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The Info List - Ceremonial Counties Of England


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The CEREMONIAL COUNTIES, also referred to as the LIEUTENANCY AREAS OF ENGLAND, are areas of England
England
to which a Lord Lieutenant is appointed. Legally the areas in England, as well as in Wales and Scotland, are defined by the Lieutenancies Act 1997 as COUNTIES AND AREAS FOR THE PURPOSES OF THE LIEUTENANCIES IN GREAT BRITAIN, in contrast to the areas used for local government . They are also informally known as GEOGRAPHIC COUNTIES, as often representing more permanent features of English geography, and to distinguish them from counties of England
England
which have a present-day administrative function.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Shrieval counties

* 3 Definition

* 3.1 Ceremonial counties since 1997

* 4 Lieutenancy areas in 1890 * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 Notes * 8 External links

HISTORY

Ceremonial counties before the creation of Greater London
Greater London
in 1965 (showing counties corporate as part of the main counties)

The distinction between a county for purposes of the Lieutenancy and a county for administrative purposes is not a new one: in some cases a county corporate that was part of a county was appointed its own Lieutenant (although the Lieutenant of the containing county would often be appointed to this position as well), and the three Ridings of Yorkshire
Yorkshire
had been treated as three counties for Lieutenancy purposes since the 17th century.

The Local Government Act 1888 established county councils to assume the administrative functions of Quarter Sessions in the counties. It created new entities called "administrative counties ". An administrative county comprised all of the county apart from the county boroughs : also some traditional subdivisions of counties were constituted administrative counties, for instance the Soke of Peterborough
Peterborough
in Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
and the Isle of Ely
Isle of Ely
in Cambridgeshire . The Act further stipulated that areas that were part of an administrative county would be part of the county for all purposes. The greatest change was the creation of the County of London , which was made both an administrative county and a "county"; it included parts of the historic counties of Middlesex
Middlesex
, Kent
Kent
, and Surrey
Surrey
. Other differences were small and resulted from the constraint that urban sanitary districts (and later urban districts and municipal boroughs ) were not permitted to straddle county boundaries.

Apart from Yorkshire, counties that were subdivided nevertheless continued to exist as ceremonial counties. For example, the administrative counties of East Suffolk and West Suffolk , along with the county borough of Ipswich , were considered to make up a single ceremonial county of Suffolk
Suffolk
, and the administrative county of the Isle of Wight
Isle of Wight
was part of the ceremonial county of Hampshire .

The term "ceremonial county" is an anachronism—at the time they were shown on Ordnance Survey
Ordnance Survey
maps as "counties" or "geographical counties", and were referred to in the Local Government Act 1888 simply as "counties".

Apart from minor boundary revisions (for example, Caversham , a town in Oxfordshire
Oxfordshire
, becoming part of Reading county borough and thus of Berkshire
Berkshire
, in 1911), these areas changed little until the 1965 creation of Greater London
Greater London
and of Huntingdon and Peterborough , which resulted in the abolition of the offices of Lord Lieutenant of Middlesex
Middlesex
, Lord Lieutenant of the County of London , and Lord Lieutenant of Huntingdonshire and the creation of the Lord Lieutenant of Greater London
Greater London
and of the Lord Lieutenant of Huntingdon and Peterborough
Peterborough
. Ceremonial counties from 1974 to 1996 (City of London not shown)

In 1974, administrative counties and county boroughs were abolished, and a major reform was instituted. At this time, Lieutenancy was redefined to use the new metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties directly.

Following a further rearrangement in 1996, Avon , Cleveland , Hereford and Worcester , and Humberside were abolished. This led to a resurrection of a distinction between the local government counties and the ceremonial or geographical counties used for Lieutenancy, and also to the adoption of the term "ceremonial counties", which although not used in statute was used in the House of Commons before the arrangements coming into effect.

The County of Avon that had been formed in 1974 was mostly split between Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
and Somerset
Somerset
, but its city of Bristol regained the status of a county in itself, which it had lost upon the formation of Avon. Cleveland was partitioned between North Yorkshire and Durham . Hereford and Worcester was divided into the restored counties of Herefordshire
Herefordshire
and Worcestershire
Worcestershire
. Humberside was split between Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
and a new ceremonial county of East Riding of Yorkshire
Yorkshire
. Rutland
Rutland
was restored as a ceremonial county. Many county boroughs were re-established as "unitary authorities"; this involved establishing the area as an administrative county, but usually not as a ceremonial county.

Most ceremonial counties are therefore entities comprising local authority areas, as they were from 1889 to 1974. The Association of British Counties , a traditional counties lobbying organisation, has suggested that ceremonial counties be restored to their ancient boundaries, as nearly as practicable.

SHRIEVAL COUNTIES

In present-day England, the ceremonial counties correspond to the shrieval counties , each with a high sheriff appointed (except the City of London
City of London
which has its two sheriffs ).

DEFINITION

The Lieutenancies Act 1997 defines counties for the purposes of lieutenancies in terms of metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties (created by the Local Government Act 1972
Local Government Act 1972
, as amended) as well as Greater London
Greater London
and the Isles of Scilly (which lie outside the 1972 Act's new system). Although the term is not used in the Act, these counties are sometimes known as "ceremonial counties". The counties are defined in Schedule 1, paragraphs 2–5 as amended (most recently in 2009 ) — these amendments have not altered the actual areas covered by the counties as set out in 1997, only their composition in terms of local government areas, as a result of structural changes in local government.

CEREMONIAL COUNTIES SINCE 1997

Northumberland
Northumberland
Durham Lancashire
Lancashire
Cheshire
Cheshire
Derbs. Notts. Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
Leics. Staffs. Shropshire
Shropshire
Warks. Northants. Norfolk Suffolk
Suffolk
Essex
Essex
Herts. Beds. Bucks. Oxon. Glos. Somerset
Somerset
Wiltshire
Wiltshire
Berkshire
Berkshire
Kent
Kent
Surrey
Surrey
Hampshire Dorset
Dorset
Devon
Devon
Cornwall Heref. Worcs. Bristol
Bristol
East Riding of Yorkshire
Yorkshire
Rutland
Rutland
Cambs. Greater London Not shown: City of London
City of London
Tyne font-size:85%; left:182.6px; top:120.8px"> Cumbria
Cumbria
North Yorkshire
Yorkshire
South Yorks. West Yorkshire
Yorkshire
Greater Manc. Merseyside East Sussex West Sussex Isle of Wight West Midlands

The following are the 48 ceremonial counties of England, as presently defined:

* Bedfordshire
Bedfordshire
, consisting of Bedford , Central Bedfordshire
Bedfordshire
and Luton
Luton
* Berkshire
Berkshire
* Bristol
Bristol
* Buckinghamshire , including Milton Keynes
Milton Keynes
* Cambridgeshire , including Peterborough
Peterborough
* Cheshire
Cheshire
, consisting of Cheshire
Cheshire
East , Cheshire
Cheshire
West and Chester , Halton and Warrington * City of London
City of London
* Cornwall
Cornwall
, including the Isles of Scilly * Cumbria
Cumbria
* Derbyshire , including Derby
Derby
* Devon
Devon
, including Plymouth
Plymouth
and Torbay
Torbay
* Dorset
Dorset
, including Bournemouth
Bournemouth
and Poole
Poole
* Durham , including Darlington , Hartlepool , and Stockton-on-Tees north of the River Tees
River Tees
* East Riding of Yorkshire
Yorkshire
, including Kingston-upon-Hull * East Sussex
East Sussex
, including Brighton and Hove
Brighton and Hove
* Essex
Essex
, including Southend-on-Sea and Thurrock * Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
, including South Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
* Greater London
Greater London
, excluding the City of London
City of London
* Greater Manchester * Hampshire , including Portsmouth
Portsmouth
and Southampton
Southampton
* Herefordshire
Herefordshire
* Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
* Isle of Wight
Isle of Wight
* Kent
Kent
, including Medway
Medway
* Lancashire
Lancashire
, including Blackburn with Darwen , and Blackpool
Blackpool
* Leicestershire , including Leicester
Leicester
* Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
, including North Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
, and North East Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
* Merseyside * Norfolk
Norfolk
* North Yorkshire
Yorkshire
, including Middlesbrough , Redcar and Cleveland
Redcar and Cleveland
, York
York
, and Stockton-on-Tees south of the River Tees
River Tees
* Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
* Northumberland
Northumberland
* Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire
, including Nottingham
Nottingham
* Oxfordshire
Oxfordshire
* Rutland
Rutland
* Shropshire
Shropshire
, including Telford and Wrekin * Somerset
Somerset
, including Bath and North East Somerset
Somerset
and North Somerset
Somerset
* South Yorkshire
Yorkshire
* Staffordshire
Staffordshire
, including Stoke-on-Trent
Stoke-on-Trent
* Suffolk
Suffolk
* Surrey
Surrey
* Tyne and Wear * Warwickshire * West Midlands * West Sussex * West Yorkshire
Yorkshire
* Wiltshire
Wiltshire
, including Swindon * Worcestershire
Worcestershire

LIEUTENANCY AREAS IN 1890

Northumberland
Northumberland
Durham Lancashire
Lancashire
Cheshire
Cheshire
Derbs. Notts. Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire
Leics. Staffs. Shropshire
Shropshire
Warks. Northants. Norfolk Suffolk
Suffolk
Essex
Essex
Herts. Beds. Bucks. Oxon. Glos. Somerset
Somerset
Wiltshire
Wiltshire
Berkshire
Berkshire
Kent
Kent
Surrey
Surrey
Hampshire Dorset
Dorset
Devon
Devon
Cornwall Heref. Worcs. Rutland
Rutland
Cambs. Hunts. London Middx. Not shown: City of London
City of London
Cumberland
Cumberland
Westmorland Sussex Yorkshire
Yorkshire
East Riding North Riding West Riding

* Bedfordshire
Bedfordshire
* Berkshire
Berkshire
* Buckinghamshire * Cambridgeshire , including Isle of Ely
Isle of Ely

* Cheshire
Cheshire

* held jointly with Chester
Chester

* Cornwall
Cornwall
* Cumberland
Cumberland
* Derbyshire

* Devon
Devon

* held jointly with Exeter
Exeter

* Dorset
Dorset

* held jointly with Poole
Poole

* Durham * Essex
Essex

* Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire

* held jointly with Gloucester
Gloucester
and Bristol
Bristol

* Hampshire

* held jointly with Southampton
Southampton

* Herefordshire
Herefordshire
* Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
* Huntingdonshire

* Kent
Kent

* held jointly with Canterbury
Canterbury

* Lancashire
Lancashire
* Leicestershire

* Lincolnshire
Lincolnshire

* held jointly with Lincoln

* City of London
City of London
, having commissioners of Lieutenancy * County of London * Middlesex
Middlesex

* Norfolk
Norfolk

* held jointly with Norwich
Norwich

* Northamptonshire
Northamptonshire
, including the Soke of Peterborough
Soke of Peterborough

* Northumberland
Northumberland

* held jointly with Berwick-upon-Tweed and Newcastle upon Tyne
Newcastle upon Tyne

* Nottinghamshire
Nottinghamshire

* held jointly with Nottingham
Nottingham

* Oxfordshire
Oxfordshire
* Rutland
Rutland
* Shropshire
Shropshire
* Somerset
Somerset

* Staffordshire
Staffordshire

* held jointly with Lichfield

* Suffolk
Suffolk
* Sussex * Warwickshire * Westmorland * Wiltshire
Wiltshire

* Worcestershire
Worcestershire

* held jointly with Worcester
Worcester

* Yorkshire
Yorkshire
—had three Lieutenants, one for each of the three ridings

* East Riding , held jointly with Kingston upon Hull
Kingston upon Hull
* North Riding * West Riding , held jointly with York
York

SEE ALSO

* Counties of England
England
* Historic counties of England * Counties of the United Kingdom * Lieutenancy areas of Scotland * List of ceremonial counties of England
England
* List of local governments in the United Kingdom * Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics
Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics
* Preserved counties of Wales

REFERENCES

* ^ , Accessed 22 December 2012 * ^ "Ceremonial and Historic county boundary data added to OS OpenData". www.ordnancesurvey.co.uk. * ^ "Lieutenancies Act 1997". www.legislation.gov.uk. * ^ e.g. Encyclopædia Britannica * ^ " Local Government Act 1888 s.1" (PDF). Her Majesty's Stationery Office. Retrieved 30 April 2012. * ^ House of Commons Hansard Written Answers for 29 Feb 1996 (pt 8) Archived March 3, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. * ^ Text of the Lieutenancies Act 1997 – Schedule 1: Counties and areas for the purposes of the lieutenancies in Great Britain as in force today (including any amendments) within the United Kingdom, from legislation.gov.uk Last accessed:2011-05-03 * ^ Text of the Lord-Lieutenants – The Local Government Changes for England
England
(Lord-Lieutenants and Sheriffs) Order 1997 as originally enacted or made within the United Kingdom, from legislation.gov.uk Last accessed:2011-05-03 * ^ Text of The Local Government (Structural Changes) (Miscellaneous Amendments and Other Provision) Order 2009 (SI 2009/837) as originally enacted or made within the United Kingdom, from legislation.gov.uk Last accessed:2011-05-03

NOTES

* ^ For example, Cheshire
Cheshire
was prior to the 2009 structural changes to local government defined as the non-metropolitan counties of Cheshire, Halton the non-metropolitan county of Cheshire
Cheshire
on 1 April that year split into the non-metropolitan counties of Cheshire
Cheshire
East, Cheshire
Cheshire
West and Chester, and Schedule 1 of the Lieutenancies Act 1997 was duly amended to take into account these changes to local government within the ceremonial county. * ^ Because the City of London
City of London
has a Commission of Lieutenancy rather than a single Lord Lieutenant, it is treated as a county for some but not all purposes of the Lieutenancy Act. (Schedule 1 paragraph 4)

EXTERNAL

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