Ceyhan (pronounced [dʒeːˈhan]) is a city and a district in the
Adana Province, in southern Turkey, 43 km (27 mi) east of
Adana. With a population of over 157,000, it is the largest district
of the province, outside the city of Adana.
Ceyhan is the
transportation hub for Middle Eastern, Central Asian and Russian oil
and natural gas. The city is situated on the
Ceyhan River that flows
Çukurova plain. The
Ceyhan River is dammed at
provide flood control and irrigation for the lower river basin around
2 Contemporary Life
4 Places of interest
5 International relations
5.1 Twin towns – Sister cities
6 See also
Ceyhan's marine transport terminal is the Mediterranean terminus of
Baku–Tbilisi–Ceyhan pipeline (the "BTC") which brings crude
oil from the landlocked
Caspian Sea across
Azerbaijan and Georgia, and
Turkey in the northeast. The pipeline was completed in May
2005. The terminal contains seven storage tanks, a jetty capable of
loading two tankers of up to 300,000 tonnes deadweight (DWT)
simultaneously, metering facilities, a waste water treatment plant and
vapor incineration ("burn-off") facilities.
Ceyhan Terminal is also the destination of Kirkuk-
Ceyhan Oil Pipeline
and planned Samsun-
Ceyhan by-pass pipeline. In future
Ceyhan will be
also a natural gas hub for a planned pipeline constructed parallel to
Ceyhan oil pipeline, and for a planned extension of the
Blue Stream Gas Pipeline from Samsun to Ceyhan.
Set to become a crossroad in the near future, Ceyhan's significance in
political terms is also expected to rise considerably, as stressed
during an early 2006 symposium organized by the municipality.
Ceyhan is the second most developed and populated district of Adana
Province after the center of Adana. Like everywhere else on this coast
it is roasting hot in summer. There are a number of restaurants
serving the legendary
Adana kebab. The river runs through the
Adana Şakirpaşa Airport is the closest airport to
Ceyhan 60 km
(37 mi) west of the city. There are domestic and international
flights to numerous destinations from the airport.
Ceyhan Railway Station was opened in 1912 as part of the
Berlin-Baghdad Railway. The station is currently served by two
regional lines and one long-distance line. Regional lines run from
Mersin to İslahiye; long-distance line runs
Adana to Elâzığ. There are three services daily to Adana
Central Station to connect to the western destinations; Mersin,
Ankara, Karaman and Kayseri.
Places of interest
The Caravanserai of Kurtkulağı - built in 1659 by Hüseyin Paşa,
architect Mehmed Ağa.
Tumlu Kale or Dumlukale - another castle.
Sirkeli Höyük - built to commemorate a battle here between Hittite
emperor Muvattali and the Egyptian pharaoh Rameses.
See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Turkey
Twin towns – Sister cities
Ceyhan is twinned with:
Mersin Metropolitan Area
Chronology of the Turkish War of Independence
Ceyhan Oil Pipeline
^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics
Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved
^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by
districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System
(ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved
^ From Ceyhun to
Ceyhan - Papers presented during the 29 March-1 April
2006 symposium organized by the municipality of
October 8, 2007, at the Wayback Machine. covering the region's culture
and ethnography, as well as the broader subjects of the international
oil industry, the
Caucasus and the Cyprus dispute. (in Turkish)
^ "Twin-cities of Azerbaijan". Azerbaijans.com. Retrieved
^ "Sumqayıt şəhər icra hakimiyyəti. Beynəlxalq Əlaqələr"
[Sumgayit Executive Power. International Relations]. Archived from the
original on 2010-12-20. Retrieved 2010-12-29.
Adana Province of Turkey
List of Provinces by Region
West Black Sea
East Black Sea
Central East Anatolia
Metropolitan municipalities are bolded.