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The Ceraunian Mountains ( sq, Malet e Vetëtimës, "Thunderbolt mountains"; el, Κεραύνια Όρη, ''Keravnia ori''; la, Cerauni Montes), also commonly Akroceraunian Mountains ( grc, Ἀκροκεραύνια, sq, Malet Akrokeraune "malet Akrokeraune, sot Malet e Vetëtimës"), are a coastal mountain range in southwestern
Albania Albania ( ; sq, Shqipëri or Shqipëria), officially the Republic of Albania ( sq, Republika e Shqipërisë), is a country in Southeast Europe, Southeastern Europe. It is located on the Adriatic Sea, Adriatic and Ionian Sea within the Mediter ...
, within the county of Vlorë. The range rises on the northeastern bank of the Ionian Sea. It extends for approximately in a southeast-northwest direction near Sarandë along the nearby to Orikum. Geologically, the Karaburun Peninsula belongs to the mountain range, forming the eastern Akroceraunian Mountains. The mountains are about long and about wide. The highest peak is Mount Çika, Maja e Çikës with an elevation of . The Llogara National Park, Llogara Llogara Pass, Pass () divides the mountains into a western and the Akroceraunian Mountains within the Karaburun Peninsula.


Name

The name ''Ceraunia'' is derived from Ancient Greek Κεραύνια ὄρη, meaning "thunder-split peaks" and illustrates the bad weather and the danger found there by ancient seafarers and travellers.


History

The Ceraunian mountain range is located in the northernmost part of the wider historical and geographical region of Epirus. According to Greek Mythology the Abantes from Euboea who had previously joined the Ancient Greek army in Trojan War settled in the Ceraunian Mountains. They were later expelled by the forces of the Ancient Greek city-state of Apollonia (Illyria), Apollonia.Joaquim Carvalho
Religion, Ritual and Mythology: Aspects of Identity Formation in Europe
Pisa University Press, p. 148
The Ceraunian Mountains have been described by ancient writers such as Ptolemy, Strabo and Pausanias (geographer), Pausanias. Consequently, the mountains are still known under its classical name. Julius Caesar first set foot on Llogara Pass and rested his legion at Palasë on the Ionian coast during his pursuit of Pompey.


See also

* Geography of Albania#Ceraunian Mountains, Geography of Albania * Llogara National Park


References

{{Portal bar, Geography, Ecology Mountain ranges of Albania Albanian Ionian Sea Coast Karaburun-Sazan Marine Park Llogara National Park Geography of ancient Epirus