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The Chūbu region
Chūbu region
(中部地方, Chūbu-chihō), Central region, or Central Japan
Japan
(中部日本) is a region in the middle of Honshū, Japan's main island. Chūbu has a population of 21,715,822 as of 2010.[1]. It encompasses nine prefectures (ken): Aichi, Fukui, Gifu, Ishikawa, Nagano, Niigata, Shizuoka, Toyama, and Yamanashi.[2] It is located directly between the Kantō region
Kantō region
and the Kansai region and includes the major city of Nagoya
Nagoya
as well as along the Pacific Ocean and Sea of Japan
Japan
coastlines, extensive mountain resorts, and Mount Fuji. The region is the widest part of Honshū
Honshū
and the central part is characterized by high, rugged mountains. The Japanese Alps divide the country into the Pacific side, sunny in winter, and the Sea of Japan side, snowy in winter.

Contents

1 Subregions

1.1 Tōkai

1.1.1 Chūkyō

1.2 Kōshin'etsu 1.3 Hokuriku

2 Major cities

2.1 Other major cities

3 See also 4 Notes 5 References 6 External links

Subregions[edit] The Chūbu region
Chūbu region
covers a large and geographically diverse area of Honshū
Honshū
which leads to it generally being divided into three distinct subregions: Tōkai, Kōshin'etsu, and Hokuriku. There is also another subregion occasionally referred to in business circles called Chūkyō. Tōkai[edit] Main article: Tōkai region The Tōkai region, mostly bordering the Pacific Ocean, is a narrow corridor interrupted in places by mountains that descend into the sea. Since the Tokugawa period
Tokugawa period
(1600–1867), this corridor has been critical in linking Tokyo, Kyoto, and Osaka. One of old Japan's most important ancient roadways, the Tōkaidō, ran through it connecting Tokyo
Tokyo
(at that time called Edo) and Kyoto, the old imperial capital. In the twentieth century, it became the route for new super-express highways and high-speed railroad lines (shinkansen). The area consists of Aichi, Mie, Shizuoka,and southern Gifu prefectures. A number of small alluvial plains are found in the corridor section. A mild climate, favorable location relatively close to the great metropolitan complexes, and availability of fast transportation have made this area a center for truck-gardening and out-of-season vegetables. Upland areas of rolling hills are extensively given over to the growing of mandarin oranges and tea. Nagoya, which faces Ise Bay, is a center for heavy industry, including iron and steel and machinery manufacturing. The corridor also has a number of small but important industrial centers. The western part of Tōkai includes the Nōbi Plain, where rice was being grown by the seventh century. Chūkyō[edit] The three Tōkai prefectures centered on Nagoya
Nagoya
(Aichi, Gifu, and Mie) have particularly strong economic ties, and the parts of these prefectures that are closest to the city comprise the Chūkyō Metropolitan Area. This area boasts the third strongest economy in Japan
Japan
and this influence can sometimes extend into the more remote parts of these prefectures that are farther away from Nagoya. Thus, these three prefectures are sometimes called the "Chūkyō region" in a business sense. This name does not see widespread usage throughout Japan; however, as the economy in the area strengthens, this name may become more well-known country-wide. Kōshin'etsu[edit] Main article: Kōshin'etsu region Kōshin'etsu is an area of complex and high rugged mountains—often called the "roof of Japan"—that include the Japanese Alps. The population is chiefly concentrated in six elevated basins connected by narrow valleys. It was long a main silk-producing area, although output declined after World War II. Much of the labor formerly required in silk production was absorbed by the district's diversified manufacturing industry, which included precision instruments, machinery, textiles, food processing, and other light manufacturing. Kōshin'etsu means Yamanashi, Nagano, and Niigata prefectures; Niigata is also included to the Hokuriku region. Yamanashi, Nagano and northern Gifu Prefecture
Gifu Prefecture
are sometimes referred to as Chūō-kōchi or Tōsan region. Hokuriku[edit] Main article: Hokuriku region The Hokuriku region
Hokuriku region
lies on the Sea of Japan
Japan
coastline, northwest of the massive mountains that comprise Kōshin'etsu. Hokuriku includes the four prefectures of Ishikawa, Fukui, Niigata and Toyama,[3] The district has very heavy snowfall (sometimes enough to block major roads) and strong winds in winter, and its turbulent rivers are the source of abundant hydroelectric power. Niigata Prefecture
Niigata Prefecture
is the site of domestic gas and oil production as well. Industrial development is extensive, especially in the cities in Niigata and Toyama; Fukui and Ishikawa prefectures also have large manufacturing industries. Historically, Hokuriku's development is owed to markets in the Kansai region, however recently the urban areas at the heart of the Kantō region and Tōkai region
Tōkai region
are having a heavy an influence as well. Hokuriku has port facilities which are mainly to facilitate trade with Russia, Korea and China. Transportation between Niigata and Toyama used to be geographically limited and so Niigata has seen especially strong influence from the Kantō region, because of this Niigata Prefecture is often classified as being part of the Kōshin'etsu region with Nagano and Yamanashi Prefectures. Major cities[edit]

Designated city

Nagoya
Nagoya
City: a designated city, the capital of Aichi Prefecture Niigata City: a designated city, the capital of Niigata Prefecture Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
City: a designated city Shizuoka City:a designated city, the capital of Shizuoka Prefecture

Core city

Kanazawa
Kanazawa
City: a core city, the capital of Ishikawa Prefecture Toyama City: a core city, the capital of Toyama Prefecture Gifu City: a core city, the capital of Gifu Prefecture Nagano City: a core city, the capital of Nagano Prefecture

Special
Special
city

Fukui City: a special city, the capital of Fukui Prefecture Kofu
Kofu
City: a special city, the capital of Yamanashi Prefecture

Nagoya
Nagoya
City

Niigata City

Hamamatsu
Hamamatsu
City

Shizuoka City

Kanazawa
Kanazawa
City

Toyama City

Gifu City

Nagano City

Fukui City

Kofu
Kofu
City

Other major cities[edit]

Toyota City: a core city Okazaki City: a core city Toyohashi
Toyohashi
City: a core city

Ichinomiya City: a special city Kasugai City: a special city Nagaoka City: a special city Fuji City: a special city Matsumoto City: a special city Jōetsu City: a special city Numazu City: a special city

Toyota City

Toyohashi
Toyohashi
City

Okazaki City

Ichinomiya City

Kasugai City

Nagaoka City

Fuji City

Matsumoto City

Numazu City

Jōetsu City

See also[edit]

Geography of Japan List of regions of Japan Tōkai–Tōsan dialect
Tōkai–Tōsan dialect
and Hokuriku dialect

Notes[edit]

^ a b Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications
Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications
Statistics Bureau (26 October 2011). "平成 22 年国勢調査の概要" (PDF). Retrieved 6 May 2012.  ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Chūbu" in Japan
Japan
Encyclopedia, p. 126, p. 126, at Google Books ^ Nussbaum, "Hokuriku" at p. 344, p. 344, at Google Books

References[edit]

Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric (2002 [1996]). Japan
Japan
Encyclopedia. Trans. by Käthe Roth. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press. ISBN 0-674-01753-6, ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5. OCLC 58053128.  This article incorporates public domain material from the Library of Congress Country Studies document "Japan".

External links[edit]

Chubu travel guide from Wikivoyage

v t e

Regions and administrative divisions of Japan

Regions

Hokkaido Tōhoku Kantō

Nanpō Islands

Chūbu

Hokuriku Kōshin'etsu Shin'etsu Tōkai

Kansai Chūgoku

San'in San'yō

Shikoku Kyushu

Northern Southern Okinawa

47 Prefectures

Hokkaido

Hokkaido

Tōhoku

Aomori Iwate Miyagi Akita Yamagata Fukushima

Kantō

Ibaraki Tochigi Gunma Saitama Chiba Tokyo Kanagawa

Chūbu

Niigata Toyama Ishikawa Fukui Yamanashi Nagano Gifu Shizuoka Aichi

Kansai

Mie Shiga Kyoto Osaka Hyōgo Nara Wakayama

Chūgoku

Tottori Shimane Okayama Hiroshima Yamaguchi

Shikoku

Tokushima Kagawa Ehime Kōchi

Kyushu

Fukuoka Saga Nagasaki Kumamoto Ōita Miyazaki Kagoshima Okinawa

Coordinates: 35°53′N 137°57′E / 35.883°N 137.950°E / 35.883; 137.950

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 253280820 GND: 44498

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