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The Info List - Cetoniinae


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FLOWER CHAFERS are a group of scarab beetles , comprising the subfamily CETONIINAE. Many species are diurnal and visit flowers for pollen and nectar , or to browse on the petals. Some species also feed on fruit . The group is also called FRUIT AND FLOWER CHAFERS, FLOWER BEETLES and FLOWER SCARABS. There are around 4,000 species, many of them still undescribed.

CONTENTS

* 1 Overview * 2 Biology

* 3 Systematics and taxonomy

* 3.1 Tribus Cetoniini * 3.2 Tribus Cremastocheilini * 3.3 Tribus Diplognathini * 3.4 Tribus Goliathini * 3.5 Tribus Gymnetini * 3.6 Tribus Phaedimini * 3.7 Tribus Schizorhinini * 3.8 Tribus Stenotarsiini * 3.9 Tribus Taenioderini * 3.10 Tribus Trichiini * 3.11 Tribus Valgini * 3.12 Tribus Xiphoscelidini

* 4 References * 5 External links

OVERVIEW

By morphological characters, the adults can be separated from the other scarabs by the combination of the following characters: epipleuron easily recognizable, border lateral of elytra sinuate and antennal insertion visible from above. Twelve tribes are presently recognized: Cetoniini , Cremastocheilini , Diplognathini , Goliathini , Gymnetini , Phaedimini , Schizorhinini , Stenotarsiini , Taenioderini , Trichiini , Valgini , and Xiphoscelidini . The tribe Gymnetini is the biggest of the American tribes, and Goliathini contains the largest species, and is mainly found in the rainforest regions of Africa
Africa
.

BIOLOGY

Many species in the tribe Cremastocheilini are known to be predaceous, feeding on hymenopteran larvae or soft-bodied nymphs of Auchenorrhyncha
Auchenorrhyncha
. Spilophorus spp. have been noted feeding on the nesting material and excrement of South African passerine birds, while Spilophorus maculatus has been recorded feeding on Oxyrhachis sp. nymphs and Hoplostomus fuligineus is known to feed on the brood of honey bees in South Africa
Africa
and the pupae of the wasp Belonogaster petiolata . Campsiura javanica feeds on the larvae of Ropalidia montana in southern India. Cremastocheilus stathamae feeds on ants of the genus Myrmecocystus
Myrmecocystus
.

SYSTEMATICS AND TAXONOMY

The tribes of subfamily Cetoniinae, with some notable genera also listed, are:

TRIBUS CETONIINI

Subtribus Cetoniina

* Aethiessa Burmeister, 1842 * Anatona Burmeister, 1842 * Anelaphinis Kolbe, 1912 * Aphelinis Antoine, 1987 * Atrichelaphinis Kraatz, 1898 * Atrichiana Distant, 1911 * Badizoblax Thomson, 1877 * Callophylla Moser, 1916 * Centrantyx Fairmaire, 1884 * Cetonia
Cetonia
Fabricius, 1775 * Chiloloba Burmeister, 1842 * Cosmesthes Kraatz, 1880 * Cosmiophaena Kraatz, 1899 * Dischista Burmeister, 1842 * Dolichostethus Kolbe, 1912 * Elaphinis Burmeister, 1842 * Enoplotarsus Lucas, 1859 * Erlangeria Preiss, 1902 * Euglypta Mohnike, 1873 * Gametis Burmeister, 1842 * Gametoides Antoine, 2006 * Glycosia Schoch, 1896 * Glycyphana Burmeister, 1842 * Gymnophana Arrow, 1910 * Hemiprotaetia Mikšič, 1963 * Heteralleucosma Antoine, 1989 * Heterocnemis Albers, 1852 * Heterotephraea Antoine, 2002 * Latescutella Ruter, 1972 * Lawangia Schenkling, 1921 * Lorkovitschia Mikšič, 1968 * Marmylida Thomson, 1880 * Micrelaphinis Schoch, 1896 * Miksicus Özdikmen & Turgat, 2009 (synonym Urbania Mikšič, 1963) * Mireia Ruter, 1953 * Niphobleta Kraatz, 1880 * Pachnoda
Pachnoda
Burmeister, 1842 * Paleopragma Thomson, 1880 * Paralleucosma Antoine, 1989 * Paranelaphinis Antoine, 1988 * Paraprotaetia Moser, 1907 * Pararhabdotis Kraatz, 1899 * Parastraella Antoine, 2006 * Parelaphinis Holm & Marais, 1989 * Phaneresthes Kraatz, 1894 * Phonotaenia Kraatz, 1880 * Phoxomeloides Schoch, 1898 * Podopholis Moser, 1915 * Podopogonus Moser, 1917 * Polybaphes Kirby, 1827 * Polystalactica Kraatz, 1882

* Protaetia
Protaetia
Burmeister, 1842

* Liocola Thomson, 1859 * Potosia Mulsant & Rey, 1871

* Protaetiomorpha Mikšič, 1968 * Psacadoptera Kraatz, 1882 * Pseudoprotaetia Kraatz, 1882 * Pseudotephraea Kraatz, 1882 * Pseudourbania Mikšič, 1965 * Reineria Mikšič, 1968 * Rhabdotis Burmeister, 1842 * Rhabdotops Krikken, 1981 * Rhyxiphloea Burmeister, 1842 * Simorrhina Kraatz, 1886 * Somalibia Lansberge, 1882 * Stalagmosoma Burmeister, 1842 * Sternoplus Wallace , 1868 * Systellorhina Kraatz, 1895 * Tephraea Burmeister, 1842 * Thyreogonia Reitter, 1898 * Trichocelis Moser, 1908 * Trichocephala Moser, 1916 * Trichostetha Burmeister, 1842 * Tropinota Mulsant, 1842 * Urbania Mikšič, 1963 * Xeloma Kraatz, 1881 * Xiphosceloides Holm, 1992

Subtribus Euphoriina

* Euphoria Burmeister, 1842 * Chlorixanthe Bates, 1889

Subtribus Leucocelina

* Acrothyrea Kraatz, 1882 * Alleucosma Schenkling, 1921 * Analleucosma Antoine, 1989 * Cyclophorellus Krikken, 1982 * Cyrtothyrea Kolbe, 1895 * Discopeltis Burmeister, 1842 * Grammopyga Kraatz, 1895 * Homothyrea Kolbe, 1895 * Leucocelis Burmeister, 1842 * Leucochilus Kraatz, 1896 * Lonchothyrea Kolbe, 1895 * Mausoleopsis Lansberge, 1882 * Mecaspidiellus Antoine, 1997 * Mecaspidius Bourgoin, 1921 * Megalleucosma Antoine, 1989 * Molynoptera Kraatz, 1897 * Molynopteroides Antoine, 1989 * Oxythyrea Mulsant, 1842 * Paleira Reiche, 1871 * Phoxomela Schaum, 1844 * Pseudalleucosma Antoine, 1989 * Pseudooxythyrea Baraud, 1985 * Trichothyrea Kolbe, 1895

Incertae sedis

* Chewia Legrand, 2004 * Pachnodoides Alexis & Delpont, 2002

TRIBUS CREMASTOCHEILINI

Subtribus Aspilina

* Aspilus Schaum, 1848 * Protochilus Krikken, 1976

Subtribus Coenochilina

* Arielina Rossi, 1958 * Astoxenus Péringuey, 1907 * Basilewskynia Schein, 1957 * Coenochilus Schaum, 1841 * Ruterielina Rojkoff, 2010

Subtribus Cremastocheilina

* Centrochilus Krikken, 1976 * Clinterocera Motschulsky, 1857 * Cremastocheilus Knoch, 1801 * Cyclidiellus Krikken, 1976 * Cyclidinus Westwood, 1874 * Cyclidius MacLeay, 1838 * Genuchinus Westwood, 1874 * Lissomelas Bates, 1889 * Paracyclidius Howden, 1971 * Platysodes Westwood, 1873 * Psilocnemis Burmeister, 1842

Subtribus Cymophorina

* Cymophorus Kirby, 1827 * Myrmecochilus Wasmann, 1900 * Rhagopteryx Burmeister, 1842

Subtribus Genuchina

* Genuchus Kirby, 1825 * Meurguesia Ruter, 1969 * Problerhinus Deyrolle, 1864

Subtribus Goliathopsidina

* Goliathopsis Janson, 1881

Subtribus Heterogeniina

* Heterogenius Moser, 1911

Subtribus Lissogeniina

* Chtonobius Burmeister, 1847 * Lissogenius Schaum, 1844

Subtribus Macromina

* Brachymacroma Kraatz, 1896 * Campsiura Hope, 1831 * Macromina Westwood, 1874 * Pseudopilinurgus Moser, 1918

Subtribus Nyassinina

* Nyassinus Westwood, 1879

Subtribus Oplostomatina

* Anatonochilus Péringuey, 1907 * Laurentiana Ruter, 1952 * Oplostomus W.S. MacLeay, 1838 * Placodidus Péringuey, 1900 * Scaptobius Schaum, 1841

Subtribus Pilinurgina

* Callynomes Mohnike, 1873 * Centrognathus Guérin-Méneville, 1840 * Parapilinurgus Arrow, 1910 * Pilinurgus Burmeister, 1842

Subtribus Spilophorina

* Spilophorus Schaum, 1848

Subtribus Telochilina

* Telochilus Krikken, 1975

Subtribus Trichoplina

* Lecanoderus Kolbe, 1908 * Trichoplus Burmeister, 1842

Subtribus Trogodina

* Pseudoscaptobius Krikken, 1976 * Trogodes Westwood, 1873

TRIBUS DIPLOGNATHINI

* Anthracophora Burmeister, 1842 * Anthracophorides Moser, 1918 * Apocnosis J. Thomson, 1878 * Apocnosoides Antoine, 2001 * Charadronota Burmeister, 1842 * Conradtia Kolbe, 1892 * Diphrontis Gerstäcker, 1882 * Diplognatha Gory "> Mecynorhina ugandensis

Subtribus Coryphocerina

* Aphelorrhina Westwood, 1841 * Asthenorhella Westwood, 1874 (= "Asthenorrhella" Bergé, = "Asthenorrhinella" Schoch) * Asthenorrhina Westwood, 1843 (= "Asthenorrhina" Gemminger & Harold) * Bothrorrhina Burmeister, 1842 * Caelorrhina Hope, 1841 (= "Coelorrhina" Burmeister) * Cheirolasia Westwood, 1843 * Chlorocala Kirby & Spence, 1828 * Cyphonocephalus Westwood, 1842 * Cyprolais Burmeister, 1842 * Dicheros Gory "> Ischnoscelis hoepfneri

* Mecynorhina Hope, 1837

* Amaurodes Westwood, 1844 (= "Chelorrhina" Burmeister) * Megalorhina Westwood, 1847

* Mystroceros Burmeister, 1842 * Plaesiorrhina Burmeister, 1842 * Pseudotorynorrhina Mikšič, 1967 * Rhomborhina Hope 1837 (= "Rhomborrhina" Burmeister) * Stephanorrhina Burmeister, 1842 * Smicorhina Westwood, 1847

* Taurhina Burmeister, 1842 (= "Taurrhina" Burmeister)

* Neptunides J. Thomson, 1879 * Rhamphorrhina Klug, 1855 (= "Ranzania" Bertoloni, = "Neoranzania" Distant)

* Tmesorrhina Westwood, 1842 * Torynorrhina Arrow, 1907

Subtribus Dicronocephalina

* Dicronocephalus Hope, 1837 * Platynocephalus Westwood, 1854

Subtribus Goliathina

* Argyrophegges Kraatz, 1895 (= "Argyropheges" Kraatz) * Fornasinius Bertoloni, 1853 * Goliathus Lamarck , 1801 * Hegemus J. Thomson, 1881 * Hypselogenia Burmeister, 1840

Subtribus Ichnestomatina

* Ichnestoma Gory "> Gymnetis stellata * Gymnetosoma Martínez, 1949 * Hadrosticta Kraatz, 1892 * Heterocotinis Martínez, 1949 * Hoplopyga J. Thomson, 1880 * Hoplopygothrix Schürhoff, 1933 * Jansonella Blackwelder, 1944 * Macrocranius Schürhoff, 1935 * Marmarina Kirby, 1827 * Neocorvicoana Ratcliffe & Micó, 2001 * Stethodesma Bainbridge, 1840 * Tiarocera Burmeister, 1842

TRIBUS PHAEDIMINI

* Phaedimus Waterhouse, 1841 * Hemiphaedimus Mikšič, 1972 * Philistina W.S. MacLeay, 1838 * Theodosia J. Thomson, 1880

TRIBUS SCHIZORHININI

Subtribus Lomapterina

* Agestrata Eschscholtz, 1829 * Ischiopsopha Gestro, 1874 * Lomaptera
Lomaptera
Gory & Percheron, 1833 * Lomapteroides Schoch, 1898 * Megaphonia Schürhoff, 1933 * Morokia Janson, 1905 * Mycterophallus Van de Poll, 1886

Subtribus Schizorhinina

* Aphanesthes Kraatz, 1880 * Bislardiana Antoine, 2003 * Chalcopharis Heller, 1901 * Chlorobapta Kraatz, 1880 * Chondropyga Kraatz, 1880 * Clithria Burmeister, 1842 * Diaphonia Newman, 1840 * Dichrosoma Kraatz, 1885 * Dilochrosis Thomson, 1878 * Eupoecila Burmeister, 1842 * Grandaustralis Hutchinson & Moeseneder, 2013 * Hemichnoodes Kraatz, 1880 * Hemipharis Burmeister, 1842 * Lenosoma Kraatz, 1880 * Lyraphora Kraatz, 1880 * Macrotina Strand, 1934 * Metallesthes Kraatz, 1880 * Micropoecila Kraatz, 1880 * Neoclithria Van de Poll, 1886 * Neorrhina J. Thomson, 1878 * Octocollis Moeseneder "> Gnorimella maculosa

TRIBUS TRICHIINI

Subtribus Cryptodontina

* Coelocorynus Kolbe, 1895 * Cryptodontes Burmeister, 1847

Subtribus Incaina

* Golinca Thomson, 1878 * Inca Lepeletier & Serville, 1828 * Pantodinus Burmeister, 1847

Subtribus Osmodermatina

* Osmoderma Lepeletier & Serville, 1825 * Platygeniops Krikken, 1978

Subtribus Platygeniina

* Platygenia MacLeay, 1819

Subtribus Trichiina

* Agnorimus Miyake et al., 1991 * Apeltastes Howden, 1968 * Brachagenius Kraatz, 1890 * Calometopidius Bourgoin, 1917 * Calometopus Blanchard, 1850 * Campulipus Kirby, 1827 * Chaetodermina Heller, 1921 * Clastocnemis Burmeister, 1840 * Coelocratus Burmeister, 1841 * Corynotrichius Kolbe, 1891 * Dialithus Parry, 1849 * Diploa Kolbe, 1892 * Diploeida Péringuey, 1907 * Elpidus Péringuey, 1907 * Endoxazus Kolbe, 1892 * Epitrichius Tagawa, 1941 * Eriopeltastes Burmeister, 1840 * Giesbertiolus Howden, 1988 * Glaphyronyx Moser, 1924 * Gnorimella Casey, 1915 * Gnorimus Lepeletier & Serville, 1825 * Incala J. Thomson, 1858 * Incalidia Janson, 1907 * Liotrichius Kolbe, 1892 * Myodermides Ruter, 1964 * Myodermum Burmeister, 1840 * Paragnorimus Becker, 1910 * Paratrichius Janson, 1881 * Peltotrichius Howden, 1968 * Pileotrichius Bourgoin, 1921 * Polyplastus Janson, 1880 * Stegopterus Burmeister, 1840 * Stripsipher Gory ">

* ^ Bouchard, P.; Bousquet, Y.; Davies, A.; Alonso-Zarazaga, M.; Lawrence, J.; Lyal, C.; Newton, A.; Reid, C.; Schmitt, M.; Ślipiński, A.; Smith, A. (2011). "Family-group names in Coleoptera (Insecta)" . ZooKeys. 88 (88): 1–972. PMC 3088472  . PMID 21594053 . doi :10.3897/zookeys.88.807 . * ^ Shipley, A. E.; Marshall, Guy A. K., eds. (1910). The Fauna of British India. London, Calcutta and Bombay: Taylor and Francis. p. 201. * ^ Ghorpade, K.D. (1975). "A remarkable predacious cetoniid, Spilophorus maculatus (Gory & Percheron), from southern India (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae)". The Coleopterists Bulletin. 29 (4): 226–230. JSTOR
JSTOR
3999660 . * ^ Jeanne, Robert L. ">(PDF). Entomologist's monthly magazine. 128: 139–141. * ^ Cazier, M.A. & Marjorie Statham (1962). "The behaviour and habits of the myrmecophilous scarab, Cremastocheilus stathamae Cazier, with notes on other species (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae).". J. New York Ent. Soc. 70: 125–149. * ^ "Subfamily Cetoniinae Leach, 1815". Retrieved 2010-12-29.

* Bartlett, Troy, et al. BugGuide * Evans, Arthur W. Generic Guide to New World Scarabs * Orozco, Jesus. American Cetoniinae * Sakai, K. border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px">

* NDL

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