The CHūBU REGION (中部地方, Chūbu-chihō), CENTRAL REGION, or
CENTRAL JAPAN (中部日本) is a region in the middle of
Japan\'s main island. Chūbu has a population of 21,715,822 as of
2010. . It encompasses nine prefectures (ken): Aichi , Fukui , Gifu ,
Ishikawa , Nagano , Niigata , Shizuoka , Toyama , and Yamanashi .
It is located directly between the
Kantō region and the Kansai
region and includes the major city of
Nagoya as well as along Pacific
and Sea of
Japan coastlines, extensive mountain resorts , and Mount
The region is the widest part of
Honshū and the central part is
characterized by high, rugged mountains. The
Japanese Alps divide the
country into the
Pacific side, sunny in winter, and the Sea of Japan
side, snowy in winter.
* 1 Subregions
* 1.1 Tōkai
* 1.1.1 Chūkyō
* 1.2 Kōshin\'etsu
* 1.3 Hokuriku
* 2 Major cities
* 2.1 Other major cities
* 3 See also
* 4 Notes
* 5 References
* 6 External links
Chūbu region covers a large and geographically diverse area of
Honshū which leads to it generally being divided into three distinct
subregions: Tōkai, Kōshin'etsu, and Hokuriku. There is also another
subregion occasionally referred to in business circles called Chūkyō
The Tōkai region, mostly bordering the
Pacific Ocean , is a narrow
corridor interrupted in places by mountains that descend into the sea.
Tokugawa period (1600–1867), this corridor has been
critical in linking Tokyo, Kyoto, and Osaka. One of old Japan's most
important ancient roadways, the Tōkaidō , ran through it connecting
Tokyo (at that time called
Edo ) and Kyoto, the old imperial capital.
In the twentieth century, it became the route for new super-express
highways and high-speed railroad lines (shinkansen ). The area
consists of Aichi , Mie , Shizuoka ,and southern Gifu prefectures.
A number of small alluvial plains are found in the corridor section.
A mild climate, favorable location relatively close to the great
metropolitan complexes, and availability of fast transportation have
made this area a center for truck-gardening and out-of-season
vegetables. Upland areas of rolling hills are extensively given over
to the growing of mandarin oranges and tea. Nagoya, which faces Ise
Bay , is a center for heavy industry, including iron and steel and
machinery manufacturing. The corridor also has a number of small but
important industrial centers. The western part of Tōkai includes the
Nōbi Plain, where rice was being grown by the seventh century.
The three Tōkai prefectures centered on
Nagoya (Aichi, Gifu, and
Mie) have particularly strong economic ties, and the parts of these
prefectures that are closest to the city comprise the Chūkyō
Metropolitan Area . This area boasts the third strongest economy in
Japan and this influence can sometimes extend into the more remote
parts of these prefectures that are farther away from Nagoya. Thus,
these three prefectures are sometimes called the "Chūkyō region" in
a business sense. This name does not see widespread usage throughout
Japan; however, as the economy in the area strengthens, this name may
become more well-known country-wide.
Main article: Kōshin\'etsu region
Kōshin'etsu is an area of complex and high rugged mountains—often
called the "roof of Japan"—that include the
Japanese Alps . The
population is chiefly concentrated in six elevated basins connected by
narrow valleys. It was long a main silk-producing area, although
output declined after
World War II
World War II . Much of the labor formerly
required in silk production was absorbed by the district's diversified
manufacturing industry, which included precision instruments,
machinery, textiles, food processing, and other light manufacturing.
Kōshin'etsu means Yamanashi , Nagano , and Niigata prefectures;
Niigata is also included to the Hokuriku region. Yamanashi, Nagano and
Gifu Prefecture are sometimes referred to as Chūō-kōchi or
Hokuriku region lies on the Sea of
Japan coastline, northwest of
the massive mountains that comprise Kōshin'etsu. Hokuriku includes
the four prefectures of Ishikawa , Fukui , Niigata and Toyama ,
The district has very heavy snowfall (sometimes enough to block major
roads) and strong winds in winter, and its turbulent rivers are the
source of abundant hydroelectric power .
Niigata Prefecture is the
site of domestic gas and oil production as well. Industrial
development is extensive, especially in the cities in Niigata and
Toyama ; Fukui and Ishikawa prefectures also have large manufacturing
Historically, Hokuriku's development is owed to markets in the Kansai
region , however recently the urban areas at the heart of the Kantō
Tōkai region are having a heavy an influence as well.
Hokuriku has port facilities which are mainly to facilitate trade with
Russia, Korea and China. Transportation between Niigata and Toyama
used to be geographically limited and so Niigata has seen especially
strong influence from the Kantō region, because of this Niigata
Prefecture is often classified as being part of the Kōshin\'etsu
region with Nagano and Yamanashi Prefectures.
Nagoya City : a designated city , the capital of
* Niigata City : a designated city, the capital of Niigata
Hamamatsu City : a designated city
* Shizuoka City :a designated city, the capital of Shizuoka
Kanazawa City : a core city , the capital of
* Toyama City : a core city, the capital of
* Gifu City : a core city, the capital of
* Nagano City : a core city, the capital of
* Fukui City : a special city , the capital of
Kofu City : a special city, the capital of
OTHER MAJOR CITIES
* Toyota City : a core city
* Okazaki City : a core city
Toyohashi City : a core city
* Ichinomiya City : a special city
* Kasugai City : a special city
* Nagaoka City : a special city
* Fuji City : a special city
* Matsumoto City : a special city
* Jōetsu City : a special city
* Numazu City : a special city
* Geography of
* List of regions of
Tōkai–Tōsan dialect and
* ^ A B
Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications
Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications Statistics
Bureau (26 October 2011). "平成 22 年国勢調査の概要" (PDF).
Retrieved 6 May 2012.
* ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Chūbu" in Japan
Encyclopedia, p. 126, p. 126, at
* ^ Nussbaum, "Hokuriku" at p. 344, p. 344, at
* Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric (2002 ).
Japan Encyclopedia. Trans. by
Käthe Roth. Cambridge, Mass.:
Harvard University Press
Harvard University Press . ISBN
0-674-01753-6 , ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5 .
* This article incorporates public domain material from the Library
of Congress Country Studies document "Japan".
* Chubu travel guide from Wikivoyage