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Ceredigion
Ceredigion
(Welsh pronunciation: [kɛrɛˈdɪɡjɔn] ( listen)) is a county in Mid Wales and previously was a minor kingdom.[1] Known for centuries in English as Cardiganshire (Welsh: Sir Aberteifi), it began to be administered as a county in 1282. The county had a population of 75,900 at the 2011 UK census. Its largest town, Aberystwyth, is one of the two administrative centres; the other being Aberaeron. Aberystwyth
Aberystwyth
houses Aberystwyth
Aberystwyth
University, Bronglais Hospital
Bronglais Hospital
and the National Library of Wales. The inland town of Lampeter
Lampeter
houses part of the University
University
of Wales
Wales
Trinity Saint David. Ceredigion
Ceredigion
is considered to be a centre of Welsh culture and more than half the population speaks Welsh. The county is mainly rural with over 50 miles (80 km) of coastline and a mountainous hinterland. The numerous sandy beaches, together with the long-distance Ceredigion Coast Path
Ceredigion Coast Path
provide excellent views of Cardigan Bay. In the 18th and early 19th century, Ceredigion
Ceredigion
had more industry than it does today; Cardigan was the commercial centre of the county; lead, silver and zinc were mined and Cardigan was the principal port of South Wales
South Wales
prior to the silting of its harbour. The economy became highly dependent on dairy farming and the rearing of livestock for the English market. During the last century, livestock farming has become less profitable, and the county's population was in decline as people moved to the more prosperous parts of Wales
Wales
or emigrated to other countries. More recently, there has been an increase due to elderly people moving to the county for retirement, and the various government initiatives that have encouraged tourism and other alternative sources of income.

Contents

1 History 2 Geography 3 Local government 4 Economy 5 Sport and leisure 6 Transport 7 See also 8 Notes 9 References 10 External links

History[edit] See also: Kingdom of Ceredigion
Kingdom of Ceredigion
and Seisyllwg Ceredigion
Ceredigion
has been inhabited since prehistoric times: 170 hill forts and enclosures have been identified across the county and there are many standing stones dating back to the Bronze Age.[2] Around the time of the Roman invasion of Britain, the area was between the realms of the Demetae
Demetae
and Ordovices. The Sarn Helen
Sarn Helen
road ran through the territory, with forts at Bremia and Loventium
Loventium
protecting gold mines near present-day Llelio. Following the Roman withdrawal, Irish raids and invasions were repulsed, supposedly by the forces under a northerner named Cunedda. The 9th-century History of the Britons attributed to Nennius records that Cunedda's son Ceredig settled the area around the Teifi in the 5th century.[3] The territory supposedly remained a minor kingdom under his dynasty until its extinction upon the drowning of Gwgon ap Meurig c. 871, after which it was administered by Rhodri Mawr
Rhodri Mawr
of Gwynedd
Gwynedd
before passing to his son Cadell, whose son Hywel Dda
Hywel Dda
inherited its neighbouring kingdom Dyfed and established the realm of Deheubarth. Records are highly obscure; some historians believe that Hyfaidd ap Bledrig, the Dyfed
Dyfed
ruler, may have annexed Ceredigion
Ceredigion
before his heirs lost it to Hywel through war. Many pilgrims passed through Cardiganshire on their way to St Davids. Some came by sea and made use of the churches at Mwnt
Mwnt
and Penbryn, while others came by land seeking hospitality at such places as Strata Florida Abbey. Both the abbey and Llanbadarn Fawr were important monastic sites of scholarship and education. Place names including ysbyty denote their association with pilgrims.[4] In 1282, Edward I of England
Edward I of England
conquered the principality of Wales
Wales
and divided the area into counties. One of thirteen traditional counties in Wales, Cardiganshire was also a vice-county. Cardiganshire was split into the five hundreds of Genau'r-Glyn, Ilar, Moyddyn, Penarth and Troedyraur.[5][6] In the 18th century there was an evangelical revival of Christianity, and non-conformism became established in the county as charismatic preachers like Daniel Rowland of Llangeitho attracted large congregations. Every community built its own chapel or meeting house, and Cardiganshire became one of the centres of Methodism
Methodism
in Wales
Wales
with the Aeron Valley being at the centre of the revival.[7] Cardigan was one of the major ports of southern Wales
Wales
until its harbour silted in the mid-19th century. The Industrial Revolution passed by, not much affecting the area. In the uplands, wheeled vehicles were rare in the 18th century, and horses and sleds were still being used for transport. On the coast, trade in herrings and corn took place across the Irish Sea. In the 19th century, many of the rural poor emigrated to the New World
New World
from Cardigan, between five and six thousand leaving the town between 1790 and 1860. Aberystwyth became the main centre for the export of lead and Aberaeron
Aberaeron
and Newquay did brisk coastal trade. The building of the railway from Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury
in the 1860s encouraged visitors and hotels sprang up in the town to accommodate them.[8] This area of the county of Dyfed
Dyfed
became a district of Wales
Wales
under the name Ceredigion
Ceredigion
in 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972,[9] and since 1996, has formed the county of Ceredigion.[10] According to the 2001 census, Ceredigion
Ceredigion
has the fourth highest proportion of Welsh speakers in the population at 61%; only Gwynedd, the Isle of Anglesey and Carmarthenshire
Carmarthenshire
have a higher proportion.[11] Geography[edit] See also: List of places in Ceredigion

Ceredigion, as shown with traditional boundaries

Aberaeron
Aberaeron
Harbour

Cors Caron, near Tregaron

Ceredigion
Ceredigion
is a coastal county, bordered by Cardigan Bay
Cardigan Bay
to the west, Gwynedd
Gwynedd
to the north, Powys
Powys
to the east, Carmarthenshire
Carmarthenshire
to the south and Pembrokeshire
Pembrokeshire
to the south-west. Its area is 1,795 square kilometres (693 sq mi).[12] In 2010 the population was 76,938, making it the second most sparsely populated county in Wales.[12] The main settlements are Aberaeron, Aberporth, Aberystwyth, Borth, Cardigan, Lampeter, Llanarth, Llanddewi Brefi, Llandysul, Llanilar, Llanrhystud, Llanon, New Quay, and Tregaron. The largest of these are Aberystwyth
Aberystwyth
and Cardigan.[13] The Cambrian Mountains
Cambrian Mountains
cover much of the east of the county; this large area forms part of the desert of Wales. In the south and west, the surface is less elevated. The highest point is Pumlumon
Pumlumon
at 2,467 feet (752 m), other Marilyns include Pen y Garn
Pen y Garn
and Llan Ddu Fawr. On the slopes of Pumlumon
Pumlumon
five rivers have their sources: the Severn, the Wye, the Dulas, the Llyfnant and the Rheidol, the last of which meets the Afon Mynach
Afon Mynach
in a 300 feet (91 m) plunge at the Devil's Bridge chasm. The largest river is the River Teifi
River Teifi
which forms the border with Carmarthenshire
Carmarthenshire
and Pembrokeshire
Pembrokeshire
for part of its length. The towns of Lampeter, Llandysul, Newcastle Emlyn and Cardigan are all in the Teifi Valley, and each has communities on each side of the river, in different counties. Other significant rivers include the River Aeron
River Aeron
which has its estuary at Aberaeron, and the River Ystwyth and the River Rheidol
River Rheidol
both of which reach the sea in Aberystwyth harbour.[13] Ceredigion's 50 miles (80 km) of coastline has sandy beaches. In 2011 Ceredigion's beaches were awarded five Blue Flag Awards, four Green Coast Awards, and fourteen Seaside Awards.[14] Ceredigion
Ceredigion
is one of only two places in the United Kingdom with a permanent presence of bottlenose dolphins.[15] Another member of the fauna is the red kite; these may be seen in various localities in the county, but at the Red Kite Feeding Centre near Tregaron, they are fed each day, and large numbers congregate along with hungry crows and other birds.[16] Ceredigion
Ceredigion
had the largest population growth of any county in Wales, with a 19.5% increase from 1991 to 2003.[11] Tourism and agriculture, chiefly hill farming, are the most important industries. In addition, two universities are within the county boundaries: Aberystwyth University
University
and the Lampeter
Lampeter
campus of the University
University
of Wales, Trinity Saint David. The Welsh Plant Breeding Station is near Aberystwyth
Aberystwyth
and linked to the University. The National Library of Wales, founded in 1907, is also in Aberystwyth. Ceredigion
Ceredigion
is an extremely rural county; the largest town, Aberystwyth, has fewer than 15,000 permanent residents and the remainder of the population of the county is scattered over 150 small towns, villages and hamlets.[17] The county has no large commercial areas. The nearest substantial settlements are located at least 1 hour 45 minutes drive away. Approximate road distances from Ceredigion's largest town, Aberystwyth, are: Swansea, 75 miles (121 km) to the south; Shrewsbury, 76 miles (122 km) to the east, in the English county of Shropshire; and Wrexham, 82 miles (132 km) to the northeast. The capital, Cardiff, is over 100 miles (160 km) from most parts of the county. Although Ceredigion
Ceredigion
and Gwynedd
Gwynedd
share a boundary, it is not possible to travel directly between the two by land as all road and rail links avoid the Dyfi estuary and pass through Dyfi Junction or Machynlleth
Machynlleth
in Powys.[13] Dylan Thomas
Dylan Thomas
lived in New Quay
New Quay
and Talsarn and frequented Aberaeron and Lampeter. The Dylan Thomas
Dylan Thomas
Trail runs through part of the county, linking the places associated with the poet.[18] The Ceredigion
Ceredigion
Coast Path from Cardigan to Ynyslas
Ynyslas
is about 60 miles (97 km) following the coastline and has some spectacular scenery. It can conveniently be divided into seven sections.[19] Local government[edit] See also: Ceredigion
Ceredigion
County
County
Council Between 1888 and 1974, the county was governed by Cardiganshire County Council, which took over the functions of county administration from the Quarter Sessions court in 1889.[10] The county was abolished in 1974 by the Local Government Act 1972
Local Government Act 1972
— and it was succeeded by the district of Ceredigion
Ceredigion
in the new county of Dyfed.[20] This district became a unitary authority on 1 April 1996 under the name of Cardiganshire; to change its name back to Ceredigion
Ceredigion
the following day. It has, apart from minor realignments, identical borders to the former county.[9] A referendum was held on 20 May 2004 on whether to have a directly elected mayor for the county, the first in Wales. The Llais Ceredigion political initiative had been formed with this aim[21] but the proposal was rejected.[22] Economy[edit]

Hill farm at Cwm Brefi

Farming has traditionally been the basis of Cardiganshire's economy, with dairying and stock-rearing being the main occupations. Before the first railway was built in 1866, the stock used to be herded over the mountains to England, where Rugby, Northampton
Northampton
and London were important destinations. At one time there was a sizeable mining industry in Cardiganshire, but the reserves of lead, silver and zinc became unprofitable to mine by the early part of the twentieth century. Shipping was also important in the county, with coal and lime being imported in coastal vessels, and mineral ores and oak bark for tanning being exported. Shipbuilding
Shipbuilding
was an important industry with most of Wales' sailing vessels being built in Cardiganshire.[12] Cardiganshire had a substantial population in the early modern period but this declined during the nineteenth century as wider social and economic developments affected all aspects of Cardiganshire life. Traditional industries were in decline, agriculture was in decline and it was becoming increasingly difficult for a still-rising population to earn a living within their native parishes and communities. By the first half of the twentieth century, falling livestock prices and greater world competition made farming unprofitable and many residents of Cardiganshire moved to other parts of South Wales, where there were better employment opportunities, and many more emigrated to the United States, Canada, Patagonia and Australia.[12] Another factor was that the owners of the great landed estates, who had for so long dominated the politics of the county, were in many cases heavily in debt. This second factor contributed to the loss of landowner influence in the running of the county, a trend that became very apparent at the first elections to the Cardiganshire County
County
Council in 1889.[23]

Caravan park near the beach at Clarach Bay

By the second half of the twentieth century, the declining population trend had gone into reverse. Increasing numbers of retired people were arriving to make their home in the tranquil surroundings, and after the Beacham Commission in the 1960s, the British government realised that the rural way of life in parts of Wales
Wales
was in crisis, and started to react. Through government initiatives and local actions, opportunities in tourism, rural crafts, specialist food shops, farmers' markets and added-value food products began to emerge.[12] However, in 2011, at 3.1%, Ceredigion
Ceredigion
still had one of the highest proportions of its population working in agriculture, forestry and fishing, close behind such other places as Orkney
Orkney
and Shetland.[24] Another use for marginal land in exposed positions is the provision of renewable wind energy; Cefn Croes Wind Farm near Devil's Bridge has 39 turbines and a nominal capacity of 58,500 kW.[25] Farm incomes have been in decline over the years and, as well as being a European Objective I area, in 2001 Ceredigion
Ceredigion
was designated a regional "Tourist growth area" by the Wales
Wales
Tourist Board.[17] There is little industry other than farming, so tourism plays an important part in the county's economy. Visitors stay in hotels, guest houses and homes offering bed-and-breakfast, self-catering cottages, caravans and camp sites, spending money in local shops, dine in local establishments and visit the county's many attractions. Ceredigion prides itself on offering an unspoilt natural landscape, and Aberystwyth
Aberystwyth
lays claim to being the capital of Welsh culture.[26] Sport and leisure[edit] The main football team in the county is Aberystwyth
Aberystwyth
Town F.C. which plays in the Welsh Premier League, its home matches being at the Park Avenue ground in the town. It has yet to come higher than third in the League but won the Welsh Cup
Welsh Cup
in 1899/1900 and the Welsh Amateur Cup in 1930/31, 1932/33 and 1969/70.[27] Cardigan Town Football Club, also known as the "Magpies", play in Division 1 of the Ceredigion
Ceredigion
League which they won in 1968/69, 1995/96, 1999/2000, 2000/01 and 2002/03.[28] Leisure activities available in the county include beach activities, rambling, cycling, sea fishing, canoeing, sailing and horse riding. Many of the towns and villages along the coast have small harbours and facilities for sailing, dolphin watching and other maritime activities. The River Teifi
River Teifi
is a renowned salmon fishing river and also has a series of rapids near Llandysul
Llandysul
where canoeing, kayaking and white water rafting take place.[29]

National Library of Wales

The county is rich in archaeological remains such as forts, earthworks and standing stones. Historic sites that can be accessed include Aberystwyth
Aberystwyth
Castle[30] and Cardigan Castle,[31] as well as Strata Florida Abbey.[32] Other visitor attractions include the Cwmystwyth
Cwmystwyth
Mines, Devil's Bridge,[30] the Bwlch Nant yr Arian Forest Visitor Centre,[30][33] Elvis Rock, Cors Caron
Cors Caron
( Tregaron
Tregaron
bog), the Vale of Rheidol Railway,[30] Aberystwyth
Aberystwyth
Cliff Railway.[30] The National Library of Wales[30] is at Aberystwyth
Aberystwyth
and there is information on local history at the Ceredigion
Ceredigion
Museum,[30] also in Aberystwyth. There is also the technical museum Internal Fire – Museum of Power, which is at Tan-y-groes
Tan-y-groes
near the coast road.[34] Stately homes in the county open to the public include the Hafod Estate[35] and Llanerchaeron.[30] Transport[edit]

UAV at West Wales
Wales
airport

The Cambrian Line
Cambrian Line
provides mainline railway services between Aberystwyth
Aberystwyth
and Shrewsbury, where passengers can join services for London and elsewhere. Passengers can change at Dovey Junction railway station for trains to Pwllheli.[36] There are no motorways in Ceredigion. The A487 coast road links Cardigan with Aberystwyth, passing close to Newquay and through Aberaeron, and the A44 goes eastwards from Aberystwyth
Aberystwyth
to Rhayader, Leominster
Leominster
and Worcester.[37] There are local bus services between the main centres of population,[38] and long distance services between Aberystwyth
Aberystwyth
and Cardiff. A bus service known as "Bwcabus" operates in the south of the county offering customised transport for rural dwellers.[39] There are no commercial airports but the West Wales
Wales
Airport near the village of Aberporth
Aberporth
is licensed for the deployment of civil and military unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV)s and is used for flying and testing these drones.[40] There are no ports or ferry termini in the county but several of the coastal towns have facilities for yachts and small craft.[38] See also[edit]

Seisyllwg List of Lord Lieutenants of Cardiganshire List of Custodes Rotulorum of Cardiganshire List of High Sheriffs of Cardiganshire List of schools in Ceredigion List of MPs for the Ceredigion
Ceredigion
(formerly Cardiganshire) constituency Centre points of the United Kingdom Cuisine of Ceredigion

Notes[edit]

^ EB (1878), p. 95. ^ "Discover Ceredigion: Hillforts and Heroes". Ceredigion
Ceredigion
County Council. Retrieved 14 April 2016.  ^ Davies, John, A History of Wales ^ "Discover Ceredigion: Pilgrims and Princes". Ceredigion
Ceredigion
County Council. Retrieved 14 April 2016.  ^ Margaret Escott (2009). "Cardiganshire; The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1820-1832, ed. D.R. Fisher". historyofparliamentonline.org. Cambridge University
University
Press. Retrieved 26 April 2012.  ^ Society for the Difussion of Useful Knowledge (1836). The Penny Cyclopaedia of the Society for the Difussion of Useful Knowledge. Charles Knight. p. 287. Retrieved 26 April 2012.  ^ "Discover Ceredigion: Peace and Religion". Ceredigion
Ceredigion
County Council. Retrieved 14 April 2016.  ^ Lloyd, Thomas; Orbach, Julian; Scourfield, Robert (2006). Carmarthenshire
Carmarthenshire
and Ceredigion. Yale University
University
Press. pp. 2–3. ISBN 0-300-10179-1.  ^ a b Schaefer, Christina K. (1999). Instant Information on the Internet!: A Genealogist's No-frills Guide to the British Isles. Genealogical Publishing Com. p. 51. ISBN 978-0-8063-1614-7.  ^ a b " County
County
Council". Cyngor Sir Ceredigion
Ceredigion
County
County
Council. Retrieved 14 April 2016.  ^ a b "Census shows Welsh language
Welsh language
rise Friday, 14 February, 2003 extracted 12-04-07". Retrieved 20 September 2014.  ^ a b c d e Nienaber, Birte (2016). Globalization and Europe's Rural Regions. Routledge. pp. 76–83. ISBN 978-1-317-12709-3.  ^ a b c Philip's (1994). Atlas of the World. Reed International. pp. 16–17. ISBN 0-540-05831-9.  ^ " Ceredigion
Ceredigion
tourism - Beaches". Retrieved 20 September 2014.  ^ "Cardiganshire Coast & Country". Retrieved 20 September 2014.  ^ "Red Kite Feeding". Gigrin. Retrieved 11 April 2016.  ^ a b Hall, Derek R.; Kirkpatrick, Irene (2005). Rural Tourism and Sustainable Business. Channel View Publications. pp. 236–237. ISBN 978-1-84541-335-4.  ^ The Dylan Thomas
Dylan Thomas
Trail by D. N. Thomas, Y Lolfa 2002 ^ " Ceredigion
Ceredigion
Coast Path". Ceredigion
Ceredigion
County
County
Council. Retrieved 14 April 2016.  ^ Wade, William; Forsyth, Christopher (2014). Administrative Law. Oxford University
University
Press. pp. 91–92. ISBN 978-0-19-968370-3.  ^ "New party reveals election targets". BBC News. 6 January 2004. Retrieved 12 April 2016.  ^ "Gains for Plaid in Ceredigion". BBC News. 11 June 2004. Retrieved 12 April 2016.  ^ Morgan. "Cardiganshire Politics": 314–18; 319–20.  ^ Dorling, Danny; Thomas, Bethan (2016). People and Places: A 21st-century Atlas of the UK. Policy Press. p. 160. ISBN 978-1-4473-1136-2.  ^ "Cefn Croes, United-Kingdom". Wind Energy Market Intelligence. The Wind Power. Retrieved 11 April 2016.  ^ Cloke, Paul; Crang, Philip; Goodwin, Mark (2013). Introducing Human Geographies, Second Edition. Routledge. p. 522. ISBN 978-1-4441-6980-5.  ^ "Club honours". Aberystwyth
Aberystwyth
Town Football Club. Retrieved 16 April 2016.  ^ "Cardigan Town Football Club: History". Cardigan Town Football Club. Retrieved 16 April 2016.  ^ " Llandysul
Llandysul
Paddlers". Retrieved 16 April 2016.  ^ a b c d e f g h "Things to do in Ceredigion". TripAdvisor. Retrieved 18 April 2016.  ^ "Cardigan Castle". Retrieved 18 April 2016.  ^ "Strata Florida Project". University
University
of Wales
Wales
Trinity Saint David. Retrieved 18 April 2016.  ^ "Bwlch Nant yr Arian Forest Visitor Centre". Visit Mid Wales. Retrieved 18 April 2016.  ^ "Internal Fire: Museum of Power". Retrieved 18 April 2016.  ^ "The Hafod Estate". Natural Resource Wales. Retrieved 18 April 2016.  ^ Jenkins, Stanley C.; Loader, Martin (2015). The Great Western Railway: Shrewsbury
Shrewsbury
to Pwllheli
Pwllheli
Vol. 5. Amberley Publishing Limited. pp. 15–16. ISBN 978-1-4456-4299-4.  ^ Concise Road Atlas: Britain. AA Publishing. 2015. pp. 36–39. ISBN 978-0-7495-7743-8.  ^ a b Le Nevez, Catherine; Whitfield, Paul (2012). The Rough Guide to Wales. Rough Guides Limited. pp. 257–267. ISBN 978-1-4093-5902-9.  ^ "Bwcabus". Bwcabus. 2012. Retrieved 11 April 2016.  ^ "West Wales
Wales
Airport". Retrieved 11 April 2016. 

References[edit]

 Baynes, T.S., ed. (1878), " County
County
of Cardigan", Encyclopædia Britannica, 5 (9th ed.), New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, pp. 94–5   Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911), "Cardiganshire", Encyclopædia Britannica, 5 (11th ed.), Cambridge University
University
Press, pp. 319–21  Morgan, Kenneth O. (1967). "Cardiganshire Politics: The Liberal Ascendancy 1885–1923". Ceredigion. 5 (4): 311–346. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ceredigion.

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Ceredigion

Principal settlements

Aberaeron Aberystwyth Cardigan Lampeter Llandysul New Quay Tregaron

Communities

Aberaeron Aberporth Aberystwyth Beulah Blaenrheidol Borth Cardigan Ceulanamaesmawr Ciliau Aeron Dyffryn Arth Faenor Y Ferwig Geneu'r Glyn Henfynyw Lampeter Llanarth Llanbadarn Fawr Llanddewi Brefi Llandyfriog Llandysiliogogo Llandysul Llanfair Clydogau Llanfarian Llanfihangel Ystrad Llangeitho Llangoedmor Llangrannog Llangwyryfon Llangybi Llangynfelyn Llanilar Llanllwchaiarn Llanrhystyd Llansantffraid Llanwenog Llanwnnen Lledrod Melindwr Nantcwnlle New Quay Penbryn Pontarfynach Tirymynach Trawsgoed Trefeurig Tregaron Troedyraur Ysbyty Ystwyth Ysgubor-y-coed Ystrad Fflur Ystrad Meurig

Towns and villages

Aberarth Aberbanc Aberffrwd Aberlerry Abermagwr Aber-meurig Aberporth Alltyblacca Betws Ifan Beulah Blaencelyn Borth Bow Street Bryngwyn Caemorgan Caerwedros Capel Bangor Capel Dewi Ciliau Aeron Comins Coch Cribyn Cwmann Cwmystwyth Cwrtnewydd Devil's Bridge Dôl-y-bont Eisteddfa Gurig Eglwys Fach Elerch Ffostrasol Furnace Glandyfi Gorsgoch Gwbert Llanarth Llanbadarn Fawr Llanddewi Brefi Llandre
Llandre
(Llanfihangel Genau'r Glyn) Llandyfriog Llandygwydd Llanerchaeron Llanfarian Llanfihangel-y-Creuddyn Llanfihangel Ystrad Llangeitho Llangoedmor Llangrannog Llangybi Llangynfelyn Llanilar Llanon Llanrhystud Llansantffraid Llanwenog Llanwnnen Llechryd Lledrod Lovesgrove Melindwr Mwnt Oakford Penbryn Pennant Penparc Penparcau Penrhyn-coch Penuwch Peny-y-garn Ponterwyd Pontrhydfendigaid Pontrhydygroes Pont-Siân Rhydowen Rhydypennau Salem Silian Taigwynion Talgarreg Talsarn Tal-y-bont Trefeurig Tregaron Tresaith Tre-Taliesin Tre'r Ddôl Troed y Rhiw Troedyraur Upper Borth Waunfawr Y Faenor Y Ferwig Ynyslas Ysbyty Ystwyth Ystrad Aeron Ystrad Meurig Ystumtuen

Universities and colleges

Aberystwyth
Aberystwyth
University Coleg Ceredigion University
University
of Wales
Wales
Trinity Saint David

Rivers

Aeron Arth Brenig Clarach Dulas Leri Llyfnant Mynach Rheidol Teifi Wyre Ystwyth

Castles

Aberdyfi Aberystwyth Cardigan Castell Gwallter Dinerth Lampeter
Lampeter
Castle

Islands

Ynys Aberteifi (Cardigan Island) Ynys Lochtyn

Topics

Parliamentary constituencies Places Schools SSSIs Scheduled Monuments Country houses Grade I listed buildings Grade II* listed buildings Lord Lieutenants High Sheriffs Museums

v t e

Local government districts of Wales
Wales
1974–1996

Clwyd

Alyn and Deeside Colwyn Delyn Glyndŵr Rhuddlan Wrexham
Wrexham
Maelor

Dyfed

Carmarthen Ceredigion Dinefwr Llanelli Preseli Pembrokeshire South Pembrokeshire

Gwent

Blaenau Gwent Islwyn Monmouth Newport Torfaen

Gwynedd

Aberconwy Arfon Dwyfor Meirionnydd Ynys Môn - Isle of Anglesey

Mid Glamorgan

Cynon Valley Merthyr Tydfil Ogwr Rhondda Rhymney Valley Taff-Ely

Powys

Brecknock Montgomeryshire Radnorshire

South Glamorgan

Cardiff Vale of Glamorgan

West Glamorgan

Lliw Valley Neath Port Talbot Swansea

v t e

Principal areas of Wales

Blaenau Gwent Bridgend Caerphilly Cardiff Carmarthenshire Ceredigion Conwy Denbighshire Flintshire Gwynedd Merthyr Tydfil Monmouthshire Neath Port Talbot Newport Pembrokeshire Powys Rhondda Cynon Taf Swansea Torfaen Vale of Glamorgan Wrexham Ynys Môn

v t e

Historic counties of Wales

Anglesey Brecknockshire Caernarfonshire Cardiganshire Carmarthenshire Denbighshire Flintshire Glamorganshire Merionethshire Monmouthshire Montgomeryshire Pembrokeshire Radnorshire

Coordinates: 52°15′10″N 4°00′01″W / 52.25278°N 4.00028°W /

.