Centre-left politics or center-left politics (American English), also referred to as moderate-left politics, is an adherence to views leaning to the left-wing, but closer to the centre on the left–right political spectrum than other left-wing variants. Centre-leftists believe in working within the established systems to improve social justice. The centre-left promotes a degree of social equality that it believes is achievable through promoting equal opportunity. The centre-left has promoted luck egalitarianism, which emphasizes the achievement of equality requires personal responsibility in areas in control by the individual person through their abilities and talents, as well as social responsibility in areas outside control by the individual person in their abilities or talents. The centre-left opposes a wide gap between the rich and the poor and supports moderate measures to reduce the economic gap, such as a progressive income tax, laws prohibiting child labour, minimum wage laws, laws regulating working conditions, limits on working hours and laws to ensure the workers' right to organize. The centre-left typically claims that complete equality of outcome is not possible, but instead that equal opportunity improves a degree of equality of outcome in society. In Europe, the centre-left includes social democrats, social liberals, progressives and also some democratic socialists, greens and the Christian left. Some social liberals are described as centre-left, but many social liberals are in the centre of the political spectrum as well.
1 History 2 Positions associated with the centre-left 3 See also 4 References 5 External links
The term "centre-left" appeared during the French "July Monarchy" in
1830s, a political-historical phase during the Kingdom of France
House of Orléans
A mixed economy consisting of both publicly owned or subsidized programmes of education, universal health care, child care and related social services for all citizens. A useful system of social security, with the stated goal of counteracting the effects of poverty and insuring the general public against loss of income following illness, unemployment or retirement (national Insurance contributions) Government bodies that regulate private enterprise in the interests of workers and consumers by ensuring labour rights (i.e. supporting worker access to trade unions), consumer protections and fair market competition. A progressive taxation that includes tax breaks and subsidies for those under poverty extended from government. A wealth tax and/or a value-added tax to fund government expenditures. Public investments and Keynesian economics.
The term may be used to imply positions on the environment, religion, public morality, etc., but these are usually not the defining characteristics, since centre-right parties may take similar positions on these issues. A centre-left party may or may not be more concerned with reducing industrial emissions than a centre-right party. See also
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Economic interventionism Green liberalism List of left-wing political parties Soft left Third Way Welfare capitalism Welfare state
^ Oliver H. Woshinsky. Explaining Politics: Culture, Institutions, and
Political Behavior. New York: Routledge, 2008. Pp. 146.
^ a b c Oliver H. Woshinsky. Explaining Politics: Culture,
Institutions, and Political Behavior. New York: Routledge, 2008. Pp.
^ Chris Armstrong. Rethinking Equality: The Challenge of Equal
Citizenship. Manchester University Press, 2006. P. 89.
^ John W. Cioffi and Martin Höpner (21 April 2006). "Interests,
Preferences, and Center-Left Party Politics in Corporate Governance
Reform" (PDF). Council for European Studies at Columbia University.
Retrieved 14 November 2009.
^ Manfred Ertel, Hans-Jürgen Schlamp and Stefan Simons (24 September
2009). "The Credibility Trap – Europe's Center-Left Parties Stuck in
a Dead End". Der Spiegel. Retrieved 14 November 2009.
Paul W. Schroeder (1996). The Transformation of European Politics,
1763-1848. Claredon. p. 742.
^ Michael Drolet (11 August 2003). Tocqueville, Democracy and Social
Reform. Springer. p. 14.
^ Alice Primi; Sophie Kerignard; Véronique Fau-Vincenti (2004). 100
fiches d'histoire du XIXe siècle. Bréal.
^ Unknown (1993).
"Leftist parties of the world". Nico Biver. Retrieved 14 November 2009.
v t e
Post-left Far-left Hard left Left Centre-left Centre
Centre-right Right Hard/Far-right
Anti-Stalinist left Christian left Jewish left Muslim left New left Third Position Third Way Triangulation Christian right Hindutva Islamism New right
Horseshoe theory Nolan Chart Open–closed Political compass Pou