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1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Châteauroux
Châteauroux
(French pronunciation: ​[ʃatoʁu]) is the capital of the Indre
Indre
department[1] in central France
France
and the second-largest town in the province of Berry, after Bourges. Its residents are called Castelroussins.

Contents

1 Climate 2 History 3 Awards 4 Sights 5 Sports 6 Festivals 7 Transport 8 Personalities

8.1 Other personalities

9 International relations 10 Population 11 See also 12 References 13 External links

Climate[edit] Châteauroux
Châteauroux
temperatures range from an average January low of 0.8 °C (33 °F) to an average August high of 25.1 °C (77 °F).

Climate data for Châteauroux
Châteauroux
(1981–2010 averages)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 18.5 (65.3) 22.9 (73.2) 28.0 (82.4) 31.5 (88.7) 34.5 (94.1) 37.7 (99.9) 40.2 (104.4) 40.5 (104.9) 38.0 (100.4) 30.3 (86.5) 24.5 (76.1) 20.5 (68.9) 40.5 (104.9)

Average high °C (°F) 7.1 (44.8) 8.6 (47.5) 12.6 (54.7) 15.5 (59.9) 19.6 (67.3) 23.1 (73.6) 26.0 (78.8) 25.6 (78.1) 21.9 (71.4) 17.1 (62.8) 11.0 (51.8) 7.6 (45.7) 16.3 (61.3)

Average low °C (°F) 1.3 (34.3) 1.3 (34.3) 3.5 (38.3) 5.3 (41.5) 9.2 (48.6) 12.4 (54.3) 14.4 (57.9) 14.3 (57.7) 11.2 (52.2) 8.5 (47.3) 4.1 (39.4) 1.8 (35.2) 7.3 (45.1)

Record low °C (°F) −21.5 (−6.7) −22.8 (−9) −10.8 (12.6) −4.2 (24.4) −1.4 (29.5) 1.2 (34.2) 4.0 (39.2) 4.5 (40.1) 0.0 (32) −5.2 (22.6) −8.7 (16.3) −17.0 (1.4) −22.8 (−9)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 59.2 (2.331) 48.8 (1.921) 52.1 (2.051) 65.8 (2.591) 73.3 (2.886) 54.9 (2.161) 56.6 (2.228) 56.1 (2.209) 64.3 (2.531) 73.8 (2.906) 64.9 (2.555) 67.3 (2.65) 737.1 (29.02)

Average precipitation days 11.2 8.8 9.7 10.6 11.2 7.8 7.6 7.0 7.7 10.5 11.0 11.0 114.3

Average snowy days 3.3 3.4 1.9 0.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.3 2.7 13.4

Average relative humidity (%) 88 85 79 75 76 74 69 70 76 84 88 88 79.3

Mean monthly sunshine hours 72.1 91.9 155.6 178.5 208.6 210.4 231.7 235.5 189.5 128.3 79.6 59.0 1,840.6

Source #1: Météo France[2][3]

Source #2: Infoclimat.fr (humidity and snowy days, 1961–1990)[4]

History[edit] The old town, close to the river, forms a nucleus around which a newer and more extensive quarter, bordered by boulevards, has grown up; the suburbs of St. Christophe and Déols
Déols
lie on the right bank of the Indre. The castle from which the city takes its name was built in the latter part of the 10th century by Raoul, prince of Déols. From 920 to 1008, the Norman raids forced the monks of the abbey of Saint-Gildas-de-Rhuys, founded in Britanny
Britanny
by Saint Gildas, to bring his relics to the abbey of Saint-Gildas of Châteauroux
Châteauroux
that they founded under the protection of the prince Ebbes of Déols, father of Raoul. During the Middle Ages it was the seat of a seigniory, which passed to the Chauvigny from 1207 to 1473 and was raised to the rank of countship in 1497 for Jean V d'Aumont.[1] In 1616, when it was held by Henry II, Prince of Condé, it was raised to the rank of duchy. In 1736 it returned to the crown, and was given to Marie Anne de Mailly-Nesle, duchess of Châteauroux, by Louis XV in 1744.[1] The present Château Raoul housing the préfecture offices dates from the 15th century. Awards[edit] Châteauroux
Châteauroux
is one of the communes awarded the grand prize by the Concours National des Villes et Villages Fleuris, a beautification initiative begun in 1959.

Sights[edit]

Château de Bouges Château Raoul Church of St. André Church of St. Martial Église Notre-Dame Convent of the Cordeliers Equinoxe La Prairie St. Gildas Le Parc de loisirs de Belle-Isle Le Tarmac Musée Bertrand Musée des Arts et Traditions Populaires Musée du Compagnonnage Public Garden and the Jardins des Cordeliers Quartier St. Christophe

Sports[edit] La Berrichonne de Châteauroux
La Berrichonne de Châteauroux
is the town's football club based in Châteauroux, founded in 1883. The team currently plays in Ligue 2, the second division of French football, and played only one season in Ligue 1
Ligue 1
in 1997–98. Châteauroux
Châteauroux
reached the final of the 2003–04 Coupe de France, where they were defeated 1–0 by Paris Saint-Germain, qualifying for the following season's UEFA Cup. The team play their home fixtures at the 17,173-capacity Stade Gaston Petit. Festivals[edit]

Bals'arts Festival Country Good Old Days Châteauroux Festival de théâtre "les Nocthalies" Festival Multirythmes Festival Populaire du Folklore Forum des associations La Biennale de Céramique contemporaine La Châteauroux
Châteauroux
Classic d' Indre
Indre
Trophée Fenioux Les Litztomanias Rock à Belle-Isle Salon du livre de Châteauroux Stage festival de danse de Châteauroux
Châteauroux
(DARC) Vendredi...Musique

Transport[edit] There are direct services from Châteauroux
Châteauroux
railway station to Paris, Orléans, Limoges, Toulouse, and several other regional destinations. The A20 motorway connects Châteauroux
Châteauroux
with Vierzon, Brive-la-Gaillarde, and Toulouse. The city offers free public transportation since 2001.[5] Total ridership is up 208% between 2001 and 2012.[6] The city is served by Châteauroux-Centre "Marcel Dassault" Airport which is in the commune of Déols
Déols
to the North. The airport is used mainly for cargo, maintenance, training and light aviation but also is served by seasonal charter services. Personalities[edit] Born in Châteauroux:

Henri Gratien, Comte Bertrand
Henri Gratien, Comte Bertrand
(1773–1844), general of Napoleon's army Albert Aurier
Albert Aurier
(1865–1892), symbolist poet, writer and art critic Marcel Boussac (1889–1980), entrepreneur and horse breeder Jack Claude Nezat (born 1943), author, City Councilor of Lésigny (France), initiator of Lésigny-Leingarten twinning, founder and first President of Rencontres Franco Allemandes, Annecy
Annecy
(Annecy-Bayreuth twinning) Gérard Depardieu
Gérard Depardieu
(born 1948), actor and businessman Dean Brown (born 1955), jazz guitarist Mardi Jacquet
Mardi Jacquet
(born 1960), playmate Tom Darby (born 1960), American journalist, Nevada Broadcast Hall of Fame inductee, author and blogger Gilles Sunu
Gilles Sunu
(born 1991), footballer Roger Barbat (born 1934), International Illusionist as : Le Magicien Blanc

Other personalities[edit]

Jean Lauron (1560–1620) Jean-Claude Guymon de la Touche (1723–1760) Pierre Leroux (1797–1871) Napoléon Chaix (1807–1865) Adolphe Combanaire (1859–1939) George- Albert Aurier
Albert Aurier
(1865–1892) Fernand Maillaud (1862–1948) Bernard Naudin (1876–1946) Ernest Nivet (1871–1948) Émile Goué (1904–1946) Abbé Paviot Édouard Ramonet (1909–1980) Louis Suard Jean Fourton
Jean Fourton
(1934-), writer, humanist, painter and psychoanalyst. Former town councillor of Châteauroux
Châteauroux
(1957 to 1967).

International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in France Châteauroux
Châteauroux
is twinned with:[7]

Gütersloh
Gütersloh
(Germany) since 1977[7] Bittou (a commune of Burkina Faso) since November 1985[7] Olsztyn
Olsztyn
(Poland) since 23 February 1991[7] Fresno
Fresno
(USA) since January 1 2016.

Population[edit]

Historical population

Year Pop. ±%

1793 7,503 —    

1800 8,049 +7.3%

1806 8,512 +5.8%

1821 10,429 +22.5%

1831 11,587 +11.1%

1836 13,847 +19.5%

1841 13,551 −2.1%

1846 14,517 +7.1%

1851 15,931 +9.7%

1856 18,237 +14.5%

1861 16,170 −11.3%

1866 17,161 +6.1%

1872 18,670 +8.8%

1876 19,442 +4.1%

1881 21,179 +8.9%

1886 22,860 +7.9%

1891 23,924 +4.7%

1896 23,863 −0.3%

1901 24,957 +4.6%

1906 25,437 +1.9%

1911 26,095 +2.6%

1921 26,566 +1.8%

1926 25,806 −2.9%

1931 26,707 +3.5%

1936 28,578 +7.0%

1946 34,611 +21.1%

1954 36,420 +5.2%

1962 45,063 +23.7%

1968 49,138 +9.0%

1975 53,429 +8.7%

1982 51,942 −2.8%

1990 50,969 −1.9%

1999 49,598 −2.7%

2009 46,386 −6.5%

2012 44,960 −3.1%

See also[edit]

Berrichonne de Châteauroux Châteauroux- Déols
Déols
"Marcel Dassault" Airport Communes of the Indre
Indre
department Marie-Anne de Mailly-Nesle duchess de Châteauroux Saint-Benoît-du-Sault

References[edit]

^ a b c  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Châteauroux". Encyclopædia Britannica. 5 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 964.  ^ "Données climatiques de la station de Châteauroux" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved December 30, 2015.  ^ "Climat Centre-Val de Loire" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved December 30, 2015.  ^ "Normes et records 1961-1990: Châteauroux
Châteauroux
- Déols
Déols
(36) - altitude 155m" (in French). Infoclimat. Retrieved December 30, 2015.  ^ "What Really Happens When a City Makes Its Transit System Free? - Henry Grabar - The Atlantic Cities". M.theatlanticcities.com. Retrieved 2013-03-26.  ^ "Bilan de la gratuité 2001-2011 à Châteauroux". Scribd.com. 2012-10-16. Retrieved 2013-03-26.  ^ a b c d "Le service municipal des jumelages" [ Châteauroux
Châteauroux
municipal twinning service]. Ville de Châteauroux
Châteauroux
(in French). Archived from the original on 2012-09-20. Retrieved 2013-08-04. 

INSEE http://www.lameteo.org/chateauroux.html[permanent dead link] https://web.archive.org/web/20080327174957/http://www.villes-et-villages-fleuris.com/chateaur.htm  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Châteauroux". Encyclopædia Britannica. 5 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 964. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Châteauroux.

City of Châteauroux
Châteauroux
Official Website

v t e

Prefectures of departments of France

Bourg-en-Bresse
Bourg-en-Bresse
(Ain) Laon
Laon
(Aisne) Moulins (Allier) Digne-les-Bains
Digne-les-Bains
(Alpes-de-Haute-Provence) Gap (Hautes-Alpes) Nice
Nice
(Alpes-Maritimes) Privas
Privas
(Ardèche) Charleville-Mézières
Charleville-Mézières
(Ardennes) Foix
Foix
(Ariège) Troyes
Troyes
(Aube) Carcassonne
Carcassonne
(Aude) Rodez
Rodez
(Aveyron) Marseille
Marseille
(Bouches-du-Rhône) Caen
Caen
(Calvados) Aurillac
Aurillac
(Cantal) Angoulême
Angoulême
(Charente) La Rochelle
La Rochelle
(Charente-Maritime) Bourges
Bourges
(Cher) Tulle
Tulle
(Corrèze) Ajaccio
Ajaccio
(Corse-du-Sud) Bastia
Bastia
(Haute-Corse) Dijon
Dijon
(Côte-d'Or) Saint-Brieuc
Saint-Brieuc
(Côtes-d'Armor) Guéret
Guéret
(Creuse) Périgueux
Périgueux
(Dordogne) Besançon
Besançon
(Doubs) Valence (Drôme) Évreux
Évreux
(Eure) Chartres
Chartres
(Eure-et-Loir) Quimper
Quimper
(Finistère) Nîmes
Nîmes
(Gard) Toulouse
Toulouse
(Haute-Garonne) Auch
Auch
(Gers) Bordeaux
Bordeaux
(Gironde) Montpellier
Montpellier
(Hérault) Rennes
Rennes
(Ille-et-Vilaine) Châteauroux
Châteauroux
(Indre) Tours
Tours
(Indre-et-Loire) Grenoble
Grenoble
(Isère) Lons-le-Saunier
Lons-le-Saunier
(Jura) Mont-de-Marsan
Mont-de-Marsan
(Landes) Blois
Blois
(Loir-et-Cher) Saint-Étienne
Saint-Étienne
(Loire) Le Puy-en-Velay
Le Puy-en-Velay
(Haute-Loire) Nantes
Nantes
(Loire-Atlantique) Orléans
Orléans
(Loiret) Cahors
Cahors
(Lot) Agen
Agen
(Lot-et-Garonne) Mende (Lozère) Angers
Angers
(Maine-et-Loire) Saint-Lô
Saint-Lô
(Manche) Châlons-en-Champagne
Châlons-en-Champagne
(Marne) Chaumont (Haute-Marne) Laval (Mayenne) Nancy (Meurthe-et-Moselle) Bar-le-Duc
Bar-le-Duc
(Meuse) Vannes
Vannes
(Morbihan) Metz
Metz
(Moselle) Nevers
Nevers
(Nièvre) Lille
Lille
(Nord) Beauvais
Beauvais
(Oise) Alençon
Alençon
(Orne) Arras
Arras
(Pas-de-Calais) Clermont-Ferrand
Clermont-Ferrand
(Puy-de-Dôme) Pau (Pyrénées-Atlantiques) Tarbes
Tarbes
(Hautes-Pyrénées) Perpignan
Perpignan
(Pyrénées-Orientales) Strasbourg
Strasbourg
(Bas-Rhin) Colmar
Colmar
(Haut-Rhin) Lyon
Lyon
(Rhône) Vesoul
Vesoul
(Haute-Saône) Mâcon
Mâcon
(Saône-et-Loire) Le Mans
Le Mans
(Sarthe) Chambéry
Chambéry
(Savoie) Annecy
Annecy
(Haute-Savoie) Paris
Paris
(Paris) Rouen
Rouen
(Seine-Maritime) Melun
Melun
(Seine-et-Marne) Versailles (Yvelines) Niort
Niort
(Deux-Sèvres) Amiens
Amiens
(Somme) Albi
Albi
(Tarn) Montauban
Montauban
(Tarn-et-Garonne) Toulon
Toulon
(Var) Avignon
Avignon
(Vaucluse) La Roche-sur-Yon
La Roche-sur-Yon
(Vendée) Poitiers
Poitiers
(Vienne) Limoges
Limoges
(Haute-Vienne) Épinal
Épinal
(Vosges) Auxerre
Auxerre
(Yonne) Belfort
Belfort
(Territoire de Belfort) Évry (Essonne) Nanterre
Nanterre
(Hauts-de-Seine) Bobigny
Bobigny
(Seine-Saint-Denis) Créteil
Créteil
(Val-de-Marne) Cergy, Pontoise
Pontoise
(Val-d'Oise)

Overseas departments

Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
(Guadeloupe) Fort-de- France
France
(Martinique) Cayenne
Cayenne
(French Guiana) Saint-Denis (Réunion) Mamoudzou
Mamoudzou
(Mayotte)

v t e

Communes of the Indre
Indre
department

Aigurande Aize Ambrault Anjouin Ardentes Argenton-sur-Creuse Argy Arpheuilles Arthon Azay-le-Ferron Badecon-le-Pin Bagneux Baraize Baudres Bazaiges Beaulieu Bélâbre La Berthenoux Le Blanc Bommiers Bonneuil Les Bordes Bouesse Bouges-le-Château Bretagne Briantes Brion Brives La Buxerette Buxeuil Buxières-d'Aillac Buzançais Ceaulmont Celon Chabris Chaillac Chalais La Champenoise Champillet La Chapelle-Orthemale La Chapelle-Saint-Laurian Chasseneuil Chassignolles Châteauroux Châtillon-sur-Indre La Châtre La Châtre-Langlin Chavin Chazelet Chezelles Chitray Chouday Ciron Cléré-du-Bois Clion Cluis Coings Concremiers Condé Crevant Crozon-sur-Vauvre Cuzion Déols Diors Diou Douadic Dunet Dun-le-Poëlier Écueillé Éguzon-Chantôme Étrechet Faverolles-en-Berry Feusines Fléré-la-Rivière Fontenay Fontgombault Fontguenand Fougerolles Francillon Frédille Gargilesse-Dampierre Gehée Giroux Gournay Guilly Heugnes Ingrandes Issoudun Jeu-les-Bois Jeu-Maloches Lacs Langé Levroux Lignac Lignerolles Lingé Liniez Lizeray Lourdoueix-Saint-Michel Lourouer-Saint-Laurent Luant Luçay-le-Libre Luçay-le-Mâle Lurais Lureuil Luzeret Lye Lys-Saint-Georges Le Magny Maillet Malicornay Mâron Martizay Mauvières Menetou-sur-Nahon Ménétréols-sous-Vatan Le Menoux Méobecq Mérigny Mers-sur-Indre Meunet-Planches Meunet-sur-Vatan Mézières-en-Brenne Migné Migny Montchevrier Montgivray Montierchaume Montipouret Montlevicq Mosnay La Motte-Feuilly Mouhers Mouhet Moulins-sur-Céphons Murs Néons-sur-Creuse Néret Neuillay-les-Bois Neuvy-Pailloux Neuvy-Saint-Sépulchre Niherne Nohant-Vic Nuret-le-Ferron Obterre Orsennes Orville Oulches Palluau-sur-Indre Parnac Paudy Paulnay Le Pêchereau Pellevoisin Pérassay La Pérouille Le Poinçonnet Pommiers Le Pont-Chrétien-Chabenet Poulaines Pouligny-Notre-Dame Pouligny-Saint-Martin Pouligny-Saint-Pierre Préaux Preuilly-la-Ville Prissac Pruniers Reboursin Reuilly Rivarennes Rosnay Roussines Rouvres-les-Bois Ruffec Sacierges-Saint-Martin Saint-Aigny Saint-Aoustrille Saint-Août Saint-Aubin Saint-Benoît-du-Sault Saint-Chartier Saint-Christophe-en-Bazelle Saint-Christophe-en-Boucherie Saint-Civran Saint-Cyran-du-Jambot Saint-Denis-de-Jouhet Sainte-Fauste Sainte-Gemme Sainte-Lizaigne Sainte-Sévère-sur-Indre Saint-Florentin Saint-Gaultier Saint-Genou Saint-Georges-sur-Arnon Saint-Gilles Saint-Hilaire-sur-Benaize Saint-Lactencin Saint-Marcel Saint-Maur Saint-Médard Saint-Michel-en-Brenne Saint-Pierre-de-Jards Saint-Pierre-de-Lamps Saint-Plantaire Saint-Valentin Sarzay Sassierges-Saint-Germain Saulnay Sauzelles Sazeray Ségry Selles-sur-Nahon Sembleçay Sougé Tendu Thenay Thevet-Saint-Julien Thizay Tilly Tournon-Saint-Martin Le Tranger Tranzault Urciers Valençay Val-Fouzon Vatan Velles Vendœuvres La Vernelle Verneuil-sur-Igneraie Veuil Vicq-Exemplet Vicq-sur-Nahon Vigoulant Vigoux Vijon Villedieu-sur-Indre Villegongis Villegouin Villentrois Villiers Vineuil Vouillon

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 235647764 LCCN: n81071965 GND: 4342545-8 BNF:

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