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The Central Reserve Police Force
Central Reserve Police Force
(CRPF) is the largest of India's Central Armed Police Forces. It functions under the aegis of Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) of the Government of India. The CRPF's primary role lies in assisting the State/Union Territories in police operations to maintain law and order and counter insurgency. It came into existence as the Crown Representative's Police on 27 July 1939. After Indian Independence, it became the Central Reserve Police Force on enactment of the CRPF
CRPF
Act on 28 December 1949. Besides law and order and counter-insurgency duties, the CRPF
CRPF
has played an increasingly large role in India's general elections. This is especially true for the states of Jammu and Kashmir, Bihar
Bihar
and in the North East, with the presence of unrest and often violent conflict. During the Parliamentary elections of September 1999, the CRPF
CRPF
played a major role in the security arrangements. Of late, CRPF contingents are also being deployed in UN missions. With 239 battalions and various other establishments, the CRPF
CRPF
is considered India's largest paramilitary force and has a sanctioned strength of 313,678 personnel.[3]

Contents

1 Mission[4] 2 History[5]

2.1 Current role and strength

3 List of Chiefs of CRPF[8] 4 Organisational structure 5 Rank Structure Gazetted, Group A Officer 6 The Rapid Action Force[18] 7 Parliament Duty Group 8 Weapons 9 Women in the CRPF[21] 10 CoBRA - Commando Battalion
Battalion
for Resolute Action[22] 11 Commando 469 12 Milestones of Bravery[7] 13 See also 14 References 15 External links

Mission[4][edit] The mission of the Central Reserve Police Force
Central Reserve Police Force
shall be to enable the government to maintain Rule of Law, Public Order and Internal Security effectively and efficiently to preserve National Integrity & Promote Social Harmony and Development by upholding supremacy of the Constitution. In performing these tasks with utmost regard for human dignity and freedom of the citizens of India, the force shall endeavour to achieve excellence in management of internal security and national calamities by placing Service and Loyalty above self. History[5][edit]

The CRPF
CRPF
was derived from the CRP (Crown Representative's Police) on 27 July 1939 with 2 battalions in Nimach
Nimach
[Means North Indian Military and Cavalry Headquarter], Madhya Pradesh. Its primary duty at the time was to protect the British residents in sensitive states of India.[6] In 1949, the CRP was renamed under the CRPF
CRPF
Act. During the 1960s, many state reserve police battalions were merged with the CRPF. The CRPF
CRPF
has been active against foreign invasion and domestic insurgency. On 21 October 1959, SI Karam Singh and 20 soldiers were attacked by the Chinese Army at Hot Springs in Ladakh
Ladakh
resulting in 10 casualties. The survivors were imprisoned. Since then, 21 October is observed as Police Commemoration day nationwide, across all states in India.[7] On intervening night of 8 and 9 April 1965, 3500 men of 51st Infantry Brigade of Pakistan, comprising 18 Punjab Bn, 8 Frontier Rifles and 6 Baluch Bn, stealthily launched operation "Desert Hawk" against border posts in Rann of Kutch. It was to the valour of Head Constable Bhawana Ram deployed on the eastern parameter of Sardar Post whose gallant act was to a great extent instrumental in demoralising the intruders and forcing them to retreat from the post.

There are few parallels of such a battle and the then Union Home Minister very appropriately graded it as a "Military Battle" not a Police battle.The service and their sacrifice will now not need turning back to old records for appreciation with that historic moment being picked up for celebration as "Valour Day” of the Force after Year.

The CRPF
CRPF
guarded the India-Pakistan Border
India-Pakistan Border
until 1965, at which point the Border Security Force
Border Security Force
was created for that purpose. On 2001 Indian Parliament attack
2001 Indian Parliament attack
the CRPF
CRPF
troopers killed all five terrorists who had entered the premises of the Indian Parliament
Indian Parliament
in New Delhi. When 5 armed terrorists tried to storm the Ram Janambhoomi / Babri Masjid Complex in Ayodhya
Ayodhya
on 5 July 2005 and had penetrated the outer security rings, they were challenged by CRPF
CRPF
which formed the inner security ring. Shri Vijeto Tinyi, AC and Shri Dharambir Singh, Head Constable, who exhibited exemplary gallant were awarded with ‘Shaurya Chakra’.[5] In recent years, the Government of India
Government of India
has decided to follow up on recommendations of the Indian cabinet to use each security agency for its mandated purpose. As a result, the counter-insurgency operations in India
India
have been entrusted to the CRPF. In 2008 a wing called Commando Battalion for Resolute Action
Commando Battalion for Resolute Action
(CoBRA) was added to the CRPF
CRPF
to counter the Naxalite
Naxalite
movement. On 2 September 2009, 5000 CRPF
CRPF
soldiers were deployed for a search and rescue mission to find the then Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy whose helicopter went missing over the Nallamalla Forest Range in Andhra Pradesh. This was the largest search operation ever mounted in India.

Current role and strength[edit] As of 2010, the CRPF
CRPF
is the largest paramilitary organisation of the country and is actively looking after the internal security of every part of India
India
and are were even operating abroad as part of IPKF and the United Nations peacekeeping
United Nations peacekeeping
missions. It is performing a variety of duties ranging from VIP security to election duties, from guarding of vital installations to the counter-naxal operations. List of Chiefs of CRPF[8][edit] Shri V G Kanetkar was the first Director General
Director General
of Central Reserve Police Force from 3 August 1968 to 15 September 1969[9] & current Director General
Director General
is Shri Rajiv Rai Bhatnagar since 27 April 2017.

Sr No. Name From Till

1 Shri V G Kanetka 3 August 1968 15 September 1969

2 Shri Imdad Ali 16 September 1969 28 February 1973

3 Shri B B Mishra 1 March 1973 30 September 1974

4 Shri N S Saxena 30 September 1974 31 May 1977

5 Shri S M Ghosh 1 June 1977 31 July 1978

6 Shri R C Gopal 31 July 1978 10 August 1979

7 Shri P R Rajgopal 10 August 1979 30 March 1980

8 Shri Birbal Nath 13 May 1980 3 September 1980

9 Shri R N Sheopory 3 September 1980 31 December 1981

10 Shri S D Chowdhury 27 January 1982 30 April 1983

11 Shri Shival Swarup 30 July 1983 7 May 1985

12 Shri J F Ribeiro 4 June 1985 8 July 1985

13 Shri T G L Iyer July-1985 Nov-1985

14 Shri S D Pandey 1 November 1985 31 March 1988

15 Shri P G Harlarnkar 1 April 1988 30 September 1990

16 Shri K P S Gill 19 December 1990 8 November 1991

17 Shri S Subramanian 9 November 1991 31 January 1992

18 Shri D P N Singh 1 February 1992 30 November 1993

19 Shri S V M Tripathi 1 December 1993 30th June1996

20 Shri M B Kaushal 1 October 1996 12 November 1997

21 Shri M N Sabharwal 2 December 1997 31stJuly 2000

22 Shri Trinath Mishra 31 July-2000 31 December 2002

23 Shri S C Chaube 31 December 2002 31 January 2004

24 Shri J K Sinha 31 January 2004 28 February 2007

25 Shri S I S Ahmed 1 March 2007 31 March 2008

26 Shri V K Joshi 31 March 2008 28 February 2009

27 Shri A S Gill 28 February 2009 31 January 2010

28 Shri Vikram Srivastava 31 January 2010 6 October 2010

29 Shri K Vijay Kumar 7 October 2010 30 September 2012

30 Shri Pranay Sahay 1 October 2012 31 July 2013

31 Shri Dilip Trivedi 17 August 2013 30 November 2014

32 Shri Prakash Mishra 1 December 2014 29 February 2016

33 Shri K. Durga Prasad 1 March 2016 28 February 2017

34 Shri Rajiv Rai Bhatnagar 27 April 2017 Till date

Organisational structure[edit]

CRPF
CRPF
personnel during a bandh in Assam, 2013

The CRPF
CRPF
is headed by a Director general
Director general
who is an Indian Police Service officer and is divided into ten administrative sectors, each headed by an Inspector
Inspector
General. Each Sector consists of one or more administrative and/or Operational Ranges, headed by an officer of the rank of Deputy Inspector
Inspector
General (DIG) of Police. Now, Group Centres are also headed by DIGs. The Financial Advisor of the CRPF
CRPF
has been an Indian Revenue Service
Indian Revenue Service
officer of the rank of Joint Secretary and also has Dy Advisors from the Indian Audit and Accounts Service or the Indian Telecom. Service and Indian Civil Account Service. There are 243 battalions, (including 204 executive Bns, 6 Mahila Bns, 15 RAF Bns, 10 CoBRA Bns, 5 Signal Bns and 1 Special
Special
Duty Group, 1 Parliament Duty Group),[10] of approximately 1200 constables each. Each battalion is commanded by an officer designated as Commandant, and consists of seven CRPF
CRPF
companies, each containing 135 men. Each company is headed by an Assistant Commandant. The Ministry of Home Affairs is plans to raise 2 Group Centers, 2 Range HQ's, 1 Sector HQ and 12 new battalions including a Mahila (all female) battalion by 2019.[11] The Assistant Commandants are Group 'A' gazetted officers, directly appointed upon clearing an exam conducted by the UPSC which is held yearly. The CRPF
CRPF
force is organized into a Headquarters and fours zones. A zone is either headed by an Additional Director General(ADG) or a Special
Special
Director General. A zone is sub-divided into sectors where each sector is headed by an Inspector
Inspector
General(IG).[12]

Zone Commander Sector

Directorate General DG K Durga Prasad[13] Rapid Action Force

Communications

North-East SDG P V K Reddy[14] Jorhat

Manipur and Nagaland

Tripura

North Eastern

Southern ADG Shailendra Kumar[15] Western

Southern

Central ADG Sudeep Lakhtakia[16] Bihar

Central

Madhya Pradesh

Eastern

Odisha

Chhattisgarh

Jharkhand

West Bengal

CoBRA

Jammu & Kashmir SDG Sachichidanand Shrivastva[17] Jammu

Northern

Rajasthan

North Western

Srinagar

Operations Kashmir

Rank Structure Gazetted, Group A Officer[edit]

CRPF
CRPF
RANKS POLICE RANKS

Director General
Director General
(Apex Scale of the Indian Police Service) Director General
Director General
of a State Police Force

Special
Special
Director General
Director General
(HAG+ Scale of the Indian Police Service) Special
Special
Director General

Additional Director General
Director General
(HAG Scale of the Indian Police Service, also available to BSF cadre) C.P, ADG

Inspector
Inspector
General (IG) IG/ Joint CP

Deputy Inspector
Inspector
General (DIG) DIG/ Additional CP

Commandant (CO) SSP/DCP

Second In Command (2IC) SP/DCP

Deputy Commandant (DC) Addl. SP/Addl. DCP

Assistant Commandant (AC): Group A Gazetted Officer DSP/ACP

Main articles: List of police ranks in India
List of police ranks in India
and Indian Police Service Being a central Indian police agency and having high presence of Indian Police Service
Indian Police Service
officers, CRPF
CRPF
follows ranks and insignia similar to other police organisations in India. *There is no equivalence between the ranks of the defense forces and the police forces since there is no government established relativity in terms of rank.

RAF contingent

The Rapid Action Force[18][edit] The Rapid Action Force
Rapid Action Force
(RAF) is a specialised 10 battalion wing of the Indian Central Reserve Police Force. It was formed in October 1992, to deal with communal riots and related civil unrest. The battalions are numbered from 99 to 108. RAF is a zero repose force which gets to the crisis situation within a minimal time, thus enthuses and immediate sense of security and confidence amongst the general public. This force also has the credit for having a separate flag signifying peace and was proud recipient of president's color presented to it by SH L.K. Advani, then Deputy Prime Minister Of India
India
on 7th Oct. 2003 for its selfless service to the nation in the 11th year of coming into existence. The smallest functional unit in the force is a 'Team' commanded by an inspector, has three components namely riot control element, tear smoke element and fire element. It has been organised as an independent striking unit. One team in a company of RAF is composed of women personnel so as to deal more effectively with situation where the force forces women demonstrators.[19] Parliament Duty Group[edit] Parliament Duty Group is an elite CRPF
CRPF
unit tasked to provide armed protection to Parliament House.,[20] it comprises 1,540 personnel drawn from various units of Central Reserve Police Force
Central Reserve Police Force
(CRPF). PDG members are trained in combating nuclear and bio-chemical attacks, rescue operations and behavioural management. The Parliament House complex is shielded by four layers of security, each under teams from Delhi police, CRPF, ITBP
ITBP
and personnel of Parliament Security Service. The present unit of Parliament Security Service was trained, keeping December 2001 attack into his serious consideration.The Parliament Security Service acts as the overall coordinating agency in close coordination with various security agencies such as the Delhi Police, CRPF, IB, SPG and NSG. PDG personnel are armed with Glock pistols, MP5
MP5
assault rifles, INSAS telescopic sniper rifles and hand-held thermal imagers.[20] Weapons[edit] CRPF
CRPF
uses basic Infantry
Infantry
weapons which are manufactured indigenously at the Indian Ordnance Factories
Indian Ordnance Factories
under control of the Ordnance Factories Board:

Pistol Auto 9mm 1A and Glock 17
Glock 17
9 mm pistols Heckler & Koch MP5
MP5
replacing the Carbine 1A 9 mm sub-machine guns INSAS
INSAS
5.56 mm assault rifles INSAS
INSAS
5.56 mm light machine guns replacing the Bren L4 machine guns

CRPF
CRPF
CoBRA personnel

AGS-30
AGS-30
Plamya 30 mm automatic grenade launcher AKM
AKM
for counter-insurgency Tavor TAR-21 Micro Tavor
Micro Tavor
(X95) Bullpup. FN MAG OFB 51mm Mortar OFB 81mm Mortar Carl Gustav 84 mm recoilless rifles

In addition to these, CRPF
CRPF
also uses land mine detectors. Women in the CRPF[21][edit] CRPF
CRPF
is the only Para Military Force in the Country which has three Mahila (Ladies) Battalions. After its training in March 1987, 88(M) Bn won laurels for its work assisting the Meerut riots and later with the IPKF in Sri Lanka. Personnel of second Mahila battalion (135 Bn) performed creditably during the Lok Sabha
Lok Sabha
elections 1996 in many states. At present mahila personnel are deployed in active duty in Jammu & Kashmir, Ayodhya, Manipur, Assam
Assam
and other parts of the country where they are doing commendable job. In addition each RAF battalion has a Mahila (Ladies) component consisting of 96 personnel. With increasing participation of women in politics, agitation and crime, policemen have been feeling handicapped in handling women agitations especially because even a small, real or alleged misdemeanour on their part in dealing with any matter related to women has the potential of turning into a serious law & order problem. To cope with such eventualities the first Mahila Bn in CRPF, the 88(M) Bn was created in 1986 with HQR in Delhi. The successful experiment of the 88 (Mahila) Bn and the ever-increasing requirement of a Mahila component in dealing with emerging law and order situation as well as the Government emphasis to empower the women Department had taken of raising the second and third Mahila Bn i.e. the 13 (M) Bn with HQR at Gandhinagar (Gujarat) in 1995 and the 213 Bn with HQR at Nagpur(Maharastra) in 2011.[21] CoBRA - Commando Battalion
Battalion
for Resolute Action[22][edit] In 2008 a wing called Commando Battalion for Resolute Action
Commando Battalion for Resolute Action
(CoBRA) was added to the CRPF
CRPF
to counter the Naxalite
Naxalite
movement in India. This specialised CRPF
CRPF
unit is one of the few units of the Central Armed Police Forces in the country who are specifically trained in guerilla warfare. This elite fighting unit has been trained to track, hunt and eliminate small Naxalite
Naxalite
groups. There are currently 10 COBRA units. 10 CoBRA units raised between 2008-2011 have been trained, equipped and deployed in all LWE/ Insurgent affected areas of the states of Chhattisgarh, Bihar, Odisha, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, as well as Assam
Assam
& Meghalaya is one of the best Central Armed Police in the country trained to survive, fight and win in the jungle. CoBRA is unquestionably/undoubtedly the best CAP in the country. CoBRA was awarded 04 Shaurya Chakra, 01 Kirti Chakra, 01 PPMG,[23] 117 PMG, and 1267 DG Commendation disc and 31 personnel’s was martyred during operations. Commando 469[edit] CRPF
CRPF
Commandos are specialized in counter-terrorism, reconnaissance, and sabotage and have the honor of being the most elite among the forces. They undergo extremely rigorous training for years sometimes, before they are ready and when they are done with the training, they can be easily classified as among the toughest and most competent men and women in the forces. They are specialized to carry out covert operations. Milestones of Bravery[7][edit] The history of CRPF
CRPF
is replete with instances of heroic deeds and acts of valour from the day of its inception. CRPF
CRPF
have grown from strength to strength with every such act. The Force from the point of view of its functions and activities has not only remained a Police Force for the mere purpose of helping the states in their anti dacoity operations and in maintaining internal law and order, but today its duties extend, much beyond its original scope, to fight terrorism and insurgency. The saga of steadfast loyalty to duty, some brilliant achievements and a few noble sacrifices will provide inspiration to the members of the Force for a long time to come. Till date, the CRPF
CRPF
has been awarded 1586 medals.[7]

Sl No Medal Name Numbers

01 George Cross 01

02 King's Police Medal for Gallantry 03

03 Ashok Chakra 01

04 Kirti Chakra 01

05 Padma Shri 01

06 Vir Chakra 01

07 Shaurya Chakra 14

08 President's Police and Fire Services Medal for Gallantry 49

09 President's Police Medal
President's Police Medal
for Gallantry 192

10 Yudh Seva Medal 01

11 Sena Medal 05

11 Vishisht Seva Medal 04

12 Police Medal for Gallantry 1205

13 IPMG 05

14 Jeevan Raksha Padak 03

15 Prime Minister's Police Medal for Life Saving 100

TOTAL

1586

See also[edit]

Ministry of Home Affairs Border Security Force Indo-Tibetan Border Police Central Industrial Security Force Sashastra Seema Bal Assam
Assam
Rifles National Security Guard Border outpost Operation Green Hunt

References[edit]

^ http://mha.nic.in/sites/upload_files/mha/files/EnglAnnualReport2016-17_17042017.pdf ^ http://www.indiabudget.gov.in/ub2018-19/eb/sbe48.pdf ^ "MHA Annual Report 2016-2017" (PDF).  ^ "Act and Rule". crpf.nic.in. Retrieved 2017-07-05.  ^ a b "Milestones of Bravery". crpf.nic.in. Retrieved 2016-12-12.  ^ "History of CRPF". crpf.nic.in. Retrieved 2017-07-05.  ^ a b c "Milestones of Bravery". crpf.nic.in. Retrieved 2017-07-05.  ^ "Former DG". crpf.nic.in. Retrieved 2017-07-05.  ^ "Former DG". crpf.nic.in. Retrieved 2016-12-12.  ^ http://crpf.gov.in/ ^ "MHA Annual Report 2015-16" (PDF). National Informatics Centre. Ministry of Home Affairs. p. 172. Retrieved April 27, 2017.  ^ "Organization Chart". crpf.nic.in. Retrieved 2016-06-20.  ^ "Home Central Reserve Police Force, government of india". crpf.nic.in. Retrieved 2016-06-20.  ^ "SDG Message". crpf.nic.in. Retrieved 2016-06-20.  ^ "Southern Zone Zone CRPF". crpf.nic.in. Retrieved 2016-06-20.  ^ "Central Zone Zone CRPF". crpf.nic.in. Retrieved 2016-07-16.  ^ "J & K Zone Zone Central Reserve Police Force". crpf.nic.in. Retrieved 2016-06-20.  ^ "RAF Sector". crpf.nic.in. Retrieved 2017-07-05.  ^ "About Sector". crpf.nic.in. Retrieved 2017-07-05.  ^ a b " CRPF
CRPF
for Parliament security". The Telegraph. Calcutta, India. 10 May 2012. Retrieved 13 August 2012.  ^ a b "Mahila Battalions". crpf.nic.in. Retrieved 2017-07-05.  ^ "CoBRA Sector". crpf.nic.in. Retrieved 2017-07-05.  ^ "About Sector CoBRA Sector Central Reserve Police Force, Government of India". crpf.nic.in. Retrieved 2016-12-12. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Central Reserve Police Force.

Official website

v t e

Law enforcement in India

Cross civil service: Indian Administrative Service, Indian Police Service and Indian Revenue Service

Union Home Ministry

Ministry of Home Affairs

State Home Departments

Bihar
Bihar
Home Department Tamil Nadu Home Department Uttar Pradesh Home Department West Bengal Home Department

Federal Law Enforcement Agencies

Andaman and Nicobar Police Border Security Force
Border Security Force
(BSF) Central Industrial Security Force
Central Industrial Security Force
(CISF) Central Reserve Police Force
Central Reserve Police Force
(CRPF) Chandigarh Police Commando Battalion for Resolute Action
Commando Battalion for Resolute Action
(COBRA) Delhi Police Dadra and Nagar Haveli Police Daman and Diu Police Home Guard Indo-Tibetan Border Police
Indo-Tibetan Border Police
(ITBP) Lakshadweep Police National Security Guard
National Security Guard
(NSG) Puducherry Police Railway Protection Force
Railway Protection Force
(RPF) Rapid Action Force
Rapid Action Force
(RAF) Special Protection Group
Special Protection Group
(SPG)

Central Intelligence Agencies

Bureau of Police Research and Development
Bureau of Police Research and Development
(BPR&D) Directorate of Revenue Intelligence (DRI) Intelligence Bureau (IB) Joint Intelligence Committee (JIC) Research and Analysis Wing
Research and Analysis Wing
(R&AW) National Technical Research Organisation

Central Investigative Agencies

Directorate General of Income Tax Investigation Investigation Division of the Central Board of Direct Taxes Chief Commissioner of Income Tax Central Central Bureau of Investigation
Central Bureau of Investigation
(CBI) Narcotics Control Bureau
Narcotics Control Bureau
(NCB) National Investigation Agency
National Investigation Agency
(NIA)

State police
State police
forces

Andhra Pradesh Police Arunachal Pradesh Police Assam
Assam
Police Bihar
Bihar
Police Chhattisgarh Police Goa Police Gujarat Police Haryana Police Himachal Pradesh Police Jammu and Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir
Police Jharkhand Police Karnataka Police Kerala Police Madhya Pradesh
Madhya Pradesh
Police Maharashtra Police Manipur Police Meghalaya Police Mizoram Police Nagaland Police Odisha Police Punjab Police Rajasthan Police Sikkim Police Tamil Nadu Police Telangana Police Tripura Police Uttar Pradesh Police Uttarakhand Police West Bengal Police

Police Commissionerates

North India

Delhi Police

East India

Asansol–Durgapur Police Commissionerate Barrackpore Police Commissionerate Bidhannagar Police Commissionerate Chandannagar Police Commissionerate Howrah Police Commissionerate Kolkata Police Siliguri Police Commissionerate

Central India

Bhubaneswar–Cuttack Police Commissionerate

West India

Mumbai Police Nagpur Police Pune Police

South India

Bangalore City Police Coimbatore City Police Chennai Metropolitan Police Hyderabad City Police Kochi City Police Kollam City Police Nizamabad Police Thrissur City Police Thiruvananthapuram City Police Vijayawada City Police Visakha

.