, p. 344, at Google Books
Google Books

REFERENCES

* Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric (2002 ). Japan
Japan
Encyclopedia. Trans. by Käthe Roth. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press
Harvard University Press
. ISBN 0-674-01753-6 , ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5 . OCLC
OCLC
58053128. * This article incorporates public domain material from the Library of Congress Country Studies document "Japan".

EXTERNAL LINKS

* Chubu travel guide from Wikivoyage

* v * t * e

Regions and